Elizabeth of Töss

ElizabethElizabeth of HungaryBlessed Elizabeth of HungaryElisabeth
Elizabeth of Hungary (1292 – 31 October 1336 or 6 May 1338; also known as Blessed Elizabeth of Töss, O.P.), was a Hungarian princess and the last member of the House of Árpád.wikipedia
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Árpád dynasty

ÁrpádHouse of ÁrpádÁrpáds
Elizabeth of Hungary (1292 – 31 October 1336 or 6 May 1338; also known as Blessed Elizabeth of Töss, O.P.), was a Hungarian princess and the last member of the House of Árpád.
The dynasty came to end in 1301 with the death of King Andrew III of Hungary, while the last member of the House of Árpád, Andrew's daughter, Blessed Elizabeth of Töss, died in 1336 or 1338.

Wenceslaus III of Bohemia

Wenceslaus IIIWenceslausWenceslaus of Bohemia
On 12 February 1298, Elizabeth was betrothed to Wenceslaus III of Bohemia, the son and heir apparent of King Wenceslaus II of Bohemia.
Still a child, Wenceslaus was betrothed to Elizabeth, the sole daughter of Andrew III of Hungary.

Fenenna of Kuyavia

FenennaQueen FenennaFennena of Kujavia
Born in 1292 in Buda Castle, Elizabeth was the daughter of King Andrew III, the last Árpádian king of Hungary, and of his first wife, Fenenna of Kuyavia.
Shortly after Andrew III's death, their daughter Elizabeth was betrothed to the future Wenceslaus III, who claimed the Hungarian crown.

Agnes of Austria (1281–1364)

Agnes of AustriaAgnesAgnes of Hungary
Queen Fenenna died in 1295 and the king soon remarried, choosing as his second wife Agnes of Austria, a Habsburg.
Agnes took her stepdaughter Elizabeth with her and went to live there in a small house near the monastery.

Töss Monastery

Töss Convent
A Dominican nun, Elizabeth spent most of her life in Töss Monastery in today's Switzerland.
The Swiss mystic Elsbeth Stagel and the Blessed Elizabeth of Hungary, the last member of the House of Árpád, were both nuns of the monastery.

Henry the Friendly

Henry the GentleHenry
Agnes then had Elizabeth betrothed to her favourite brother, Henry the Friendly, but the marriage never took place and the Habsburgs decided to support the claim of Charles I of Hungary.
In 1305, Henry was betrothed to his stepniece, Elizabeth of Hungary, the engagement probably being arranged by Agnes, dowager queen of Hungary, who showed great affection for Henry.

Wenceslaus II of Bohemia

Wenceslaus IIWenceslas IIKing Wenceslas II
On 12 February 1298, Elizabeth was betrothed to Wenceslaus III of Bohemia, the son and heir apparent of King Wenceslaus II of Bohemia.
Wenceslaus was one of the relatives who claimed the throne, and he accepted it from a party of Hungarians on behalf of his young son, betrothed to Andrew's only child, Elizabeth.

Charles I of Hungary

Charles ICharles RobertCharles I Robert
Agnes then had Elizabeth betrothed to her favourite brother, Henry the Friendly, but the marriage never took place and the Habsburgs decided to support the claim of Charles I of Hungary.
Most of those lords refused to accept Charles's rule and proposed the crown to Wenceslaus II of Bohemia's son and namesake, Wenceslaus, whose bride, Elisabeth, was Andrew III's only daughter.

Andrew III of Hungary

Andrew IIIAndrew the VenetianAndrew
Born in 1292 in Buda Castle, Elizabeth was the daughter of King Andrew III, the last Árpádian king of Hungary, and of his first wife, Fenenna of Kuyavia.
1295), gave birth to a daughter, Elizabeth, in 1291 or 1292.

Elsbeth Stagel

Elizabeth StagelTösser Schwesternbuch'' (''Lives of the Nuns of Töss'')
In Tösser Schwesternbuch (Lives of the Nuns of Töss), Agnes is presented as a wicked stepmother who forces a virtuous princess to become a nun like her.
Blessed Elizabeth of Hungary may have been one of the nuns whose life Stagel described but this allegation has been particularly disputed because the book portrays Blessed Elizabeth's stepmother, Agnes of Austria, dowager queen of Hungary, very negatively; it is highly unlikely that such a biography was written before the death of Queen Agnes who outlived Stagel, dying in 1364.

Dominican Order

DominicanO.P.Dominicans
A Dominican nun, Elizabeth spent most of her life in Töss Monastery in today's Switzerland.

Nun

nunsprofessed religioussisters
A Dominican nun, Elizabeth spent most of her life in Töss Monastery in today's Switzerland.

Buda Castle

BudaCastle HillLabyrinth of Buda Castle
Born in 1292 in Buda Castle, Elizabeth was the daughter of King Andrew III, the last Árpádian king of Hungary, and of his first wife, Fenenna of Kuyavia.

House of Habsburg

HabsburgHabsburgsHabsburg dynasty
Queen Fenenna died in 1295 and the king soon remarried, choosing as his second wife Agnes of Austria, a Habsburg.

Heir apparent

heir-apparentheirs apparentheir
On 12 February 1298, Elizabeth was betrothed to Wenceslaus III of Bohemia, the son and heir apparent of King Wenceslaus II of Bohemia.

Personal union

personalUnionunited
The Habsburgs were very eager for Agnes to have custody of Elizabeth because Wenceslaus of Bohemia claimed the throne of Hungary as Elizabeth's fiancé; a personal union between the Kingdoms of Hungary and Bohemia, with Habsburg territories in between, was not in their interest.

Albert I of Germany

Albert IAlbert I of HabsburgAlbert of Habsburg
Elizabeth's engagement to Wenceslaus was broken off in 1305, the same year Wenceslaus became King of Bohemia, probably under pressure from Agnes' father, King Albert I of Germany.

Königsfelden Monastery

Königsfelden AbbeyKönigsfeldenclinic of Königsfelden
In 1310, Agnes moved to Königsfelden Monastery, which she and her mother, Elizabeth of Carinthia, had recently founded.

Elizabeth of Carinthia, Queen of Germany

Elisabeth of Gorizia-TyrolElisabeth of TirolElizabeth of Carinthia
In 1310, Agnes moved to Königsfelden Monastery, which she and her mother, Elizabeth of Carinthia, had recently founded.

Religious vows

monastic vowsvowsperpetual vows
According to the book, Elizabeth was shown all the monasteries of Swabia before she chose Töss; only 15 weeks later, Agnes forces the monastery to allow Elizabeth to take her final vows.

Zürich

ZurichZürich, SwitzerlandZurich, Switzerland
In Zurich, the narrator declares, both laymen and clergy honoured Elizabeth, regarding her as the noblest nun in the country.

Aunt

great-auntgrandauntpaternal aunt
The Schwesternbuch records that Elizabeth died after a life of extraordinary suffering and uncommon grace, her great-aunt, Saint Elizabeth of Hungary, having appeared to her on three occasions.

Calendar of saints

feast dayfeastfeast days
Elizabeth's feast day is 6 May.

Catholic Church

Roman CatholicCatholicRoman Catholic Church
For some time, she was venerated in Töss but the devotion has never been authorized by the Roman Catholic Church.

Elizabeth of Hungary

Elisabeth of HungarySt. Elizabeth of HungarySaint Elizabeth of Hungary
The Schwesternbuch records that Elizabeth died after a life of extraordinary suffering and uncommon grace, her great-aunt, Saint Elizabeth of Hungary, having appeared to her on three occasions.