El Salvador

🇸🇻SalvadoranSalvadorSalvadorianSLVSalvadoransSalvadoreanRepublic of El SalvadorSV Republic of El Salvador
El Salvador, officially the Republic of El Salvador (República de El Salvador, literally "Republic of The Savior"), is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America.wikipedia
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Honduras

Honduran🇭🇳Hondurans
It is bordered on the northeast by Honduras, on the northwest by Guatemala, and on the south by the Pacific Ocean. When the Republic dissolved in 1841, El Salvador became a sovereign nation, then formed a short-lived union with Honduras and Nicaragua called the Greater Republic of Central America, which lasted from 1895 to 1898.
The republic of Honduras is bordered to the west by Guatemala, to the southwest by El Salvador, to the southeast by Nicaragua, to the south by the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Fonseca, and to the north by the Gulf of Honduras, a large inlet of the Caribbean Sea.

San Salvador

San Salvador, El SalvadorSan Salvador City San Salvador Metropolitan Area (AMSS)
El Salvador's capital and largest city is San Salvador.
San Salvador ("Holy Savior") is the capital and the most populous city of El Salvador and its eponymous department.

Guatemala

🇬🇹GuatemalanRepublic of Guatemala
It is bordered on the northeast by Honduras, on the northwest by Guatemala, and on the south by the Pacific Ocean.
Guatemala, officially the Republic of Guatemala (República de Guatemala), is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, Belize and the Caribbean to the northeast, Honduras to the east, El Salvador to the southeast and the Pacific Ocean to the south.

Mesoamerica

MesoamericanMeso-AmericanPostclassic
El Salvador was for centuries inhabited by several Mesoamerican nations, especially the Cuzcatlecs, as well as the Lenca and Maya.
It extends from approximately central Mexico through Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and northern Costa Rica, and within this region pre-Columbian societies flourished before the Spanish colonization of the Americas in the 15th and 16th centuries where they caused mass genocide of the people there.

Salvadoran colón

colóncolonEl Salvador
The colón, the official currency of El Salvador since 1892, was replaced by the U.S. dollar in 2001.
The colón was the currency of El Salvador between 1892 and 2001, until it was replaced by the U.S. Dollar.

Captaincy General of Guatemala

GuatemalaKingdom of Guatemalaformer colony
In 1609 the area became the Captaincy General of Guatemala, from which El Salvador was part of until its independence from Spain, which took place in 1821, as part of the First Mexican Empire, then further seceded, as part of the Federal Republic of Central America, in 1823.
The Captaincy General of Guatemala (Capitanía General de Guatemala), also known as the Kingdom of Guatemala (Spanish: Reino de Guatemala), was an administrative division of the Spanish Empire, under the viceroyalty of New Spain in Central America, including the present-day nations of Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, El Salvador, Belize and Guatemala, and the Mexican state of Chiapas.

Chapultepec Peace Accords

Peace Accords1992 Salvadoran peace accordsChapultepec
The conflict ended with the Chapultepec Peace Accords.
The Chapultepec Peace Accords brought peace to El Salvador in 1992 after more than a decade of civil war.

Federal Republic of Central America

Central AmericaUnited Provinces of Central AmericaCentral American union
In 1609 the area became the Captaincy General of Guatemala, from which El Salvador was part of until its independence from Spain, which took place in 1821, as part of the First Mexican Empire, then further seceded, as part of the Federal Republic of Central America, in 1823.
The republic consisted of the present-day Central American countries of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua.

Central America

CentralCentral AmericanCentral-
El Salvador, officially the Republic of El Salvador (República de El Salvador, literally "Republic of The Savior"), is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America.
Central America consists of seven countries: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama.

Pedro de Alvarado

AlvaradoPedro of AlvaradoPedro
Conquistador Pedro de Alvarado named the new province for Jesus Christ – El Salvador ("The Savior").
He is considered the conquistador of much of Central America, including Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador.

Lenca people

LencaLencasLenca
El Salvador was for centuries inhabited by several Mesoamerican nations, especially the Cuzcatlecs, as well as the Lenca and Maya.
The Lenca are an indigenous people of southwestern Honduras and eastern El Salvador in Central America.

Pipil language

PipilNahuatNawat
They called their territory Kuskatan, a Pipil word meaning The Place of Precious Jewels, backformed into Classical Nahuatl Cōzcatlān, and Hispanicized as Cuzcatlán.
Pipil (natively Nawat) is a Uto-Toltec or Uto-Nahuan language of the Uto-Aztecan family, which stretches from Utah in the United States down through El Salvador to Nicaragua in Central America.

Greater Republic of Central America

Central AmericaPresident of the Republic of Central AmericaRepublic of Central America
When the Republic dissolved in 1841, El Salvador became a sovereign nation, then formed a short-lived union with Honduras and Nicaragua called the Greater Republic of Central America, which lasted from 1895 to 1898.
The Greater Republic of Central America was a short-lived union between Honduras, Nicaragua, and El Salvador, lasting from 1896 to 1898.

Cihuatán

However, it is widely agreed that Mayas likely occupied the areas around Lago de Guija and Cihuatán.
Cihuatán is a major pre-Columbian archaeological site in central El Salvador.

Tazumal

Chalchuapa
Other ruins such as Tazumal, Joya de Cerén and San Andrés may have been built by the Pipil or the Maya or possibly both.
Tazumal is a pre-Columbian Maya archeological site in Chalchuapa, El Salvador.

Joya de Cerén

CerenCerénJoya de Cerén Archaeological Site
Other ruins such as Tazumal, Joya de Cerén and San Andrés may have been built by the Pipil or the Maya or possibly both.
Joya de Cerén (Jewel of Cerén in the Spanish language) is an archaeological site in La Libertad Department, El Salvador, featuring a pre-Columbian Maya farming village.

1811 Independence Movement

Central Americaindependence movementsa series of revolts
In November 1811 Salvadoran priest José Matías Delgado rang the bells of Iglesia La Merced in San Salvador, calling for insurrection and launching the 1811 Independence Movement.
The 1811 Independence Movement known in El Salvador as the Primer grito de independencia (First Shout of Independence) was the first of a series of revolts in Central America in El Salvador against Spanish colonialism and dependency on the Captaincy General of Guatemala.

Gulf of Fonseca

Fonsecagulf which they called Fonseca
He disembarked in the Gulf of Fonseca on May 31, 1522, at Meanguera island, naming it Petronila, and then discovered Jiquilisco Bay on the mouth of Lempa River.
The Gulf of Fonseca (Golfo de Fonseca; ), part of the Pacific Ocean, is a gulf on Central America, bordering El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua.

San Andrés, El Salvador

San AndrésSan AndresPyramids of San Andrés
Other ruins such as Tazumal, Joya de Cerén and San Andrés may have been built by the Pipil or the Maya or possibly both.
San Andrés (formerly known as Campana San Andrés) is a pre-Columbian site in El Salvador, whose occupation began around the year 900 BC as an agricultural town in the valley of Zapotitán in the department of La Libertad.

New Spain

Viceroyalty of New SpainSpanishMexico
In the early 16th century, the Spanish Empire conquered the territory, incorporating it into the Viceroyalty of New Spain ruled from Mexico City.
It included what is now Mexico plus the current U.S. states of California, Nevada, Colorado, Utah, New Mexico, Arizona, Texas, Oregon, Washington, Florida and parts of Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, Kansas, Oklahoma and Louisiana; as well as the southwestern part of British Columbia of present-day Canada; plus the Captaincy General of Guatemala (which included the current countries of Guatemala, the Mexican state of Chiapas, Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua); the Captaincy General of Cuba (current Cuba, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Trinidad and Tobago and Guadeloupe); and the Captaincy General of the Philippines (including the Philippines, Guam, the Caroline Islands, the Mariana Islands and the short lived Spanish Formosa in modern-day northern Taiwan).

Cuzcatlan

Cuzcatlán
Pedro de Alvarado led the first incursion by Spanish forces to extend their dominion to the nation of Cuzcatlan (El Salvador), in June 1524.
Cuzcatlan (Nawat: Kuskatan) was a pre-Columbian Nahua state of the postclassical period that extended from the Paz river to the Lempa river (covering most of the western and central zones of the present Republic of El Salvador), this was the nation that Spanish chroniclers came to call the Pipils/Cuzcatlecs.

Jiquilisco Bay

Bahia de JiquiliscoBahia Jiquilisco (El Salvador)
He disembarked in the Gulf of Fonseca on May 31, 1522, at Meanguera island, naming it Petronila, and then discovered Jiquilisco Bay on the mouth of Lempa River.
The Jiquilisco Bay Biosphere Reserve is located on the southeast Pacific coast of El Salvador, in the department of Usulután.

Acajutla

Puerto de Acajutla
Cuzcatlec warriors moved to the coastal city of Acajutla and waited for Alvarado and his forces.
Acajutla is a seaport city in Sonsonate Department, El Salvador.

San Miguel, El Salvador

San MiguelEl SalvadorSan Miguel Airstrip
In 1526 the Spanish founded the garrison town of San Miguel, headed by another explorer and conquistador, Luis de Moscoso Alvarado, nephew of Pedro Alvarado.
San Miguel is a city in eastern El Salvador.

José Matías Delgado

Delgado and de León, José Matías
In November 1811 Salvadoran priest José Matías Delgado rang the bells of Iglesia La Merced in San Salvador, calling for insurrection and launching the 1811 Independence Movement.
He was a leader in the independence movement of El Salvador from the Spanish Empire, and from November 28, 1821 to February 9, 1823 when he was president of the Central American constituent congress which met in Guatemala City.