Ellis Island

Fort GibsonEllisEllis Island Immigration MuseumEllis Island Immigration StationEllis Island National MonumentEllis Island Immigrant Inspection CenterEllis Island MuseumEllis Island National Monument and MuseumEllis Island's Immigrant StationEllis Island, New York
Ellis Island is a federally owned island in New York Harbor, within the states of New York and New Jersey, that contains a museum and former immigration inspection station of the same name.wikipedia
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Ellis Island Immigrant Hospital

Ellis Island HospitalEllis Island hospital complex
The south side of the island, including the Ellis Island Immigrant Hospital, is abandoned but accessible to the public through guided tours.
The Ellis Island Immigrant Hospital (also known as USPHS Hospital #43) was a United States Public Health Service hospital on Ellis Island in New York Harbor, which operated from 1902 to 1951.

Liberty State Park

Caven PointCochran StadiumLiberty Landing Marina
Ellis Island is in Upper New York Bay within New York Harbor, east of Liberty State Park and north of Liberty Island. The ferries, which depart from Liberty State Park in Jersey City and the Battery in Lower Manhattan, also stop at Ellis Island when it is open to the public, making a combined trip possible.
Liberty State Park is a park in the U.S. state of New Jersey, located on Upper New York Bay in Jersey City, opposite both Liberty Island and Ellis Island.

New Jersey v. New York

Jurisdictional disputes between New Jersey and New York persisted until 1998, when the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in New Jersey v. New York that 3.3 acre that comprise the original island and its environs is part of New York, but almost all of the reclaimed land is part of New Jersey.
New Jersey v. New York, 523 U.S. 767 (1998), was a United States Supreme Court case in which it was determined that roughly 90% of Ellis Island was part of New Jersey rather than New York.

Jersey City, New Jersey

Jersey CityJersey City, NJJersey
While most of the island is in Jersey City, New Jersey, a small section is an exclave of New York City. The ferries, which depart from Liberty State Park in Jersey City and the Battery in Lower Manhattan, also stop at Ellis Island when it is open to the public, making a combined trip possible.
Tens of millions of immigrants passed through these stations as they made their way westward from Ellis Island into the United States.

The Battery (Manhattan)

Battery Parkthe BatteryBattery
The ferries, which depart from Liberty State Park in Jersey City and the Battery in Lower Manhattan, also stop at Ellis Island when it is open to the public, making a combined trip possible. A small part of Ellis Island from “the soil from high to low waters mark around Ellis’s Island" was owned by the city. On April 21, 1794, the city deeded that land to the state for public defense purposes. The following year, the state allotted $100,000 for fortifications on Bedloe's, Ellis, and Governors Islands, as well as the construction of Castle Clinton along the Battery on Manhattan island. Batteries and magazines were built on Ellis Island in preparation for a war. A jetty was added to the northwestern extremity of the island, possibly from soil excavated from an inlet at the northeastern corner; the inlet was infilled by 1813. Though the military threat never materialized, further preparations were spurred by another possibility of war with France in the late 1790s; these new preparations were supervised by Ebenezer Stevens. The military conflict also failed to occur, and by 1805, the fort had become rundown.
The Battery was commonly known as the landing point for immigrants to New York City until 1890, when the Castle Clinton immigration center was replaced by one on Ellis Island.

Enclave and exclave

exclaveenclaveexclaves
While most of the island is in Jersey City, New Jersey, a small section is an exclave of New York City.

Port of New York and New Jersey

Port of New YorkNew YorkNew York Harbor
As the nation's busiest immigrant inspection station from 1892 to 1954, it processed approximately 12 million immigrants to the United States through the Port of New York and New Jersey.
This coincided with the immigration of millions, processed at Castle Clinton and later at Ellis Island, some staying in the region, others boarding barges, ships, and trains to points across the United States.

Castle Clinton

Castle GardenCastle Clinton National MonumentCastle Garden Immigration Depot
A small part of Ellis Island from “the soil from high to low waters mark around Ellis’s Island" was owned by the city. On April 21, 1794, the city deeded that land to the state for public defense purposes. The following year, the state allotted $100,000 for fortifications on Bedloe's, Ellis, and Governors Islands, as well as the construction of Castle Clinton along the Battery on Manhattan island. Batteries and magazines were built on Ellis Island in preparation for a war. A jetty was added to the northwestern extremity of the island, possibly from soil excavated from an inlet at the northeastern corner; the inlet was infilled by 1813. Though the military threat never materialized, further preparations were spurred by another possibility of war with France in the late 1790s; these new preparations were supervised by Ebenezer Stevens. The military conflict also failed to occur, and by 1805, the fort had become rundown.
Built from 1808 to 1811, it was the first U.S. immigration station (predating Ellis Island), where more than 8 million people arrived in the United States from 1855 to 1890.

New York (state)

New YorkNew York StateNY
Ellis Island is a federally owned island in New York Harbor, within the states of New York and New Jersey, that contains a museum and former immigration inspection station of the same name.

New York City

New YorkNew York, New YorkNew York City, New York
While most of the island is in Jersey City, New Jersey, a small section is an exclave of New York City.
Staten Island is connected to Brooklyn by the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge, and to Manhattan by way of the free Staten Island Ferry, a daily commuter ferry which provides unobstructed views of the Statue of Liberty, Ellis Island, and Lower Manhattan.

Early history of the IRT subway

first subwayfirst subway linefirst IRT line
The fill was acquired from the ballast of ships as well as material excavated from the first line of the New York City Subway.
In particular, Ellis Island in New York Harbor was expanded from 2.74 acre to 27.5 acre, partially with soil from the excavation of the IRT line, while nearby Governors Island was expanded from 69 acre to 172 acre.

New York Harbor

New York HarbourNew YorkNew York waterfront
Ellis Island is in Upper New York Bay within New York Harbor, east of Liberty State Park and north of Liberty Island. Ellis Island is a federally owned island in New York Harbor, within the states of New York and New Jersey, that contains a museum and former immigration inspection station of the same name.
The main port of entry at Ellis Island processed 12 million arrivals from 1892 to 1954.

Annie Moore (immigrant)

Annie Moore
The station opened on January 1, 1892, and its first immigrant was Annie Moore, a 17-year-old girl from Cork, Ireland, who was traveling with her two brothers to meet their parents in the U.S. On the first day, almost 700 immigrants passed over the docks.
Anna "Annie" Moore (April 24, 1874 – December 6, 1924) was an Irish immigrant who was the first immigrant to the United States to pass through federal immigrant inspection at the Ellis Island station in New York Harbor.

Upper New York Bay

Upper BayUpperNew York Harbor
Ellis Island is in Upper New York Bay within New York Harbor, east of Liberty State Park and north of Liberty Island.
It contains several islands including Governors Island, near the mouth of the East River, as well Ellis Island, Liberty Island, and Robbins Reef which are supported by a large underwater reef on the New Jersey side of the harbor.

Circle Line Downtown

Circle LineThe Zephyr
A concession was granted in 2007 to Statue Cruises to operate the transportation and ticketing facilities, replacing Circle Line, which had operated the service since 1953.
Operating as Circle Line-Statue of Liberty Ferry, Inc., this offshoot was contracted by the United States Department of Interior National Park Service to provide exclusive ferry service to both Liberty Island and Ellis Island in 1954.

Sol Atlas

In 1959, real estate developer Sol Atlas unsuccessfully bid for the island, with plans to turn it into a $55 million resort with a hotel, marina, music shell, tennis courts, swimming pools, and skating rinks.
In 1959, he bid $671,000 for Ellis Island and proposed to turn it into a $55 million resort consisting of a 600‐room hotel, marina, music shell, tennis courts, swimming pools and skating rinks; the government turned down his bid.

William Williams (commissioner)

William C. WilliamsWilliam Williams
Immigration commissioner William Williams made substantial changes to Ellis Island's operations, and during his tenure from 1902-1905 and 1909-1913, Ellis Island processed its peak number of immigrants.
His office was on Ellis Island, which was the location of the nation's most important immigrant inspection station.

Black Tom explosion

Black TomBlack Tom Islanda disastrous explosion
Ellis Island was one of three "Oyster Islands", the other two being Liberty Island and the now-destroyed Black Tom Island.
Immigrants being processed at Ellis Island had to be evacuated to Lower Manhattan.

Edward Lippincott Tilton

Edward L. TiltonEdward TiltonTilton & Githens
Several prominent architectural firms filed proposals, and by December, it was announced that Edward Lippincott Tilton and William A. Boring had won the competition.
He and the partner that he met in Paris, William A. Boring, won a competition in 1897 to design the first phase of new buildings for the U.S. Immigration Station on Ellis Island in New York Harbor.

Hornblower Cruises

Statue CruisesHornblower Niagara CruisesPier 3
A concession was granted in 2007 to Statue Cruises to operate the transportation and ticketing facilities, replacing Circle Line, which had operated the service since 1953.
In 2007 the company was awarded a concession from the National Park Service to operate ferries to Liberty Island and Ellis Island, the only public access to the national historic sites in the Port of New York and New Jersey.

National monument (United States)

National MonumentU.S. National Monumentnational monuments
Today, the island is part of the Statue of Liberty National Monument, a U.S. national monument.
Lyndon B. Johnson added Ellis Island to Statue of Liberty National Monument in 1965, and Jimmy Carter made major additions to Glacier Bay and Katmai National Monuments in 1978.

New Jersey

NJState of New JerseyJersey
Ellis Island is a federally owned island in New York Harbor, within the states of New York and New Jersey, that contains a museum and former immigration inspection station of the same name.
Statue Cruises offers service from Liberty State Park to the Statue of Liberty National Monument, including Ellis Island.

Edward Laning

Edward Lansing
As part of the project, the surgeon's house and recreation center were demolished, and Edward Laning commissioned some murals for the island's buildings.
In 1935, he painted the Ellis Island murals (chosen over Japanese-American artist Hideo Noda): It was a great relief to PWA, to the College Art Association, to Architects Harvey Wiley Corbett and Chester Holmes Aldrich and to Edward Laning last week to learn that Commissioner of Immigration & Naturalization Rudolph Reimer at Ellis Island had finally approved Artist Laning's designs for murals for the dining hall at New York's immigrant station.

Governors Island

Governor's IslandGovernors Island, New YorkGovernor’s Island
A small part of Ellis Island from “the soil from high to low waters mark around Ellis’s Island" was owned by the city. On April 21, 1794, the city deeded that land to the state for public defense purposes. The following year, the state allotted $100,000 for fortifications on Bedloe's, Ellis, and Governors Islands, as well as the construction of Castle Clinton along the Battery on Manhattan island. Batteries and magazines were built on Ellis Island in preparation for a war. A jetty was added to the northwestern extremity of the island, possibly from soil excavated from an inlet at the northeastern corner; the inlet was infilled by 1813. Though the military threat never materialized, further preparations were spurred by another possibility of war with France in the late 1790s; these new preparations were supervised by Ebenezer Stevens. The military conflict also failed to occur, and by 1805, the fort had become rundown.
Additionally, in 2008, there were unrealized plans to relocate the security and ticketing checkpoints for the Liberty Island and Ellis Island tourist ferries from the Battery to Governors Island, bringing as many as 500,000 additional people to Governors Island each year.

Central Railroad of New Jersey Terminal

Communipaw TerminalCommunipawJersey City terminal
It is estimated that 10.5 million immigrants departed for points across the United States from the Central Railroad of New Jersey Terminal nearby.
Tha terminal is part of Liberty State Park, and along with nearby Ellis Island and Statue of Liberty recalls the era of massive immigration through the Port of New York and New Jersey.