Egyptian Arabic

EgyptianArabicEgyptian dialectEgyptian Colloquial ArabicEgyptian PronunciationArabic (Egyptian)Cairene ArabicEgyptian Arabic languageEgyptian vernacularMasri
Egyptian Arabic, locally known as the Egyptian colloquial dialect, Masri /Masry, is the most prestigious and most spoken dialect in Egypt.wikipedia
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Egypt

EgyptianEGYArab Republic of Egypt
Egyptian Arabic, locally known as the Egyptian colloquial dialect, Masri /Masry, is the most prestigious and most spoken dialect in Egypt.
"" is the Classical Quranic Arabic and modern official name of Egypt, while "" is the local pronunciation in Egyptian Arabic.

Cairo

Cairo, EgyptCaireneAbbaseya
It originated in the Nile Delta in Lower Egypt around the capital Cairo.
Egyptians often refer to Cairo as, the Egyptian Arabic name for Egypt itself, emphasizing the city's importance for the country.

Coptic language

CopticBohairicSahidic
Egyptian Arabic is mainly influenced by the Egyptian Coptic language and its grammar structure which was the native language of the vast majority of Nile Valley Egyptians prior to the Islamic conquest, and later it had small influences by European and foreign languages such as French, Italian, Greek, Turkish, and English. Egyptian Arabic appears to have retained a significant Coptic substratum in its lexicon, phonology, and syntax. Until then, they had spoken either Koine Greek or Egyptian in its Coptic form.
It was supplanted by Egyptian Arabic as a spoken language toward the early modern period, but language revitalization efforts have been underway since the 19th century.

Egyptians

EgyptianEgyptian peopleEgypt
Egyptians generally call their language Arabic only when juxtaposing it against other languages.
The daily language of the Egyptians is a continuum of the local varieties of Arabic, the most famous dialect is known as Egyptian Arabic or ''Masri.

Varieties of Arabic

variety of ArabicArabic dialectsvariety
It is also understood across most of the Arabic-speaking countries due to the predominance of Egyptian influence on the region as well as Egyptian media including Egyptian cinema which has had a big influence in the MENA region for more than a century along with the Egyptian music industry, making it the most widely spoken and by far the most widely studied variety.
More recently, many plays and poems, as well as a few other works exist in Lebanese Arabic and Egyptian Arabic; books of poetry, at least, exist for most varieties.

North Africa

Northern AfricaNorth AfricanNorth
Egyptian is a North African dialect of the Arabic language which is a Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family.
Egyptians over the centuries have shifted their language from Egyptian (in its late form, varieties of Coptic) to modern Egyptian Arabic while retaining a sense of national identity that has historically set them apart from other people in the region.

Arab world

Arab countriesArab statesArab
It is also understood across most of the Arabic-speaking countries due to the predominance of Egyptian influence on the region as well as Egyptian media including Egyptian cinema which has had a big influence in the MENA region for more than a century along with the Egyptian music industry, making it the most widely spoken and by far the most widely studied variety.
A distinctively Egyptian Arabic language emerged by the 16th century.

Arabic chat alphabet

3arabawyArabishArabizi
Also, it is written in ASCII Latin alphabet mainly online and in SMSs.
Regional variations in the pronunciation of an Arabic letter can also produce some variation in its transliteration (e.g. ﺝ might be transliterated as j by a speaker of the Levantine dialect, or as g by a speaker of the Egyptian dialect).

Arabic

Arabic languageArabic-languageArab
Egyptians generally call their language Arabic only when juxtaposing it against other languages. Egyptian is a North African dialect of the Arabic language which is a Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family.

Lebanese Arabic

LebaneseLebanese dialectArabic
Also, many Lebanese artists choose to sing in Egyptian and Lebanese.

Sinai Peninsula

SinaiSinai DesertHistory of the Sinai Peninsula
Arabic was spoken in parts of Egypt such as the Eastern Desert and Sinai before Islam.
Its modern Arabic name is سِينَاء ' (Egyptian Arabic سينا '; ).

Saʽidi Arabic

Sa'idi ArabicSaidi ArabicSaidi
Egyptian Arabic was identified as a mere dialect, one that was not spoken even in all of Egypt, as almost all of Upper Egypt speaks Sa'idi Arabic.
It shares linguistic features with both Egyptian Arabic and the Quran's Classical Arabic.

Music of Egypt

Egyptian musicEgyptianEgypt
It is also understood across most of the Arabic-speaking countries due to the predominance of Egyptian influence on the region as well as Egyptian media including Egyptian cinema which has had a big influence in the MENA region for more than a century along with the Egyptian music industry, making it the most widely spoken and by far the most widely studied variety.
Ahmed Mounib, Mohamed Mounir's mentor, was by far the most notable Nubian singer to hit the Egyptian music scene, singing in both Egyptian Arabic his native Nobiin.

Zaynab (novel)

ZaynabZaynab'' (novel)
The first modern Egyptian novel in which the dialogue was written in the vernacular was Muhammad Husayn Haykal's Zaynab in 1913.
The novel is a seminal event in Egyptian literature, since it was the first to feature a fully described, contemporary Egyptian setting and the first to feature dialogue in the Egyptian vernacular rather than formal standard written Arabic.

Egyptian Arabic phonology

consonantsEgyptianEgyptian pronunciation
(see consonants)
This article is about the phonology of Egyptian Arabic, also known as Cairene Arabic or Masri.

Stratum (linguistics)

substratumsubstratesuperstrate
Egyptian Arabic appears to have retained a significant Coptic substratum in its lexicon, phonology, and syntax.
In the Arab Middle East and North Africa, colloquial Arabic dialects, most especially Levantine, Egyptian, and Maghreb dialects, often exhibit significant substrata from other regional Semitic (especially Aramaic), Iranian, and Berber languages.

Vernacular literature

vernacularvernacular poetvernacular poetry
While it is essentially a spoken language, it is encountered in written form in novels, plays, and poems (vernacular literature), as well as in comics, advertising, some newspapers, and transcriptions of popular songs.
Examples of literary figures who have written in the Egyptian dialect are Ahmed Fouad Negm, Muhammad Husayn Haykal and Salah Jahin, as well as a wave of modern writers.

Egyptian language

EgyptianAncient EgyptianMiddle Egyptian
Until then, they had spoken either Koine Greek or Egyptian in its Coptic form.

Circumfix

circumfixes
This negating circumfix is similar in function to the French circumfix ne ... pas.
For example, Egyptian bitgibuhum-laha "you bring them to her" is negated as maš "you don't bring them to her".

Construct state

status constructusconstructstate
Fixed expressions in the construct state beginning in abu, often geographic names, retain their -u in all cases.
In Egyptian Arabic, both the construct state and the particle bitāʿ "of" can be used, e.g. kitāb Muḥammad "Muhammad's book" or il-kitāb bitāʿ Muḥammad "the book of Muhammad".

Vowel length

shortlong vowellong
IPA phonetic transcription morphologically (in fast speech, long vowels are half-long or without distinctive length):
Among the languages with distinctive vowel length, there are some in which it may occur only in stressed syllables, such as in Alemannic German, Scottish Gaelic and Egyptian Arabic.

Libyan Arabic

LibyanEastern Libyan ArabicLibyan Dialect
The Western Egyptian Bedawi Arabic variety of the western desert differs from all other Arabic varieties in Egypt in that it linguis
Substitute words are usually borrowed from Modern Standard or Egyptian Arabic.

Pasha

Pasha (title)pashasBasha
In modern Egyptian and (to a lesser extent) Levantine Arabic, it is used as an honorific closer to "Sir" than "Lord", especially by older people.

Subjunctive mood

subjunctivePresent subjunctiveconjunctive
Each particular lexical verb is specified by two stems, one used for the past tense and one used for non-past tenses along with as subjunctive and imperative moods.

Majority

simple majoritymajority voteabsolute majority
Egyptian Arabic, locally known as the Egyptian colloquial dialect, Masri /Masry, is the most prestigious and most spoken dialect in Egypt.