Elephantidae

Elephantinaeelephantselephantidsproboscidean subfamilythree species of elephants
The Elephantidae are a family of large, herbivorous mammals collectively called elephants and mammoths.wikipedia
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Elephant

elephantstrunkelephant tusk
The Elephantidae are a family of large, herbivorous mammals collectively called elephants and mammoths. The common name elephant primarily refers to the living taxa, the modern elephants, but may also refer to a variety of extinct species, both within this family and in others. These are terrestrial large mammals with a snout modified into a trunk and teeth modified into tusks.
Elephants are mammals of the family Elephantidae and the largest existing land animals.

Mammoth

MammuthusmammothsWoolly Mammoth
The Elephantidae are a family of large, herbivorous mammals collectively called elephants and mammoths.
They were members of the family Elephantidae, which also contains the two genera of modern elephants and their ancestors.

African elephant

LoxodontaelephantAfrican elephants
Only two genera, Loxodonta (African elephants) and Elephas (Asiatic elephants), are living.
Loxodonta is one of two existing genera of the family Elephantidae.

Elephas

elephantElephantinaElephas sp.
Only two genera, Loxodonta (African elephants) and Elephas (Asiatic elephants), are living.
Elephas is one of two surviving genera in the family of elephants, Elephantidae, with one surviving species, the Asian elephant, Elephas maximus.

Proboscidea

proboscideanproboscidproboscideans
The common name elephant primarily refers to the living taxa, the modern elephants, but may also refer to a variety of extinct species, both within this family and in others.
The Proboscidea (from the Greek προβοσκίς and the Latin proboscis) are a taxonomic order of afrotherian mammals containing one living family (Elephantidae) and several extinct families.

Stegodon

Stegodon florensisStegodon florensis insularisS. aurorae
In the past, a much wider variety of genera and species was found, including the mammoths and stegodons.
It was assigned to the family Elephantidae (Abel, 1919), but has also been placed in the Stegodontidae (R.

Family (biology)

familyfamiliessubfamily
The Elephantidae are a family of large, herbivorous mammals collectively called elephants and mammoths.

Terrestrial animal

terrestrialterrestrial animalsland animal
These are terrestrial large mammals with a snout modified into a trunk and teeth modified into tusks.

Mammal

mammalsMammaliamammalian
These are terrestrial large mammals with a snout modified into a trunk and teeth modified into tusks.

Snout

muzzlemuzzlesrostrum
These are terrestrial large mammals with a snout modified into a trunk and teeth modified into tusks.

Tooth

teethdentalmaxillary teeth
These are terrestrial large mammals with a snout modified into a trunk and teeth modified into tusks.

Tusk

tuskselephant tusksone-tusked
These are terrestrial large mammals with a snout modified into a trunk and teeth modified into tusks.

Genus

generageneric namegeneric
Most genera and species in the family are extinct.

Species

specificspecific epithetspecific name
Most genera and species in the family are extinct.

Extinction

extinctspecies extinction
Most genera and species in the family are extinct.

Neontology

extantlivingextant species
Only two genera, Loxodonta (African elephants) and Elephas (Asiatic elephants), are living.

John Edward Gray

GrayJ. E. GrayGray JE
The family was first described by John Edward Gray in 1821, and later assigned to taxonomic ranks within the order Proboscidea.

Cladistics

cladisticcladistic analysisclade
The discovery of new specimens and proposed cladistics have resulted in systematic revisions of the family and related proboscideans.

Paleobiology

paleobiologistpalaeobiologypaleobiological
Elephantids are classified informally as the elephant family, or in a paleobiological context as elephants and mammoths.

Common name

commonlycommonly knowncommon names
The common name elephant primarily refers to the living taxa, the modern elephants, but may also refer to a variety of extinct species, both within this family and in others.

Mammutidae

different proboscidean familymammutidmammutids
The family diverged from a common ancestor of the mastodons of Mammutidae.

Cladogram

cladogramscladistic analysiscladistic interpretation
The following cladogram shows the placement of the genus Mammuthus among other proboscideans, based on hyoid characteristics:

Hyoid bone

hyoidgreater cornulesser cornu
The following cladogram shows the placement of the genus Mammuthus among other proboscideans, based on hyoid characteristics: