Emil Hácha

HachaHáchapresident Hácha
Emil Dominik Josef Hácha (12 July 1872 – 27 June 1945) was a Czech lawyer, the third President of Czechoslovakia from 1938 to 1939.wikipedia
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Czechs

CzechBohemianCzech people
Emil Dominik Josef Hácha (12 July 1872 – 27 June 1945) was a Czech lawyer, the third President of Czechoslovakia from 1938 to 1939.
However, in 1938 the Munich Agreement severed the Sudetenland, with a considerable Czech minority, from Czechoslovakia, and in 1939 the German Nazi regime established the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia for Resttschechei (the rump Czech state ). Emil Hácha became president of the protectorate under Nazi domination, which only allowed pro-Nazi Czech associations and tended to stress ties of the Czechs with the Bohemian Germans and other parts of the German people, in order to facilitate assimilation by Germanization.

Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia

Bohemia and MoraviaProtectorateCzech Protectorate
From March 1939, his country was under the control of the Germans and was known as the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.
Czechoslovakia at the time under President Emil Hácha had pursued a pro-German foreign policy; however, upon meeting with the German Führer Adolf Hitler (15 March 1939), Hácha submitted to Germany's demands and issued a declaration stating that in light of events he accepted that Germany would decide the fate of the Czech people; Hitler accepted Hácha's declaration and declared that Germany would provide the Czech people with an autonomous protectorate governed by ethnic Czechs.

Second Czechoslovak Republic

CzechoslovakiaSecond RepublicCzechoslovak Republic
The short era of his presidency before the German occupation is known as the Second Czechoslovak Republic and was marked by the shift from democracy to authoritarian state with the Enabling act giving previously unusual powers to the president and government and restricting the powers of the parliament.
On the same day as the German occupation, the President of Czechoslovakia, Emil Hácha was appointed by the German government as the State President of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia which he held throughout the war.

Edvard Beneš

BenešPresident BenešBeneš, Edvard
Following the Munich Agreement, Hácha was nominated as successor to Edvard Beneš on 30 November 1938 as President of Czechoslovakia.
Beneš was forced to resign on 5 October 1938, under German pressure, and was replaced by Emil Hácha.

Vinohrady Cemetery

Vinohrady Cemeteries
After his death, he was buried at first in an unmarked grave at the Vinohrady Cemetery, but now there is a marker on his grave.
President Václav Havel was a national hero whereas President Emil Hácha did not have his name put on his gravestone when he was buried in 1945.

Alois Eliáš

EliášGeneral Alois EliášPrime Minister Eliáš
Many of his colleagues and friends were arrested (including the Prime Minister Alois Eliáš) and shot or sent to concentration camps.
President Emil Hácha thought Alois Eliáš was a good choice for prime minister because the popularity acquired by Eliáš during his earlier military career would legitimise the puppet regime.

Munich Agreement

Munich CrisisMunichMunich Conference
Following the Munich Agreement, Hácha was nominated as successor to Edvard Beneš on 30 November 1938 as President of Czechoslovakia.
Czechoslovak president Emil Hácha traveled to Berlin and was left waiting, while orders to invade were already given.

Reinhard Heydrich

HeydrichR. HeydrichReinhard Tristan Eugen Heydrich
Hácha's situation changed after Reinhard Heydrich was appointed Deputy Protector of Bohemia and Moravia, as Neurath was considered not harsh enough by Hitler.
His changes to the government's structure left President Emil Hacha and his cabinet virtually powerless.

National Partnership

Two parties—Party of National Unity and National Labour Party—merged on appeal of President Emil Hácha on 21 March 1939 and established the National Partnership as a nationwide party.

Pankrác Prison

PankrácPankrac PrisonPankrác gestapo prison
Emil Hácha was arrested on 13 May and transferred immediately to Pankrác Prison.
Emil Hácha

Prague Offensive

PragueGerman-occupied Czechoslovakia "race to Prague
On 9 May 1945, Prague was liberated by the Red Army during the Prague Offensive.
On 14 May, Dr. Emil Hácha, the State President of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, was arrested in Prague.

Czechoslovakia

CzechoslovakCzechTCH
Emil Dominik Josef Hácha (12 July 1872 – 27 June 1945) was a Czech lawyer, the third President of Czechoslovakia from 1938 to 1939.

South Bohemian Region

South BohemianSouth BohemiaSouthern Bohemia
Emil Hácha was born on 12 July 1872 in the South Bohemian town of Trhové Sviny.

České Budějovice

BudweisBudějoviceČeské Budějovice (Budweis)
He graduated from a secondary school in Budweis and then applied for the law faculty at the University of Prague.

Charles University

University of PraguePragueCharles University in Prague
He graduated from a secondary school in Budweis and then applied for the law faculty at the University of Prague.

Bohemia

BohemianCzechČechy
After finishing his studies in 1896 (JUDr.) he worked for the Country Committee of the Kingdom of Bohemia in Prague (a self-government body with quite limited power).

Prague

PrahaPrague, Czech RepublicPrag
After finishing his studies in 1896 (JUDr.) he worked for the Country Committee of the Kingdom of Bohemia in Prague (a self-government body with quite limited power).

World War I

First World WarGreat WarFirst
Shortly after the outbreak of World War I, he became a judge at the Supreme Administrative Court in Vienna (the court was responsible for Cisleithania).

Vienna

VienneseVienna, AustriaWien
Shortly after the outbreak of World War I, he became a judge at the Supreme Administrative Court in Vienna (the court was responsible for Cisleithania).

Cisleithania

AustrianCisleithania (Austria)Austria
Shortly after the outbreak of World War I, he became a judge at the Supreme Administrative Court in Vienna (the court was responsible for Cisleithania).

Treaty of Versailles

VersaillesVersailles Treaty1919
After the Treaty of Versailles, Pantůček became President of the Supreme Administrative Court of the Republic of Czechoslovakia in Prague, and Hácha became a judge (1918) and Deputy President (1919) of the court.

History of Czechoslovakia (1918–1938)

CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakCzechoslovak state
After the Treaty of Versailles, Pantůček became President of the Supreme Administrative Court of the Republic of Czechoslovakia in Prague, and Hácha became a judge (1918) and Deputy President (1919) of the court.