Elba

Elba IslandIsle of ElbaIsola d'Elbaisland of ElbaIlvaEmperor in Elbaislandthe island
Elba (isola d'Elba, ; Ilva; Ancient Greek: Αἰθαλία, Aithalia) is a Mediterranean island in Tuscany, Italy, 10 km from the coastal town of Piombino, and the largest island of the Tuscan Archipelago.wikipedia
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Tuscan Archipelago

Arcipelago ToscanoScoglietto di PortoferraioTuscan Islands
Elba (isola d'Elba, ; Ilva; Ancient Greek: Αἰθαλία, Aithalia) is a Mediterranean island in Tuscany, Italy, 10 km from the coastal town of Piombino, and the largest island of the Tuscan Archipelago.
History and literature have ensured that most people are familiar with the islands of Elba and Montecristo.

Piombino

Battle of PiombinoSepre Avanti, Piombino
Elba (isola d'Elba, ; Ilva; Ancient Greek: Αἰθαλία, Aithalia) is a Mediterranean island in Tuscany, Italy, 10 km from the coastal town of Piombino, and the largest island of the Tuscan Archipelago. The island was retained for two centuries by the Appiani family, Lords of Piombino, when they sold Pisa to the house of Visconti of Milan in 1399.
It lies on the border between the Ligurian Sea and the Tyrrhenian Sea, in front of Elba Island and at the northern side of Maremma.

Tuscany

TuscanToscanaTuscany, Italy
Elba (isola d'Elba, ; Ilva; Ancient Greek: Αἰθαλία, Aithalia) is a Mediterranean island in Tuscany, Italy, 10 km from the coastal town of Piombino, and the largest island of the Tuscan Archipelago.
Tuscany has a western coastline on the Ligurian Sea and the Tyrrhenian Sea, among which is the Tuscan Archipelago, of which the largest island is Elba.

Province of Livorno

LivornoLivorno provinceLI
The island is part of the province of Livorno and is divided into seven municipalities, with a total population of about 30,000 inhabitants which increases considerably during the summer.
It includes several islands of the Tuscan Archipelago, including Elba and Capraia.

Portoferraio

Porto FerrajoPicchiaiePorto Ferraie
The municipalities are Portoferraio (which is also the island's principal town), Campo nell'Elba, Capoliveri, Marciana, Marciana Marina, Porto Azzurro, and Rio.
Portoferraio is a town and comune in the province of Livorno, on the edge of the eponymous harbour of the island of Elba.

Tyrrhenian Sea

TyrrhenianTyrrhenian coastCorsica Channel
It is located in the Tyrrhenian Sea about 50 km east of the French island of Corsica.
The Tyrrhenian Sea also includes a number of small islands like Capri, Elba, Ischia and Ustica.

Campo nell'Elba

The municipalities are Portoferraio (which is also the island's principal town), Campo nell'Elba, Capoliveri, Marciana, Marciana Marina, Porto Azzurro, and Rio.
Campo nell'Elba is a comune (municipality) on the island of Elba, in the Province of Livorno in the Italian region of Tuscany, located about 140 km southwest of Florence and about 90 km south of Livorno.

Capoliveri

The municipalities are Portoferraio (which is also the island's principal town), Campo nell'Elba, Capoliveri, Marciana, Marciana Marina, Porto Azzurro, and Rio.
Capoliveri is a comune (municipality) on the island of Elba in Italy.

List of islands of Italy

Islandisland in ItalyIslands of Italy
It is also part of the Arcipelago Toscano National Park, and the third largest island in Italy, after Sicily and Sardinia.

Marciana

The municipalities are Portoferraio (which is also the island's principal town), Campo nell'Elba, Capoliveri, Marciana, Marciana Marina, Porto Azzurro, and Rio.
Marciana is a town and comune in the province of Livorno, Tuscany (Italy), located in the western Elba Island.

Rio, Italy

Rio
The municipalities are Portoferraio (which is also the island's principal town), Campo nell'Elba, Capoliveri, Marciana, Marciana Marina, Porto Azzurro, and Rio.
Rio is a comune (municipality) in the province of Livorno, Tuscany, Italy, located on the island of Elba.

Arcipelago Toscano National Park

Tuscan Archipelago National ParkTuscan Archipelago
It is also part of the Arcipelago Toscano National Park, and the third largest island in Italy, after Sicily and Sardinia.

Napoleon

Napoleon BonaparteNapoleon INapoleon I of France
The French Emperor Napoleon was exiled to Elba, after his forced abdication following the Treaty of Fontainebleau (1814), and he arrived at Portoferraio on 30 May 1814.
He was exiled to the island of Elba off the coast of Tuscany, and the Bourbon dynasty was restored to power.

Marciana Marina

The municipalities are Portoferraio (which is also the island's principal town), Campo nell'Elba, Capoliveri, Marciana, Marciana Marina, Porto Azzurro, and Rio.
Marciana Marina is a town and comune in the province of Livorno (administrative region of Tuscany, Italy), one of the most important towns of Elba Island.

1st Army Corps (France)

I Corps1st Army CorpsFrench I Corps
The island was liberated from the Germans by the French 1 er Corps d'Armée on 17 June 1944, in Opération Brassard.
The 1st Army Corps (1 er Corps d'Armée) was first formed before World War I. During World War II it fought in the Campaign for France in 1940, on the Mediterranean islands of Corsica and Elba in 1943 - 1944, and in the campaigns to liberate France in 1944 and invade Germany in 1945.

Treaty of Fontainebleau (1814)

Treaty of FontainebleauNapoleon's abdicationabdication of Napoleon
The French Emperor Napoleon was exiled to Elba, after his forced abdication following the Treaty of Fontainebleau (1814), and he arrived at Portoferraio on 30 May 1814.
With this treaty, the allies ended Napoleon's rule as emperor of France and sent him into exile on Elba.

Grand Duchy of Tuscany

TuscanyGrand Duke of TuscanyTuscan
At the Congress of Vienna, Elba was restored to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany.
During his reign, Florence purchased the island of Elba from the Republic of Genoa (in 1548), conquered Siena (in 1555) and developed a well-equipped and powerful naval base on Elba.

Porto Azzurro

Porto LongonePorto LogonePorto-Longone
The municipalities are Portoferraio (which is also the island's principal town), Campo nell'Elba, Capoliveri, Marciana, Marciana Marina, Porto Azzurro, and Rio.
Porto Azzurro is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Livorno in the Italian region Tuscany; it is on the island of Elba, located about 130 km southwest of Florence and about 90 km south of Livorno.

Appiani family

AppianiAppianoHouse of Appiano
The island was retained for two centuries by the Appiani family, Lords of Piombino, when they sold Pisa to the house of Visconti of Milan in 1399.
1370-1405) in 1398, who, one year later, ceded the seigniory of Pisa to Gian Galeazzo Visconti, lord of Milan; when the latter died, Pisa was sold to Florence by Gabriele Maria Visconti, while the Appiani retained the lordship of Piombino, Suvereto, Buriano, Scarlino, Vignale, Populonia, Elba, Pianosa and Montecristo.

Moby Lines

NAVARMA/Moby fleet
The island is connected to the mainland via the four ferry companies, Toremar, Moby Lines, Blunavy and Corsica Ferries - Sardinia Ferries, all offering routes between Piombino and Portoferraio, the capital located in the north, Cavo, Rio Marina and Porto Azzurro, on the east coast of the island.
Moby Lines (Moby Lines S.p.A.) is an Italian shipping company that operates ferries and cruiseferries between the Italian or French mainland and the islands of Elba, Sardinia and Corsica.

Ilvaite

One of the iron-rich minerals, ilvaite, was first identified on the island and takes its name from the Latin word for Elba.
Ilvaite was first described in 1811 on the island of Elba and the name ilvaite from the Latin name ilva of the island.

Flag of Elba

The flag was used during the period of stay of Napoleon Bonaparte as sovereign of the island of Elba, from 4 May 1814 to 26 February 1815.

Corsica Ferries - Sardinia Ferries

Corsica FerriesCorsica Ferries Sardinia FerriesCorsica Ferries-Sardinia Ferries
The island is connected to the mainland via the four ferry companies, Toremar, Moby Lines, Blunavy and Corsica Ferries - Sardinia Ferries, all offering routes between Piombino and Portoferraio, the capital located in the north, Cavo, Rio Marina and Porto Azzurro, on the east coast of the island.
Corsica Ferries - Sardinia Ferries (Corsica Ferries France SAS – Forship SpA) is a France-Italy based ferry company that operates traffic to and from the islands of Corsica, Sardinia and Elba.

Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany

Cosimo I de' MediciCosimo ICosimo I de Medici
In 1546, part of the island was handed over to Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, who fortified Portoferraio and renamed it "Cosmopoli", while the rest of the island was returned to the Appiani in 1577.
Examples include the new fortresses of Siena, Arezzo, Sansepolcro, the new walls of Pisa and Fivizzano and the strongholds of Portoferraio on the island of Elba and Terra del Sole.

Pianosa

PlanasiaPianosa Island
It is a triangular-shaped land mass 14 km south west of Elba, and is a frazione of the municipality of Campo nell'Elba.