El Paso–Juárez

The Mission Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe
Map of El Paso in 1886.
Chart showing decline in the murder rate. Source: InSightCrime.org
El Paso Children's Hospital at the Medical Center of the Americas
Hotel Bristol and the Union Depot at El Paso, Texas (postcard, circa 1912)
Airport Security Concourse at the El Paso International Airport
Tunnel below the Paso Del Norte Bridge
Ysleta Mission constructed in 1680 by the Spanish
The Cathedral of Saint Patrick built in 1916
Rio Grande in El Paso's upper valley
Franklin Mountains
North Franklin Mountain
Asia exhibit entrance at the El Paso Zoo
Juárez mission and cathedral at night, constructed by the Spanish in 1659
Benito Juárez monument located in central Juárez
View of the Plaza De La Mexicanidad in north central Juárez
Lake view from Parque Central
Sand dunes of Samalayuca

Transborder agglomeration, on the border between Mexico and the United States.

- El Paso–Juárez

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El Paso, Texas

City in and the county seat of El Paso County in the far southwestern part of the U.S. state of Texas.

El Paso, c. 1880
Map of the city in 1886
Downtown El Paso in 1908
Mesa Avenue, the heart of El Paso, Texas (postcard, c. 1917)
General Pershing's punitive expedition camp near the border, El Paso, Texas (postcard, c. 1916): Franklin Mountains, left-to-right (i.e., south-to-north) are: Ranger Peak, Sugarloaf Mountain, and part of South Franklin Mountain
False-color satellite image of El Paso and Ciudad Juárez: Paved streets and buildings appear in varying shades of blue-gray, and red indicates vegetation.
El Paso is on the US–Mexico border.
The Rio Grande in west El Paso, near New Mexico state line
El Paso's upper valley in northwest El Paso
Historic home at Kern Place
WestStar Tower
Wells Fargo Plaza
Helen of Troy Limited corporate office
El Paso products treemap, 2020
Great River Raft Race held annually on the Rio Grande in El Paso's upper valley
Cleveland Square in downtown El Paso is where many of the festivals are held annually.
Viva! El Paso performance at the McKelligon Canyon Amphitheatre
Plaza Theater at night
El Paso Museum of Archaeology, diorama shows Cueva de la Olla (cave of the pot – a large pot-shaped storage container for grain), Paquimé, Sierra Madre of Chihuahua
Asia exhibit entrance at the El Paso Zoo
Aerial view of Sun Bowl Stadium and Kidd Field
Don Haskins Center at the UTEP campus
The Wyler Aerial Tramway in the Franklin Mountains is the only commercial tramway in the state of Texas.
Bouldering on North Mountain at Hueco Tanks
The Contemplative Garden at the Chihuahuan Desert Gardens
UTEP's College of Engineering building
Paul L. Foster School of Medicine within Texas Tech University HSC at El Paso's campus
El Paso Children's Hospital at the Medical Center of the Americas
Hotel Bristol and the Union Depot at El Paso, Texas (postcard, c. 1912)
Airport Security Concourse at the El Paso International Airport
IH-10–US-54 Interchange
The Bridge of the Americas as seen from El Paso, Texas, in June 2016

These three cities form a combined international metropolitan area sometimes referred to as the Paso del Norte or the Borderplex.

Ciudad Juárez

Ciudad Juárez (Juarez City.

A painting of the Guadalupe Mission in the 1850s. The Presidio del Paso del Rio Norte can be seen to the right in the far background.
Juárez mission and cathedral
Benito Juárez monument located in central Juárez
Taft and Díaz, historic first presidential summit, Ciudad Juárez, Mexico, 1909
View of the Plaza de la Mexicanidad in north central Juárez
Skyline of Ciudad Juárez
Replica of the Arc de Triomphe marking the entrance of the exclusive Campos Elíseos residential community. In the background, Hospital Ángeles
Satellite picture of Ciudad Juárez and El Paso
Going into Mexico from El Paso
Crosses erected as a monument to victims of the Juárez femicides in front of the student union at the University of Utah
Chart showing decline in the murder rate. Source: InSightCrime.org
View of El Paso from the Ciudad Juárez side of the border
Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education at Ciudad Juárez

Together with the surrounding areas, the cities form El Paso–Juárez, the second largest binational metropolitan area on the Mexico–U.S. border (after San Diego–Tijuana), with a combined population of over 2.7 million people.

Chihuahua (state)

One of the 31 states which, along with Mexico City, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico.

Paquimé artifact found at Casas Grandes
Cliff dwellings at Las Jarillas Cave, part of the Cuarenta Casas archeological site.
Antonio de Deza y Ulloa the founder of Chihuahua, Chihuahua
An 18th century colonial aqueduct built in Chihuahua City
A mural of Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla in the Government Palace of Chihuahua by Aarón Piña Mora
El Templo de San Francisco in Chihuahua.
Map of Chihuahua in 1824
Santa Anna, 8th President of Mexico.
Battles of Mexican–American War in Chihuahua
Battle of the Sacramento River
La Mesilla, a large area that was claimed by the state of Chihuahua.
A mural by Piña in the Government Palace, honouring the liberators Abraham Lincoln, Benito Juárez and Simón Bolívar
Museo Casa Juárez, a 19th-century building in downtown Chihuahua city, that served as the de facto National Palace of Mexico.
Overview of military actions
The Plaza de Armas and the Cathedral of the Holy Cross, Our Lady of Regla and St Francis of Assisi
Monument to Benito Juárez in Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua
Porfirio Díaz in military uniform
Palacio de Alvarado is the house of Pedro Alvarado Torres, one of the richest silver barons of Mexico during the Porfiriato.
The City Hall of Chihuahua is an example of the neoclassical architecture that was erected during the presidency of Porfirio Díaz.
The government palace built during the early 20th century now a museum.
Quinta Carolina is an hacienda owned by the Terrazas family.
Pascual Orozco
Generals Obregón, Villa and Pershing pose after meeting at Ft. Bliss, Texas (Immediately behind Gen. Pershing is his aide, 1st Lt. George S. Patton Jr.).
Bronze statue of Villa in Chihuahua, Chihuahua
Wintry landscape at Lake Arareco, in the Tarahumara Mountains.
Cerro Mohinora is the highest point in Chihuahua
Satellite image of the state of Chihuahua shows the varying terrain from the green alpine mountains in the southwest, to the steppe highlands in the center, to the desert in the east.
Basaseachic Falls in Copper Canyon.
Namúrachi is in the semi-arid zone.
Köppen Climate Zones
Altiplanicie Mexicana during the monsoon season.
Chihuahua white pines amid snow.
Dunas de Samalayuca a state protected area south of Ciudad Juárez.
Cumbres de Majalca National Park is found in the transition zone from humid subtropical climate to semiarid climate where Pinus ponderosa can be found.
American bison (Bison bison) near Chihuahua City.
Indigenous Tribes
Tarahumara women selling artisanal goods.
Plautdietsch speaking Mennonite girl in Cuauhtémoc, Chihuahua.
A panoramic view of Ciudad Juárez and El Paso, Texas from the north. The Hueco Mountains can be seen toward the east; the Juárez mountains of Mexico can be seen to the south (right of the image).
Quinta Gameros was built in 1907 as a private residence and is now part of the Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua Campus.
The state legislature
Copachisa is an industrial design and construction company based in the city of Chihuahua, Mexico.
Naica Mine is known for its extraordinary selenite crystals and is a major source of lead, zinc, and silver operated by Industrias Peñoles.
The dairy industry is an important part of the agriculture sector of the economy in the state.

El Paso and Ciudad Juárez comprise one of the largest binational metropolitan areas in the world, with a combined population of 2.4 million.

Bridge of the Americas (El Paso–Ciudad Juárez)

Group of international bridges which cross the Rio Grande (Río Bravo) and Texas State Highway Loop 375, connecting the Mexico–United States border cities of Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua and El Paso, Texas, via the MX 45 (known as Avenida de las Américas in its Ciudad Juárez section) from the south and the I-110 from the north, crossing the El Paso BOTA Port of Entry.

The Bridge of the Americas as seen from El Paso, Texas in June 2016.

The bridge is one of four international points of entry connecting Ciudad Juárez and El Paso, forming the binational metropolitan area of El Paso–Juárez, alongside the Ysleta–Zaragoza International Bridge, Paso del Norte Bridge, and Stanton Street Bridge.


Border city in the northern part of the state of Tamaulipas, in Mexico.

Hidalgo Street in early 20th century
Main plaza in early 20th century
Reynosa Cultural Park
Zaragoza public market

In addition, the international Reynosa–McAllen Metropolitan Area counts with a population of 1,500,000 inhabitants, making it the third largest metropolitan area in the Mexico–U.S. border after San Diego–Tijuana and El Paso–Juárez.

List of divided cities

One which, as a consequence of political changes or border shifts, currently constitutes two separate entities, or an urban area with a border running through it.

Ciudad Juárez–El Paso, USA/Mexico

Mexico–United States border

International border separating Mexico and the United States, extending from the Pacific Ocean in the west to the Gulf of Mexico in the east.

The current border was originally decided after the Mexican–American War (1846–1848). Most of the border is settled on the Rio Grande River on the border of Texas and northeastern Mexico. To the left lies San Diego, California and on the right is Tijuana, Baja California. The building in the foreground on the San Diego side is a sewage treatment plant built to clean the Tijuana River.
A typical plaque constructed by the International Boundary and Water Commission and mounted at the exact location of the border.
United States Border Patrol at Algodones Sand Dunes, California, USA. The fence on the US-Mexican border is a special construction of narrow, 15 ft tall elements, that are movable vertically. This way, they can be lifted on top of the ever shifting sand dunes.
Map of Mexico in 1842
San Diego together with Tijuana creates the bi-national San Diego–Tijuana metropolitan area.
El Paso (top) and Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua (bottom) seen from earth orbit; the Rio Grande is the thin line separating the two cities through the middle of the photograph. El Paso and Juarez make up the third largest U.S. international metroplex after Detroit–Windsor and San Diego-Tijuana.
Vehicle barrier in the New Mexico desert 2010
Climbing the Mexico–United States barrier fence in Brownsville, Texas
Going into Mexico from El Paso, Texas, U.S.
San Ysidro Port of Entry through vehicle.
The San Ysidro border crossing between San Diego and Tijuana
Passport stamp upon arrival in Tijuana, Baja California land border crossing.
Thousands of cars sit from fifteen minutes to two hours waiting to cross the border.
The Big Bend National Park is located at the Border.
Border Patrol agents in southern Texas in 2013.
Drug trafficking tunnel under the U.S.–Mexico border used by the Sinaloa Cartel
Border for pedestrians in Tijuana, Baja California
US Border Patrol agents review documents of individuals suspected of attempted illegal entry in 2019.
Nogales border fence.
United States-Mexico-border-wall-Progreso-Lakes-Texas.
A volunteer from the Humane Border group is refilling water stations located on the desert of the U.S.-Mexico border.
Memorial coffins on the US-Mexico barrier for those killed crossing the border fence in Tijuana, México.
Mexicans crossing the Río Grande face the Big Bend National Park.
A U.S. Army National Guard member working with the U.S. Border Patrol in support of Operation Jump Start, Arizona, July 2006.
Members of the North Carolina Army National Guard monitoring the U.S.–Mexico border in southwest Arizona.
Federal courthouse in Tucson, AZ, where Operation Streamline proceedings take place.
ICE ERO officers deporting a man wanted for two murders in Mexico.
Mexico-US border wall at Tijuana, Mexico.
Entrance into Mexico at Nogales, AZ (USA).
Border Patrol patrolling the Rio Grande in an airboat in Laredo, Texas.
The start of the border fence in the state of New Mexico—just west of El Paso, Texas.
U.S. Border Patrol helicopter along El Camino del Diablo, Arizona–Sonora border, 2004.
Border between Nogales, Arizona, on the left, and Nogales, Sonora, on the right.
On the left: Nogales, Arizona; on the right, Nogales, Sonora.
Beach in Tijuana at the border in 2006.
A CBP Border Patrol vehicle sitting near Mexico–U.S. border.
View of Cross Border Xpress (CBX) bridge from parking lot on U.S. side, with Tijuana Airport on the left and the CBX U.S. terminal on the right.
The U.S.–Mexico border fence near El Paso, Texas.
Portion of border near Jacumba, California, in 2003.
Portion of border near Jacumba, California, in 2009 with enhanced security.

Westward from El Paso–Juárez, it crosses vast tracts of the Chihuahuan and Sonoran deserts to the Colorado River Delta and San Diego–Tijuana, before reaching the Pacific Ocean.

International Volleyball Association

Short lived co-ed professional volleyball league in the United States from 1975 to 1980.

Co-Education by Charles Allan Winter, c. 1915

In keeping with the "International" name, the league included one team, El Paso-Juarez Sol, which acknowledged both sides of the international twin town in its name.

History of vice in Texas

Important part of the state's past and has greatly influenced its development.

A saloon and courthouse operated by the legendary Judge Roy Bean in west Texas during the late 19th century
The peyote plant, used by Native American tribes in Texas for its hallucinogenic properties
"Doc" Holliday, a famous gunfighter and gambler during the post-Civil War period
Re-enactment of the 1887 White Elephant Saloon shootout between Luke Short and Jim Courtright
Della Moore, a prostitute at Fannie Porter's bordello
Saloon in Bastrop, Texas, ca. 1910
The Balinese Room, a former club and casino, once at the forefront of Galveston's nightlife
Benny Binion, WW II-era mob boss of Dallas, in Las Vegas (c. 1969)
The Texas Treasure casino ship, seen in Port Aransas in 2007
2015 Border Patrol seizure of cannabis in the Rio Grande Valley
Texas historical marker
The 1911–1912 Blue Book, a tourist guide to San Antonio's Sporting District
Houston journalist Marvin Zindler whose reporting led to the closure of the Chicken Ranch
Postcard view of Beach Boulevard and the Hotel Galvez, early 1940s

The El Paso/Juarez region became a major tourist center because these businesses were either legal or more tolerated in Mexico than in Texas.

La Línea (gang)

Currently the leading faction of the Juárez Cartel originally designed to be one of the cartel's enforcer units set up by a number of former and active-duty policemen, heavily armed and extensively trained in urban warfare.

Acosta Hernández (a.k.a. El Diego), a former leader of La Línea in front of cameras.

In the early 2010s the DEA estimated that about 70% of the cocaine that enters the United States flows through the El Paso–Juárez border.