Education reform

educational reformschool reformeducational reformerreformschool improvementeducationeducation reformseducational reformseducationalBildungsreform
Education reform is the name given to the goal of changing public education.wikipedia
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John Dewey

DeweyDewey, Johnreflective thinking
John Dewey and Anton Makarenko are prominent examples of such reformers.
John Dewey (October 20, 1859 – June 1, 1952) was an American philosopher, psychologist, and educational reformer whose ideas have been influential in education and social reform.

Democracy and Education

Democracy and Education: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Education
His educational theories were presented in "My Pedagogic Creed", The School and Society, The Child and Curriculum, and Democracy and Education (1916).
In the post-Cold War period, however, progressive education had reemerged in many school reform and education theory circles as a thriving field of inquiry learning and inquiry-based science.

Merit pay

meritbonus payMerit Pay § Federal Government Merit Pay
It also moved reform efforts towards issues of school accountability (including No Child Left Behind) and the use of merit pay and other incentives.
Merit pay, merit increase or pay for performance, is performance-related pay, most frequently in the context of educational reform or government civil service reform (government jobs).

School choice

Open enrollmenteducational choicechoice
Economists such as Nobel laureate Milton Friedman advocate school choice to promote excellence in education through competition and choice.
This American education reform organization headquartered in Indianapolis, Indiana seeks to advance “school choice for all children” nationwide.

Education in the United States

9 to 12United Stateseducation
In October 2010 Apple Inc. CEO Steve Jobs had a consequential meeting with U.S. President Barack Obama to discuss U.S. competitiveness and the nation's education system.
In the early 19th century Massachusetts took the lead in education reform and public education with programs designed by Horace Mann that were widely emulated across the North.

Classical education movement

classical educationclassicalclassical school
Western classical education as taught from the 18th to the 19th century has missing features that inspired reformers.

Homeschooling

homeschooledhomeschoolhome-schooled
Home education is favored by a growing number of parents who take direct responsibility for their children's education rather than enrolling them in local public schools seen as not meeting expectations.
He vigorously attacked progressive school reformers such as Horace Mann and John Dewey, and argued for the dismantling of the state's influence in education in three works: Intellectual Schizophrenia, The Messianic Character of American Education, and The Philosophy of the Christian Curriculum.

Education

teachingeducationaleducationist
Evidence-based education is the use of well designed scientific studies to determine which education methods work best.
There is a movement for education reform, and in particular for evidence-based education.

Higher-order thinking

higher order thinking skillshigher order thinkingHigh Order Thinking Skills
Higher-order thinking, known as higher order thinking skills (HOTS), is a concept of education reform based on learning taxonomies (such as Bloom's taxonomy).

Ted Sizer

Theodore R. SizerTheodore SizerSizer, T.R.
Theodore Ryland Sizer (June 23, 1932 – October 21, 2009) was a leader of educational reform in the United States, the founder (and eventually President Emeritus) of the Essential school movement and was known for challenging longstanding practices and assumptions about the functioning of American secondary schools.

University reform

Reforma Universitaria de 1918
University reform is a type of education reform applied to higher education.

Class, Bureaucracy, and Schools

Class, Bureaucracy, and Schools: The Illusion of Educational Change in America
*Education reform

Liberal arts education

liberal artsliberal studiesArts
From ancient times until the 1800s, one goal was to reduce the expense of a classical education.

Encyclopedia

encyclopaediaencyclopedistencyclopedic
Encyclopedias, public libraries and grammar schools are examples of innovations intended to lower the cost of a classical education.

Public library

public librarieslending librarypublic
Encyclopedias, public libraries and grammar schools are examples of innovations intended to lower the cost of a classical education.

Grammar school

grammar schoolsGrammarGrammar schools in the United Kingdom
Encyclopedias, public libraries and grammar schools are examples of innovations intended to lower the cost of a classical education. In the early modern age, Victorian schools were reformed to teach commercially useful topics, such as modern languages and mathematics, rather than classical subjects, such as Latin and Greek.

Transcendentalism

TranscendentalistTranscendentaliststranscendental
This path was taken by some Transcendentalist educators, such as Amos Bronson Alcott.

Amos Bronson Alcott

Bronson AlcottA. Bronson AlcottAlcott
This path was taken by some Transcendentalist educators, such as Amos Bronson Alcott.

Latin

Latin languageLat.la
In the early modern age, Victorian schools were reformed to teach commercially useful topics, such as modern languages and mathematics, rather than classical subjects, such as Latin and Greek.

Greek language

GreekAncient GreekModern Greek
In the early modern age, Victorian schools were reformed to teach commercially useful topics, such as modern languages and mathematics, rather than classical subjects, such as Latin and Greek.

Anton Makarenko

Anton Semyonovich MakarenkoA.S. MakarenkoAnton Semioniovici Makarenko
John Dewey and Anton Makarenko are prominent examples of such reformers.

Maria Montessori

MontessoriDr. Maria MontessoriDr Montessori
Some reformers incorporated several motivations, e.g. Maria Montessori, who both "educated for peace" (a social goal), and to "meet the needs of the child" (A humanistic goal).

Kindergarten

KYear Kkindergartens
In historic Prussia, an important motivation for the invention of Kindergarten was to foster national unity by teaching a national language while children were young enough that learning a language was easy.

Evidence-based education

Evidence-based learningeducationevidence-based thinking
Proponents of evidence-based education call for the use of evidence in guiding education reform.

Curriculum development

Curriculum Designcurriculum changes
Changes may be implemented by individual educators and/or by broad-based school organization and/or by curriculum changes with performance evaluations.