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North Africa

northern AfricaNorthnorthern
Egypt ({{IPAc-en|audio=En-us-Egypt.ogg|ˈ|iː|dʒ|ɪ|p|t}} {{Respell|EE|jipt}}; {{lang-ar|مِصر}} {{transl|ar|Miṣr}}, {{lang-arz|مَصر}} {{transl|arz|Maṣr}}, {{lang-cop|Ⲭⲏⲙⲓ}} {{transl|cop|K h ēmi}}), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
There is no singularly accepted scope for the region, and it is sometimes defined as stretching from the Atlantic shores of Morocco in the west, to Egypt's Suez Canal and the Red Sea in the east.

Gaza Strip

GazaGazzaGazan
Egypt is a Mediterranean country bordered by the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northeast, the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea to the east, Sudan to the south, and Libya to the west. Throughout the second half of the 20th century, Egypt endured social and religious strife and political instability, fighting several armed conflicts with Israel in 1948, 1956, 1967 and 1973, and occupying the Gaza Strip intermittently until 1967.
The Gaza Strip, or simply Gaza''', is a self-governing Palestinian territory on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea, that borders Egypt on the southwest for 11 km and Israel on the east and north along a 51 km border.

Western Asia

West Asiansouthwest AsiaWest Asia
Egypt ({{IPAc-en|audio=En-us-Egypt.ogg|ˈ|iː|dʒ|ɪ|p|t}} {{Respell|EE|jipt}}; {{lang-ar|مِصر}} {{transl|ar|Miṣr}}, {{lang-arz|مَصر}} {{transl|arz|Maṣr}}, {{lang-cop|Ⲭⲏⲙⲓ}} {{transl|cop|K h ēmi}}), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
The concept is in limited use, as it significantly overlaps with the Middle East (or the Near East), the main difference usually being the exclusion of the majority of Egypt (which would be counted as part of North Africa) and the inclusion of the Caucasus.

Sinai Peninsula

SinaiSinai DesertSouth Sinai
Egypt ({{IPAc-en|audio=En-us-Egypt.ogg|ˈ|iː|dʒ|ɪ|p|t}} {{Respell|EE|jipt}}; {{lang-ar|مِصر}} {{transl|ar|Miṣr}}, {{lang-arz|مَصر}} {{transl|arz|Maṣr}}, {{lang-cop|Ⲭⲏⲙⲓ}} {{transl|cop|K h ēmi}}), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
The Sinai Peninsula or simply Sinai (now usually ) is a peninsula in Egypt, and the only part of the country located in Asia.

Israel

🇮🇱IsraeliState of Israel
Egypt is a Mediterranean country bordered by the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northeast, the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea to the east, Sudan to the south, and Libya to the west. Throughout the second half of the 20th century, Egypt endured social and religious strife and political instability, fighting several armed conflicts with Israel in 1948, 1956, 1967 and 1973, and occupying the Gaza Strip intermittently until 1967.
It has land borders with Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan on the east, the Palestinian territories of the West Bank and Gaza Strip to the east and west, respectively, and Egypt to the southwest.

Sudan

🇸🇩SudaneseRepublic of the Sudan
Egypt is a Mediterranean country bordered by the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northeast, the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea to the east, Sudan to the south, and Libya to the west.
It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea to the east, Ethiopia to the southeast, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west, and Libya to the northwest.

Libya

🇱🇾LibyanLY
Egypt is a Mediterranean country bordered by the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northeast, the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea to the east, Sudan to the south, and Libya to the west.
Libya, officially the State of Libya, is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad to the south, Niger to the southwest, Algeria to the west, and Tunisia to the northwest.

Cyprus

🇨🇾CypriotCYP
Across the Gulf of Aqaba lies Jordan, across the Red Sea lies Saudi Arabia, and across the Mediterranean lie Greece, Turkey and Cyprus, although none share a land border with Egypt.
Cyprus (Κύπρος ; Kıbrıs ), officially the Republic of Cyprus (Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία; Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti), is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean and the third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean, located south of Turkey, west of Syria and Lebanon, northwest of Israel, north of Egypt, and southeast of Greece.

Ancient Egypt

EgyptEgyptianEgyptians
Considered a cradle of civilisation, Ancient Egypt saw some of the earliest developments of writing, agriculture, urbanisation, organised religion and central government.
Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient North Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River in the place that is now the country Egypt.

Saudi Arabia

🇸🇦SaudiKingdom of Saudi Arabia
Across the Gulf of Aqaba lies Jordan, across the Red Sea lies Saudi Arabia, and across the Mediterranean lie Greece, Turkey and Cyprus, although none share a land border with Egypt.
It is separated from Israel and Egypt by the Gulf of Aqaba.

Valley of the Kings

royal [58] Biban-el-Muluk
Iconic monuments such as the Giza Necropolis and its Great Sphinx, as well the ruins of Memphis, Thebes, Karnak, and the Valley of the Kings, reflect this legacy and remain a significant focus of scientific and popular interest.
The Valley of the Kings, also known as the Valley of the Gates of the Kings, is a valley in Egypt

Gulf of Aqaba

Gulf of Eilatgulfs of AqabaRed Sea
Egypt is a Mediterranean country bordered by the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northeast, the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea to the east, Sudan to the south, and Libya to the west.
Its coastline is divided between four countries: Egypt, Israel, Jordan, and Saudi Arabia.

Thebes, Egypt

ThebesThebanAncient Thebes
Iconic monuments such as the Giza Necropolis and its Great Sphinx, as well the ruins of Memphis, Thebes, Karnak, and the Valley of the Kings, reflect this legacy and remain a significant focus of scientific and popular interest.
Its ruins lie within the modern Egyptian city of Luxor.

Giza pyramid complex

pyramids of GizaGiza pyramidsPyramids
Iconic monuments such as the Giza Necropolis and its Great Sphinx, as well the ruins of Memphis, Thebes, Karnak, and the Valley of the Kings, reflect this legacy and remain a significant focus of scientific and popular interest.
The Giza pyramid complex is an archaeological site on the Giza Plateau, on the outskirts of Cairo, Egypt.

Karnak

Temple of KarnakKarnak Temple ComplexKarnak Temple
Iconic monuments such as the Giza Necropolis and its Great Sphinx, as well the ruins of Memphis, Thebes, Karnak, and the Valley of the Kings, reflect this legacy and remain a significant focus of scientific and popular interest.
The Karnak Temple Complex, commonly known as Karnak (, from Arabic Khurnak meaning "fortified village"), comprises a vast mix of decayed temples, chapels, pylons, and other buildings near Luxor, in Egypt.

Mediterranean Sea

MediterraneanMediterranean coastMediterranean islands
Egypt is a Mediterranean country bordered by the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northeast, the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea to the east, Sudan to the south, and Libya to the west.
The countries surrounding the Mediterranean in clockwise order are Spain, France, Monaco, Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece, Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco; Malta and Cyprus are island countries in the sea.

Christianity in Egypt

ChristianityChristiansChristians in Egypt
Egypt was an early and important centre of Christianity, but was largely Islamised in the seventh century and remains a predominantly Muslim country, albeit with a significant Christian minority.
Christianity is second biggest religion in Egypt.

Nubians

Nubian Nubiangenetics
Egypt's long and rich cultural heritage is an integral part of its national identity, which has endured, and often assimilated, various foreign influences, including Greek, Persian, Roman, Arab, Ottoman Turkish, and Nubian.
Nubians are an ethnolinguistic group indigenous to present-day Sudan and southern Egypt who originate from the early inhabitants of the central Nile valley, believed to be one of the earliest cradles of civilization.

Greeks

GreekHellenesHellenic
Egypt's long and rich cultural heritage is an integral part of its national identity, which has endured, and often assimilated, various foreign influences, including Greek, Persian, Roman, Arab, Ottoman Turkish, and Nubian.
Until the early 20th century, Greeks were distributed between the Greek peninsula, the western coast of Asia Minor, the Black Sea coast, Cappadocia in central Anatolia, Egypt, the Balkans, Cyprus, and Constantinople.

Copts in Egypt

CopticCoptsCopt
Egypt was an early and important centre of Christianity, but was largely Islamised in the seventh century and remains a predominantly Muslim country, albeit with a significant Christian minority.
Copts in Egypt refers to Coptic people born in or residing in Egypt.

Arabs

ArabArabianArabic
Egypt's long and rich cultural heritage is an integral part of its national identity, which has endured, and often assimilated, various foreign influences, including Greek, Persian, Roman, Arab, Ottoman Turkish, and Nubian.
Today, Arabs primarily inhabit the 22 Arab states within the Arab League: Algeria, Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, and Yemen.

Suez Crisis

SuezSinai War1956 Suez War
Throughout the second half of the 20th century, Egypt endured social and religious strife and political instability, fighting several armed conflicts with Israel in 1948, 1956, 1967 and 1973, and occupying the Gaza Strip intermittently until 1967.
The Suez Crisis, or the Second Arab–Israeli War, also named the Tripartite Aggression in the Arab world and Operation Kadesh or Sinai War in Israel, was an invasion of Egypt in late 1956 by Israel, followed by the United Kingdom and France.

Yom Kippur War

October War1973 Arab-Israeli War1973 Arab–Israeli War
Throughout the second half of the 20th century, Egypt endured social and religious strife and political instability, fighting several armed conflicts with Israel in 1948, 1956, 1967 and 1973, and occupying the Gaza Strip intermittently until 1967.
The Yom Kippur War, Ramadan War, or October War (מלחמת יום הכיפורים, ', or מלחמת יום כיפור, ; حرب أكتوبر, ', or حرب تشرين, '), also known as the 1973 Arab–Israeli War''', was a war fought from October 6 to 25, 1973, by a coalition of Arab states led by Egypt and Syria against Israel.

Syrian Republic (1946–1963)

SyriaSyrian Republic1946 Syrian independence
In 1958 it merged with Syria to form the United Arab Republic, which dissolved in 1961.
In 1958, Syria joined with the Republic of Egypt in forming the United Arab Republic, though Syria withdrew from the union in 1961 and adopted the name Syrian Arab Republic. In 1963, the Syrian Ba'athist party came to power in the bloody military coup, which laid foundations for the political structure in Syria for the next decades.

Six-Day War

1967 war19671967 Arab-Israeli War
Throughout the second half of the 20th century, Egypt endured social and religious strife and political instability, fighting several armed conflicts with Israel in 1948, 1956, 1967 and 1973, and occupying the Gaza Strip intermittently until 1967.
The Six-Day War (Hebrew: מלחמת ששת הימים, Milhemet Sheshet Ha Yamim; Arabic: النكسة, an-Naksah, "The Setback" or حرب 1967, Ḥarb 1967, "War of 1967"), also known as the June War, 1967 Arab–Israeli War, or Third Arab–Israeli War, was fought between 5 and 10 June 1967 by Israel and the neighboring states of Egypt (known at the time as the United Arab Republic), Jordan, and Syria.