Edwards Air Force Base

Edwards AFBMuroc Army Air FieldEdwardsMuroc Army Air BaseMuroc FieldMuroc Air Force BaseEdwards Air Force Base, CaliforniaEdwards AFB, CaliforniaMuroc AAFMuroc
Edwards Air Force Base (AFB) is a United States Air Force installation located in Kern County in southern California, about 22 mi northeast of Lancaster, 15 mi east of Rosamond and 5.5 mi south of California City.wikipedia
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Kern County, California

Kern CountyKernKern Counties
Edwards Air Force Base (AFB) is a United States Air Force installation located in Kern County in southern California, about 22 mi northeast of Lancaster, 15 mi east of Rosamond and 5.5 mi south of California City.
There is also a strong aviation, space, and military presence, such as Edwards Air Force Base, the China Lake Naval Air Weapons Station, and the Mojave Air and Space Port.

List of United States Air Force installations

United States Air Force baseUnited States Air Force installationList of U.S. Air Force bases
Edwards Air Force Base (AFB) is a United States Air Force installation located in Kern County in southern California, about 22 mi northeast of Lancaster, 15 mi east of Rosamond and 5.5 mi south of California City.

Armstrong Flight Research Center

Dryden Flight Research CenterNASA DrydenDryden Flight Research Facility
It is the home of the Air Force Test Center, Air Force Test Pilot School, and NASA's Armstrong Flight Research Center.
Its primary campus is located inside Edwards Air Force Base in California and is considered NASA's premier site for aeronautical research.

California City, California

California CityCalifornia
Edwards Air Force Base (AFB) is a United States Air Force installation located in Kern County in southern California, about 22 mi northeast of Lancaster, 15 mi east of Rosamond and 5.5 mi south of California City.
Much of the workforce of Edwards Air Force Base, which is located 18 mi southeast of the city, is made up of city residents.

Lancaster, California

LancasterLancaster, CA Lancaster
Edwards Air Force Base (AFB) is a United States Air Force installation located in Kern County in southern California, about 22 mi northeast of Lancaster, 15 mi east of Rosamond and 5.5 mi south of California City.
From the 1980s through the end of the program, Edwards Air Force Base, by then renamed, hosted a limited number of landings of the Space Shuttle.

Space Shuttle

Shuttlespace shuttlesSpace Shuttle Program
Notable occurrences at Edwards include Chuck Yeager's flight that broke the sound barrier in the Bell X-1, test flights of the North American X-15, the first landings of the Space Shuttle, and the 1986 around-the-world flight of the Rutan Voyager.
The orbiter then glided as a spaceplane to a runway landing, usually to the Shuttle Landing Facility at Kennedy Space Center, Florida or Rogers Dry Lake in Edwards Air Force Base, California.

U.S. Air Force Test Pilot School

Aerospace Research Pilot SchoolUSAF Test Pilot SchoolUnited States Air Force Test Pilot School
It is the home of the Air Force Test Center, Air Force Test Pilot School, and NASA's Armstrong Flight Research Center.
To take advantage of the uncongested skies, usually superb flying weather, and the lack of developed zones in the event of crashing, the test pilot school was officially moved to its present location at Edwards Air Force Base in the Mojave Desert of Southern California on 4 February 1951.

Rutan Voyager

VoyagerRutan Model 76 Voyageraround-the-world flight
Notable occurrences at Edwards include Chuck Yeager's flight that broke the sound barrier in the Bell X-1, test flights of the North American X-15, the first landings of the Space Shuttle, and the 1986 around-the-world flight of the Rutan Voyager.
The flight took off from Edwards Air Force Base's 15,000 foot (4,600 m) runway in the Mojave Desert on December 14, 1986, and ended 9 days, 3 minutes and 44 seconds later on December 23, setting a flight endurance record.

Happy Bottom Riding Club

The Happy Bottom Riding ClubPancho's PlaceRancho Oro Verde Fly-Inn Dude Ranch
At this time, another colorful character in Edwards' history, Pancho Barnes, built her renowned Rancho Oro Verde Fly-Inn Dude Ranch that would be the scene of many parties and celebrations to come.
The Happy Bottom Riding Club was a dude ranch, restaurant, and hotel operated by aviator Pancho Barnes near Edwards Air Force Base in the Antelope Valley of California's Mojave Desert.

Rosamond, California

RosamondRosamond, CACalifornia (Rosamond)
Edwards Air Force Base (AFB) is a United States Air Force installation located in Kern County in southern California, about 22 mi northeast of Lancaster, 15 mi east of Rosamond and 5.5 mi south of California City.
In 1933, Muroc Army Air Field was established some 20 miles away; it was later renamed Edwards Air Force Base in honor of fallen test pilot Glenn Edwards.

Chuck Yeager

Charles E. YeagerCharles "Chuck" YeagerCharles E. "Chuck" Yeager
Notable occurrences at Edwards include Chuck Yeager's flight that broke the sound barrier in the Bell X-1, test flights of the North American X-15, the first landings of the Space Shuttle, and the 1986 around-the-world flight of the Rutan Voyager.
Yeager remained in the Air Force after the war, becoming a test pilot at Muroc Army Air Field (now Edwards Air Force Base), following graduation from Air Materiel Command Flight Performance School (Class 46C).

Rogers Dry Lake

Muroc Dry LakeRogers LakeRogers
Conscious that March Field was located in an area of increasing growth in Riverside County, and with the need for bombing and gunnery ranges for his units, base and 1st Wing commander Lieutenant Colonel Henry H. "Hap" Arnold began the process of acquiring land next to Muroc Dry Lake for a new bombing range away from populated areas in August 1932; the last tract was not acquired until 1939.
It is the central part of Edwards Air Force Base as its hard surface provides a natural extension to the paved runways.

Mojave, California

MojaveMohave, CaliforniaMohave
The facility established to support the range, initially called "Mohave Field" for the nearby community of Mohave, was Muroc Field.
Located near, Edwards Air Force Base, Naval Air Weapons Station China Lake, and Palmdale Regional Airport, Mojave has a rich aerospace history as well.

Glen Edwards (pilot)

Glen EdwardsGlen W. EdwardsGlenn Edwards
In December 1949, Muroc was renamed Edwards Air Force Base in honor of Captain Glen Edwards (1918–1948), who was killed a year earlier in the crash of the Northrop YB-49 Flying Wing.
Glen Walter Edwards (March 5, 1918 – June 5, 1948) was a test pilot for the United States Air Force, and is the namesake of Edwards Air Force Base.

Air Force Test Center

Air Force Flight Test CenterAir Force Flight Test Center MuseumAir Force Flight Test Museum
It is the home of the Air Force Test Center, Air Force Test Pilot School, and NASA's Armstrong Flight Research Center.
The 95th Air Base Wing (95 ABW) provided installation support for all units on Edwards Air Force Base while the 412th Test Wing (412 TW) conducted aircraft testing and evaluation at Edwards.

North American F-100 Super Sabre

F-100 Super SabreF-100F-100D Super Sabre
The promise of the turbojet revolution and the supersonic breakthrough were realized in the 1950s, as the Center tested and developed the first generation of true supersonic fighters—the famed "Century Series" F-100 Super Sabre, F-101 Voodoo, F-102 Delta Dagger, F-104 Starfighter, F-105 Thunderchief and F-106 Delta Dart, and, in the process, defined the basic speed and altitude envelopes for fighter aircraft that still prevail to this day.
Initial testing was completed by APGC personnel at Edwards Air Force Base.

Republic F-84 Thunderjet

F-84 ThunderjetRepublic F-84G ThunderjetF-84G Thunderjet
The Consolidated Vultee XP-81 single seat, long range escort fighter and Republic XP-84 Thunderjet fighter arrived at the base in early 1946 for flight testing.
The first prototype XP-84 was transferred to Muroc Army Air Field (present-day Edwards Air Force Base) where it flew for the first time on 28 February 1946 with Major Wallace A. "Wally" Lien at the controls.

Bell X-1

Bell X1X-1Bell X-1A
Notable occurrences at Edwards include Chuck Yeager's flight that broke the sound barrier in the Bell X-1, test flights of the North American X-15, the first landings of the Space Shuttle, and the 1986 around-the-world flight of the Rutan Voyager.
Four more glide tests occurred at Muroc Army Air Field near Palmdale, California, which had been flooded during the Florida tests, before the first powered test on 9 December 1946.

Albert Scott Crossfield

Scott CrossfieldA. Scott CrossfieldCrossfield, A. Scott
On 20 November 1951, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics' Scott Crossfield became the first man to reach Mach 2 as he piloted the Skyrocket to a speed of 2.005 Mach.
In 1950, Crossfield joined the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics' (NACA) High-Speed Flight Station (later called the NASA Dryden Flight Research Center, and now named the Neil A. Armstrong Flight Research Center) at Edwards Air Force Base, California, as an aeronautical research pilot.

Convair F-106 Delta Dart

F-106 Delta DartF-106Convair F-106A Delta Dart
The promise of the turbojet revolution and the supersonic breakthrough were realized in the 1950s, as the Center tested and developed the first generation of true supersonic fighters—the famed "Century Series" F-100 Super Sabre, F-101 Voodoo, F-102 Delta Dagger, F-104 Starfighter, F-105 Thunderchief and F-106 Delta Dart, and, in the process, defined the basic speed and altitude envelopes for fighter aircraft that still prevail to this day.
The first prototype F-106, an aerodynamic test bed, flew on 26 December 1956 from Edwards Air Force Base, with the second, fitted with a fuller set of equipment, following 26 February 1957.

North American F-86 Sabre

F-86 SabreF-86North American F-86F Sabre
One of them, the North American F-86 Sabre, was dominating the skies over Korea.
The first flight occurred on 1 October 1947 with George Welch at the controls, flying from Muroc Dry Lake (now Edwards AFB), California.

Henry H. Arnold

Hap ArnoldHenry "Hap" ArnoldHenry H. "Hap" Arnold
Conscious that March Field was located in an area of increasing growth in Riverside County, and with the need for bombing and gunnery ranges for his units, base and 1st Wing commander Lieutenant Colonel Henry H. "Hap" Arnold began the process of acquiring land next to Muroc Dry Lake for a new bombing range away from populated areas in August 1932; the last tract was not acquired until 1939.
In August 1932, Arnold began acquisition of portions of Rogers Dry Lake as a bombing and gunnery range for his units, a site that later became Edwards Air Force Base.

Air Force Materiel Command

Air Force Material CommandAFMCMateriel Command
It is the Air Force Materiel Command center for conducting and supporting research and development of flight, as well as testing and evaluating aerospace systems from concept to combat.

Test pilot

Chief Test Pilottest pilotsengineering test pilot
Edwards became a test pilot in 1943 and spent much of his time at Muroc Army Air Field, on California's high desert, testing wide varieties of experimental prototype aircraft.
In America, the United States Air Force Test Pilot School is located at Edwards Air Force Base, the United States Naval Test Pilot School is located at Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Maryland and EPNER (Ecole du Personnel Navigant d'Essai et de Reception - "School for flight test and acceptance personnel"), the French test pilot school, is located in Istres, France.

Lockheed F-104 Starfighter

F-104 StarfighterF-104Lockheed F-104G Starfighter
The promise of the turbojet revolution and the supersonic breakthrough were realized in the 1950s, as the Center tested and developed the first generation of true supersonic fighters—the famed "Century Series" F-100 Super Sabre, F-101 Voodoo, F-102 Delta Dagger, F-104 Starfighter, F-105 Thunderchief and F-106 Delta Dart, and, in the process, defined the basic speed and altitude envelopes for fighter aircraft that still prevail to this day.
The first prototype was completed by early 1954 and first flew on 4 March at Edwards AFB.