Elliptical polarization

elliptically polarizedellipticalaxial ratioelliptical polarizerellipticallypolarization ellipse
In electrodynamics, elliptical polarization is the polarization of electromagnetic radiation such that the tip of the electric field vector describes an ellipse in any fixed plane intersecting, and normal to, the direction of propagation.wikipedia
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Ellipse

ellipticalellipticeccentricity
In electrodynamics, elliptical polarization is the polarization of electromagnetic radiation such that the tip of the electric field vector describes an ellipse in any fixed plane intersecting, and normal to, the direction of propagation.
A similar effect leads to elliptical polarization of light in optics.

Circular polarization

circularly polarizedcircularly polarized lightcircular
Other forms of polarization, such as circular and linear polarization, can be considered to be special cases of elliptical polarization.
Circular polarization is a limiting case of the more general condition of elliptical polarization.

Polarization (waves)

polarizationpolarizedpolarized light
In electrodynamics, elliptical polarization is the polarization of electromagnetic radiation such that the tip of the electric field vector describes an ellipse in any fixed plane intersecting, and normal to, the direction of propagation.
In circular or elliptical polarization, the fields rotate at a constant rate in a plane as the wave travels.

Linear polarization

linearly polarizedlinearlinear polarized
Other forms of polarization, such as circular and linear polarization, can be considered to be special cases of elliptical polarization. An elliptically polarized wave may be resolved into two linearly polarized waves in phase quadrature, with their polarization planes at right angles to each other.
Elliptical polarization

Ellipsometry

ellipsometerellipsometersellipsometric
Ellipsometry
The name "ellipsometry" stems from the fact that Elliptical polarization of light is used.

Fresnel rhomb

polarization transformations
Fresnel rhomb
If the incident beam is linearly polarized at some other inclination, the emerging beam is elliptically polarized with one principal axis in the plane of reflection, and vice versa.

Jones calculus

Jones matrixJones vectorJones Vectors
is the normalized Jones vector.
The polarization of any point not equal to |R\rangle or |L\rangle and not on the circle that passes through is known as elliptical polarization.

Sinusoidal plane-wave solutions of the electromagnetic wave equation

planar light wave in vacuum
Sinusoidal plane-wave solutions of the electromagnetic wave equation
The polarization components can be linear, circular or elliptical.

Photon polarization

polarization transversalitylight polarization
Photon polarization
The general case in which the electric field rotates in the x-y plane and has variable magnitude is called elliptical polarization.

Cetonia aurata

rose chaferEuropean
The reflected light from some beetles (e.g. Cetonia aurata) is elliptical polarized.
It has been described as a left-hand narrow-band elliptical polarizer.

Classical electromagnetism

electrodynamicsclassical electrodynamicselectrodynamic
In electrodynamics, elliptical polarization is the polarization of electromagnetic radiation such that the tip of the electric field vector describes an ellipse in any fixed plane intersecting, and normal to, the direction of propagation.

Electromagnetic radiation

electromagnetic waveelectromagnetic waveselectromagnetic
In electrodynamics, elliptical polarization is the polarization of electromagnetic radiation such that the tip of the electric field vector describes an ellipse in any fixed plane intersecting, and normal to, the direction of propagation.

Electric field

electricelectrostatic fieldelectrical field
In electrodynamics, elliptical polarization is the polarization of electromagnetic radiation such that the tip of the electric field vector describes an ellipse in any fixed plane intersecting, and normal to, the direction of propagation. The classical sinusoidal plane wave solution of the electromagnetic wave equation for the electric and magnetic fields is (Gaussian units)

Euclidean vector

vectorvectorsvector addition
In electrodynamics, elliptical polarization is the polarization of electromagnetic radiation such that the tip of the electric field vector describes an ellipse in any fixed plane intersecting, and normal to, the direction of propagation.

Normal (geometry)

normalsurface normalnormal vector
In electrodynamics, elliptical polarization is the polarization of electromagnetic radiation such that the tip of the electric field vector describes an ellipse in any fixed plane intersecting, and normal to, the direction of propagation.

In-phase and quadrature components

quadraturein phasequadrature phase
An elliptically polarized wave may be resolved into two linearly polarized waves in phase quadrature, with their polarization planes at right angles to each other.

Chirality (physics)

chiral symmetrychiralitychiral
Since the electric field can rotate clockwise or counterclockwise as it propagates, elliptically polarized waves exhibit chirality.

Classical physics

classicalclassical theoryclassically
The classical sinusoidal plane wave solution of the electromagnetic wave equation for the electric and magnetic fields is (Gaussian units)

Sine wave

sinusoidalsinusoidsine
The classical sinusoidal plane wave solution of the electromagnetic wave equation for the electric and magnetic fields is (Gaussian units)

Electromagnetic wave equation

electric fieldsequationsmultipole radiation fields
The classical sinusoidal plane wave solution of the electromagnetic wave equation for the electric and magnetic fields is (Gaussian units)

Magnetic field

magnetic fieldsmagneticmagnetic flux density
The classical sinusoidal plane wave solution of the electromagnetic wave equation for the electric and magnetic fields is (Gaussian units)

Gaussian units

Gaussiancgs-Gaussian unitsGaussian-cgs units
The classical sinusoidal plane wave solution of the electromagnetic wave equation for the electric and magnetic fields is (Gaussian units)

Wavenumber

wave numberangular wavenumbercm −1
for the magnetic field, where k is the wavenumber,

Angular frequency

angular speedangular frequenciesangular
is the angular frequency of the wave propagating in the +z direction, and c is the speed of light.

Speed of light

clight speedvelocity of light
is the angular frequency of the wave propagating in the +z direction, and c is the speed of light.