Eli (biblical figure)

EliEli Ha-Kohensame namesons of Elithe biblical high-priest
Eli was, according to the Books of Samuel, a High Priest of Shiloh.wikipedia
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Books of Samuel

1 Samuel2 SamuelSamuel
Eli was, according to the Books of Samuel, a High Priest of Shiloh.
Eli, the priest of Shiloh (where the Ark of the Covenant is located), blesses her, and a child named Samuel is born.

Hophni and Phinehas

Phinehassons of Eli
The sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, meanwhile, are behaving wickedly, for example by taking for themselves all the prime cuts of meat from sacrifices, and by committing adultery with the women who serve at the sanctuary entrance.
Hophni and Phinehas or Phineas were the two sons of Eli.

High Priest of Israel

High PriestJewish High PriestHigh Priests
Eli was, according to the Books of Samuel, a High Priest of Shiloh. Eli is the high priest (kohen gadol) of Shiloh, the second-to-last Israelite judge (succeeded only by Samuel - see 1 Samuel 7:15) before the rule of the kings, therefore, the Shiloh tradition will become an old and lost tradition that when the prophet Jeremiah comes on the scene in the history of God's people, he will seek to renew and to bring back the way of the Shiloh tradition to the people of Israel because the kings have become wicked defiling the temple and tradition of God.
In the time of Eli, however, the office passed to the collateral branch of Ithamar (see Eleazar).

Hannah (biblical figure)

HannahAnnaChana (name)
Hannah is the wife of Elkanah.
One day Hannah went up to the temple, and prayed with great weeping (I Samuel 1:10), while Eli the High Priest was sitting on a chair near the doorpost.

Shiloh (biblical city)

Shilohbiblical Shilohbiblical site
Eli was, according to the Books of Samuel, a High Priest of Shiloh.
It was at Shiloh that Eli and Samuel ministered and Shiloh was the site of a physical structure that had "doors" . At some point, the Tent of Meeting was moved to Gibeon, which became an Israelite holy site under David and Solomon.

Abiathar

a person described in the Hebrew BibleAbiathar the Priest
Abiathar is described by the Book of Chronicles as being a direct (paternal) descendant of Ithamar; the Books of Samuel state that Abiathar was a son of Ahimelek and that Ahimelek was a son of Ahitub, who is the brother of Ichabod. Abiathar, son of Ahimelech: the only survivor of the massacre at Nob; great-great-grandson of Eli and last High Priest of the House of Eli; deposed from office of High Priest which went to the house of Zadok after God deserted Abiathar and without which the Urim and Thummin could not be consulted (fulfilling the other part of the Curse on the House of Eli that the priesthood would pass out of his descendants hands-the house of Zadok was descended from the family of Eleazar and Phinehas)
Abiathar (אֶבְיָתָר ’Eḇyāṯār, "the father is great"), in the Hebrew Bible, son of Ahimelech or Ahijah, High Priest at Nob, the fourth in descent from Eli (1 Sam.

Philistine captivity of the Ark

Philistine captivitycapture the Ark of the Covenantcaptured by the Philistines
Some years later, when Samuel has become an adult, the Philistines attack Eben-Ezer, eventually capturing the Ark of the Covenant from the Israelites and killing Eli's sons who accompany the Ark to battle as priests.
The Israelites suffered a significant defeat; Hophni and Phinehas, sons of the High Priest Eli, were killed and the ark was captured.

Ahitub

Abiathar is described by the Book of Chronicles as being a direct (paternal) descendant of Ithamar; the Books of Samuel state that Abiathar was a son of Ahimelek and that Ahimelek was a son of Ahitub, who is the brother of Ichabod.
(1.) The son of Phinehas, grandson of Eli, and brother of Ichabod.

Biblical judges

Judgesjudgebiblical judge
Eli is the high priest (kohen gadol) of Shiloh, the second-to-last Israelite judge (succeeded only by Samuel - see 1 Samuel 7:15) before the rule of the kings, therefore, the Shiloh tradition will become an old and lost tradition that when the prophet Jeremiah comes on the scene in the history of God's people, he will seek to renew and to bring back the way of the Shiloh tradition to the people of Israel because the kings have become wicked defiling the temple and tradition of God.
The First Book of Samuel mentions Eli and Samuel, as well as Joel and Abiah (two sons of Samuel).

Ahimelech

Abiathar is described by the Book of Chronicles as being a direct (paternal) descendant of Ithamar; the Books of Samuel state that Abiathar was a son of Ahimelek and that Ahimelek was a son of Ahitub, who is the brother of Ichabod. Ahimelech, great-grandson of Eli: slain by Doeg the Edomite, fulfilling part of the curse on the House of Eli that none of his male descendants would live to old age. According to the Jewish Encyclopedia on David's descendant Jehoash of Judah: In Rabbinical Literature: As the extermination of the male descendants of David was a divine retribution for the extermination of the priests by Saul (comp. I Sam. xxii. 17-21), Joash escaped death because in the latter case one priest, Abiathar, survived (Sanh. 95b).
He descended from Aaron's son Ithamar and the high priest Eli.

Ichabod

Abiathar is described by the Book of Chronicles as being a direct (paternal) descendant of Ithamar; the Books of Samuel state that Abiathar was a son of Ahimelek and that Ahimelek was a son of Ahitub, who is the brother of Ichabod.
His mother went into labour due to the shock of hearing that her husband and Eli, her father-in-law, had died and that the Ark had been captured.

Ithamar

Ithamar HaKohen
Abiathar is described by the Book of Chronicles as being a direct (paternal) descendant of Ithamar; the Books of Samuel state that Abiathar was a son of Ahimelek and that Ahimelek was a son of Ahitub, who is the brother of Ichabod. Likewise according to Samaritan sources, the high priests line of the sons of Phineas died out in 1624 C.E. with the death of the 112th High Priest Shlomyah ben Pinhas when the priesthood was transferred to the sons of Ithamar; see article Samaritan for list of High Priests from 1613 to 2013-the 132nd High priest of the Samaritans was Aharon ben Ab-Chisda ben Yaacob who was succeeded by Aabed-El ben Asher ben Matzliach (Eli was of the House of Ithamar).
According to Samaritan sources a civil war broke out between the sons of Ithamar (Eli) and the sons of Phinehas {a son of Eleazar son of Aaron the High Priest} which resulted in the division of those who followed Eli and those who followed High Priest Uzzi ben Bukki at Mount Gerizim Bethel (a third group followed neither).

Doeg the Edomite

DoegDō’êḡ the Edomite
Ahimelech, great-grandson of Eli: slain by Doeg the Edomite, fulfilling part of the curse on the House of Eli that none of his male descendants would live to old age. According to the Jewish Encyclopedia on David's descendant Jehoash of Judah: In Rabbinical Literature: As the extermination of the male descendants of David was a divine retribution for the extermination of the priests by Saul (comp. I Sam. xxii. 17-21), Joash escaped death because in the latter case one priest, Abiathar, survived (Sanh. 95b).
The death of Ahimelech, as the great-grandson of Eli, is seen as fulfilling part of the curse on the House of Eli that none of his male descendants would live to old age.

Samaritans

SamaritanCutheanIsraelite Samaritans
Likewise according to Samaritan sources, the high priests line of the sons of Phineas died out in 1624 C.E. with the death of the 112th High Priest Shlomyah ben Pinhas when the priesthood was transferred to the sons of Ithamar; see article Samaritan for list of High Priests from 1613 to 2013-the 132nd High priest of the Samaritans was Aharon ben Ab-Chisda ben Yaacob who was succeeded by Aabed-El ben Asher ben Matzliach (Eli was of the House of Ithamar).
According to Samaritan tradition, the split between them and the Judean-led Southern Israelites began during the biblical time of the priest Eli when the Southern Israelites split off from the central Israelite tradition, as they perceive it.

Samson

Sampsonbiblical figureSamson and Delilah
The Philistine incursions spanned a period of 40 years; and Samson, who fought the Philistine incursions, judged Israel for 20 years.

Eleazar

Lazarus
Abiathar, son of Ahimelech: the only survivor of the massacre at Nob; great-great-grandson of Eli and last High Priest of the House of Eli; deposed from office of High Priest which went to the house of Zadok after God deserted Abiathar and without which the Urim and Thummin could not be consulted (fulfilling the other part of the Curse on the House of Eli that the priesthood would pass out of his descendants hands-the house of Zadok was descended from the family of Eleazar and Phinehas)
The high-priesthood remained in the family of Eleazar until the time of Eli, into whose family it passed.

Rabbah bar Nahmani

RabbahRaba
Rabbah bar Nahmani, Babylon Jewish Talmudist (Amora)
Both Rabbah and Abaye lived 60 years—both being descendants of the House of Eli, over whom was the curse to die in the prime of life.

Bebai ben Abaye

Bebai ben Abaye, Babylon Jewish Talmudist, son of Abaye
As Abaye was a scion of the priestly house of Eli, which was doomed to premature death, both Pappi and Huna ben Joshua frequently taunted Bebai with being descended from frail (short-lived) stock, and therefore with uttering frail, untenable arguments.

Song of Hannah

1 Samuel 2:5HannahHannah's prayer
The book of Samuel records Hannah's prayer to God.

David

King DavidDavid and GoliathDavidic
The curse alludes to a previous (not appearing elsewhere in the Bible) promise from God of Eli's lineage continuing eternally (c.f. similar promises to King David and Jehonadab).

Jehonadab

JonadabJonadabs
The curse alludes to a previous (not appearing elsewhere in the Bible) promise from God of Eli's lineage continuing eternally (c.f. similar promises to King David and Jehonadab).

Philistines

PhilistinePhilistiaPeleset
Some years later, when Samuel has become an adult, the Philistines attack Eben-Ezer, eventually capturing the Ark of the Covenant from the Israelites and killing Eli's sons who accompany the Ark to battle as priests.

Eben-Ezer

EbenezerAviʿazarEben ha'Ezer
Some years later, when Samuel has become an adult, the Philistines attack Eben-Ezer, eventually capturing the Ark of the Covenant from the Israelites and killing Eli's sons who accompany the Ark to battle as priests.

Iyar

5 IyarIyar in Jewish Historytenth day of Iyar
In reaction to the news that the Ark of God has been captured, Eli falls backwards out of the chair and dies from a broken neck, on the 10th day of Iyar.

Genealogy

genealogistgenealogicalfamily history
Though his own genealogy is not given by the text, a number of scholars have determined a genealogy for Eli, based on that given to his sons in other passages.