A report on Edward Ord

Edward O. C. Ord and his family
Edward Ord
Grave of Edward Ord in Arlington National Cemetery

American engineer and United States Army officer who saw action in the Seminole War, the Indian Wars, and the American Civil War.

- Edward Ord

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Clock tower built in 1876 inside the Quadrangle on Fort Sam Houston, Texas.

Fort Sam Houston

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U.S. Army post in San Antonio, Texas.

U.S. Army post in San Antonio, Texas.

Clock tower built in 1876 inside the Quadrangle on Fort Sam Houston, Texas.
Line up for chow in camp at Fort Sam Houston
Quadrangle Plaza, Fort Sam Houston (postcard, circa 1890–1924)
Illustration from a postcard of the Quadrangle at Fort Sam Houston
Pershing House
United States Government Tower, Fort Sam Houston, (postcard, circa 1906)

Construction at Fort Sam Houston began in the middle 1870s under the supervision of the military commander of the Department of Texas, Major General Edward Ord, a West Point-trained army engineer.

Garrisons of the Departments of California (in yellow) and Oregon, 1 January 1861

Department of California

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Administrative department of the United States Army.

Administrative department of the United States Army.

Garrisons of the Departments of California (in yellow) and Oregon, 1 January 1861

Major General E. O. C. Ord, April 24, 1868 - November 18, 1871

Map of the five Reconstruction military districts
First Military District
Second Military District
Third Military District
Fourth Military District
Fifth Military District

Fourth Military District

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Temporary administrative unit of the U.S. War Department that existed in the American South.

Temporary administrative unit of the U.S. War Department that existed in the American South.

Map of the five Reconstruction military districts
First Military District
Second Military District
Third Military District
Fourth Military District
Fifth Military District

At various times, the district was commanded by generals Edward Ord, Alvan Cullem Gillem, and Adelbert Ames.

Union Army 1st Division Badge, XVIII Corps

XVIII Corps (Union Army)

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North Carolina corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War.

North Carolina corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War.

Union Army 1st Division Badge, XVIII Corps
The war in Virginia - the 18th Army Corps storming a fort on the right of the Rebel line before Petersburg, June 15

Smith was relieved of command in July due to ill health, and he was replaced by Edward O.C. Ord and later Godfrey Weitzel.

The ruins of Richmond, Virginia, the former Confederate capital, after the American Civil War; newly-freed African Americans voting for the first time in 1867; office of the Freedmen's Bureau in Memphis, Tennessee; Memphis riots of 1866

Reconstruction era

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Period in American history following the American Civil War ; it lasted from 1865 to 1877 and marked a significant chapter in the history of civil rights in the United States.

Period in American history following the American Civil War ; it lasted from 1865 to 1877 and marked a significant chapter in the history of civil rights in the United States.

The ruins of Richmond, Virginia, the former Confederate capital, after the American Civil War; newly-freed African Americans voting for the first time in 1867; office of the Freedmen's Bureau in Memphis, Tennessee; Memphis riots of 1866
The Southern economy had been ruined by the war. Charleston, South Carolina: Broad Street, 1865
The distribution of wealth per capita in 1872, illustrating the disparity between North and South in that period
A political cartoon of Andrew Johnson and Abraham Lincoln, 1865, entitled "The Rail Splitter At Work Repairing the Union". The caption reads (Johnson): "Take it quietly Uncle Abe and I will draw it closer than ever." (Lincoln): "A few more stitches Andy and the good old Union will be mended."
Monument in honor of the Grand Army of the Republic, organized after the war
Freedmen voting in New Orleans, 1867
Abraham Lincoln, 16th President of the United States (1861–1865)
Celebration of the Emancipation Proclamation in Massachusetts, 1862
Northern teachers traveled into the South to provide education and training for the newly freed population.
Andrew Johnson, 17th President of the United States (1865–1869)
An October 24th, 1874 Harper's Magazine editorial cartoon by Thomas Nast denouncing KKK and White League murders of innocent Blacks
The debate over Reconstruction and the Freedmen's Bureau was nationwide. This 1866 Pennsylvania election poster alleged that the bureau kept the Negro in idleness at the expense of the hardworking white taxpayer. A racist caricature of an African American is depicted.
1868 Republican cartoon identifies Democratic candidates Seymour and Blair (right) with KKK violence and with Confederate soldiers (left).
"This is a white man's government", Thomas Nast's caricature of the forces arraigned against Grant and Reconstruction in the 1868 election. Atop a black Union veteran reaching for a ballot box: the New York City Irish; Confederate and Klansman Nathan Bedford Forrest; and big-money Democratic Party chairman August Belmont, a burning freedmen's school in the background. Harper's Weekly, September 5, 1868.
Ulysses S. Grant, 18th President of the United States (1869–1877)
Grant's Attorney General Amos T. Akerman prosecuted the Ku Klux Klan, believing that the strong arm of the federal Justice Department could pacify the South.
Eastman Johnson's 1863 painting The Lord is My Shepherd, of a man reading the Bible
Atlanta's rail yard and roundhouse in ruins shortly after the end of the Civil War
$20 banknote with portrait of Secretary of the Treasury Hugh McCulloch
Winslow Homer's 1876 painting A Visit from the Old Mistress
A Republican Form of Government and No Domestic Violence, by Thomas Nast, a political cartoon about the Wheeler Compromise in Louisiana, published in Harper's Weekly, March 6, 1875
White Leaguers attacking the New Orleans integrated police force and state militia, Battle of Liberty Place, 1874
Rutherford B. Hayes, 19th President of the United States (1877–1881)
A poster for the 1939 epic film Gone with the Wind, which is set during the Civil War and Reconstruction eras
Map of the five Reconstruction military districts
First Military District
Second Military District
Third Military District
Fourth Military District
Fifth Military District

Fourth Military District: Arkansas and Mississippi, under General Edward Ord

30th Pennsylvania Infantry

Pennsylvania Reserves

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Infantry division in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

Infantry division in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

30th Pennsylvania Infantry
March 17, 1865 photo of three Union soldiers who escaped Confederate Prison Camp including Lieutenant Richard Cooper New Jersey Infantry, Adjudant John J. Hastings 7th Pennsylvania Reserve Infantry, and Captain Rees G. Richards Company G 45th Pennsylvania Infantry.

The initial brigade commanders were Reynolds, Meade, and Colonel John S. McCalmont (until Edward Otho Cresap Ord took official command of the 3rd Brigade).

The Department of the Platte as it existed beginning June 22, 1875.

Department of the Platte

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Military administrative district established by the U.S. Army on March 5, 1866, with boundaries encompassing Iowa, Nebraska, Dakota Territory, Utah Territory and a small portion of Idaho.

Military administrative district established by the U.S. Army on March 5, 1866, with boundaries encompassing Iowa, Nebraska, Dakota Territory, Utah Territory and a small portion of Idaho.

The Department of the Platte as it existed beginning June 22, 1875.

Brigadier General Edward Ord, November 18, 1871

Ord, Nebraska

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City in Valley County, Nebraska, United States.

City in Valley County, Nebraska, United States.

It is named in honor of Civil War general Edward O. C. Ord.

Photograph by Sergei Lvovich Levitsky

Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich of Russia

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The fifth child and the fourth son of Alexander II of Russia and his first wife Maria Alexandrovna (Marie of Hesse).

The fifth child and the fourth son of Alexander II of Russia and his first wife Maria Alexandrovna (Marie of Hesse).

Photograph by Sergei Lvovich Levitsky
Alexei Alexandrovich, c. 1880-90s
Lesser Coat of Arms of the younger sons of the emperor of Russia
Four brothers (from left to right: Alexander, Alexei, Vladimir and Tsarevich Nicholas) photo by Sergei Lvovich Levitsky
Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich in his youth, photo by Sergei Lvovich Levitsky
Alexandra Zhukovskaya
Count Alexey Alexeevich Belevskiy-Zhukovskiy 1871-1931
On board the frigate Svetlana
Photo by Mathew Brady
Farragut in the shrouds of the USS Hartford (1858) at the battle of Mobile Bay. Print after the painting by William Page, presented to Grand Duke Alexei as a gift for Tsar Alexander II
The Great Royal Buffalo Hunt Color print by Louis Maurer (1895)
Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich killing a buffalo with a pistol shot on 15 January 1872
Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich and General George Armstrong Custer in Topeka, at the end of the buffalo hunt
Newspaper caricature of the Grand Duke's buffalo hunt
Detail from the invitation to the Rex carnival ball,1893
Telegram sent by Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich to Tsar Alexander II confirming the visit of the Japanese Emperor
Palace of Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich on the Moika Embankment of Saint Petersburg
Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich in the uniform of General-Admiral of Russia
Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich and the Duchess of Leuchtenberg

The Grand Duke in the company of General Philip Sheridan, General Edward Ord, and Lt. Colonel (Brevet Major General) George Armstrong Custer, the latter having been selected to be grand marshal of the hunt, arrived at Fort McPherson on 13 January 1872, by a special train provided by the Pennsylvania Railroad Company.

A membership medal as given to an "Original Companion" (here, Capt. Edward Taylor of the 95th Ohio Infantry). The basic design of the medal remains unchanged.

Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States

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United States patriotic order, organized April 15, 1865, by three veteran officers of the Army.

United States patriotic order, organized April 15, 1865, by three veteran officers of the Army.

A membership medal as given to an "Original Companion" (here, Capt. Edward Taylor of the 95th Ohio Infantry). The basic design of the medal remains unchanged.
A membership medal worn by Brevet Col. Perrin V. Fox of the 1st Michigan Engineers. His son later wore this medal as a descendant member.  Descendant members wore a ribbon with a blue stripe in the center until well into the twentieth century, when all members resumed using the red-center ribbon.
Enrollment certificate for Col Charles Anderson.

Brigadier General and President Andrew Johnson, Major General and President James Garfield, Major General and United States Senator Francis Preston Blair, Jr., Brevet Brigadier General Kit Carson, Major General John A. Dix, Acting Ensign Pierre d'Orleans, Duke of Penthièvre, Rear Admiral Samuel Dupont, Major General John G. Foster, Major General John C. Fremont, Captain Charles Vernon Gridley USN, Brevet Major General William S. Harney, Rear Admiral Alfred Thayer Mahan, Major General George Meade, Major General and Governor Edwin D. Morgan, Major General Edward Ord, Major General Daniel Sickles, Brevet Major General Emory Upton, Brevet Brigadier General Thomas J. Rodman, Brevet Brigadier General Sylvanus Thayer, Captain Augustin Thompson, Acting Assistant Third Engineer George Westinghouse, Rear Admiral John Ancrum Winslow, Major General John E. Wool.