Edison's Black Maria

Black MariaBlack Maria StudioBlack MariahBrooklyn InstituteEdison Studiofirst studiothe Black Maria
The Black Maria was Thomas Edison's movie production studio in West Orange, New Jersey.wikipedia
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Thomas Edison

EdisonThomas Alva EdisonThomas A. Edison
The Black Maria was Thomas Edison's movie production studio in West Orange, New Jersey.
He would later establish a botanic laboratory in Fort Myers, Florida in collaboration with businessmen Henry Ford and Harvey Firestone, and a laboratory in West Orange, New Jersey that featured the world's first film studio, the Black Maria.

Film studio

movie studiostudiofilm studios
The Black Maria was Thomas Edison's movie production studio in West Orange, New Jersey.
In 1893, Thomas Edison built the first movie studio in the United States when he constructed the Black Maria, a tarpaper-covered structure near his laboratories in West Orange, New Jersey, and asked circus, vaudeville, and dramatic actors to perform for the camera.

West Orange, New Jersey

West OrangeWest Orange TownshipWest Orange, NJ
The Black Maria was Thomas Edison's movie production studio in West Orange, New Jersey. A previous reconstruction had been built and dedicated in May 1940 when MGM held the world premiere of Edison, the Man starring Spencer Tracy in theaters throughout The Oranges (West Orange, East Orange, South Orange, and Orange).
The laboratory grounds also include the Black Maria - America's first movie studio, the birthplace of Hollywood.

Kinetoscope

kinetographKinetophonepeephole viewing of motion picture devices
In 1893, the world's first film production studio, the Black Maria, or the cinematographic Theater, was completed on the grounds of Edison's laboratories at West Orange, New Jersey, for the purpose of making film strips for the Kinetoscope.
The first film publicly shown on the system was Blacksmith Scene (aka Blacksmiths); directed by Dickson and shot by Heise, it was produced at the new Edison moviemaking studio, known as the Black Maria.

New Jersey

NJState of New JerseyJersey
The Black Maria was Thomas Edison's movie production studio in West Orange, New Jersey.
Edison's Black Maria was the first motion picture studio.

Fred Ott's Sneeze

Edison Kinetoscopic Record of a SneezesneezeEdison Kinetographic Record of a Sneeze
In early January 1894, The Edison Kinetoscopic Record of a Sneeze (aka Fred Ott's Sneeze) was one of the first series of short films made by Dickson for the Kinetoscope in Edison's Black Maria studio with fellow assistant Fred Ott.
It was filmed within the Black Maria studio at West Orange, New Jersey, which was the first U.S. movie studio.

The Dickson Experimental Sound Film

KinetophonographDickson Experimental Sound FilmKinetophone (Dickson)
The Dickson Experimental Sound Film (1894/95)
(The Kinetophone, consisting of a Kinetoscope accompanied by a cylinder-playing phonograph, was not a true sound-film system, for there was no attempt to synchronize picture and sound throughout playback.) The film was produced at the "Black Maria", Edison's New Jersey film studio.

Thomas Edison National Historical Park

Edison LaboratoryEdison LaboratoriesEdison Museum
The U. S. National Park Service maintains a reproduction of the Black Maria, built in 1954 at what is now the Edison National Historic Site in West Orange.
Edison's Black Maria

Blacksmith Scene

Blacksmith Scene (1893)
It was filmed entirely within the Black Maria studio at West Orange, New Jersey, in the United States, which is widely referred to as "America's First Movie Studio".

William Kennedy Dickson

William DicksonWilliam K.L. DicksonWilliam Kennedy Laurie Dickson
Edison employees W. K. Dickson and Jonathan Campbell coined the name—it reminded them of police Black Marias, (police vans, also known as "paddywagons") of the time because they were also cramped, stuffy and a similar black color.
Edison's Black Maria

Copyright

copyright lawcopyrightscopyrighted
The first motion pictures made in the Black Maria were deposited for copyright by Dickson at the Library of Congress in August, 1893.

Publicity

media attentionexposurepublicist
The short film was made for publicity purposes, as a series of still photographs to accompany an article in Harper's Weekly.

Harper's Weekly

HarperHarper’s WeeklyHarper's Illustrated
The short film was made for publicity purposes, as a series of still photographs to accompany an article in Harper's Weekly.

Vaudeville

vaudevillianvaudevilliansvaudevillist
The first films shot at the Black Maria, a tar-paper-covered, dark studio room with a retractable roof, included segments of magic shows, plays, vaudeville performances (with dancers and strongmen), acts from Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show, various boxing matches and cockfights, and scantily-clad women.

Buffalo Bill

Buffalo Bill CodyWilliam F. "Buffalo Bill" CodyWilliam "Buffalo Bill" Cody
The first films shot at the Black Maria, a tar-paper-covered, dark studio room with a retractable roof, included segments of magic shows, plays, vaudeville performances (with dancers and strongmen), acts from Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show, various boxing matches and cockfights, and scantily-clad women.

Boxing

boxerboxersprofessional boxer
The first films shot at the Black Maria, a tar-paper-covered, dark studio room with a retractable roof, included segments of magic shows, plays, vaudeville performances (with dancers and strongmen), acts from Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show, various boxing matches and cockfights, and scantily-clad women.

Cockfight

cockfightingcock fightingcockfights
The first films shot at the Black Maria, a tar-paper-covered, dark studio room with a retractable roof, included segments of magic shows, plays, vaudeville performances (with dancers and strongmen), acts from Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show, various boxing matches and cockfights, and scantily-clad women.

Broadway (Manhattan)

BroadwayGreat White WayBloomingdale Road
The Holland Brothers opened the first Kinetoscope Parlor at 1155 Broadway in New York City and for the first time, they commercially exhibited movies, as we know them today, in their amusement arcade.

New York City

New YorkNew York, New YorkNew York City, New York
The Holland Brothers opened the first Kinetoscope Parlor at 1155 Broadway in New York City and for the first time, they commercially exhibited movies, as we know them today, in their amusement arcade.

San Francisco

San Francisco, CaliforniaSan Francisco, CACity and County of San Francisco
More Kinetoscope parlors soon opened in other cities (San Francisco, Atlantic City, and Chicago).

Atlantic City, New Jersey

Atlantic CityAtlantic City, NJAtlantic City, NJ, USA
More Kinetoscope parlors soon opened in other cities (San Francisco, Atlantic City, and Chicago).

Chicago

Chicago, IllinoisChicago, ILCity of Chicago
More Kinetoscope parlors soon opened in other cities (San Francisco, Atlantic City, and Chicago).

Oberlin, Ohio

OberlinOberlin, OHCity of Oberlin
In 1901, the first public film was screened in Oberlin, Ohio, starting the transition from kinetoscope to screen.

National Park Service

NPSNational ParksU.S. National Park Service
The U. S. National Park Service maintains a reproduction of the Black Maria, built in 1954 at what is now the Edison National Historic Site in West Orange.

Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer

MGMMGM Studiosmgm.com
A previous reconstruction had been built and dedicated in May 1940 when MGM held the world premiere of Edison, the Man starring Spencer Tracy in theaters throughout The Oranges (West Orange, East Orange, South Orange, and Orange).