# A report onElectromotive force and Faraday's law of induction

Faraday's law of induction (briefly, Faraday's law) is a basic law of electromagnetism predicting how a magnetic field will interact with an electric circuit to produce an electromotive force (emf)—a phenomenon known as electromagnetic induction.

The general principle governing the emf in such electrical machines is Faraday's law of induction.

- Electromotive force

## Electromagnetic induction

Electromagnetic or magnetic induction is the production of an electromotive force across an electrical conductor in a changing magnetic field.

Michael Faraday is generally credited with the discovery of induction in 1831, and James Clerk Maxwell mathematically described it as Faraday's law of induction.

## Transformer

Passive component that transfers electrical energy from one electrical circuit to another circuit, or multiple circuits.

Passive component that transfers electrical energy from one electrical circuit to another circuit, or multiple circuits.

A varying current in any coil of the transformer produces a varying magnetic flux in the transformer's core, which induces a varying electromotive force across any other coils wound around the same core.

Faraday's law of induction, discovered in 1831, describes the induced voltage effect in any coil due to a changing magnetic flux encircled by the coil.