Ellen Wilkinson

Ellen Wilkinson EstateWilkinsonEllen Cicely Wilkinson
Ellen Cicely Wilkinson (8 October 1891 – 6 February 1947) was a British Labour Party politician who served as Minister of Education from July 1945 until her death.wikipedia
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Jarrow (UK Parliament constituency)

JarrowJarrow BCJarrow constituency
Earlier in her career, as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Jarrow, she became a national figure when she played a prominent role in the 1936 Jarrow March of the town's unemployed to London to petition for the right to work.
Since 1935, just four people have served as MP for Jarrow; the first, Ellen Wilkinson, served as Labour's first Minister of Education during the first Attlee government.

Jarrow March

Jarrow Crusade
Earlier in her career, as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Jarrow, she became a national figure when she played a prominent role in the 1936 Jarrow March of the town's unemployed to London to petition for the right to work.
Ellen Wilkinson, the town's historian and member of parliament from 1935 to 1947, quotes a newspaper source from 1858: "There is a prevailing blackness about the neighbourhood. The houses are black, the ships are black, the sky is black, and if you go there for an hour or two, reader, you will be black".

Jennie Lee, Baroness Lee of Asheridge

Jennie LeeBaroness LeeLee
She made a connection with a young female member and activist Jennie Lee.
Lee also associated with Ellen Wilkinson.

Secretary of State for Education

President of the Board of EducationSecretary of State for Education and ScienceEducation Secretary
Ellen Cicely Wilkinson (8 October 1891 – 6 February 1947) was a British Labour Party politician who served as Minister of Education from July 1945 until her death. She supported Morrison's attempts to replace Clement Attlee as the Labour Party's leader; nevertheless, when he formed his postwar government, Attlee appointed Wilkinson as Minister of Education.

Middlesbrough East (UK Parliament constituency)

Middlesbrough EastMiddlesbrough East BC
She was elected Labour MP for Middlesbrough East in 1924, and supported the 1926 General Strike.

Clement Attlee

AttleeEarl AttleeAttlee government
She supported Morrison's attempts to replace Clement Attlee as the Labour Party's leader; nevertheless, when he formed his postwar government, Attlee appointed Wilkinson as Minister of Education.
Additionally, Stafford Cripps was made President of the Board of Trade, Aneurin Bevan became Minister of Health, and Ellen Wilkinson, the only woman to serve in Attlee's government, was appointed Minister of Education.

National Union of Distributive and Allied Workers

Distributive Workers
In 1921 AUCE amalgamated with the National Union of Warehouse and General Workers to form the National Union of Distributive and Allied Workers (NUDAW).

1926 United Kingdom general strike

General Strike1926 General StrikeGeneral Strike of 1926
She was elected Labour MP for Middlesbrough East in 1924, and supported the 1926 General Strike.

Communist Party of Great Britain

Communist PartyCommunistBritish Communist Party
Inspired by the Russian Revolution of 1917, Wilkinson joined the British Communist Party, and preached revolutionary socialism while seeking constitutional routes to political power through the Labour Party.

Nancy Astor, Viscountess Astor

Lady AstorNancy AstorNancy Witcher Langhorne
In March 1926, she combined with Lady Astor from the Conservative benches to attack the government's proposed decrease in expenditure on women's training centres. In the 1945 New Year Honours she was appointed a Privy Counsellor, only the third woman (after Margaret Bondfield and Lady Astor) to receive this honour.
Astor befriended Ellen Wilkinson, a member of the Labour Party (and a former Communist).

Chorlton-on-Medlock

Chorlton on MedlockChorlton upon MedlockChorlton-upon-Medlock
Ellen Wilkinson was born on 8 October 1891, at 41 Coral Street in the Manchester district of Chorlton-on-Medlock.

J. F. Horrabin

Frank HorrabinJ.F. HorrabinJ F Horrabin
Wilkinson's reflections on the strike were recorded in A Workers' History of the Great Strike (1927), which she co-authored with Raymond Postgate and Frank Horrabin, and in a semi-autobiographical novel, Clash, which she published in 1929.
He supported the general strike in 1926, and co-wrote The Workers History of the Great Strike (1927) with Ellen Wilkinson MP and Raymond Postgate.

Tribune (magazine)

TribuneTribune GroupTribune Magazine
In 1937, Wilkinson was one of a group of Labour figures—Aneurin Bevan, Harold Laski and Stafford Cripps were others—who founded the left-wing magazine Tribune; in the first issue she wrote of the need to fight unemployment, poverty, malnutrition and inadequate housing.
Among its journalists were Michael Foot and Barbara Betts (later Barbara Castle), while the board included the Labour MPs Aneurin Bevan and Ellen Wilkinson, Harold Laski of the Left Book Club and the veteran left-wing journalist and former ILP member H. N. Brailsford.

Clash (novel)

ClashClash'' (novel)
Wilkinson's reflections on the strike were recorded in A Workers' History of the Great Strike (1927), which she co-authored with Raymond Postgate and Frank Horrabin, and in a semi-autobiographical novel, Clash, which she published in 1929.
Clash is a 1929 novel by the English socialist politician Ellen Wilkinson.

1945 New Year Honours

19451945 New Years Honours List1 January 1945
In the 1945 New Year Honours she was appointed a Privy Counsellor, only the third woman (after Margaret Bondfield and Lady Astor) to receive this honour.

National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies

suffragistsNational Union of Societies for Equal CitizenshipNUWSS
On leaving university in June 1913, Wilkinson became a paid worker for the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies (NUWSS).

The Ellen Wilkinson School for Girls

Ealing Grammar School for GirlsEaling County Grammar School for GirlsEaling County School for Girls
Her name has been commemorated in The Ellen Wilkinson School for Girls in Ealing, west London, in the Ellen Wilkinson Primary School and Children's Centre in Newham, east London, and in the Ellen Wilkinson Estate, a 1950s Felling Urban District Council housing project at Wardley, once part of her Jarrow constituency, now in Gateshead Metropolitan Borough.
The school was named after Ellen Wilkinson, one of the first female MPs in Britain, and the first female Minister for Education.

Katharine Stewart-Murray, Duchess of Atholl

Duchess of AthollThe Duchess of AthollKatharine Stewart-Murray
She returned to Spain in April 1937 as a member of an all-women delegation led by the Duchess of Atholl, and afterwards wrote of feeling "a helpless, choking rage", as she witnessed the effects of aerial bombing on undefended villages.
According to her autobiography Working Partnership (1958), it was at the prompting of Ellen Wilkinson that in April 1937 she, Eleanor Rathbone, and Wilkinson went to Spain to observe the effects of the Spanish Civil War.

Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Pensions

Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of PensionsParliamentary Secretary to the Minister of National InsuranceParliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Pensions

St Mary's Hospital, London

St Mary's HospitalSt. Mary's HospitalSt. Mary's Hospital, Paddington
Shortly afterward, Wilkinson developed pneumonia; on 3 February she was found in her London flat in a coma, and on 6 February 1947 she died in St Mary's Hospital, Paddington.
*Ellen Wilkinson, Labour Party politician, Minister of Education (died 1947, following drug overdose while ill)

George Tomlinson

The Right Honourable '''George Tomlinson
The historian David Kynaston cites as her greatest practical achievement her success in meeting the timetable for the raising of the school leaving age; her successor as education minister, George Tomlinson, recorded how hard she had fought to avoid postponement of the reform, and expressed his sorrow that she died before the set date.
In Clement Attlee's post-war Labour government he was Minister of Works, August 1945 – February 1947, and Minister of Education, February 1947 – October 1951, following the death of Ellen Wilkinson.

Middlesbrough

Middlesbrough, Englandborough of MiddlesbroughMiddlesbrough Dock
In October 2016, Wilkinson was chosen in a public vote to become the first female statue in Middlesbrough.
Ellen Wilkinson was a famous MP for Middlesbrough East, and was the first female Minister of Education.

Ellen Wilkinson High School

Nicholls HospitalFormer Nicholls HospitalNicholls House
In addition, the Ellen Wilkinson High School in Ardwick, which incorporated Wilkinson's old school, bore her name for some years before its closure in 2000.
Initially the school was known as Nicholls Ardwick High School but was later renamed in honour of Ellen Wilkinson, socialist, feminist and first female Minister for Education, who was born in Ardwick.

Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department

Minister of State for Home AffairsUnder-Secretary of State for Home AffairsParliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Home Affairs