Electronic dance music

The instrument that provided electro's synthesized programmed drum beats, the Roland TR-808 drum machine.
Roland TB-303: The bass line synthesizer that was used prominently in acid house.
A typical home studio setup for EDM production with computer, audio interface and various MIDI instruments.
An EDM festival in 2013 in Plainfeld, Austria with over 100,000 attendees, exhibiting the large crowds and dramatic lighting common at such events since the early 2000s.
Spectrum Dance Music Festival, 2016
Pictured above is what the drug ecstasy commonly looks like, though there are many different shapes and forms.

Broad range of percussive electronic music genres made largely for nightclubs, raves, and festivals.

- Electronic dance music
The instrument that provided electro's synthesized programmed drum beats, the Roland TR-808 drum machine.

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House music pioneers Alan King, Robert Williams and Derrick Carter.

House music

House music pioneers Alan King, Robert Williams and Derrick Carter.
Frankie Knuckles (pictured in 2012) played an important role in developing house music in Chicago during the 1980s.
An honorary street name sign in Chicago for house music and the seminal DJ Frankie Knuckles.
A badge bearing a smiley, a symbol of the 1980s acid house scene in the UK
Building in New York City where the Paradise Garage nightclub was located
Swedish House Mafia and Italian DJ Benny Benassi performing in 2011.
Avicii in 2011 in Paris

House is a genre of electronic dance music characterized by a repetitive four-on-the-floor beat and a typical tempo of 115 to 130 beats per minute.

Frankie Knuckles also known as the 'Godfather of House.'

DJ mix

Sequence of musical tracks typically mixed together to appear as one continuous track.

Sequence of musical tracks typically mixed together to appear as one continuous track.

Frankie Knuckles also known as the 'Godfather of House.'
"The Wizard," techno DJ Jeff Mills in the mix.
Pioneer DJM 350 mixer
Hip-hop master DJ Kool Herc at Hunts Point.

A DJ mixes music from genres that fit into the more general term electronic dance music.

Front page of Scientific American in 1907, demonstrating the size, operation, and popularity of the Telharmonium

Electronic music

Genre of music that employs electronic musical instruments, digital instruments, or circuitry-based music technology in its creation.

Genre of music that employs electronic musical instruments, digital instruments, or circuitry-based music technology in its creation.

Front page of Scientific American in 1907, demonstrating the size, operation, and popularity of the Telharmonium
Leon Theremin demonstrating the theremin in 1927
Karlheinz Stockhausen in the Electronic Music Studio of WDR, Cologne, in 1991
CSIRAC, Australia's first digital computer, displayed at the Melbourne Museum
RCA Mark II Sound Synthesizer
Israeli composer Josef Tal at the Electronic Music Studio in Jerusalem (c. 1965) with Hugh Le Caine's Creative Tape Recorder (a sound synthesizer) aka "Multi-track"
Early electronic organ: Yamaha Electone D-1 (1959)
Early drum machine: Korg Donca Matic DA-20 (1963)
Direct-drive turntable: Technics SL-1200 (introduced in 1972)
Keith Emerson performing in St. Petersburg in 2008
New Order performing in Chile in 2019
IRCAM at the Place Igor Stravinsky, Paris
Sogitec 4X (c. 1983) at IRCAM machine room in 1989
Mini-Moog synthesizer
Yamaha DX7, a model for many digital synthesizers of the 1980s
Fairlight CMI (1979–)
Weekend Festival, an electronic music event in Pärnu, Estonia, in 2016

The 1970s also saw electronic music begin to have a significant influence on popular music, with the adoption of polyphonic synthesizers, electronic drums, drum machines and turntables, through the emergence of genres such as disco, krautrock, new wave, synth-pop, hip hop and EDM.

Moroder at First Avenue, Minneapolis, in 2018

Giorgio Moroder

Italian composer, songwriter, and record producer.

Italian composer, songwriter, and record producer.

Moroder at First Avenue, Minneapolis, in 2018
Moroder's Musicland Studios was located in the basement of the pictured Arabella High-Rise Building.
Moroder with his longtime collaborator Donna Summer and her husband Bruce Sudano. On the left Moroder's wife Francisca Gutierrez.
Moroder at Melt! Festival 2015
Moroder with some of his awards in 2007
Moroder at Pitchfork Music Festival 2014
Moroder performing at First Avenue in Minneapolis, 2018

Dubbed the "Father of Disco", Moroder is credited with pioneering euro disco and electronic dance music.

Afrika Bambaataa (left) in 2004

Electro (music)

Genre of electronic music and early hip hop directly influenced by the use of the Roland TR-808 drum machines, and funk.

Genre of electronic music and early hip hop directly influenced by the use of the Roland TR-808 drum machines, and funk.

Afrika Bambaataa (left) in 2004

It is important to note, that although the electro of the 1980s and contemporary electro (electronic dance music) both grew out of the dissolution of disco, they are now different genres.

A huge bank of speakers and subwoofers from a rave sound reinforcement system

Rave

A huge bank of speakers and subwoofers from a rave sound reinforcement system
Rave – Juiz de Fora – MG, featuring bright psychedelic theming common at many raves
The Roland TB-303 is a synthesizer featured in acid house music.
The TR-909 is a drum machine used in techno, house and many other genres.
Rave music is usually presented in a DJ set, using a mixer and turntables or CDJs.
Rave in Hungary in 2010, showing the fantastical thematic elements at such events
T-step of the Melbourne Shuffle
Raver with feather boa in Germany (1998)
Phat pants worn by ravers in Australia (2009)
Glowsticking in the United States (2008)
A collection of handmade bracelets known as "kandi"
Laser lighting show at a trance festival.
The light show for the electronic musician Aphex Twin in 2011.
This impure tablet sold as MDMA in the U.S. contained no MDMA, but instead BZP, caffeine and methamphetamine.
A selection of MDMA tablets, better known as "ecstasy".
A selection of poppers, a volatile drug inhaled for the "rush" it can provide.
Ravers in a German techno club (KW in Munich) in the 1990s
Love Parade 1995 in Berlin
A Rave in Seoul, South Korea in 2001
Audio technicians set up massive speaker enclosures for a Jamaican sound system party.

A rave (from the verb: to rave) is a dance party at a warehouse, club, or other public or private venue, typically featuring performances by DJs playing electronic dance music.

Lee "Scratch" Perry was an early pioneer of the genre

Dub music

Musical style that grew out of reggae in the late 1960s and early 1970s, and is commonly considered a subgenre of it as well as a genre of electronic music, though it has developed to extend beyond the scope of reggae.

Musical style that grew out of reggae in the late 1960s and early 1970s, and is commonly considered a subgenre of it as well as a genre of electronic music, though it has developed to extend beyond the scope of reggae.

Lee "Scratch" Perry was an early pioneer of the genre

Dub has influenced many genres of music, including rock, most significantly the subgenre of post-punk and other kinds of punk, pop, hip hop, post-disco, and later house, techno, ambient, electronic dance music, and trip hop.

Kraftwerk performing in Kyiv, in 2008

Kraftwerk

Kraftwerk (, "power station") are a German band formed in Düsseldorf in 1969 by Ralf Hütter and Florian Schneider.

Kraftwerk (, "power station") are a German band formed in Düsseldorf in 1969 by Ralf Hütter and Florian Schneider.

Kraftwerk performing in Kyiv, in 2008
Concert in Zürich, 1976
In Stockholm, February 2004
Early 1970s vocoder, custom built for Kraftwerk

The band's work has influenced a diverse range of artists and many genres of modern music, including synth-pop, hip hop, post-punk, techno, house music, ambient, and club music.

The 19th century singer Jenny Lind depicted performing La sonnambula

Break (music)

Instrumental or percussion section during a song derived from or related to stop-time – being a "break" from the main parts of the song or piece.

Instrumental or percussion section during a song derived from or related to stop-time – being a "break" from the main parts of the song or piece.

The 19th century singer Jenny Lind depicted performing La sonnambula

In DJ parlance, in disco, hip hop and electronic dance music, a break is where all the elements of a song (e.g., synth pads, basslines, vocals), except for percussion, disappear; as such, the break is also called a "percussion break".

A huge bank of speakers and subwoofers from a rave sound reinforcement system

Clubbing (subculture)

Activity of visiting and gathering socially at nightclubs (discotheques, discos or just clubs) and festivals.

Activity of visiting and gathering socially at nightclubs (discotheques, discos or just clubs) and festivals.

A huge bank of speakers and subwoofers from a rave sound reinforcement system

Club music varies from a wide range of electronic dance music (EDM), which is a form of electronic music, such as house (and especially Deep house), techno, drum and bass, hip hop, electro, trance, funk, breakbeat, dubstep, disco.