Elephant shrew

MacroscelididaeMacroscelideasengielephant shrewselephant-shrewgiant elephant shrewMacroscelididae indet.rufous elephant shrewsengis
Elephant shrews, also called jumping shrews or sengis, are small insectivorous mammals native to Africa, belonging to the family Macroscelididae, in the order Macroscelidea.wikipedia
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Shrew

Soricidaeshrewsshrewlike
Their traditional common English name "elephant shrew" comes from a perceived resemblance between their long noses and the trunk of an elephant, and their superficial similarity with shrews (family Soricidae) in the order Eulipotyphla.
True shrews are not to be confused with treeshrews, otter shrews, elephant shrews, or the West Indies shrews, which belong to different families or orders.

Mammal

mammalsMammaliamammalian
Elephant shrews, also called jumping shrews or sengis, are small insectivorous mammals native to Africa, belonging to the family Macroscelididae, in the order Macroscelidea.

Afrotheria

afrothereafrotherianafrotheres
In 1997 the biologist Jonathan Kingdon proposed that they instead be called "sengis" (singular sengi), a term derived from the Bantu languages of Africa, and in 1998 they were classified into the new clade Afrotheria. Recent molecular evidence, however, strongly supports a superorder Afrotheria that unites elephant shrews with tenrecs and golden moles as well as certain mammals previously presumed to be ungulates, including hyraxes, sirenians, aardvarks and elephants.
Afrotheria (from Latin Afro- "of Africa" + theria "wild beast") is a clade of mammals, the living members of which belong to groups that are either currently living in Africa or of African origin: golden moles, elephant shrews (also known as sengis), tenrecs, aardvarks, hyraxes, elephants, sea cows, and several extinct clades.

Ungulate

ungulatesunguligradeEuungulata
They have large canine teeth, and also high-crowned cheek teeth similar to those of ungulates. In the past, elephant shrews have been classified with the shrews and hedgehogs as part of the Insectivora; regarded as distant relatives of the ungulates; grouped with the treeshrews; and lumped in with the hares and rabbits in the Lagomorpha.
However, in 2009 morphological and molecular work has found that aardvarks, hyraxes, sea cows, and elephants are more closely related to sengis, tenrecs, and golden moles than to the perissodactyls and artiodactyls, and form Afrotheria.

Rhynchocyon

giant elephant shrews
Rhynchocyon species also dig small conical holes in the soil, bandicoot-style, but others may make use of natural crevices, or make leaf nests.

Short-snouted elephant shrew

Elephantulus brachyrhynchusShort-snouted sengi
The short-snouted elephant shrew or short-snouted sengi (Elephantulus brachyrhynchus) is a species of elephant shrew in the family Macroscelididae.

Aardvark

aardvarksOrycteropus aferant bear
Recent molecular evidence, however, strongly supports a superorder Afrotheria that unites elephant shrews with tenrecs and golden moles as well as certain mammals previously presumed to be ungulates, including hyraxes, sirenians, aardvarks and elephants.
The closest living relatives of the aardvark are the elephant shrews, tenrecs and golden moles.

Insectivora

insectivoresinsectivorousinsectivore
In the past, elephant shrews have been classified with the shrews and hedgehogs as part of the Insectivora; regarded as distant relatives of the ungulates; grouped with the treeshrews; and lumped in with the hares and rabbits in the Lagomorpha.
Taxonomy has been refined in recent years, and treeshrews, elephant shrews, and colugos have now been placed in separate orders, as have many fossil groups that were formerly included here.

Tenrec

Tenrecidaetenrecs
Recent molecular evidence, however, strongly supports a superorder Afrotheria that unites elephant shrews with tenrecs and golden moles as well as certain mammals previously presumed to be ungulates, including hyraxes, sirenians, aardvarks and elephants.
Although they may resemble shrews, hedgehogs, or opposums, they are not closely related to any of these groups, their closest relatives being the otter shrews, and after that, other African insectivorous mammals, such as golden moles and elephant shrews.

Dusky-footed elephant shrew

The dusky-footed elephant shrew or dusky-footed sengi (Elephantulus fuscipes) is a species of elephant shrew in the family Macroscelididae.

Dusky elephant shrew

The dusky elephant shrew or dusky sengi (Elephantulus fuscus) is a species of elephant shrew in the family Macroscelididae.

Bushveld elephant shrew

Bushveld sengi
The bushveld elephant shrew or bushveld sengi (Elephantulus intufi) is a species of elephant shrew in the family Macroscelididae.

Cape elephant shrew

Elephantulus edwardiiCape sengi
The Cape elephant shrew, Cape rock elephant shrew, or Cape sengi (Elephantulus edwardii) is a species of elephant shrew in the family Macroscelididae.

Eastern rock elephant shrew

Eastern rock sengi
The eastern rock elephant shrew or eastern rock sengi (Elephantulus myurus) is a species of elephant shrew in the family Macroscelididae.

Rufous elephant shrew

Elephantulus rufescens
The rufous elephant shrew, rufous sengi or East African long-eared elephant-shrew (Elephantulus rufescens) is a species of elephant shrew in the family Macroscelididae.

Macroscelides micus

M. micus
Macroscelides micus (common name Etendeka round-eared sengi or Etendeka round-eared elephant shrew) is a species of elephant shrew in the family Macroscelididae.

Somali elephant shrew

The Somali elephant shrew or Somali sengi (Elephantulus revoili) is a species of elephant shrew in the family Macroscelididae.

Macroscelides flavicaudatus

M. flavicaudatusNamib round-eared elephant shrew
Macroscelides flavicaudatus (common name: Namib round-eared sengi or Namib round-eared elephant shrew) is a species of elephant shrew in the family Macroscelididae found in the central Namib desert and southern Namibia.

Western rock elephant shrew

Western rock sengi
The western rock elephant shrew or western rock sengi (Elephantulus rupestris) is a species of elephant shrew in the family Macroscelididae.

Four-toed elephant shrew

PetrodromusFour-toed sengiPetrodromus tetradactylus
The four-toed elephant shrew or four-toed sengi is the only living species in the genus Petrodromus, which together with four other extant genera Rhynchocyon, Macroscelides, Petrosaltator, and Elephantulus constitutes the order Macroscelidea.

Macroscelides proboscideus

Short-eared elephant shrewM. proboscideusKaroo short-eared elephant shrew
They vary in size from about 10 to 30 cm, from 50 to 500 g. The short-eared elephant shrew has an average size of 150 mm.
The round-eared elephant shrew (Macroscelides proboscideus) or round-eared sengi (called the Karoo round-eared elephant shrew to distinguish it from its sister species; formerly misleadingly named the "short-eared elephant shrew"), is a species of elephant shrew (sengi) in the family Macroscelididae.

Macroscelides

Macroscelides is a genus of small shrew-like animals, the round-eared sengis (also called elephant shrews), found in western Namibia and in South Africa; they are members of the clade Afrotheria.

Golden-rumped elephant shrew

Rhynchocyon chrysopygus
It is the largest species of the elephant shrew family along with its close relative the grey-faced sengi.

North African elephant shrew

PetrosaltatorElephantulus rozeti
One species, the North African elephant shrew, remains in the semiarid, mountainous country in the far northwest of the continent.
The North African elephant shrew (Petrosaltator rozeti) or North African sengi is a species of elephant shrew in the family Macroscelididae.