Empress Cao (Dou Jiande's wife)

Empress CaoLady Cao
Empress Cao (曹皇后, personal name unknown) was the wife of Dou Jiande, an agrarian rebel leader who claimed the title of Prince of Xia at the end of the Chinese dynasty Sui Dynasty.wikipedia
28 Related Articles

Dou Jiande

Xia
Empress Cao (曹皇后, personal name unknown) was the wife of Dou Jiande, an agrarian rebel leader who claimed the title of Prince of Xia at the end of the Chinese dynasty Sui Dynasty.
In 621, when the Tang dynasty general Li Shimin (later Emperor Taizong) attacked Wang Shichong the Emperor of Zheng, who ruled the modern Henan region, Dou believed that if Tang were able to destroy Zheng, his own Xia state would suffer the same fate, and therefore went to Wang's aid, against the advice of his strategist Ling Jing and his wife Empress Cao.

Emperor Taizong of Tang

Emperor TaizongLi ShiminTaizong
In 621, with Wang's Zheng state under attack by the Tang Dynasty general Li Shimin (the later Emperor Taizong), Wang sought aid from Dou.
Dou would not do so, and, against the advice of his wife Empress Cao and secretary general Ling Jing that he should instead attack Tang's prefectures in modern southern Shanxi, he marched toward Luoyang.

Wang Shichong

Zheng
(Novels fictionalizing the era generally attribute Dou's disbanding of the ladies in waiting to his love for her and her jealousy, but nothing is recorded in history suggesting that she was, in fact, jealous.) Dou himself only claimed the title of prince, not emperor, but after he heard in 619 that Wang Shichong had deposed the last emperor of Sui, Yang Tong, and declared himself the Emperor of Zheng, Dou cut off Wang and began to take on imperial style in his ceremonies, including referring to his orders as imperial edicts.
Meanwhile, Dou, against the advice of his strategist Ling Jing and his wife Empress Cao, advanced to Hulao in summer 621.

Battle of Hulao

campaigndefeated Dou and captured himdefeated in battle
He therefore continued to progress toward Luoyang, and he engaged Li at the Battle of Hulao.
The plan was supported by Dou's wife, Lady Cao, but was not adopted due to the vehement opposition of the Xia generals.

Pei Ju

Qi, the former Sui official Pei Ju, and Empress Cao's brother Cao Dan then accompanied her, carrying the treasures and the imperial seals Dou took after defeating Yuwen, and they surrendered to Tang forces.
His wife Empress Cao and a number of generals fled back to the Xia capital Ming Prefecture (洺州, in modern Handan, Hebei) and considered supporting an adoptive son of Dou Jiande as Prince of Xia and continuing to resist Tang, but at the urging of the official Qi Shanxing, Xia forces were disbanded.

History of China

Chineseimperial Chinaancient China
Empress Cao (曹皇后, personal name unknown) was the wife of Dou Jiande, an agrarian rebel leader who claimed the title of Prince of Xia at the end of the Chinese dynasty Sui Dynasty.

Sui dynasty

SuiSui ChinaSui Empire
Empress Cao (曹皇后, personal name unknown) was the wife of Dou Jiande, an agrarian rebel leader who claimed the title of Prince of Xia at the end of the Chinese dynasty Sui Dynasty.

Hebei

Hebei ProvinceHopeiHopeh
She was said to be frugal in her living, as even after Dou conquered modern Hebei and had substantial holdings, she had no decoration on her clothing, and only had less than 10 maids attending her. Your Royal Highness should enter through Fukou [(滏口, in modern Handan, Hebei)] into Tang's weak spot.

Yuwen Huaji

Woomun Hwa GeubXuYu-man Fa-kup
After Dou defeated and killed Yuwen Huaji, who carried a large number of ladies in waiting of Emperor Yang of Sui in his possession, Dou disbanded the ladies in waiting.

Lady-in-waiting

lady in waitingladies-in-waitingladies in waiting
After Dou defeated and killed Yuwen Huaji, who carried a large number of ladies in waiting of Emperor Yang of Sui in his possession, Dou disbanded the ladies in waiting.

Emperor Yang of Sui

Emperor YangYang GuangYángdi
After Dou defeated and killed Yuwen Huaji, who carried a large number of ladies in waiting of Emperor Yang of Sui in his possession, Dou disbanded the ladies in waiting.

Yang Tong

Gong of SuiYangtongYáng Tóng
(Novels fictionalizing the era generally attribute Dou's disbanding of the ladies in waiting to his love for her and her jealousy, but nothing is recorded in history suggesting that she was, in fact, jealous.) Dou himself only claimed the title of prince, not emperor, but after he heard in 619 that Wang Shichong had deposed the last emperor of Sui, Yang Tong, and declared himself the Emperor of Zheng, Dou cut off Wang and began to take on imperial style in his ceremonies, including referring to his orders as imperial edicts.

Emperor

empressemperorsSamraat
(Novels fictionalizing the era generally attribute Dou's disbanding of the ladies in waiting to his love for her and her jealousy, but nothing is recorded in history suggesting that she was, in fact, jealous.) Dou himself only claimed the title of prince, not emperor, but after he heard in 619 that Wang Shichong had deposed the last emperor of Sui, Yang Tong, and declared himself the Emperor of Zheng, Dou cut off Wang and began to take on imperial style in his ceremonies, including referring to his orders as imperial edicts.

Tang dynasty

TangTang ChinaTang Empire
In 621, with Wang's Zheng state under attack by the Tang Dynasty general Li Shimin (the later Emperor Taizong), Wang sought aid from Dou.

Luoyang

ChengzhouLuoyang CityLuoyang, China
As he approached Luoyang, his strategist Ling Jing suggested that instead of heading to Zheng's capital Luoyang, which Li was sieging, that he attack Tang's Fen (汾州, roughly modern Lüliang, Shanxi) and Jin (晉州, roughly modern Linfen, Shanxi) Prefectures and be poised to further attack Tang's capital Chang'an in order to seize Tang territory as well as force Li to give up the siege on Luoyang.

Lüliang

Lüliang CityLvliangLüliang Prefecture
As he approached Luoyang, his strategist Ling Jing suggested that instead of heading to Zheng's capital Luoyang, which Li was sieging, that he attack Tang's Fen (汾州, roughly modern Lüliang, Shanxi) and Jin (晉州, roughly modern Linfen, Shanxi) Prefectures and be poised to further attack Tang's capital Chang'an in order to seize Tang territory as well as force Li to give up the siege on Luoyang.

Shanxi

Shanxi ProvinceShansiShangxi
As he approached Luoyang, his strategist Ling Jing suggested that instead of heading to Zheng's capital Luoyang, which Li was sieging, that he attack Tang's Fen (汾州, roughly modern Lüliang, Shanxi) and Jin (晉州, roughly modern Linfen, Shanxi) Prefectures and be poised to further attack Tang's capital Chang'an in order to seize Tang territory as well as force Li to give up the siege on Luoyang.

Linfen

PingyangLinfen PrefectureJìnzhōu
As he approached Luoyang, his strategist Ling Jing suggested that instead of heading to Zheng's capital Luoyang, which Li was sieging, that he attack Tang's Fen (汾州, roughly modern Lüliang, Shanxi) and Jin (晉州, roughly modern Linfen, Shanxi) Prefectures and be poised to further attack Tang's capital Chang'an in order to seize Tang territory as well as force Li to give up the siege on Luoyang.

Chang'an

ChanganChang-AnChang’an
As he approached Luoyang, his strategist Ling Jing suggested that instead of heading to Zheng's capital Luoyang, which Li was sieging, that he attack Tang's Fen (汾州, roughly modern Lüliang, Shanxi) and Jin (晉州, roughly modern Linfen, Shanxi) Prefectures and be poised to further attack Tang's capital Chang'an in order to seize Tang territory as well as force Li to give up the siege on Luoyang.

Handan

Handan, ChinaHandan CityHándān
Your Royal Highness should enter through Fukou [(滏口, in modern Handan, Hebei)] into Tang's weak spot.

Taihang Mountains

TaihangTaihang MountainMount Taihang
Connect your camps and capture the area north of the Taihang Mountains.

Göktürks

TujueGöktürkGokturks
This, combined with Tujue's pillages against Guanzhong [(Tang's capital region)], will force Tang forces to withdraw to save themselves.

Guanzhong

Guanzhong PlaincentralGuanzhong Plains
This, combined with Tujue's pillages against Guanzhong [(Tang's capital region)], will force Tang forces to withdraw to save themselves.

Emperor Gaozu of Tang

Emperor GaozuLi YuanGaozu
Li took both Dou and Wang back to Chang'an to be presented to his father Emperor Gaozu of Tang, who executed Dou.

Guangfu, Hebei

MingzhouGuangfuGuangfu Ancient City
The Xia forces withdrew to the Xia capital at Mingzhou (present-day Guangfu) and considered declaring Dou's adopted son as prince.