Edmund Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby

Edmund AllenbyAllenbyGeneral AllenbyLord AllenbySir Edmund AllenbyViscount AllenbyEdmund Henry Hynman Allenby, 1st Viscount AllenbyEdmund Henry Hynman AllenbyGeneral Edmund AllenbyE. Allenby
Field Marshal Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby, 1st Viscount Allenby, (23 April 1861 – 14 May 1936) was an English soldier and British Imperial Governor.wikipedia
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Egyptian Expeditionary Force

Eastern Expeditionary ForceBritishBritish forces
He fought in the Second Boer War and also in the First World War, in which he led the British Empire's Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign against the Ottoman Empire in the conquest of Palestine.
During the Stalemate in Southern Palestine from April to October 1917, Murray consolidated the EEF's position and in June General Edmund Allenby took command and began preparations to take the offensive, employing manoeuvre warfare He reorganised the force into the XX Corps, XXI Corps and Desert Mounted Corps formerly Desert Column.

Sinai and Palestine campaign

PalestinePalestine CampaignEgypt
He fought in the Second Boer War and also in the First World War, in which he led the British Empire's Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign against the Ottoman Empire in the conquest of Palestine.
After a period of stalemate in Southern Palestine from April to October 1917, General Edmund Allenby captured Beersheba from the III Corps.

Desert Mounted Corps

Desert ColumnDesert Mounted ColumnDesert Mounted Corps Troops Engineers
Subsequently, the EEF Pursuit by Desert Mounted Corps captured Damascus and advanced into northern Syria. Allenby moved the EEF's GHQ from the Egyptian capital city to Rafah, nearer to the front lines at Gaza, and re-organized the disparate forces of the EEF into a three primary corps order of battle: XX, XXI, and the Desert Mounted Corps.
The Desert Mounted Corps was an army corps of the British Army during the First World War, of three mounted divisions renamed in August 1917 by General Edmund Allenby, from Desert Column.

T. E. Lawrence

Lawrence of ArabiaT.E. LawrenceT E Lawrence
During this pursuit, he commanded T. E. Lawrence ("Lawrence of Arabia"), whose campaign with Faisal's Arab Sherifial Forces assisted the EEF's capture of Ottoman Empire territory and fought the Battle of Aleppo, five days before the Armistice of Mudros ended the campaign on 30 October 1918.
Soon after the outbreak of war, he volunteered for the British Army and was stationed in Egypt, becoming an officer with the rank of Lieutenant in General Allenby's army.

Battle of Megiddo (1918)

Battle of MegiddoMegiddoBattles of Megiddo
His forces occupied the Jordan Valley during the summer of 1918, then went on to capture northern Palestine and defeat the Ottoman Yildirim Army Group's Eighth Army at the Battle of Megiddo, forcing the Fourth and Seventh Army to retreat towards Damascus.
The operations of General Edmund Allenby, the British commander of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, achieved decisive results at comparatively little cost, in contrast to many offensives during the First World War.

Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig

Douglas HaigSir Douglas HaigHaig
Captain Douglas Haig of the 7th Hussars also entered the Staff College at the same time, thus beginning a rivalry between the two that ran until the First World War.
For example, they chose Allenby as Master of the Drag Hunt, despite Haig being the better rider.

Beersheba

Be'er ShevaBeer ShevaBeersheva
The British succeeded in capturing Beersheba, Jaffa, and Jerusalem from October to December 1917.
On October 31, 1917, three months after taking Rafah, General Allenby's troops breached the line of Turkish defense between Gaza and Beersheba.

World War I

First World WarGreat WarWorld War One
He fought in the Second Boer War and also in the First World War, in which he led the British Empire's Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign against the Ottoman Empire in the conquest of Palestine. Captain Douglas Haig of the 7th Hussars also entered the Staff College at the same time, thus beginning a rivalry between the two that ran until the First World War.
At the end of October, the Sinai and Palestine Campaign resumed, when General Edmund Allenby's XXth Corps, XXI Corps and Desert Mounted Corps won the Battle of Beersheba.

Jerusalem

Jerusalem, IsraelAl-QudsQuds
The British succeeded in capturing Beersheba, Jaffa, and Jerusalem from October to December 1917.
In 1917 after the Battle of Jerusalem, the British Army, led by General Edmund Allenby, captured the city.

Hubert Gough

Sir Hubert GoughGoughHubert de la Poer Gough
When a headquarters officer asked why Hubert Gough's cavalry brigade was miles from where it was supposed to be, he received the reply: "He told me he was getting as far away from the Bull as possible. It was a most scandalous affair, and he was in an almost open rebellion against Allenby at the time".
Along with Smith-Dorrien and Allenby, he served under the overall command of Lieutenant-General French.

Cavalry Corps (United Kingdom)

Cavalry CorpsBritish Cavalry Corps
As the BEF was expanded in size to two Armies, he was rewarded by being made commander of the Cavalry Corps.
The corps was formed in France in October 1914, under General Sir Edmund Allenby.

Haileybury and Imperial Service College

Haileybury CollegeHaileyburyHaileybury School
Allenby was born in 1861, the son of Hynman Allenby and Catherine Anne Allenby (née Cane) and was educated at Haileybury College.
Girls' houses comprise Colvin, Melvill, Allenby, Alban's and Hailey.

Third Battle of Gaza

GazaThirdGaza-Beersheba
Having reorganised his regular forces, Allenby won the Third Battle of Gaza (31 October – 7 November 1917) by surprising the defenders with an attack at Beersheba. The first step in capturing Beersheba was to send out false radio messages prompting the Turkish forces to think Britain was going to attack Gaza.
The fighting occurred at the beginning of the Southern Palestine Offensive, and together with attacks on Hareira and Sheria on 6–7 November and the continuing Battle of Tel el Khuweilfe which had been launched by General Edmund Allenby on 1 November, it eventually broke the Gaza to Beersheba line defended by the Yildirim Army Group.

V Corps (United Kingdom)

V CorpsBritish V Corps5th Corps
On 6 May 1915, Allenby voluntarily left the Cavalry Arm to take up command of V Corps which was engaged at that moment in severe fighting at the Second Battle of Ypres.
Plumer was appointed to succeed Smith-Dorrien, and V Corps reverted to Second Army control, with Lt-Gen Edmund Allenby transferred from Cavalry Corps to take command.

Jan Smuts

Jan Christiaan SmutsGeneral SmutsSmuts
Allenby participated in the actions at Zand River on 10 May 1900, Kalkheuval Pass on 3 June 1900, Barberton on 12 September 1900 and Tevreden on 16 October 1900 when the Boer General Jan Smuts was defeated.
Allenby was appointed instead.

British Expeditionary Force (World War I)

British Expeditionary ForceBEFOld Contemptibles
At the outbreak of war in August 1914, a British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was sent to France.
The Third Army was formed in July 1915, the first commander being General Edmund Allenby promoted after commanding the Cavalry Corps and the V Corps.

Battle of Beersheba (1917)

Battle of BeershebaBeershebaCapture of Beersheba
Having reorganised his regular forces, Allenby won the Third Battle of Gaza (31 October – 7 November 1917) by surprising the defenders with an attack at Beersheba. The first step in capturing Beersheba was to send out false radio messages prompting the Turkish forces to think Britain was going to attack Gaza.
At about the same time, British General Edmund Allenby replaced General Archibald Murray as commander of the EEF.

Royal Military College, Sandhurst

Royal Military CollegeSandhurstRoyal Military College Sandhurst
He sat the exam for the Royal Military College, Sandhurst in 1880 and was commissioned as a lieutenant in the 6th (Inniskilling) Dragoons on 10 May 1882.

Battle of Arras (1917)

Battle of ArrasArrasSecond Battle of Bullecourt
There were weeks of heavy fighting during 3rd Army's offensive at the Battle of Arras in the Spring of the 1917, where an initial breakthrough had deteriorated into trench-fighting positional warfare—once more with heavy casualties to 3rd Army's units involved.
Three armies of Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig, the commander of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) were in the Arras sector, the Fifth Army (General Hubert Gough) in the south, the Third Army (General Edmund Allenby) in the centre and the First Army (General Henry Horne) in the north and the plan was devised by Allenby.

XX Corps (United Kingdom)

XX CorpsXXXXth Corps
Allenby moved the EEF's GHQ from the Egyptian capital city to Rafah, nearer to the front lines at Gaza, and re-organized the disparate forces of the EEF into a three primary corps order of battle: XX, XXI, and the Desert Mounted Corps.
Following the British failure in the Second Battle of Gaza, the Egyptian Expeditionary Force underwent a major rearrangement with the appointment of General Edmund Allenby as the new Commander-in-Chief.

Battle of Aleppo (1918)

AleppoOccupation of AleppoBattle of Aleppo
During this pursuit, he commanded T. E. Lawrence ("Lawrence of Arabia"), whose campaign with Faisal's Arab Sherifial Forces assisted the EEF's capture of Ottoman Empire territory and fought the Battle of Aleppo, five days before the Armistice of Mudros ended the campaign on 30 October 1918.

1st Cavalry Division (United Kingdom)

1st Cavalry DivisionCavalry Division1st
It consisted of four infantry divisions and one cavalry division, the latter commanded by Allenby.

Lawrence of Arabia (film)

Lawrence of ArabiaLawrenceLawrence of Arabia'' (film)
This was quoted by Robert Bolt in his screenplay for the 1962 film Lawrence of Arabia, directed by David Lean.
Lawrence heads to Cairo to inform Dryden and the new commander, General Allenby, of his victory.

6th (Inniskilling) Dragoons

6th DragoonsInniskilling DragoonsThe Inniskillings (6th Dragoons)
He sat the exam for the Royal Military College, Sandhurst in 1880 and was commissioned as a lieutenant in the 6th (Inniskilling) Dragoons on 10 May 1882.

Richard Meinertzhagen

Meinertzhagen, RMeinertzhagenCol Richard Meinertzhagen
After that, one brave intelligence officer, Colonel Richard Meinertzhagen, rode right up to the Turkish line, barely evading capture.
After the armistice, he attended the Paris Peace Conference in 1919 and was Edmund Allenby's chief political officer, involved in the creation of the Palestine Mandate, which eventually led to the creation of the state of Israel.