Eggplant

auberginebrinjalSolanum melongenaaubergineseggplantsbrinjalsegg plantJapanese eggplanteggplant (aubergine)Eggplant or Aubergine
Eggplant (US, Australia ), aubergine (UK), or brinjal (South Asia and South Africa) is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae.wikipedia
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Solanaceae

nightshadenightshade familysolanaceous
Eggplant (US, Australia ), aubergine (UK), or brinjal (South Asia and South Africa) is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae.
Many members of the family contain potent alkaloids, and some are highly toxic, but many—including tomatoes, potatoes, eggplant, bell and chili peppers—are used as food.

Solanum

nightshadeSolaneaeSolanum verbascifolium
As a member of the genus Solanum, it is related to tomato and potato.
Solanum is a large and diverse genus of flowering plants, which include three food crops of high economic importance, the potato, the tomato and the eggplant.

Berry (botany)

berryberriespepo
Although often considered a vegetable, it is a berry by botanical definition. Botanically classified as a berry, the fruit contains numerous small, soft, edible seeds that taste bitter because they contain or are covered in nicotinoid alkaloids, like the related tobacco.
Berries so defined include grapes, currants, and tomatoes, as well as cucumbers, eggplants (aubergines) and bananas, but exclude certain fruits commonly called berries, such as strawberries and raspberries.

Vegetable

vegetablessalad vegetablewild vegetables
Although often considered a vegetable, it is a berry by botanical definition.
While peaches, plums, and oranges are "fruit" in both senses, many items commonly called "vegetables", such as eggplants, bell peppers, and tomatoes, are botanically fruits.

Nicotine

nicotine addictionnicotine sulfateaddicted to nicotine
Botanically classified as a berry, the fruit contains numerous small, soft, edible seeds that taste bitter because they contain or are covered in nicotinoid alkaloids, like the related tobacco.
Usually consistent concentrations of nicotine varying from 2–7 µg/kg (20–70 millionths of a percent wet weight) are found in the edible family Solanaceae, such as potatoes, tomatoes, and eggplant.

Solanine

α-solanine
The flowers and leaves can be poisonous if consumed in large quantities due to the presence of solanine.
Solanine is a glycoalkaloid poison found in species of the nightshade family within the genus Solanum, such as the potato (Solanum tuberosum), the tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), and the eggplant (Solanum melongena).

Potato

potatoesSolanum tuberosumIrish potato
As a member of the genus Solanum, it is related to tomato and potato.
Solanine is found in other plants in the same family, Solanaceae, which includes such plants as deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna), henbane (Hyoscyamus niger) and tobacco (Nicotiana spp.), as well as the food plants eggplant and tomato.

Solanum incanum

S. incanumbitterballpreoccupied
It was originally domesticated from the wild nightshade species thorn or bitter apple, S. incanum, probably with two independent domestications: one in South Asia, and one in East Asia.
In ancient India, Solanum incanum was domesticated into the eggplant, Solanum melongena.

Genetically modified brinjal

Bt brinjalbrinjalEggplant
Bt brinjal is a transgenic eggplant that contains a gene from the soil bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis.
The genetically modified brinjal is a suite of transgenic brinjals (also known as an eggplant or aubergine) created by inserting a crystal protein gene (Cry1Ac) from the soil bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis into the genome of various brinjal cultivars.

Leucinodes orbonalis

Brinjal fruit and shoot borerEggplant shoot and fruit borer
This variety was designed to give the plant resistance to lepidopteran insects such as the brinjal fruit and shoot borer (Leucinodes orbonalis) and fruit borer (Helicoverpa armigera).
The primary larval hostplant is eggplant or brinjal, Solanum melongena, where most of the economical impact of this species is reported.

Tortang talong

Rellenong talongEggplant omelette
However the most popular eggplant dish is tortang talong, an omelette made from grilling an eggplant, dipping it into beaten eggs, and pan-frying the mixture.
Tortang talong, also known as eggplant omelette, is a Filipino omelette made by pan-frying grilled whole eggplants dipped in an egg mixture.

Baingan bharta

Baingan BarthaBhartaVangyache bharit
Roasted, skinned, mashed, mixed with onions, tomatoes, and spices, and then slow cooked gives the South Asian dish baingan bharta or gojju, similar to salată de vinete in Romania.
It is a vegetarian dish that is prepared by mincing eggplant (baingan) that is grilled over charcoal or direct fire.

Arabs

ArabArab peopleArabian
The numerous Arabic and North African names for it, along with the lack of the ancient Greek and Roman names, indicate it was grown throughout the Mediterranean area by the Arabs in the early Middle Ages.
Tea, thyme (or oregano), turmeric, a variety of fruits (primarily citrus) and vegetables such as cucumbers, eggplants, lettuce, tomato, green pepper, green beans, zucchini and parsley.

Moussaka

musakamusacaMargat Baytinijan
Eggplant is often stewed, as in the French ratatouille, or deep-fried as in the Italian parmigiana di melanzane, the Turkish karnıyarık, or Turkish, Greek, and Levantine musakka/moussaka, and Middle Eastern and South Asian dishes.
Moussaka (, or ) is an eggplant- (aubergine) or potato-based dish, often including ground meat, in the Levant, Middle East, and Balkans, with many local and regional variations.

Parmigiana

Eggplant parmesanparmigiana di melanzaneMelanzane alla parmigiana
Eggplant is often stewed, as in the French ratatouille, or deep-fried as in the Italian parmigiana di melanzane, the Turkish karnıyarık, or Turkish, Greek, and Levantine musakka/moussaka, and Middle Eastern and South Asian dishes.
Parmigiana (, also called parmigiana di melanzane or melanzane alla parmigiana, is an Italian dish made with a shallow or deep-fried sliced eggplant filling, layered with cheese and tomato sauce, then baked.

Curry

curriescurriedBhuna
Eggplant is widely used in its native India, for example in sambar (a tamarind lentil stew), dalma (a dal preparation with vegetables, native to Odisha), chutney, curry, and achaar (a pickled dish).
The main ingredient may variously be brinjal (eggplant/aubergine), potatoes, fresh corn kernels, okra, tomatoes, etc. In addition, there are several common kofta dishes which substitute vegetables for meat.

Romanian cuisine

RomanianRomaniaCuisine of Romania
Roasted, skinned, mashed, mixed with onions, tomatoes, and spices, and then slow cooked gives the South Asian dish baingan bharta or gojju, similar to salată de vinete in Romania.
Ottoman cuisine changed the Romanian table with appetizers made from various vegetables, such as eggplant and bell peppers, as well as various meat preparations, such as chiftele (deep-fried meatballs, a variation of kofta) and mici (short sausages without casings, usually barbecued).

Turkish cuisine

TurkishTurkeyTurkish food
It can be sliced and deep-fried, then served with plain yogurt (optionally topped with a tomato and garlic sauce), such as in the Turkish dish patlıcan kızartması (meaning fried aubergines), or without yogurt, as in patlıcan şakşuka.
The cooking of Istanbul, Bursa, Izmir, and rest of the Asia Minor region inherits many elements of Ottoman court cuisine, with a lighter use of spices, a preference for rice over bulgur, koftes and a wider availability of vegetable stews (türlü), eggplant, stuffed dolmas and fish.

Vegetarian cuisine

vegetarianvegetarian foodvegetarian dish
Due to its texture and bulk, it is sometimes used as a meat substitute in vegan and vegetarian cuisines.

Australian English

EnglishAustralianAustralia
The name eggplant is usual in North American English and Australian English.

Baba ghanoush

baba ghanoujbaba ganoushMutabbal
It may also be roasted in its skin until charred, so the pulp can be removed and blended with other ingredients, such as lemon, tahini, and garlic, as in the Arab baba ghanoush and the similar Greek melitzanosalata.
Baba ghanoush, also spelled baba ganoush or baba ghanouj, is a Levantine appetizer of mashed cooked eggplant mixed with tahini (made from sesame seeds), olive oil, possibly lemon juice, and various seasonings.

Dì sān xiān

Di san xiandi sān xiān
They are often deep fried and made into dishes such as yúxiāng-qiézi ("fish fragrance eggplant") or di sān xiān ("three earthen treasures").
Dì sān xiān is a Chinese dish made of stir-fried potatoes, aubergine/eggplant, and sweet peppers.

Pinakbet

They are known as talong and is widely used in many stew and soup dishes, like pinakbet.
Other vegetables used include eggplant, tomato, okra, string beans, chili peppers, parda, winged beans, and others.

Ratatouille

ratatolhaa French dishbriam
Eggplant is often stewed, as in the French ratatouille, or deep-fried as in the Italian parmigiana di melanzane, the Turkish karnıyarık, or Turkish, Greek, and Levantine musakka/moussaka, and Middle Eastern and South Asian dishes.
Recipes and cooking times differ widely, but common ingredients include tomato, garlic, onion, zucchini, aubergine (eggplant), bell pepper, and some combination of leafy green herbs common to the region.

Al-Andalus

AndalusianIslamic SpainAl Andalus
A book on agriculture by Ibn Al-Awwam in 12th-century Arabic Spain described how to grow aubergines.
These include sugarcane, rice, cotton, alfalfa, oranges, lemons, apricots, spinach, eggplants, carrots and saffron.