Emergency medical services

emergency medical serviceEMSambulance serviceambulance corpsEmergency Medical Services (EMS)rescue workersemergency medicalprehospital careambulanceemergency services
Emergency medical services (EMS), also known as ambulance services or paramedic services, are emergency services which treat illnesses and injuries that require an urgent medical response, providing out-of-hospital treatment and transport to definitive care.wikipedia
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Nontransporting EMS vehicle

fly-carAmbulance emergency response vehiclefly car
Ambulances are the primary vehicles for delivering EMS, though some also use cars, motorcycles, aircraft or boats.
A nontransporting EMS vehicle, (also known by a variety of local names including fly-car and variations on response vehicle), is an emergency medical service (EMS) vehicle that responds to emergencies, but is not designed to transport a patient.

Rescue squad

rescue servicesSquadrescue response
They may also be known as a first aid squad, FAST squad, emergency squad, rescue squad, ambulance squad, ambulance corps, life squad or by other initialisms such as EMAS or EMARS.
Rescue squad is a term used in the United States to refer to emergency units that provide emergency medical services and may perform technical rescues and firefighting operations.

Patient transport

non-emergency patient transport
EMS agencies may also operate the non-emergency patient transport service, and some have units for technical rescue operations such as extrication, water rescue, and search and rescue.
In emergency situations, patients are transported by the emergency medical services.

Paramedic

paramedicsparamedicalEMT-P
In English-speaking countries, they are known as emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and paramedics, with the latter having additional training such as advanced life support (ALS) skills.
Paramedics mainly work as part of the emergency medical services (EMS), most often in ambulances.

Technical rescue

advanced technical RescueRescue TechniciansTechnical rescue teams
EMS agencies may also operate the non-emergency patient transport service, and some have units for technical rescue operations such as extrication, water rescue, and search and rescue.
"Technical rescue" refers to the aspects of saving life that employ the use of tools and skills that exceed those normally reserved for emergency medical services or firefighting.

Emergency medical technician

EMTEmergency Medical TechniciansEMTs
In English-speaking countries, they are known as emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and paramedics, with the latter having additional training such as advanced life support (ALS) skills.
Emergency Medical Technician (EMT), Paramedic and Ambulance Technician are terms used in some countries to denote a health care provider of emergency medical services.

Emergency service

emergency servicesemergency responseemergency responders
Emergency medical services (EMS), also known as ambulance services or paramedic services, are emergency services which treat illnesses and injuries that require an urgent medical response, providing out-of-hospital treatment and transport to definitive care.

Emergency department

emergency roomAccident and EmergencyAccident and Emergency Department
This is most likely an emergency department of a hospital.
Resuscitation cases may also be attended by residents, radiographers, ambulance personnel, respiratory therapists, hospital pharmacists and students of any of these professions depending upon the skill mix needed for any given case and whether or not the hospital provides teaching services.

Splint (medicine)

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This was soon followed by other services, notably the New York service provided out of Bellevue Hospital which started in 1869 with ambulances carrying medical equipment, such as splints, a stomach pump, morphine, and brandy, reflecting contemporary medicine.

Vehicle extrication

extricationemergency extrication proceduresextricate
EMS agencies may also operate the non-emergency patient transport service, and some have units for technical rescue operations such as extrication, water rescue, and search and rescue.
Extrication, as defined by NFPA must be done by medically certified individuals, and as such, many technical rescue teams are run by Emergency Medical Services departments.

London

London, EnglandLondon, United KingdomLondon, UK
In June 1887 the St John Ambulance Brigade was established to provide first aid and ambulance services at public events in London.
National Health Service ambulance services are provided by the London Ambulance Service (LAS) NHS Trust, the largest free-at-the-point-of-use emergency ambulance service in the world.

Hatzalah

HatzolahHatzolaChevra Hatzolah
Other organisations include St John Ambulance, the Order of Malta Ambulance Corps and Hatzalah, as well as small local volunteer agencies.
Hatzalah ("rescue" or "relief" in ) is a volunteer emergency medical service (EMS) organization serving mostly Jewish communities around the world.

St John Ambulance

St. John AmbulanceSt John Ambulance BrigadeSt. John Ambulance Brigade
Other organisations include St John Ambulance, the Order of Malta Ambulance Corps and Hatzalah, as well as small local volunteer agencies.
St John Ambulance is the name of a number of affiliated organisations in different countries which teach and provide first aid and emergency medical services, and are primarily staffed by volunteers.

International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement

Red CrossRed CrescentICRM
The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is the largest charity in the world that provides emergency medicine.
Depending on their respective human, technical, financial, and organizational resources, many national societies take on additional humanitarian tasks within their home countries such as blood donation services or acting as civilian Emergency Medical Service (EMS) providers.

Traction splint

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During World War One, further advances were made in providing care before and during transport – traction splints were introduced during World War I, and were found to have a positive effect on the morbidity and mortality of patients with leg fractures.
The use of traction splints to treat complete long bone fractures of the femur is common in prehospital care.

Water ambulance

boat ambulanceboatsboat ambulances
Ambulances are the primary vehicles for delivering EMS, though some also use cars, motorcycles, aircraft or boats.
Venetian water ambulances, which are part of the Venetian Emergency Medical Service (Venezia Emergenza), are equipped with advanced life support equipment, such as an automated respirator, a monitor-defibrillator, and drugs, amongst other things.

Defibrillation

defibrillatordefibrillatorsdefibrillate
Advances in the 1960s, especially the development of CPR and defibrillation as the standard form of care for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, along with new pharmaceuticals, led to changes in the tasks of the ambulances. EMTs are usually able to perform a wide range of emergency care skills, such as automated defibrillation, care of spinal injuries and oxygen therapy.
Some emergency medical services personnel are now equipped with a ring magnet to place over the device, which effectively disables the shock function of the device while still allowing the pacemaker to function (if the device is so equipped).

Ambulance

ambulancesmedical carMilitary ambulance
Ambulances are the primary vehicles for delivering EMS, though some also use cars, motorcycles, aircraft or boats.
Ambulances are used to respond to medical emergencies by emergency medical services.

Medical evacuation

medevacMEDIVACmedevaced
The "scoop and run" approach is exemplified by the MEDEVAC aeromedical evacuation helicopter, whereas the "stay and play" is exemplified by the French and Belgian SMUR emergency mobile resuscitation unit or the German "Notarzt"-System (preclinical emergency physician).
Examples include civilian EMS vehicles, civilian aeromedical helicopter services, and military air ambulances.

Oxygen therapy

oxygensupplemental oxygenOxygen first aid
EMTs are usually able to perform a wide range of emergency care skills, such as automated defibrillation, care of spinal injuries and oxygen therapy.
Oxygen is widely used in emergency medicine, both in hospital and by emergency medical services or those giving advanced first aid.

Firefighter

firefightersfiremanfiremen
Police officers and firefighters who are on duty for another emergency service may also be deployed in this role, though some firefighters are trained to a more advanced medical level.
Firefighters work closely with other emergency response agencies such as the police and emergency medical service.

Emergency telephone number

emergency callemergency numberemergency calls
In most places, the EMS can be summoned by members of the public (as well as medical facilities, other emergency services, businesses and authorities) via an emergency telephone number which puts them in contact with a control facility, which will then dispatch a suitable resource to deal with the situation.
The nature of the emergency (police, fire, medical) is then determined.

Star of Life

The Star of Life shown here, where each of the 'arms' to the star represent one of the six points, are used to represent the six stages of high quality pre-hospital care, which are:
It has become a symbol of the emergency medical services in multiple countries.

Basic life support

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In contrast, most systems have personnel who retain at least basic first aid certifications, such as basic life support (BLS).

Medical director

corporate medical directorDirector of Emergency MedicineHospital Director
They may also provide advice and devise protocols for treatment, with a medical director acting as the most senior medical adviser to the ambulance service.
These include the emergency medical services, hospital departments, blood banks, clinical teaching services and others.