Eco-socialism

eco-socialistEcosocialismecosocialistGreen socialismeco-socialistsEco-communismecological socialismecosocialistsEco-Marxismeco-social
Eco-socialism, green socialism or socialist ecology is an ideology merging aspects of socialism with that of green politics, ecology and alter-globalization or anti-globalization.wikipedia
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Green politics

greengreen movementGreens
Eco-socialism, green socialism or socialist ecology is an ideology merging aspects of socialism with that of green politics, ecology and alter-globalization or anti-globalization.
The green ideology has connections with various other ecocentric political ideologies, including ecosocialism, ecoanarchism and ecofeminism, but to what extent these can be seen as forms of Green politics is a matter of debate.

Derek Wall

Wall, Derek
Red Greens are often considered "fundies" or "fundamentalist greens", a term usually associated with deep ecology even though the German Green Party "fundi" faction included eco-socialists, and eco-socialists in other Green Parties, like Derek Wall, have been described in the press as fundies.
Formerly the party's Principal Speaker, he is known as a prominent eco-socialist, campaigning both for environmentalism and socialism.

Eco-capitalism

eco-capitalisteco-businessblue-green
They are often described as "Red Greens" – adherents to Green politics with clear anti-capitalist views, often inspired by Marxism (Red Greens are in contrast to eco-capitalists and Green anarchists).
Eco-capitalism is considered as the right-wing equivalent to Red Greens.

Joel Kovel

Kovel
In 2001, Joel Kovel, a social scientist, psychiatrist and former candidate for the Green Party of the United States (GPUS) presidential nomination in 2000, and Michael Löwy, an anthropologist and member of the Reunified Fourth International (a principal Trotskyist organisation), released An ecosocialist manifesto, which has been adopted by some organisations and suggests possible routes for the growth of eco-socialist consciousness.
Joel Kovel (1936–2018) was an American scholar and author, known as a founder of "eco-socialism".

Red–Green Alliance (Denmark)

Red-Green AllianceRed–Green AllianceRed-Green Alliance (Denmark)
In Denmark, the Red-Green Alliance was formed as a coalition of numerous radical parties.
The Red–Green Alliance (Enhedslisten – De Rød-Grønne, literally Unity List – The Red–Greens, abbreviated Enhl., Ø) is an eco-socialist political party in Denmark.

Socialist Resistance

group of the same nameResistance
Many Marxist organisations also contain eco-socialists, as evidenced by Löwy's involvement in the reunified Fourth International and Socialist Resistance, a British Marxist newspaper that reports on eco-socialist issues and has published two collections of essays on eco-socialist thought: Ecosocialism or Barbarism?, edited by Jane Kelly and Sheila Malone, and The Global Fight for Climate Justice, edited by Ian Angus with a foreword by Derek Wall.
Socialist Resistance (SR) is an ecosocialist, feminist and revolutionary organisation in Britain, which publishes a Marxist periodical of the same name.

Green Left (UK)

Green Left
The Green Party of England and Wales features an eco-socialist group, Green Left, that was founded in June 2005 and whose members hold a number of influential positions within the party, including both the former Principal Speakers Siân Berry and Derek Wall, himself an eco-socialist and Marxist academic, as well as prominent Green Party candidate and human rights activist Peter Tatchell.
The Green Left is an anti-capitalist and eco-socialist grouping within the Green Party of England and Wales.

Fundi (politics)

fundiRealoFundamentalism
Red Greens are often considered "fundies" or "fundamentalist greens", a term usually associated with deep ecology even though the German Green Party "fundi" faction included eco-socialists, and eco-socialists in other Green Parties, like Derek Wall, have been described in the press as fundies.
The Fundis were composed of deep greens and eco-socialists.

Ian Angus (activist)

Ian Angus
Many Marxist organisations also contain eco-socialists, as evidenced by Löwy's involvement in the reunified Fourth International and Socialist Resistance, a British Marxist newspaper that reports on eco-socialist issues and has published two collections of essays on eco-socialist thought: Ecosocialism or Barbarism?, edited by Jane Kelly and Sheila Malone, and The Global Fight for Climate Justice, edited by Ian Angus with a foreword by Derek Wall.
Ian Angus (born 1945) is a Canadian ecosocialist activist.

Barry Commoner

CommonerCommoner and HarrisCommoner, Barry
In the 1970s, Barry Commoner, suggesting a left-wing response to The Limits to Growth model that predicted catastrophic resource depletion and spurred environmentalism, postulated that capitalist technologies were chiefly responsible for environmental degradation, as opposed to population pressures.
Commoner suggested a left-wing, eco-socialist response to the limits to growth thesis, postulating that capitalist technologies were chiefly responsible for environmental degradation, as opposed to population pressures.

Fourth International (post-reunification)

Fourth Internationalreunified Fourth InternationalUnited Secretariat of the Fourth International
In 2001, Joel Kovel, a social scientist, psychiatrist and former candidate for the Green Party of the United States (GPUS) presidential nomination in 2000, and Michael Löwy, an anthropologist and member of the Reunified Fourth International (a principal Trotskyist organisation), released An ecosocialist manifesto, which has been adopted by some organisations and suggests possible routes for the growth of eco-socialist consciousness.

Green Party of the United States

Green PartyGreenGreens
In 2001, Joel Kovel, a social scientist, psychiatrist and former candidate for the Green Party of the United States (GPUS) presidential nomination in 2000, and Michael Löwy, an anthropologist and member of the Reunified Fourth International (a principal Trotskyist organisation), released An ecosocialist manifesto, which has been adopted by some organisations and suggests possible routes for the growth of eco-socialist consciousness.
Peter Camejo was quoted in 2002 as claiming that he was a watermelon—green on the outside, but red on the inside.

William Morris

Kelmscott PressMorrisMorris, William
William Morris, the English novelist, poet and designer, is largely credited with developing key principles of what was later called eco-socialism.
Later political activist Derek Wall suggested that Morris could be classified as an ecosocialist.

Environmental degradation

environmental damagedegradationenvironmental impact
In the 1970s, Barry Commoner, suggesting a left-wing response to The Limits to Growth model that predicted catastrophic resource depletion and spurred environmentalism, postulated that capitalist technologies were chiefly responsible for environmental degradation, as opposed to population pressures. Eco-socialists generally believe that the expansion of the capitalist system is the cause of social exclusion, poverty, war and environmental degradation through globalization and imperialism, under the supervision of repressive states and transnational structures.

Productivism

productivistproductionismproducer
Contrary to the depiction of Karl Marx by some environmentalists, social ecologists and fellow socialists as a productivist who favoured the domination of nature, eco-socialists have revisited Marx's writings and believe that he "was a main originator of the ecological world-view".

John Bellamy Foster

Foster, John BellamyFoster JB
Eco-socialist authors, like John Bellamy Foster and Paul Burkett, point to Marx's discussion of a "metabolic rift" between man and nature, his statement that "private ownership of the globe by single individuals will appear quite absurd as private ownership of one man by another" and his observation that a society must "hand it [the planet] down to succeeding generations in an improved condition".

Green anarchism

Green syndicalismeco-anarchismgreen anarchist
They are often described as "Red Greens" – adherents to Green politics with clear anti-capitalist views, often inspired by Marxism (Red Greens are in contrast to eco-capitalists and Green anarchists).

Ariel Salleh

The 1990s saw the socialist feminists Mary Mellor and Ariel Salleh address environmental issues within an eco-socialist paradigm.
The book is one of the earliest eco-socialist statements.

Socialism

socialistsocialistssocialistic
Eco-socialism, green socialism or socialist ecology is an ideology merging aspects of socialism with that of green politics, ecology and alter-globalization or anti-globalization.
Today, some socialists have also adopted the causes of other social movements, such as environmentalism, feminism and progressivism.

Murray Bookchin

Institute for Social EcologyLibertarian MunicipalismSocial ecology (Bookchin)
Social ecology is closely related to the work and ideas of Murray Bookchin and influenced by anarchist Peter Kropotkin.

Saral Sarkar

Sarkar, Saral
Saral Sarkar has updated the thesis of 1970s 'limits to growth' to exemplify the limits of new capitalist technologies such as hydrogen fuel cells, which require large amounts of energy to split molecules to obtain hydrogen.
Saral Sarkar (Bengali সরল সরকার), born 10 May 1936 in West Bengal, is an Indian-German academic and eco-socialist political activist.

Nordic Green Left Alliance

NGLANordic Green Left
Within the European Parliament, a number of far-left parties from Northern Europe have organized themselves into the Nordic Green Left Alliance.

Left-wing politics

left-wingleftistleft
In the 1970s, Barry Commoner, suggesting a left-wing response to The Limits to Growth model that predicted catastrophic resource depletion and spurred environmentalism, postulated that capitalist technologies were chiefly responsible for environmental degradation, as opposed to population pressures. A New Zealand website, The Watermelon, uses the term proudly, stating that it is "green on the outside and liberal on the inside", while also citing "socialist political leanings", reflecting the use of the term "liberal" to describe the left wing in many English-speaking countries.
Some segments of the socialist and Marxist left consciously merged environmentalism and anti-capitalism into an eco-socialist ideology.

Red–green alliance

Red-Green CoalitionRed-green allianceRed-Green
Radical Red-green alliances have been formed in many countries by eco-socialists, radical Greens and other radical left groups.

Ecofeminism

ecofeministeco-feminismeco-feminist
Eco-socialists aim for communal ownership of the means of production by "freely associated producers" with all forms of domination eclipsed, especially gender inequality and racism.