Electrostatic discharge

sparkESDdischargesparkselectric dischargeElectrostaticdischarge of static electricitydischargeselectrical dischargeelectrical spark
Electrostatic discharge (ESD) is the sudden flow of electricity between two electrically charged objects caused by contact, an electrical short, or dielectric breakdown.wikipedia
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Electrical breakdown

dielectric breakdownbreakdowndisruptive discharge
Electrostatic discharge (ESD) is the sudden flow of electricity between two electrically charged objects caused by contact, an electrical short, or dielectric breakdown.
Electrical breakdown may be a momentary event (as in an electrostatic discharge), or may lead to a continuous arc if protective devices fail to interrupt the current in a power circuit.

Static electricity

static chargestaticstatic electric
A buildup of static electricity can be caused by tribocharging or by electrostatic induction.
The familiar phenomenon of a static shock – more specifically, an electrostatic discharge – is caused by the neutralization of charge.

Lightning

lightning boltlightning strikelightning strikes
ESD can create spectacular electric sparks (lightning, with the accompanying sound of thunder, is a large-scale ESD event), but also less dramatic forms which may be neither seen nor heard, yet still be large enough to cause damage to sensitive electronic devices.
Lightning is a naturally occurring electrostatic discharge during which two electrically charged regions in the atmosphere or ground temporarily equalize themselves, causing the instantaneous release of as much as one gigajoule of energy.

Electric spark

sparksparkselectrical spark
The ESD occurs when differently-charged objects are brought close together or when the dielectric between them breaks down, often creating a visible spark.
Once the gap breaks down, current flow is limited by the available charge (for an electrostatic discharge) or by the impedance of the external power supply.

Antistatic device

a special braceletanti-static matanti-static wrist strap
Electronics manufacturers therefore establish electrostatic protective areas free of static, using measures to prevent charging, such as avoiding highly charging materials and measures to remove static such as grounding human workers, providing antistatic devices, and controlling humidity.
An antistatic device is any device that reduces, dampens, or otherwise inhibits electrostatic discharge; the buildup or discharge of static electricity, which can damage electrical components such as computer hard drives, and even ignite flammable liquids and gases.

Dielectric

dielectricsdielectric relaxationpolarization
The ESD occurs when differently-charged objects are brought close together or when the dielectric between them breaks down, often creating a visible spark.

Antistatic bag

Anti-static bagAnti-Static Bagsantistatic
A common example is that semiconductor devices and computer components are usually shipped in an antistatic bag made of a partially conductive plastic, which acts as a Faraday cage to protect the contents against ESD.
An antistatic bag is a bag used for storing electronic components, which are prone to damage caused by electrostatic discharge (ESD).

Brush discharge

Other forms of ESD include corona discharge from sharp electrodes and brush discharge from blunt electrodes.

ESD simulator

ESD pistol
For testing the susceptibility of electronic devices to ESD from human contact, an ESD Simulator with a special output circuit, called the human body model (HBM) is often used.
An ESD simulator, also known as an ESD gun, is a handheld unit used to test the immunity of devices to electrostatic discharge (ESD).

JEDEC

JEDEC Solid State Technology AssociationJoint Electron Device Engineering CouncilEIA-370-B
One of the most widely used models is defined in the JEDEC 22-A114-B standard, which specifies a 100 picofarad capacitor and a 1,500 ohm resistor.
Its scope and past activities includes standardization of part numbers, defining an electrostatic discharge (ESD) standard, and leadership in the lead-free manufacturing transition.

Human-body model

human body model
For testing the susceptibility of electronic devices to ESD from human contact, an ESD Simulator with a special output circuit, called the human body model (HBM) is often used.
The human-body model (HBM) is the most commonly used model for characterizing the susceptibility of an electronic device to damage from electrostatic discharge (ESD).

Faraday cage

Faraday shieldelectrostatic shieldingFaraday suit
A common example is that semiconductor devices and computer components are usually shipped in an antistatic bag made of a partially conductive plastic, which acts as a Faraday cage to protect the contents against ESD.
They are also used to protect people and equipment against actual electric currents such as lightning strikes and electrostatic discharges, since the enclosing cage conducts current around the outside of the enclosed space and none passes through the interior.

Transmission-line pulse

transmission line pulse
Other standardized ESD test circuits include the machine model (MM) and transmission line pulse (TLP).
Transmission-Line Pulse (TLP) is a way to study integrated circuit technologies and circuit behavior in the current and time domain of electrostatic-discharge (ESD) events.

GgNMOS

Grounded-gate NMOS, commonly known as ggNMOS, is an electrostatic discharge (ESD) protection device used within CMOS integrated circuits (ICs).

Charged-device model

charged device model
A charged device model (CDM) test is used to define the ESD a device can withstand when the device itself has an electrostatic charge and discharges due to metal contact.
The charged-device model (CDM) is a model for characterizing the susceptibility of an electronic device to damage from electrostatic discharge (ESD).

Static discharger

static dischargersStatic discharge wickstatic electricity dischargers
On aircraft, static dischargers are used on the trailing edges of wings and other surfaces.

Latch-up

latchuplatch upSEL (Single Event Latch-up)
Latch-ups can also be caused by an electrostatic discharge event.

Electricity

electricalelectricelectrically
Electrostatic discharge (ESD) is the sudden flow of electricity between two electrically charged objects caused by contact, an electrical short, or dielectric breakdown.

Short circuit

short-circuitshortelectrical short
Electrostatic discharge (ESD) is the sudden flow of electricity between two electrically charged objects caused by contact, an electrical short, or dielectric breakdown.

Electrostatic induction

inductioninduceinduced
A buildup of static electricity can be caused by tribocharging or by electrostatic induction.

Thunder

Blue ThunderlightningRaigel
ESD can create spectacular electric sparks (lightning, with the accompanying sound of thunder, is a large-scale ESD event), but also less dramatic forms which may be neither seen nor heard, yet still be large enough to cause damage to sensitive electronic devices.

Corona discharge

coronacoronal dischargecorona discharge tube
Other forms of ESD include corona discharge from sharp electrodes and brush discharge from blunt electrodes.

Electronics

electronicelectronic equipmentelectronic device
ESD can cause harmful effects of importance in industry, including explosions in gas, fuel vapor and coal dust, as well as failure of solid state electronics components such as integrated circuits.

Integrated circuit

integrated circuitsmicrochipchip
ESD can cause harmful effects of importance in industry, including explosions in gas, fuel vapor and coal dust, as well as failure of solid state electronics components such as integrated circuits.