Edwin Locke

LockeEdwin A. Locke
Edwin A. Locke (born January 5, 1938) is an American psychologist and a pioneer in goal-setting theory.wikipedia
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Goal setting

goal-settinggoal-setting theorygoals
Edwin A. Locke (born January 5, 1938) is an American psychologist and a pioneer in goal-setting theory. As stated by the Association for Psychological Science, "Locke is the most published organizational psychologist in the history of the field. His pioneering research has advanced and enriched our understanding of work motivation and job satisfaction. The theory that is synonymous with his name—goal-setting theory—is perhaps the most widely-respected theory in industrial-organizational psychology. His 1976 chapter on job satisfaction continues to be one of the most highly-cited pieces of work in the field."
Studies by Edwin A. Locke and his colleagues have shown that more specific and ambitious goals lead to more performance improvement than easy or general goals.

Job satisfaction

employee satisfactionsatisfactionJob Characteristics Model
As stated by the Association for Psychological Science, "Locke is the most published organizational psychologist in the history of the field. His pioneering research has advanced and enriched our understanding of work motivation and job satisfaction. The theory that is synonymous with his name—goal-setting theory—is perhaps the most widely-respected theory in industrial-organizational psychology. His 1976 chapter on job satisfaction continues to be one of the most highly-cited pieces of work in the field."
Edwin A. Locke’s Range of Affect Theory (1976) is arguably the most famous job satisfaction model.

Ayn Rand Institute

Objectivist Academic Centeroverseas Objectivist institutions
Locke is a proponent of global capitalism, was personally acquainted with the philosopher Ayn Rand, and is affiliated with the Ayn Rand Institute.
ARI also established a board of governors, which initially included Harry Binswanger, Robert Hessen, Edwin Locke, Arthur Mode, George Reisman, Jay Snider, and Mary Ann Sures, with Peter Schwartz as its chairman.

Ayn Rand

RandRand, AynRandian
Locke is a proponent of global capitalism, was personally acquainted with the philosopher Ayn Rand, and is affiliated with the Ayn Rand Institute.
Gladstein, Harry Binswanger, Allan Gotthelf, John Hospers, Edwin A. Locke, Wallace Matson, Leonard Peikoff, Chris Matthew Sciabarra, and Tara Smith have taught her work in academic institutions.

Motivation

intrinsic motivationmotivationalmotives
Locke's dissertation was on the relationship of intentions to motivation and affect.
Other theories which expanded and extended those of Maslow and Herzberg included Kurt Lewin's force-field analysis, Edwin A. Locke's goal-setting theory and Victor Vroom's expectancy theory.

Robert H. Smith School of Business

R.H. Smith School of Business Robert H. Smith School of Business MBA organizationsR. H. Smith School of Business
He is a retired Dean’s Professor of Motivation and Leadership at the Robert H. Smith School of Business at the University of Maryland, College Park.

Association for Psychological Science

American Psychological SocietyAPSAssociation for Psychological Science (APS)
As stated by the Association for Psychological Science, "Locke is the most published organizational psychologist in the history of the field. His pioneering research has advanced and enriched our understanding of work motivation and job satisfaction. The theory that is synonymous with his name—goal-setting theory—is perhaps the most widely-respected theory in industrial-organizational psychology. His 1976 chapter on job satisfaction continues to be one of the most highly-cited pieces of work in the field."

Globalization

globalisationglobalizedglobal
Locke is a proponent of global capitalism, was personally acquainted with the philosopher Ayn Rand, and is affiliated with the Ayn Rand Institute.

Capitalism

capitalistcapitalistscapitalistic
Locke is a proponent of global capitalism, was personally acquainted with the philosopher Ayn Rand, and is affiliated with the Ayn Rand Institute.

Philosophy

philosophicalphilosopherhistory of philosophy
Locke is a proponent of global capitalism, was personally acquainted with the philosopher Ayn Rand, and is affiliated with the Ayn Rand Institute.

Emotional intelligence

EQemotional quotientemotionally intelligent
He is also a critic of the concept of emotional intelligence.

Animal rights movement

animal liberationanimal liberation movementanimal rights activist
In recent years, he has become an outspoken opponent of the animal rights movement, especially the organization People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals.

People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals

PETAPeople for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA)peta2
In recent years, he has become an outspoken opponent of the animal rights movement, especially the organization People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals.

Phillips Exeter Academy

ExeterPhillips ExeterExeter Academy
Locke graduated high school from Phillips Exeter Academy.

Industrial and organizational psychology

organizational psychologyindustrial psychologyorganisational psychology
Two years later, at Cornell, he earned his master's degree in Industrial Psychology and Experimental Psychology, followed by his PhD in Industrial and Organizational Psychology in 1964.

Affect (psychology)

affectaffectiveaffects
Locke's dissertation was on the relationship of intentions to motivation and affect.

Emeritus

professor emeritusemeritus professorprofessor emerita
Since 2001, Locke has been Professor Emeritus at the University of Maryland.

University of Maryland, College Park

University of MarylandMarylandMaryland Agricultural College
He is a retired Dean’s Professor of Motivation and Leadership at the Robert H. Smith School of Business at the University of Maryland, College Park. Since 2001, Locke has been Professor Emeritus at the University of Maryland.

Mediation

mediatormediatorsmediate
Goals are proposed to mediate the influence of incentives and feedback on performance.

Incentive

incentiveseconomic incentiveeconomic incentives
Goals are proposed to mediate the influence of incentives and feedback on performance.

Feedback

feedback loopfeedback loopsfeedback mechanism
Goals are proposed to mediate the influence of incentives and feedback on performance.

Walt Disney

DisneyWaltWalt Disney Records
This model is based on observations of success, such as of Walt Disney, Sam Walton, and Mary Kay.

Sam Walton

Mr. Sam WaltonSam Moore WaltonSamuel M. Walton
This model is based on observations of success, such as of Walt Disney, Sam Walton, and Mary Kay.

Mary Kay

Mary Kay CosmeticsMary Kay, Inc.makeup company
This model is based on observations of success, such as of Walt Disney, Sam Walton, and Mary Kay.

Academy of Management

Academy of Management ReviewAoM
The Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award from the Academy of Management (Human Resources Division)