Endoscopy

endoscopicendoscopesendoscopeendoscopic surgeryendoscopiesendoscopicallydiagnostic endoscopyendoscopic treatmentEndoscopy Unitendoscopy, digestive system
An endoscopy (looking inside) is used in medicine to look inside the body.wikipedia
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Medical imaging

imagingdiagnostic imagingdiagnostic radiology
Unlike many other medical imaging techniques, endoscopes are inserted directly into the organ.
As a discipline and in its widest sense, it is part of biological imaging and incorporates radiology, which uses the imaging technologies of X-ray radiography, magnetic resonance imaging, medical ultrasonography or ultrasound, endoscopy, elastography, tactile imaging, thermography, medical photography, and nuclear medicine functional imaging techniques as positron emission tomography (PET) and single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT).

Esophagogastroduodenoscopy

gastroscopygastroscopeupper endoscopy
Most often the term endoscopy is used to refer to an examination of the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract, known as an esophagogastroduodenoscopy.
Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD; ), also called by various other names, is a diagnostic endoscopic procedure that visualizes the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract down to the duodenum.

Endoscope

endoscopicendoscopicallyendoscopy
The endoscopy procedure uses an endoscope to examine the interior of a hollow organ or cavity of the body.
An endoscope is an illuminated optical, typically slender and tubular instrument (a type of borescope) used to look deep into the body and used in procedures called an endoscopy.

Medicine

medicalmedical scienceclinical medicine
An endoscopy (looking inside) is used in medicine to look inside the body.
These include both ambulatory care and inpatient services, Emergency departments, intensive care medicine, surgery services, physical therapy, labor and delivery, endoscopy units, diagnostic laboratory and medical imaging services, hospice centers, etc. Some primary care providers may also take care of hospitalized patients and deliver babies in a secondary care setting.

Colonoscopy

colonoscopiescolonoscopecolonoscopes
Colonoscopy or coloscopy is the endoscopic examination of the large bowel and the distal part of the small bowel with a CCD camera or a fiber optic camera on a flexible tube passed through the anus.

Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography

ERCPcholangiopancreatography, endoscopic retrogradeendoscopic retrograde cholangio pancreatography (ERCP)
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a technique that combines the use of endoscopy and fluoroscopy to diagnose and treat certain problems of the biliary or pancreatic ductal systems.

Gastrointestinal bleeding

gastrointestinal hemorrhagebleedinggastrointestinal bleed
Endoscopy may be used to investigate symptoms in the digestive system including nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, difficulty swallowing, and gastrointestinal bleeding.
Endoscopy of the lower and upper gastrointestinal tract may locate the area of bleeding.

Barrett's esophagus

Barrett's oesophagusBarrett’s esophagusBarrett esophagus
Specialty professional organizations which specialize in digestive problems advise that many patients with Barrett's esophagus are too frequently receiving endoscopies.
Barrett's esophagus is diagnosed by endoscopy: observing the characteristic appearance of this condition by direct inspection of the lower esophagus; followed by microscopic examination of tissue from the affected area obtained from biopsy.

Esophagus

oesophagusesophageallower esophageal sphincter
Clinical investigations include X-rays when swallowing barium, endoscopy, and CT scans.

Bronchoscopy

bronchoscopebronchoscopicbronchoscopies
Bronchoscopy is an endoscopic technique of visualizing the inside of the airways for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.

John Macintyre

Dr John Macintyre
The self-illuminated endoscope was developed at Glasgow Royal Infirmary in Scotland (one of the first hospitals to have mains electricity) in 1894/5 by Dr John Macintyre as part of his specialization in investigation of the larynx.
As part of his interest in the larynx he was responsible for creating the first self-illuminated endoscope around 1894/5.

Cystoscopy

cystoscopecystourethroscopycystourethroscope
Cystoscopy is endoscopy of the urinary bladder via the urethra.

Sigmoidoscopy

sigmoidoscopeflexible sigmoidoscopyproctosigmoidoscopy
There are two types of sigmoidoscopy: flexible sigmoidoscopy, which uses a flexible endoscope, and rigid sigmoidoscopy, which uses a rigid device.

Hysteroscopy

hysteroscopichysteroscopehysteroscopic surgery
Later, smaller bulbs became available making internal light possible, for instance in a hysteroscope by Charles David in 1908.
Hysteroscopy is the inspection of the uterine cavity by endoscopy with access through the cervix.

Gastrointestinal tract

intestinegastrointestinaldigestive tract
Most often the term endoscopy is used to refer to an examination of the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract, known as an esophagogastroduodenoscopy.

Laparoscopy

laparoscopiclaparoscopic surgerylaparoscopically
Hans Christian Jacobaeus has been given credit for the first large published series of endoscopic explorations of the abdomen and the thorax with laparoscopy (1912) and thoracoscopy (1910) although the first reported thoracoscopic examination in a human was also by Cruise.
Laparoscopic and thoracoscopic surgery belong to the broader field of endoscopy.

Laryngoscopy

laryngoscopeindirect laryngoscopyvideo laryngoscopes
Laryngoscopy is endoscopy of the larynx, a part of the throat.

Abdominal pain

stomach acheupset stomachabdominal discomfort
Endoscopy may be used to investigate symptoms in the digestive system including nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, difficulty swallowing, and gastrointestinal bleeding.

Rectum

rectalrectallyrectal ampulla
Colonoscopy and sigmoidoscopy are forms of endoscopy that use a guided camera to view the rectum.

Stomach

gastriccardiafundus
Another method of examination of the stomach, is the use of an endoscope.

Endoscopic endonasal surgery

Endoscopic sinus surgeryendoscopic endonasal surgeriesendoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal pituitary tumor resection
A neurosurgeon or an otolaryngologist, using an endoscope that is entered through the nose, fixes or removes brain defects or tumors in the anterior skull base.

Architectural endoscopy

In architecture the rigid endoscope is called a Relatoskop (German), relatoscop (French), borescope, etc. In this article, 'endoscope' is used as a generic term.

Duodenum

duodenaldodecadactylumduodenal cap
Duodenal ulcers may cause recurrent abdominal pain and dyspepsia, and are often investigated using a urea breath test to test for the bacteria, and endoscopy to confirm ulceration and take a biopsy.

Large intestine

coloncolorectallarge bowel
Colonoscopy is the endoscopic examination of the large intestine and the distal part of the small bowel with a CCD camera or a fiber optic camera on a flexible tube passed through the anus.