Eiffel Tower

the Eiffel TowerTour Eiffela towerhis Parisian towerIron LadyJules VerneLa Tour Eiffelmore permanent displaymost iconic building in Parisoriginal
The Eiffel Tower (Tour Eiffel ) is a wrought-iron lattice tower on the Champ de Mars in Paris, France.wikipedia
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Gustave Eiffel

EiffelAlexandre Gustave Eiffel(Alexandre) Gustave Eiffel
It is named after the engineer Gustave Eiffel, whose company designed and built the tower. The design of the Eiffel Tower is attributed to Maurice Koechlin and Émile Nouguier, two senior engineers working for the Compagnie des Établissements Eiffel.
He is best known for the world-famous Eiffel Tower, built for the 1889 Universal Exposition in Paris, and his contribution to building the Statue of Liberty in New York.

List of tallest buildings and structures in the Paris region

tallest buildings in the metropolitan areatallest buildings in the Paris regiontallest in Paris
The tower is 324 m tall, about the same height as an 81- building, and the tallest structure in Paris.
The tallest structure in the City of Paris and the Île de France remains the Eiffel Tower in the 7th arrondissement, 300 meters high, completed in 1889 as the gateway to the 1889 Paris Universal Exposition.

Washington Monument

Monumentthe one in Washington, D.C.Washington
During its construction, the Eiffel Tower surpassed the Washington Monument to become the [[List of tallest freestanding structures in the world#Timeline of world's tallest freestanding structures|tallest man-made structure]] in the world, a title it held for 41 years until the Chrysler Building in New York City was finished in 1930.
It was the tallest structure in the world from 1884 to 1889, when it was overtaken by the Eiffel Tower in Paris.

Émile Nouguier

The design of the Eiffel Tower is attributed to Maurice Koechlin and Émile Nouguier, two senior engineers working for the Compagnie des Établissements Eiffel.
He is famous for co-designing the Eiffel Tower, built 1887–1889 for the 1889 Universal Exposition in Paris, France, the Garabit viaduct, the highest in the world at the time, near Ruynes-en-Margeride, Cantal, France, and the Faidherbe Bridge over the Sénégal River in Senegal.

Stephen Sauvestre

Eiffel initially showed little enthusiasm, but he did approve further study, and the two engineers then asked Stephen Sauvestre, the head of company's architectural department, to contribute to the design.
He is notable for being one of the architects contributing to the design of the world-famous Eiffel Tower, built for the 1889 Universal Exposition in Paris, France.

Lattice tower

latticepylontruss
The Eiffel Tower (Tour Eiffel ) is a wrought-iron lattice tower on the Champ de Mars in Paris, France.

Exposition Universelle (1889)

Exposition UniverselleParis ExpositionParis Exposition of 1889
Constructed from 1887–1889 as the entrance to the 1889 World's Fair, it was initially criticised by some of France's leading artists and intellectuals for its design, but it has become a global cultural icon of France and one of the most recognisable structures in the world.
The main symbol of the Fair was the Eiffel Tower, which served as the entrance arch to the Fair.

Otis Elevator Company

OtisOtis elevatorOtis elevators
The European branch of Otis Brothers & Company submitted a proposal but this was rejected: the fair's charter ruled out the use of any foreign material in the construction of the tower.
Otis has installed elevators in some of the world's most famous structures, including the Eiffel Tower, Empire State Building, the original World Trade Center, The Twilight Zone Tower of Terror, Petronas Twin Towers, Burj Khalifa, CN Tower, the Winchester Mystery House, the Hotel del Coronado, the Demarest Building (first electric elevator), the Singing Tower at Bok Tower Gardens, and the Skylon Tower.

Chrysler Building

Chrysler405 Lexington AvenueChrysler Building, Ground Floor Interior
During its construction, the Eiffel Tower surpassed the Washington Monument to become the [[List of tallest freestanding structures in the world#Timeline of world's tallest freestanding structures|tallest man-made structure]] in the world, a title it held for 41 years until the Chrysler Building in New York City was finished in 1930.
In his autobiography, Chrysler says he suggested that his building be taller than the Eiffel Tower.

Alberto Santos-Dumont

Alberto Santos DumontSantos-DumontSantos Dumont
On 19 October 1901, Alberto Santos-Dumont, flying his No.6 airship, won a 100,000-franc prize offered by Henri Deutsch de la Meurthe for the first person to make a flight from St. Cloud to the Eiffel Tower and back in less than half an hour.
In his early career he designed, built, and flew hot air balloons and early dirigibles, culminating in his winning the Deutsch de la Meurthe prize on 19 October 1901 for a flight that rounded the Eiffel Tower.

Levallois-Perret

LevalloisLevallois-Perret, FranceLevallois-Perret, Paris
The finished components, some already riveted together into sub-assemblies, arrived on horse-drawn carts from a factory in the nearby Parisian suburb of Levallois-Perret and were first bolted together, with the bolts being replaced with rivets as construction progressed.
The Eiffel company had its factory in the city and so the structure of the Statue of Liberty and the Eiffel Tower were built there.

Franz Reichelt

Franz Treichelt
Just two years later, on 4 February 1912, Austrian tailor Franz Reichelt died after jumping from the first level of the tower (a height of 57 metres) to demonstrate his parachute design.
Franz Reichelt (1879 – 4 February 1912), also known as Frantz Reichelt or François Reichelt, was an Austrian-born French tailor, inventor and parachuting pioneer, now sometimes referred to as the Flying Tailor, who is remembered for jumping to his death from the Eiffel Tower while testing a wearable parachute of his own design.

List of tallest structures in France

252 metres highsecond tallest free-standing structure in Francetallest structures in France
Due to the addition of a broadcasting aerial at the top of the tower in 1957, it is now taller than the Chrysler Building by 17 ft. Excluding transmitters, the Eiffel Tower is the second tallest free-standing structure in France after the Millau Viaduct.

Observation deck

viewing platformobservation platformdeck
The top level's upper platform is 276 m above the ground – the highest observation deck accessible to the public in the European Union.

Minute and second of arc

masarcsecondarc second
The task of drawing the components was complicated by the complex angles involved in the design and the degree of precision required: the position of rivet holes was specified to within 0.1 mm and angles worked out to one second of arc.
A milliarcsecond is about the size of a dime atop the Eiffel Tower as seen from New York City.

Citroën

CitroenCitroën CarsCitroën Racing
From 1925 to 1934, illuminated signs for Citroën adorned three of the tower's sides, making it the tallest advertising space in the world at the time.
Mr Citroën was a keen marketer: he used the Eiffel Tower as the world's largest advertising sign, as recorded in Guinness World Records.

France

🇫🇷FrenchFRA
The Eiffel Tower (Tour Eiffel ) is a wrought-iron lattice tower on the Champ de Mars in Paris, France.
The most popular tourist sites include (annual visitors): Eiffel Tower (6.2 million), Château de Versailles (2.8 million), Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle (2 million), Pont du Gard (1.5 million), Arc de Triomphe (1.2 million), Mont Saint-Michel (1 million), Sainte-Chapelle (683,000), Château du Haut-Kœnigsbourg (549,000), Puy de Dôme (500,000), Musée Picasso (441,000), Carcassonne (362,000).

Cosmic ray

cosmic rayscosmic radiationcosmic-ray
He found more at the top than expected, incidentally discovering what are known today as cosmic rays.
In 1909, Theodor Wulf developed an electrometer, a device to measure the rate of ion production inside a hermetically sealed container, and used it to show higher levels of radiation at the top of the Eiffel Tower than at its base.

Airship

dirigibleairshipsdirigibles
On 19 October 1901, Alberto Santos-Dumont, flying his No.6 airship, won a 100,000-franc prize offered by Henri Deutsch de la Meurthe for the first person to make a flight from St. Cloud to the Eiffel Tower and back in less than half an hour.
On 19 October 1901 he flew his airship Number 6, a small semi-rigid with a detached keel, from the Parc Saint Cloud to and around the Eiffel Tower and back in under thirty minutes.

Blackpool Tower

Circus ArenaTower CircusTower Ballroom
An early example is Blackpool Tower in England.
Inspired by the Eiffel Tower in Paris, it is 518 ft tall and is the 120th tallest freestanding tower in the world.

Santos-Dumont number 6

No.6Number 6No. 6
On 19 October 1901, Alberto Santos-Dumont, flying his No.6 airship, won a 100,000-franc prize offered by Henri Deutsch de la Meurthe for the first person to make a flight from St. Cloud to the Eiffel Tower and back in less than half an hour.
In 1901 it was used by him to win the Deutsch de la Meurthe prize for a return from Parc Saint Cloud to the Eiffel Tower and back.

List of tallest freestanding structures

tallest freestanding structure11th tallest in the world11th-tallest freestanding structure
During its construction, the Eiffel Tower surpassed the Washington Monument to become the [[List of tallest freestanding structures in the world#Timeline of world's tallest freestanding structures|tallest man-made structure]] in the world, a title it held for 41 years until the Chrysler Building in New York City was finished in 1930.

Tokyo Tower

tall red towerTōkyō Tower🗼
Tokyo Tower in Japan, built as a communications tower in 1958, was also inspired by the Eiffel Tower.
The structure is an Eiffel Tower-inspired lattice tower that is painted white and international orange to comply with air safety regulations.

Victor Lustig

On two separate but related occasions in 1925, the con artist Victor Lustig "sold" the tower for scrap metal.
He is widely regarded as one of the most notorious con artists of his time, and is infamous for being "the man who sold the Eiffel Tower twice", and for conducting the "Rumanian Box" scam.

Paris, Texas

ParisParis TexanParis, TX
There are various scale models of the tower in the United States, including a half-scale version at the Paris Las Vegas, Nevada, one in Paris, Texas built in 1993, and two 1:3 scale models at Kings Island, Ohio, and Kings Dominion, Virginia, amusement parks opened in 1972 and 1975 respectively.
Following a tradition of American cities named "Paris", the city commissioned a 65 ft replica of the Eiffel Tower in 1993 and installed it on site of the Love Civic Center, southeast of the town square.