A report on El Paso, Texas

El Paso, c. 1880
Map of the city in 1886
Downtown El Paso in 1908
Mesa Avenue, the heart of El Paso, Texas (postcard, c. 1917)
General Pershing's punitive expedition camp near the border, El Paso, Texas (postcard, c. 1916): Franklin Mountains, left-to-right (i.e., south-to-north) are: Ranger Peak, Sugarloaf Mountain, and part of South Franklin Mountain
False-color satellite image of El Paso and Ciudad Juárez: Paved streets and buildings appear in varying shades of blue-gray, and red indicates vegetation.
El Paso is on the US–Mexico border.
The Rio Grande in west El Paso, near New Mexico state line
El Paso's upper valley in northwest El Paso
Historic home at Kern Place
WestStar Tower
Wells Fargo Plaza
Helen of Troy Limited corporate office
El Paso products treemap, 2020
Great River Raft Race held annually on the Rio Grande in El Paso's upper valley
Cleveland Square in downtown El Paso is where many of the festivals are held annually.
Viva! El Paso performance at the McKelligon Canyon Amphitheatre
Plaza Theater at night
El Paso Museum of Archaeology, diorama shows Cueva de la Olla (cave of the pot – a large pot-shaped storage container for grain), Paquimé, Sierra Madre of Chihuahua
Asia exhibit entrance at the El Paso Zoo
Aerial view of Sun Bowl Stadium and Kidd Field
Don Haskins Center at the UTEP campus
The Wyler Aerial Tramway in the Franklin Mountains is the only commercial tramway in the state of Texas.
Bouldering on North Mountain at Hueco Tanks
The Contemplative Garden at the Chihuahuan Desert Gardens
UTEP's College of Engineering building
Paul L. Foster School of Medicine within Texas Tech University HSC at El Paso's campus
El Paso Children's Hospital at the Medical Center of the Americas
Hotel Bristol and the Union Depot at El Paso, Texas (postcard, c. 1912)
Airport Security Concourse at the El Paso International Airport
IH-10–US-54 Interchange
The Bridge of the Americas as seen from El Paso, Texas, in June 2016

City in and the county seat of El Paso County in the far southwestern part of the U.S. state of Texas.

- El Paso, Texas

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El Paso is on the US-Mexico border

El Paso County, Texas

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Westernmost county in the U.S. state of Texas.

Westernmost county in the U.S. state of Texas.

El Paso is on the US-Mexico border

Its seat is the city of El Paso, the sixth-most populous city in Texas and the 22nd-most populous city in the United States.

New Mexico

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State in the Southwestern United States.

State in the Southwestern United States.

Wheeler Peak in the Sangre de Cristo Range
Puebloan ruins at Chaco Canyon
Carlsbad Caverns National Park
White Sands National Park
Rio Grande Gorge and Bridge
Shiprock
Köppen climate types of New Mexico, using 1991-2020 climate normals.
Greater roadrunner (the state bird of New Mexico)
Ancestral Pueblo territory shown in pink over New Mexico
Statue of Popé, leader of the Pueblo Revolt. The statue, entitled Po'pay, is among two statues depicting New Mexicans at the United States Capitol National Statuary Hall Collection, the other being Dennis Chávez.
Territory of Santa Fe de Nuevo México when it belonged to Mexico in 1824
"The indigenous people of northern New Mexico" by Balduin Möllhausen, 1861.
A Hispano boy in Chamisal, 1940.
A homesteader and his children at the New Mexico Fair in Pie Town, New Mexico, 1940
New Mexico population density map
San Miguel Chapel, built in 1610 in Santa Fe, is the oldest church structure in the continental U.S.
New Mexico state quarter, circulated in April 2008
An F-22 Raptor flown by the 49th Fighter Wing at Holloman AFB
Albuquerque Studios, built in 2007 for the rising demand of film production in the state
In this photo, the Mexico–United States border divides Sunland Park and the Mexican state of Chihuahua.
The Cumbres and Toltec Scenic Railroad
The railway station in Tucumcari
The New Mexico Rail Runner Express is a commuter operation that runs along the Central Rio Grande Valley.
Downtown Santa Fe train station
Spaceport America terminal, The Gateway.
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The New Mexico Public Education Department is in Santa Fe.
Map of public New Mexico colleges and universities. New Mexico Higher Education Department.
Symbols of the Southwest: a string of dried chile pepper pods (a ristra) and a bleached white cow's skull hang in a market near Santa Fe
Interior of the Crosby Theater at the Santa Fe Opera, viewed from the mezzanine
Luminarias in the old mission church, Jemez State Monument
The Santa Ana Star Center
Zimmerman Library at The University of New Mexico
Zuhl Library at New Mexico State University
Walkway outside Golden Library at Eastern New Mexico University
Donnelly Library at New Mexico Highlands University
Party registration by county (February 2021):

The Las Cruces metropolitan area includes roughly 214,000 residents, but with neighboring El Paso, Texas forms a combined statistical area numbering over 1 million.

Ciudad Juárez

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Ciudad Juárez (Juarez City.

Ciudad Juárez (Juarez City.

A painting of the Guadalupe Mission in the 1850s. The Presidio del Paso del Rio Norte can be seen to the right in the far background.
Juárez mission and cathedral
Benito Juárez monument located in central Juárez
Taft and Díaz, historic first presidential summit, Ciudad Juárez, Mexico, 1909
View of the Plaza de la Mexicanidad in north central Juárez
Skyline of Ciudad Juárez
Replica of the Arc de Triomphe marking the entrance of the exclusive Campos Elíseos residential community. In the background, Hospital Ángeles
Satellite picture of Ciudad Juárez and El Paso
Going into Mexico from El Paso
Crosses erected as a monument to victims of the Juárez femicides in front of the student union at the University of Utah
Chart showing decline in the murder rate. Source: InSightCrime.org
View of El Paso from the Ciudad Juárez side of the border
Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education at Ciudad Juárez

It lies on the Rio Grande (Río Bravo del Norte) river, south of El Paso, Texas, United States.

Las Cruces, New Mexico

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Second-largest city in the U.S. state of New Mexico and the seat of Doña Ana County.

Second-largest city in the U.S. state of New Mexico and the seat of Doña Ana County.

Former Doña Ana County courthouse in Las Cruces
Las Cruces as seen from space
The 10-story Wells Fargo Tower, tallest building in downtown Las Cruces, originally the First National Bank Tower
New development on Las Cruces' east mesa.
New Mexico Farm and Ranch Heritage Museum
Division 1 football game at Aggie Memorial Stadium
Las Cruces City Hall.
Completed federal courthouse at night
Las Cruces High School campus
Las Cruces hosts the main campus of the New Mexico State University.
Thomas Branigan Memorial Library
Frank Borman
Buck Pierce
Delano Lewis

Las Cruces is the economic and geographic center of the Mesilla Valley, the agricultural region on the floodplain of the Rio Grande which extends from Hatch to the west side of El Paso, Texas.

Southwestern United States

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Geographic and cultural region of the United States that generally includes Arizona, New Mexico, and adjacent portions of California, Colorado, Nevada, Oklahoma, Texas, and Utah.

Geographic and cultural region of the United States that generally includes Arizona, New Mexico, and adjacent portions of California, Colorado, Nevada, Oklahoma, Texas, and Utah.

Panoramic view of the southwestern United States
The Chihuahuan desert terrain mainly consists of basins broken by numerous small mountain ranges.
Saguaro cactus in the Sonoran Desert.
The Delicate Arch at Arches National Park
Four Corners Monument
Ancestral Puebloans ruins at Chaco Canyon
Map of Paleo-Indians in the American Southwest and Mexico
Oraibi pueblo
Narváez expedition (1528–36)
1846 map: Mexican Alta California (Upper California) in pink.
United States 1849–1850
United States 1850–1853
1860 Colorado Territory map
Utah Territory evolution 1850–1868
Confederate Arizona (outlined in blue)
Split of Arizona and New Mexico territories, in 1866, after small portion ceded to Nevada
The second transcontinental railroad: the "Santa Fe Route" – 1891.
Sandia Peak Ski Area, New Mexico
Map of the Southwestern United States as defined by the Learning Center of the American Southwest
The Wigwam. A dwelling used by various Native American tribes among the Southwestern US.
Fanciful drawing by Marguerite Martyn in the St. Louis Post-Dispatch of October 21, 1906, headed "Passing of the Country Store in the Southwest"
A Joshua tree (Yucca brevifolia)
The High Plains in Eastern New Mexico, but also located in Eastern Colorado and West Texas
Desert bighorn sheep
Sonoran Desert terrain near Tucson
Chihuahuan Desert terrain near Carlsbad
Monument Canyon, some of the high desert lands found in Colorado
Grand Canyon from the South Rim
White Sands National Park, New Mexico
Little Finland in Gold Butte National Monument, Nevada
Runningback Josh Jacobs of the Las Vegas Raiders NFL team
T. J. McFarland pitcher for the Arizona Diamondbacks professional baseball team.
1. Phoenix (also the largest MSA)
2. El Paso (5th largest MSA)
3. Las Vegas (2nd largest MSA)
4. Albuquerque (also the 4th largest MSA)
5. Tucson (3rd largest MSA)

The largest cities by metropolitan area are Phoenix, Las Vegas, El Paso, Albuquerque, and Tucson.

Texas

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State in the South Central region of the United States.

State in the South Central region of the United States.

Early Native American tribal territories
Nicolas de La Fora's 1771 map of the northern frontier of New Spain clearly shows the Provincia de los Tejas.
Stephen F. Austin was the first American empresario given permission to operate a colony within Mexican Texas.
Mexico in 1824. Coahuila y Tejas is the northeasternmost state.
Surrender of Santa Anna. Painting by William Henry Huddle, 1886.
The Republic of Texas with present-day borders superimposed
Captain Charles A. May's squadron of the 2nd Dragoons slashes through the Mexican Army lines. Resaca de la Palma, Texas, May 1846
Spindletop, the first major oil gusher
Sam Rayburn Reservoir
Texas Hill Country
Steinhagen Reservoir
Palo Duro Canyon
Franklin Mountains State Park
Big Bend National Park
Köppen climate types in Texas
Colonia in the Rio Grande Valley near the Mexico–United States border
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A geomap depicting income by county as of 2014
Cotton modules after harvest in West Texas
An oil well
Brazos Wind Farm
Electronic Data Systems headquarters in Plano
Astronaut training at the Johnson Space Center in Houston
The Alamo is one of the most recognized symbols of Texas.
Big Tex presided over every Texas State Fair since 1952 until it was destroyed by a fire in 2012. Since then a new Big Tex was created.
The University of Texas at Austin
University of Houston
Texas A&M University
Rice University
The Texas Medical Center in Houston
The High Five Interchange in Dallas
"Welcome to Texas" sign
Terminal D at Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport
Terminal E at George Bush Intercontinental Airport in Houston
Port of Houston along the Houston Ship Channel
The Texas State Capitol at night
Lyndon B. Johnson of Texas, 36th president of the United States
George W. Bush of Texas, 43rd president of the United States
AT&T Stadium, home of the Dallas Cowboys
Playoff game between the San Antonio Spurs and the Los Angeles Lakers in 2007

Other major cities include Austin, the second most populous state capital in the U.S., and El Paso.

A 1st Armored Division Abrams tank crew on Fort Bliss' Orogrande Range Camp in 2019

Fort Bliss

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A 1st Armored Division Abrams tank crew on Fort Bliss' Orogrande Range Camp in 2019
Fort Bliss in 1885. Photo courtesy of SMU.
Fort Bliss 100th Anniversary Issue of 1948
Aerial view of Fort Bliss, 1968, with Northeast El Paso in background
Ruhlen's 1893 buildings (currently offices) still stand at Fort Bliss, as do the officers' quarters.
Pershing's camp at the western edge of the present-day Fort Bliss area, 1916
Group of 104 Operation Paperclip rocket scientists in 1946 at Fort Bliss (35 were at White Sands Proving Grounds)
Fort Bliss facility map of main area in 1974
A U.S. Patriot Missile fires from its launch canister
Building 500 area of Fort Bliss, 2007
Fort Bliss Soldier running up McKelligon Canyon for PT
Aerial view of El Paso with Fort Bliss's Armstrong Polo Field in the center. The Pershing Dam flood-control project floods the field when there is storm runoff.
Location of the census-designated place in El Paso County
Noel Parade Field, West Fort Bliss. Franklin Mountains in the background.
Buffalo Soldier Gate marker explaining the history of the Post opposite El Paso Del Norte from 1849 to the present
Replica Museum of the Magoffinsville-era fort
Former Fort Bliss buildings at Hart's Mill location
Replica Museum marker explaining the fort's Civil War history
The 2016 outdoor display still includes a V-2 rocket.
Gulf War T-72
M742 armored recovery vehicle
Leaving Fort Bliss

Fort Bliss is a United States Army post in New Mexico and Texas, with its headquarters in El Paso, Texas.

EPISD headquarters

El Paso Independent School District

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EPISD headquarters
The renovated eight story building of the EPISD headquarters

The El Paso Independent School District (or EPISD) is the largest school district serving El Paso, Texas (USA).

The current border was originally decided after the Mexican–American War (1846–1848). Most of the border is settled on the Rio Grande River on the border of Texas and northeastern Mexico. To the left lies San Diego, California and on the right is Tijuana, Baja California. The building in the foreground on the San Diego side is a sewage treatment plant built to clean the Tijuana River.

Mexico–United States border

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International border separating Mexico and the United States, extending from the Pacific Ocean in the west to the Gulf of Mexico in the east.

International border separating Mexico and the United States, extending from the Pacific Ocean in the west to the Gulf of Mexico in the east.

The current border was originally decided after the Mexican–American War (1846–1848). Most of the border is settled on the Rio Grande River on the border of Texas and northeastern Mexico. To the left lies San Diego, California and on the right is Tijuana, Baja California. The building in the foreground on the San Diego side is a sewage treatment plant built to clean the Tijuana River.
A typical plaque constructed by the International Boundary and Water Commission and mounted at the exact location of the border.
United States Border Patrol at Algodones Sand Dunes, California, USA. The fence on the US-Mexican border is a special construction of narrow, 15 ft tall elements, that are movable vertically. This way, they can be lifted on top of the ever shifting sand dunes.
Map of Mexico in 1842
San Diego together with Tijuana creates the bi-national San Diego–Tijuana metropolitan area.
El Paso (top) and Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua (bottom) seen from earth orbit; the Rio Grande is the thin line separating the two cities through the middle of the photograph. El Paso and Juarez make up the third largest U.S. international metroplex after Detroit–Windsor and San Diego-Tijuana.
Vehicle barrier in the New Mexico desert 2010
Climbing the Mexico–United States barrier fence in Brownsville, Texas
Going into Mexico from El Paso, Texas, U.S.
San Ysidro Port of Entry through vehicle.
The San Ysidro border crossing between San Diego and Tijuana
Passport stamp upon arrival in Tijuana, Baja California land border crossing.
Thousands of cars sit from fifteen minutes to two hours waiting to cross the border.
The Big Bend National Park is located at the Border.
Border Patrol agents in southern Texas in 2013.
Drug trafficking tunnel under the U.S.–Mexico border used by the Sinaloa Cartel
Border for pedestrians in Tijuana, Baja California
US Border Patrol agents review documents of individuals suspected of attempted illegal entry in 2019.
Nogales border fence.
United States-Mexico-border-wall-Progreso-Lakes-Texas.
A volunteer from the Humane Border group is refilling water stations located on the desert of the U.S.-Mexico border.
Memorial coffins on the US-Mexico barrier for those killed crossing the border fence in Tijuana, México.
Mexicans crossing the Río Grande face the Big Bend National Park.
A U.S. Army National Guard member working with the U.S. Border Patrol in support of Operation Jump Start, Arizona, July 2006.
Members of the North Carolina Army National Guard monitoring the U.S.–Mexico border in southwest Arizona.
Federal courthouse in Tucson, AZ, where Operation Streamline proceedings take place.
ICE ERO officers deporting a man wanted for two murders in Mexico.
Mexico-US border wall at Tijuana, Mexico.
Entrance into Mexico at Nogales, AZ (USA).
Border Patrol patrolling the Rio Grande in an airboat in Laredo, Texas.
The start of the border fence in the state of New Mexico—just west of El Paso, Texas.
U.S. Border Patrol helicopter along El Camino del Diablo, Arizona–Sonora border, 2004.
Border between Nogales, Arizona, on the left, and Nogales, Sonora, on the right.
On the left: Nogales, Arizona; on the right, Nogales, Sonora.
Beach in Tijuana at the border in 2006.
A CBP Border Patrol vehicle sitting near Mexico–U.S. border.
View of Cross Border Xpress (CBX) bridge from parking lot on U.S. side, with Tijuana Airport on the left and the CBX U.S. terminal on the right.
The U.S.–Mexico border fence near El Paso, Texas.
Portion of border near Jacumba, California, in 2003.
Portion of border near Jacumba, California, in 2009 with enhanced security.
El Paso (left) and Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua (right), taken on June 30, 2022 from the International Space Station with north oriented towards the bottom-left side. The Rio Grande appears as a thin line separating the two cities through the middle of the photograph. El Paso and Juarez make up the third largest U.S. international metroplex after Detroit–Windsor and San Diego-Tijuana.

The total length of the continental border is 3,145 km. From the Gulf of Mexico, it follows the course of the Rio Grande (Río Bravo del Norte) to the border crossing at Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, and El Paso, Texas.

Rio Grande

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One of the principal rivers (along with the Colorado River) in the southwestern United States and in northern Mexico.

One of the principal rivers (along with the Colorado River) in the southwestern United States and in northern Mexico.

A riverine islet in the Rio Grande, seen from North Valley, New Mexico.
The Upper Rio Grande near Creede, Colorado
Railway Bridges and the Great Customs Smelter (postcard, circa 1916)
US to Mexico over the Rio Grande
View of the Rio Grande from Overlook Park, White Rock, New Mexico
Rio Grande in west El Paso near the New Mexico state line
The Rio Grande (Rio del Norte) as mapped in 1718 by Guillaume de L'Isle
Rio Grande southeast of Falcon Reservoir, Municipality of Mier, Tamaulipas, Mexico (12 August 2007)

The Rio Grande then continues southwards, irrigating the farmlands in the Middle Rio Grande Valley through the desert cities of Albuquerque and Las Cruces in New Mexico, to El Paso, Texas, and then to Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, in Mexico.