Electronic Frontier Foundation

EFFElectronic Freedom FoundationElectronic Frontiers Foundationeff.orgElectronic Frontier Foundation (EFF)Electronic Frontier Foundation—AwardsPanopticlick
The Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) is an international non-profit digital rights group based in San Francisco, California.wikipedia
951 Related Articles

John Gilmore (activist)

John GilmoreGilmore, JohnJohn Gillmore
The foundation was formed in July 1990 by John Gilmore, John Perry Barlow and Mitch Kapor to promote Internet civil liberties. This generated a large amount of publicity which led to offers of financial support from John Gilmore and Steve Wozniak.
John Gilmore (born 1955) is one of the founders of the Electronic Frontier Foundation, the Cypherpunks mailing list, and Cygnus Solutions.

John Perry Barlow

John BarlowBarlowBarlow)
The foundation was formed in July 1990 by John Gilmore, John Perry Barlow and Mitch Kapor to promote Internet civil liberties.
He was also a lyricist for the Grateful Dead and a founding member of the Electronic Frontier Foundation and the Freedom of the Press Foundation.

Mitch Kapor

Kapor CapitalMitchell KaporKapor Enterprises
The foundation was formed in July 1990 by John Gilmore, John Perry Barlow and Mitch Kapor to promote Internet civil liberties.
In 1990 with John Perry Barlow and John Gilmore, he co-founded the Electronic Frontier Foundation, and served as its chairman until 1994.

Digital rights

Digital freedomInternet freedomdigital freedoms
The Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) is an international non-profit digital rights group based in San Francisco, California.
The Electronic Frontier Foundation has criticized the United States government for considering during the Megaupload seizure process that people lose property rights by storing data on a cloud computing service.

Fair use

fair use doctrinefair-usefair
EFF provides funds for legal defense in court, presents amicus curiae briefs, defends individuals and new technologies from what it considers abusive legal threats, works to expose government malfeasance, provides guidance to the government and courts, organizes political action and mass mailings, supports some new technologies which it believes preserve personal freedoms and online civil liberties, maintains a database and web sites of related news and information, monitors and challenges potential legislation that it believes would infringe on personal liberties and fair use and solicits a list of what it considers abusive patents with intentions to defeat those that it considers without merit.
These include the Electronic Frontier Foundation ("EFF"), the American Civil Liberties Union, the National Coalition Against Censorship, the American Library Association, numerous clinical programs at law schools, and others.

Mike Godwin

Michael Godwin
In 1990, Mike Godwin joined the organization as its first staff counsel.
He was the first staff counsel of the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF), and he created the Internet adage Godwin's law and the notion of an Internet meme, as reported in the October 1994 issue of Wired.

Operation Sundevil

Killer (computer)Operation Sun DevilSundevil
Similar but officially unconnected law-enforcement raids were being conducted across the United States at about that time as part of a state–federal task force called Operation Sundevil.
The arrests and subsequent court cases resulted in the creation of the Electronic Frontier Foundation.

Lori Fena

In 1995, under the auspices of Executive Director Lori Fena,
Lori Fena (born 1961) is an American internet activist, entrepreneur, and author, best known as the former director of the Electronic Frontier Foundation from 1995–98 and author of "The Hundredth Window".

The WELL

WELLWhole Earth 'Lectronic LinkThe Whole Earth 'Lectronic Link
Barlow posted an account of this experience to The WELL online community and was contacted by Mitch Kapor, who had had a similar experience.
Notable items in WELL history include being the forum through which John Perry Barlow, John Gilmore, and Mitch Kapor, the founders of the Electronic Frontier Foundation, first met.

Cindy Cohn

EFF's second big case was Bernstein v. United States led by Cindy Cohn, in which programmer and professor Daniel J. Bernstein sued the government for permission to publish his encryption software, Snuffle, and a paper describing it.
She represented Daniel J. Bernstein and the Electronic Frontier Foundation in Bernstein v. United States.

Daniel J. Bernstein

BernsteinDaniel BernsteinBernstein, Daniel Julius
EFF's second big case was Bernstein v. United States led by Cindy Cohn, in which programmer and professor Daniel J. Bernstein sued the government for permission to publish his encryption software, Snuffle, and a paper describing it.
Bernstein was originally represented by the Electronic Frontier Foundation.

Steve Jackson Games, Inc. v. United States Secret Service

raid1990 raid by the US Secret Serviceagainst the Secret Service
The Steve Jackson Games case was EFF's first high-profile case, was the major rallying point around which EFF began promoting computer- and Internet-related civil liberties.
The raid, along with the Secret Service's unrelated Operation Sundevil, was influential in the founding of the Electronic Frontier Foundation.

Steve Jackson Games

SJ GamesRoleplayerSJG
The creation of the organization was motivated by the massive search and seizure on Steve Jackson Games executed by the United States Secret Service early in 1990.
The raid helped form the Electronic Frontier Foundation, which was founded in July 1990.

Data Encryption Standard

DESDES encryptionATSC DES
By the mid-1990s the EFF was becoming seriously concerned about the refusal of the US Government to license any secure encryption product for export unless it utilized key recovery and claims that governments could not decrypt information when protected by DES, continuing even after the public breaking of the code in the first of the DES Challenges.
In January 1999, distributed.net and the Electronic Frontier Foundation collaborated to publicly break a DES key in 22 hours and 15 minutes (see chronology).

Bernstein v. United States

Legal challengesBernstein caseBernstein v. US Department of State
EFF's second big case was Bernstein v. United States led by Cindy Cohn, in which programmer and professor Daniel J. Bernstein sued the government for permission to publish his encryption software, Snuffle, and a paper describing it.
Bernstein was represented by the Electronic Frontier Foundation, who hired outside lawyer Cindy Cohn and also obtained pro bono publico assistance from Lee Tien of Berkeley; M. Edward Ross of the San Francisco law firm of Steefel, Levitt & Weiss; James Wheaton and Elizabeth Pritzker of the First Amendment Project in Oakland; and Robert Corn-Revere, Julia Kogan, and Jeremy Miller of the Washington, DC, law firm of Hogan & Hartson.

Patent Busting Project

The Patent Busting Project is an Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) initiative challenging patents that the organization claims are illegitimate and suppress innovation or limit online expression.
The Patent Busting Project is an Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) initiative challenging patents that the organization claims are illegitimate and suppress innovation or limit online expression.

Edward Felten

Ed FeltenEdward W. FeltenProfessor Ed Felten
More recently, the organization has been involved in defending Edward Felten, Jon Lech Johansen and Dmitry Sklyarov.
From 2006 to 2010, he was a member of the board of the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF).

Jon Lech Johansen

Jon JohansenDVD-Jon
More recently, the organization has been involved in defending Edward Felten, Jon Lech Johansen and Dmitry Sklyarov.
His defense was assisted by the Electronic Frontier Foundation.

Amicus curiae

amicus briefamici curiaeamicus
EFF provides funds for legal defense in court, presents amicus curiae briefs, defends individuals and new technologies from what it considers abusive legal threats, works to expose government malfeasance, provides guidance to the government and courts, organizes political action and mass mailings, supports some new technologies which it believes preserve personal freedoms and online civil liberties, maintains a database and web sites of related news and information, monitors and challenges potential legislation that it believes would infringe on personal liberties and fair use and solicits a list of what it considers abusive patents with intentions to defeat those that it considers without merit.
In the United States, for example, non-profit legal advocacy organizations, such as the American Civil Liberties Union, the Landmark Legal Foundation, the Pacific Legal Foundation, the Electronic Frontier Foundation, the American Center for Law and Justice or the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML), frequently submit such briefs to advocate for or against a particular legal change or interpretation.

EFF Pioneer Award

Pioneer AwardElectronic Frontier Foundation Pioneer AwardPioneer Awards
The EFF Pioneer Awards are awarded annually to recognize individuals who in its opinion are "leaders who are extending freedom and innovation on the electronic frontier."
The EFF Pioneer Award is an annual prize by the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) for people who have made significant contributions to the empowerment of individuals in using computers.

Center for Democracy and Technology

Center for Democracy & TechnologyCDTJerry Berman
Then in 1991, Esther Dyson and Jerry Berman joined the EFF board of directors.
In 1994, CDT was founded by Jerry Berman, the former executive director and former policy director of the Electronic Frontier Foundation.

Steve Wozniak

WozniakStephen WozniakWoz Way
This generated a large amount of publicity which led to offers of financial support from John Gilmore and Steve Wozniak.
In 1990, Wozniak helped found the Electronic Frontier Foundation, providing some of the organization's initial funding and serving on its founding Board of Directors.

Email Privacy Act

Electronic Communications Privacy Act
The EFF is a leading supporter of the Email Privacy Act.
The Electronic Frontier Foundation has pushed for the legislation over six years, hailing the House vote in favor of the legislation in 2016 as "a win for user privacy" and urging the Senate to approve it without weakening amendments.

DES Challenges

DES Challenge II-2
By the mid-1990s the EFF was becoming seriously concerned about the refusal of the US Government to license any secure encryption product for export unless it utilized key recovery and claims that governments could not decrypt information when protected by DES, continuing even after the public breaking of the code in the first of the DES Challenges.
DES Challenge II-2 was solved in just 56 hours in July 1998, by the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF), with their purpose-built Deep Crack machine.

American Civil Liberties Union

ACLUAmerican Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)ACLU Foundation
(who had come from the closely allied Technology and Liberty Program at the American Civil Liberties Union,
Allies of the ACLU in legal actions have included the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, the American Jewish Congress, People For the American Way, the National Rifle Association, the Electronic Frontier Foundation, Americans United for Separation of Church and State, and the National Organization for Women.