Empire

imperialempiresimperial powerImperial statesMughal Emperorold empirescolonial empiresEmperorempiricalGermany
An empire is a sovereign state functioning as an aggregate of nations or people that are ruled over by an emperor or another kind of monarch.wikipedia
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Emperor

empressemperorsSamraat
An empire is a sovereign state functioning as an aggregate of nations or people that are ruled over by an emperor or another kind of monarch.
An emperor (from imperator, via ) is a monarch, and usually the sovereign ruler of an empire or another type of imperial realm.

Russian Empire

RussiaImperial RussiaRussian
An empire can be made solely of contiguous territories, such as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Russian Empire, or of territories far remote from the homeland, such as a colonial empire.
The Russian Empire was an empire that extended across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.

Imperialism

imperialistimperialisticimperial
The word empire is associated with such other words as imperialism, colonialism, and globalization.
This definition encompasses both nominal empires and neocolonialism.

Thalassocracy

thalassocraciesthalassocraticmaritime trading culture
The term, on occasion, has been applied to maritime empires or thalassocracies (e.g. the Athenian and British empires) with looser structures and more scattered territories.
A thalassocracy or thalattocracy (from, and ; giving ) is a state with primarily maritime realms, an empire at sea, or a seaborne empire.

Globalization

globalisationglobalizedglobal
The word empire is associated with such other words as imperialism, colonialism, and globalization.
Its antecedents date back to the great movements of trade and empire across Asia and the Indian Ocean from the 15th century onward.

Central African Empire

Central Africaabortive attempt at a monarchyCentral African
Examples of this form of empire are the Central African Empire, or the Korean Empire proclaimed in 1897 when Korea, far from gaining new territory, was on the verge of being annexed by the Empire of Japan, one of the last to use the name officially.
The Central African Empire (Empire centrafricain) was a short-lived and self-proclaimed 'Imperial' one-party state ruled by an absolute monarch that replaced the Central African Republic and was, in turn, replaced by the restoration of the Republic.

Holy Roman Empire

ImperialHoly Roman EmperorGermany
The Unification of Germany as the empire accreted to the Prussian metropole was less a military conquest of the German states than their political divorce from the Austrian Empire, which formerly ruled loosely over the Holy Roman Empire.
The largest territory of the empire after 962 was the Kingdom of Germany, though it also included the neighboring Kingdom of Bohemia and Kingdom of Italy, plus numerous other territories, and soon after the Kingdom of Burgundy was added.

Austrian Empire

AustrianAustriaAustrians
The Unification of Germany as the empire accreted to the Prussian metropole was less a military conquest of the German states than their political divorce from the Austrian Empire, which formerly ruled loosely over the Holy Roman Empire.
During its existence, it was the third most populous empire after the Russian Empire and the United Kingdom in Europe.

Achaemenid Empire

AchaemenidPersianPersian Empire
The successful and extensive Achaemenid Empire (550–330 BC), also known as the first Persian Empire, covered Mesopotamia, Egypt, parts of Greece, Thrace, the Middle East, much of Central Asia, and North-Western India.
The Achaemenid Empire (𐎧𐏁𐏂 "The Empire" c. 550–330 BC), also called the First Persian Empire, was an ancient Iranian empire based in Western Asia founded by Cyrus the Great.

Monarch

kingSovereignkings
An empire is a sovereign state functioning as an aggregate of nations or people that are ruled over by an emperor or another kind of monarch.
In fact Persian (Iranian) kingdom goes back to about 2,700 BC (see List of Kings of Persia), but reached its ultimate height and glory when King Cyrus the Great (Known as "The Great Kourosh" in Iran) started the Achaemenid dynasty, and under his rule, the Empire embraced all the previous civilized states of the ancient Near East, expanded vastly and eventually conquered most of Southwest Asia and much of Central Asia and the Caucasus.

Federation

federalfederal governmentfederal state
This is in contrast to a federation, which is an extensive state voluntarily composed of autonomous states and peoples.
An empire is a multi-ethnic state, multinational state, or a group of nations with a central government established usually through coercion (on the model of the Roman Empire).

Protectorate of the Western Regions

Protector General of the Western RegionsProtector-General of the Western RegionsProtector General
The Han Empire expanded into Central Asia and established trade through the Silk Road.
The Protectorate of the Western Regions was an imperial administration imposed by Han China – between the 2nd century BCE and 2nd century CE – on many smaller and previously independent states, which were known in China as the "Western Regions".

Axial Age

Axis AgeAxial thoughtReligions of Ancient Peoples
The Axial Age (mid-First Millennium BC) witnessed unprecedented imperial expansion in the Indo-Mediterranean region and China.
Jaspers described the Axial Age as "an interregnum between two ages of great empire, a pause for liberty, a deep breath bringing the most lucid consciousness".

Ajuran Sultanate

Ajuran EmpireAjuranAjuran period
The Ajuran Sultanate was a Somali empire in the medieval times that dominated the Indian Ocean trade.
The Ajuran Sultanate (Dawladdii Ajuuraan, دولة الأجورانيون), also spelled Ajuuraan Sultanate, and often simply as Ajuran, was a Somali empire in the medieval times that dominated the Indian ocean trade.

City-state

city statecity-statescity states
In the 15th century BC, the New Kingdom of Ancient Egypt, ruled by Thutmose III, was ancient Africa's major force upon incorporating Nubia and the ancient city-states of the Levant.
Thus they inevitably gave way to larger organisations of society, including the empire and the nation-state.

Srivijaya

Srivijaya EmpireSriwijayaSri Vijaya
In the 7th century, Maritime Southeast Asia witnessed the rise of a Buddhist thallasocracy, the Srivijaya Empire, which thrived for 600 years and was succeeded by the Hindu-Buddhist Majapahit Empire that ruled from the 13th to 15th centuries.
Srivijaya (also written Sri Vijaya or Sriwijaya in Malay), was a dominant thalassocratic Indonesian empire based on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia, which influenced much of Southeast Asia.

Peter the Great

Peter IPeter I of RussiaPeter I the Great
Moreover, Eastern Orthodox imperialism was not re-established until the coronation of Peter the Great as Emperor of Russia in 1721.
Through a number of successful wars, he expanded the Tsardom into a much larger empire that became a major European power and also laid the groundwork for the Russian navy after capturing ports at Azov and the Baltic Sea.

Delhi Sultanate

Sultanate of DelhiSultan of DelhiDelhi
In the Indian subcontinent, the Delhi Sultanate conquered most of the Indian peninsula and spread Islam across it.
The Delhi Sultanate (, undefined) was an Islamic empire based in Delhi that stretched over large parts of the Indian subcontinent for 320 years (1206–1526).

Majapahit

Majapahit EmpireMajapahit KingdomKing of Majapahit
In the 7th century, Maritime Southeast Asia witnessed the rise of a Buddhist thallasocracy, the Srivijaya Empire, which thrived for 600 years and was succeeded by the Hindu-Buddhist Majapahit Empire that ruled from the 13th to 15th centuries.
During his inauguration Gajah Mada declared his Palapa oath, revealing his plan to expand Majapahit realm and building an empire.

Metropole

metropolitanMetrópolemother country
The Unification of Germany as the empire accreted to the Prussian metropole was less a military conquest of the German states than their political divorce from the Austrian Empire, which formerly ruled loosely over the Holy Roman Empire.
Gallagher and Robinson were socialists, observing the rise of the economic power of the United States in the developing world at a time when the African colonies of the British Empire were being granted independence; both scholars held that British and American "empires" were ultimately developed along similar lines.

List of largest empires

largest empires in historylargest empireGlobal Empire
The Sui, Tang and Song empires had the world's largest economy and were the most technologically advanced during their time; the Great Yuan Empire was the world's ninth largest empire by total land area; while the Great Ming Empire is famous for the seven maritime expeditions led by Zheng He.
Rein Taagepera has defined an empire as "any relatively large sovereign political entity whose components are not sovereign" and its size as the area over which the empire has some undisputed military and taxation prerogatives, and these are the definitions used by this list.

Aztecs

AztecAztec EmpireMexica
In the pre-Columbian Americas, two Empires were prominent—the Azteca in Mesoamerica and Inca in Peru.
When used to describe ethnic groups, the term "Aztec" refers to several Nahuatl-speaking peoples of central Mexico in the postclassic period of Mesoamerican chronology, especially the Mexica, the ethnic group that had a leading role in establishing the hegemonic empire based at Tenochtitlan.

Timurid Empire

TimuridTimuridsEmperor
A similarly persistent concept of empire saw the Mongol Empire become the Khanate of the Golden Horde, the Yuan Empire of China, and the Ilkhanate before resurrection as the Timurid Empire and as the Mughal Empire.
The Timurid Empire (, Timuriyān), self-designated as Gurkani (, Gurkāniyān meaning "son-in-law" of Genghisids), was a Persianate Turco-Mongol empire comprising modern-day Uzbekistan, Iran, the southern Caucasus, Mesopotamia, Afghanistan, much of Central Asia, as well as parts of contemporary India, Pakistan, Syria and Turkey.

Sargon of Akkad

SargonSargon the GreatSargonic
The Akkadian Empire, established by Sargon of Akkad (24th century BC), was an early all-Mesopotamian empire.
Sargon of Akkad is sometimes identified as the first person in recorded history to rule over an empire (in the sense of the central government of a multi-ethnic territory), although earlier Sumerian rulers

Superstate

superstatessuper statesuper-state
The dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire after 1918 provides an example of a multi-ethnic superstate broken into constituent nation-oriented states: the republics, kingdoms, and provinces of Austria, Hungary, Transylvania, Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Czechoslovakia, Ruthenia, Galicia, et al.
It is also distinct from the concept of empire, where one nation dominates other nations through military, political, and economic power.