Emergency medical technician

EMTEmergency Medical TechniciansEMTsambulance driveremergency medical technicians (EMTs)ambulance techniciandriversEMT-BparamedicE.M.T.
Emergency Medical Technician (EMT), Paramedic and Ambulance Technician are terms used in some countries to denote a health care provider of emergency medical services.wikipedia
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Emergency medical services

emergency medical serviceEMSambulance service
Emergency Medical Technician (EMT), Paramedic and Ambulance Technician are terms used in some countries to denote a health care provider of emergency medical services.
In English-speaking countries, they are known as emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and paramedics, with the latter having additional training such as advanced life support (ALS) skills.

PHECC

Pre-Hospital Emergency Care Councilcardiac first respondersParamedics in Ireland
Emergency Medical Technician is a legally defined title in the Republic of Ireland based on the standard set down by the Pre-Hospital Emergency Care Council (PHECC).
A practitioner working on a non-emergency transport or intermediate care vehicle must be at least an emergency medical technician.

HSE National Ambulance Service

National Ambulance ServiceNational Ambulance Service CollegeEmergency medical services in Ireland
Emergency Medical Technician is the entry-level standard of practitioner for employment within the ambulance service.
Clinical grade is depicted by use of coloured shoulder sliders; green for emergency medical technician, navy for paramedic, yellow for advanced paramedic & red for control operations staff.

Fire department

fire brigadefire servicefire
EMTs are often employed by private ambulance services, governments, hospitals, and fire departments.
Firefighters are cross-trained as emergency medical responders, emergency medical technicians, or paramedics.

National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians

National Registry of EMTsNREMTNational Registry
The National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians (NREMT) is a private organization which offers certification exams based on NHTSA education guidelines and has been around since the 1970s.
The Registry was established in 1970 in response to a recommendation from President Lyndon Johnson's Committee on Highway Traffic Safety that a national certifying agency for Emergency Medical Technicians be created in order to establish and standardize training requirements.

Ambulance

ambulancesmedical carMilitary ambulance
EMTs are most commonly found working in ambulances, but should not be confused with "ambulance drivers" or "ambulance attendants" – ambulance staff who in the past were not trained in emergency care or driving. An ambulance with only EMTs is considered a Basic Life Support (BLS) unit, an ambulance utilizing AEMTs is dubbed an Intermediate Life Support (ILS), or limited Advanced Life Support (LALS) unit, and an ambulance with Paramedics is dubbed an Advanced Life Support (ALS) unit.

Wilderness emergency medical technician

Wilderness EMT
In addition, EMTs can seek out specialty certifications such as Wilderness EMT, Wilderness Paramedic, Tactical EMT, and Flight Paramedic.
Wilderness emergency medical technician (WEMT) is an emergency medical technician that is better equipped than licensed healthcare providers, who typically function almost exclusively in urban environments, to better stabilize, assess, treat, and protect patients in remote and austere environments until definitive medical care is reached.

Emergency care assistant

ECAEmergency care assistant/Emergency care support workerEmergency Care Assistants
IHCD Ambulance Technicians and Assistant Ambulance Practitioners still exist within other UK ambulance services with Emergency Care Assistants employed in some areas as support, however, this grade of staff is now being phased out and replaced with a much lower qualified Emergency care assistants.
The role is similar to an ambulance technician, but with less training.

Basic life support

BLSbasicBasic Life Support (BLS)
An ambulance with only EMTs is considered a Basic Life Support (BLS) unit, an ambulance utilizing AEMTs is dubbed an Intermediate Life Support (ILS), or limited Advanced Life Support (LALS) unit, and an ambulance with Paramedics is dubbed an Advanced Life Support (ALS) unit.
It can be provided by trained medical personnel, including emergency medical technicians, paramedics, and by qualified bystanders.

Paramedic

paramedicsparamedicalEMT-P
An ambulance with only EMTs is considered a Basic Life Support (BLS) unit, an ambulance utilizing AEMTs is dubbed an Intermediate Life Support (ILS), or limited Advanced Life Support (LALS) unit, and an ambulance with Paramedics is dubbed an Advanced Life Support (ALS) unit.
In English-speaking countries, there is an official distinction between paramedics and emergency medical technicians (or emergency care assistants), in which paramedics have additional qualifications and are accountable to a professional regulatory body.

Automated external defibrillator

AEDAutomatic External Defibrillatorautomated external defibrillators
The scope of practice includes performing semi-automated external defibrillation, interpretation of 4-lead ECGs, administration of Symptom Relief Medications for a variety of emergency medical conditions (these include oxygen, epinephrine, dextrose, glucagon, salbutamol, ASA and nitroglycerine), performing trauma immobilization (including cervical immobilization), and other fundamental basic medical care.
AEDs create little liability if used correctly; NREMT-B and many state Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) training and many CPR classes incorporate or offer AED education as a part of their program.

Advanced life support

ALSAdvanced Life Support (ALS)advanced
An ambulance with only EMTs is considered a Basic Life Support (BLS) unit, an ambulance utilizing AEMTs is dubbed an Intermediate Life Support (ILS), or limited Advanced Life Support (LALS) unit, and an ambulance with Paramedics is dubbed an Advanced Life Support (ALS) unit. They can provide limited advanced life support (ALS) care including obtaining intravenous/intraosseous access, use of advanced airway devices, limited medication administration, and basic cardiac monitoring.
In out-of-hospital settings trained emergency medical technicians, paramedics or medics typically provide this level of care.

Public Health Service Act

Public Health Service Act of 19441944Alcoholic and Narcotic Addict Rehabilitation Amendments of 1968
The Veteran Emergency Medical Technician Support Act of 2013, H.R. 235 in the 113th United States Congress, would amend the Public Health Service Act to direct the Secretary of Health and Human Services to establish a demonstration program for states with a shortage of emergency medical technicians to streamline state requirements and procedures to assist veterans who completed military EMT training while serving in the Armed Forces to meet state EMT certification and licensure requirements.

Combat medic

medicfield medicarmy medic
Combat medic or field medic is a US term for military personnel who have been trained to at least an EMT-B level (16-week course in the U.S. Army), and are responsible for providing first aid and frontline trauma care on the battlefield.

Emergency department

emergency roomAccident and EmergencyAccident and Emergency Department
The nation's first EMTs were from the Alexandria plan working as Emergency Care Technicians serving in the Alexandria Hospital emergency department.
ED staff must also interact efficiently with pre-hospital care providers such as EMTs, paramedics, and others who are occasionally based in an ED.

Veteran Emergency Medical Technician Support Act of 2013

The Veteran Emergency Medical Technician Support Act of 2013, H.R. 235 in the 113th United States Congress, would amend the Public Health Service Act to direct the Secretary of Health and Human Services to establish a demonstration program for states with a shortage of emergency medical technicians to streamline state requirements and procedures to assist veterans who completed military EMT training while serving in the Armed Forces to meet state EMT certification and licensure requirements.
The Bill would amend the Public Health Service Act to direct the Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) to establish a demonstration program for states with a shortage of emergency medical technicians (EMTs) to streamline state requirements and procedures to assist veterans who completed military EMT training while serving in the Armed Forces to meet state EMT certification, licensure, and other requirements.

Oral glucose gel

The procedures and skills allowed at this level include all EMR skills as well as nasopharyngeal airway, oropharyngeal airway, pulse oximetry, glucometry, splinting, use of a cervical collar, traction splinting, complicated childbirth delivery, and medication administration (such as epinephrine, oral glucose gel, aspirin (ASA), nitroglycerin, and albuterol).
The gel may be self-administered or given by an Emergency Medical Technician or paramedic responding to a hypoglycaemic emergency.

California Emergency Medical Services Authority

Emergency Medical Services Authority
In California, for example, each county's Local Emergency Medical Service Agency (LEMSA) issues a list of standard operating procedures or protocols, under the supervision of the California Emergency Medical Services Authority.
In California, the EMS Authority is responsible for paramedic licensure, emergency medical technician regulations, trauma center and trauma system standards, ambulance service coordination, and disaster medical response.

Boston Emergency Medical Services

Boston EMS
In other locations, such as Boston, Massachusetts, emergency medical services are provided by a separate, or “third-party”, municipal government emergency agency (e.g. Boston EMS).
The agency employs over 400 emergency medical technicians (EMT) and paramedics.

Tracheal intubation

endotracheal intubationintubationintubated
Paramedics perform a variety of medical procedures such as endotracheal intubation, fluid resuscitation, drug administration, obtaining intravenous access, cardiac monitoring (continuous and 12-lead), cardioversion, transcutaneous pacing, cricothyrotomy, manual defibrillation, chest needle decompression, and other advanced procedures and assessments.
Although not common, where basic emergency medical technicians are permitted to intubate, reported success rates are as low as 51%.

Emergency medical services in the United States

emergency medical servicesindependent public emergency medical serviceEMS
Skills that were once reserved for physicians are now routinely performed by paramedics, and skills once reserved for paramedics, such as defibrillation, are now routinely performed by Basic Emergency Medical Technicians (EMTs).

Government

Form of governmentgovernmentsgovernmental
EMTs are often employed by private ambulance services, governments, hospitals, and fire departments.

Hospital

hospitalsinfirmarygeneral hospital
EMTs are often employed by private ambulance services, governments, hospitals, and fire departments.