"Cassovia: Superioris Hungariae Civitas Primaria", the prospect from Civitates orbis terrarum. Cassovia (German: Kaschau, Hungarian: Kassa, Slovak: Košice), the "capital" of Upper Hungary in 1617.
Captaincy of Upper Hungary in 1572
Principality of Imre Thököly (Principality of Upper Hungary) in 1683.
Principality of Upper Hungary in 1683
Bust of Imre Thököly in the park of the Vaja Castle, Hungary
Eastern Hungarian Kingdom around 1550, including Košice shown as 'Kassa'
Imre Thököly in Heroes' Square, Budapest
Part of the Ottoman Empire in 1683, including the Principality of Upper Hungary, based around Košice shown as 'Kassa'
Tomb of Imre Thököly in Kežmarok
"Cassovia: Superioris Hungariae Civitas Primaria", the prospect from Civitates orbis terrarum. Cassovia (Slovak: Košice, German: Kaschau, Hungarian: Kassa), the "capital" of Upper Hungary in 1617.
The military base in Košice at the end of the 18th century
National Theater built in 1899
Main Street – 1902
Hlavná ulica (Main Street) in historic downtown
Statue of Košice's coat of arms, the first municipal coat of arms in Europe
Aupark Shopping Centre
St. Elisabeth Cathedral in Košice is Slovakia's largest church
Divizia – seat of the Košice Self-Governing Region
The seat of the Slovak Constitutional Court
Košice International Airport
Steel Aréna
The Tree of Partnership on Hlavná Street

His father was one of the wealthiest aristocrats in Upper Hungary (in present-day Slovakia); his mother was the granddaughter of Stephen Bethlen, who had been prince of Transylvania in 1630, she was related to three princes of Transylvania.

- Emeric Thököly

In the 15th century, the "Somorja (Šamorín), Nagyszombat (Trnava), Galgóc (Hlohovec), Nyitra (Nitra), Léva (Levice), Losonc (Lučenec), Rimaszombat (Rimavská Sobota), Rozsnyó (Rožňava), Jászó (Jasov), Kassa (Košice), Gálszécs (Sečovce), Nagymihály (Michalovce)" line was the northern "boundary" of the Hungarian ethnic area.

- Upper Hungary

The privileges given by the king were helpful in developing crafts, business, increasing importance (seat of the royal chamber for Upper Hungary), and for building its strong fortifications.

- Košice

It was briefly a separate vassal state of the Ottoman Empire under Imre Thököly in the 1680s.

- Upper Hungary

At the two Diets held by him, at Kassa (today Košice, Slovakia) and Tállya, in 1683, the estates, though not uninfluenced by his personal charm, showed some want of confidence in him, fearing he might sacrifice national independence to the Turkish alliance.

- Emeric Thököly

Another rebel leader, Imre Thököly captured the city in 1682, making Kaşa once again a vassal territory of Ottoman Empire under Principality of Upper Hungary until 1686.

- Košice
"Cassovia: Superioris Hungariae Civitas Primaria", the prospect from Civitates orbis terrarum. Cassovia (German: Kaschau, Hungarian: Kassa, Slovak: Košice), the "capital" of Upper Hungary in 1617.

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Landlocked country in Central Europe.

Landlocked country in Central Europe.

A Venus from Moravany nad Váhom, which dates back to 22,800 BC
Left: a Celtic Biatec coin
Right: five Slovak crowns
A Roman inscription at the castle hill of Trenčín (178–179 AD)
A statue of Saint Cyril and Saint Methodius in Žilina. In 863, they introduced Christianity to what is now Slovakia.
Scire vos volumus, a letter written in 879 by Pope John VIII to Svatopluk I
Certain and disputed borders of Great Moravia under Svatopluk I (according to modern historians)
Stephen I, King of Hungary
One of the commanders of a Slovak volunteers' army captain Ján Francisci-Rimavský during the fight for independence from the Kingdom of Hungary
Czechoslovak declaration of independence by Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk in the United States, 1918.
Adolf Hitler greeting Jozef Tiso, president of the (First) Slovak Republic, a client state of Nazi Germany during World War II, 1941.
Troops of Slovak anti-Nazi resistance movement in 1944.
The Velvet Revolution ended 41 years of authoritarian Communist rule in Czechoslovakia in 1989.
Slovakia became a member of the European Union in 2004 and signed the Lisbon Treaty in 2007.
A topographical map of Slovakia
Slovak Paradise National Park
Domica Cave
Belá River
Rupicapra rupicapra tatrica in the Tatra Mountains
Former Slovak Prime Minister Peter Pellegrini with former U.S. President Donald Trump in the White House, 2019
Embassy of Japan in Bratislava
Bratislava, capital and largest city of Slovakia
National Bank of Slovakia in Bratislava
High-rise buildings in Bratislava's new business district
Slovakia is part of the Schengen Area, the EU single market, and since 2009, the Eurozone (dark blue)
High-rise buildings in Bratislava's business districts
ESET headquarters in Bratislava
A proportional representation of Slovakia's exports, 2019
Nuclear Power Plant Mochovce
Bojnice Castle
The centre of Bardejov – a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Cable cars at Jasná in the Tatra Mountains.
Spiš Castle
Population density in Slovakia. The two biggest cities are clearly visible, Bratislava in the far west and Košice in the east.
The Slovak alphabet has 46 characters, of which 3 are digraphs and 18 contain diacritics.
Comenius University headquarters in Bratislava
Wooden folk architecture can be seen in the well-preserved village of Vlkolínec, a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Slovaks wearing folk costumes from Eastern Slovakia
Main altar in the Basilica of St. James, crafted by Master Paul of Levoča, 1517. It is the tallest wooden altar in the world.
Ľudovít Štúr, the creator of standard Slovak
Halušky with bryndza cheese, kapustnica soup and Zlatý Bažant dark beer—examples of Slovak cuisine
The Slovak national ice hockey team celebrating a victory against Sweden at the 2010 Winter Olympics
Football stadium Tehelné pole in Bratislava. Football is the most popular sport in Slovakia.

The capital and largest city is Bratislava, while the second largest city is Košice.

The territory comprising modern Slovakia, then known as Upper Hungary, became the place of settlement for nearly two-thirds of the Magyar nobility fleeing the Turks and became far more linguistically and culturally Hungarian than it was before.

Even so, Thököly's kuruc rebels from the Principality of Upper Hungary fought alongside the Turks against the Austrians and Poles at the Battle of Vienna of 1683 led by John III Sobieski.