# Elliptical polarization

**elliptically polarizedellipticalaxial ratioelliptical polarizerellipticallypolarization ellipse**

In electrodynamics, elliptical polarization is the polarization of electromagnetic radiation such that the tip of the electric field vector describes an ellipse in any fixed plane intersecting, and normal to, the direction of propagation.wikipedia

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### Ellipse

**ellipticalellipticeccentricity**

In electrodynamics, elliptical polarization is the polarization of electromagnetic radiation such that the tip of the electric field vector describes an ellipse in any fixed plane intersecting, and normal to, the direction of propagation.

A similar effect leads to elliptical polarization of light in optics.

### Circular polarization

**circularly polarizedcircularly polarized lightcircular**

Other forms of polarization, such as circular and linear polarization, can be considered to be special cases of elliptical polarization.

Circular polarization is a limiting case of the more general condition of elliptical polarization.

### Polarization (waves)

**polarizationpolarizedpolarized light**

In electrodynamics, elliptical polarization is the polarization of electromagnetic radiation such that the tip of the electric field vector describes an ellipse in any fixed plane intersecting, and normal to, the direction of propagation.

In circular or elliptical polarization, the fields rotate at a constant rate in a plane as the wave travels.

### Linear polarization

**linearly polarizedlinearlinear polarized**

Other forms of polarization, such as circular and linear polarization, can be considered to be special cases of elliptical polarization. An elliptically polarized wave may be resolved into two linearly polarized waves in phase quadrature, with their polarization planes at right angles to each other.

Elliptical polarization

### Ellipsometry

**ellipsometerellipsometersellipsometric**

Ellipsometry

The name "ellipsometry" stems from the fact that Elliptical polarization of light is used.

### Fresnel rhomb

**polarization transformations**

Fresnel rhomb

If the incident beam is linearly polarized at some other inclination, the emerging beam is elliptically polarized with one principal axis in the plane of reflection, and vice versa.

### Jones calculus

**Jones matrixJones vectorJones Vectors**

is the normalized Jones vector.

The polarization of any point not equal to |R\rangle or |L\rangle and not on the circle that passes through is known as elliptical polarization.

### Sinusoidal plane-wave solutions of the electromagnetic wave equation

**planar light wave in vacuum**

Sinusoidal plane-wave solutions of the electromagnetic wave equation

The polarization components can be linear, circular or elliptical.

### Photon polarization

**polarization transversalitylight polarization**

Photon polarization

The general case in which the electric field rotates in the x-y plane and has variable magnitude is called elliptical polarization.

### Cetonia aurata

**rose chaferEuropean**

The reflected light from some beetles (e.g. Cetonia aurata) is elliptical polarized.

It has been described as a left-hand narrow-band elliptical polarizer.

### Classical electromagnetism

**electrodynamicsclassical electrodynamicselectrodynamic**

In electrodynamics, elliptical polarization is the polarization of electromagnetic radiation such that the tip of the electric field vector describes an ellipse in any fixed plane intersecting, and normal to, the direction of propagation.

### Electromagnetic radiation

**electromagnetic waveelectromagnetic waveselectromagnetic**

### Electric field

**electricelectrostatic fieldelectrical field**

In electrodynamics, elliptical polarization is the polarization of electromagnetic radiation such that the tip of the electric field vector describes an ellipse in any fixed plane intersecting, and normal to, the direction of propagation. The classical sinusoidal plane wave solution of the electromagnetic wave equation for the electric and magnetic fields is (Gaussian units)

### Euclidean vector

**vectorvectorsvector addition**

### Normal (geometry)

**normalsurface normalnormal vector**

### In-phase and quadrature components

**quadraturein phasequadrature phase**

An elliptically polarized wave may be resolved into two linearly polarized waves in phase quadrature, with their polarization planes at right angles to each other.

### Chirality (physics)

**chiral symmetrychiralitychiral**

Since the electric field can rotate clockwise or counterclockwise as it propagates, elliptically polarized waves exhibit chirality.

### Classical physics

**classicalclassical theoryclassically**

The classical sinusoidal plane wave solution of the electromagnetic wave equation for the electric and magnetic fields is (Gaussian units)

### Sine wave

**sinusoidalsinusoidsine**

The classical sinusoidal plane wave solution of the electromagnetic wave equation for the electric and magnetic fields is (Gaussian units)

### Electromagnetic wave equation

**electric fieldsequationsmultipole radiation fields**

The classical sinusoidal plane wave solution of the electromagnetic wave equation for the electric and magnetic fields is (Gaussian units)

### Magnetic field

**magnetic fieldsmagneticmagnetic flux density**

### Gaussian units

**Gaussiancgs-Gaussian unitsGaussian-cgs units**

### Wavenumber

**wave numberangular wavenumbercm −1**

for the magnetic field, where k is the wavenumber,

### Angular frequency

**angular speedangular frequenciesangular**

is the angular frequency of the wave propagating in the +z direction, and c is the speed of light.

### Speed of light

**clight speedvelocity of light**

is the angular frequency of the wave propagating in the +z direction, and c is the speed of light.