A report on Engineering and Robotics

The InSight lander with solar panels deployed in a cleanroom
The Shadow robot hand system
The steam engine, the major driver in the Industrial Revolution, underscores the importance of engineering in modern history. This beam engine is on display in the Technical University of Madrid.
Mechanical construction
Relief map of the Citadel of Lille, designed in 1668 by Vauban, the foremost military engineer of his age.
Electrical aspect
The Ancient Romans built aqueducts to bring a steady supply of clean and fresh water to cities and towns in the empire.
A level of programming
A water-powered mine hoist used for raising ore, ca. 1556
The InSight lander with solar panels deployed in a cleanroom
The application of the steam engine allowed coke to be substituted for charcoal in iron making, lowering the cost of iron, which provided engineers with a new material for building bridges. This bridge was made of cast iron, which was soon displaced by less brittle wrought iron as a structural material
A robotic leg powered by air muscles
Jumbo Jet
KUKA industrial robot operating in a foundry
Offshore platform, Gulf of Mexico
Puma, one of the first industrial robots
The solar furnace at Odeillo in the Pyrénées-Orientales in France can reach temperatures up to 3500 C
Baxter, a modern and versatile industrial robot developed by Rodney Brooks
Hoover Dam
Lefty, first checker playing robot
Electric motor
Segway in the Robot museum in Nagoya
Design of a turbine requires collaboration of engineers from many fields, as the system involves mechanical, electro-magnetic and chemical processes. The blades, rotor and stator as well as the steam cycle all need to be carefully designed and optimized.
TALON military robots used by the United States Army
A drawing for a booster engine for steam locomotives. Engineering is applied to design, with emphasis on function and the utilization of mathematics and science.
Two robot snakes. Left one has 64 motors (with 2 degrees of freedom per segment), the right one 10.
A computer simulation of high velocity air flow around a Space Shuttle orbiter during re-entry. Solutions to the flow require modelling of the combined effects of fluid flow and the heat equations.
Capuchin, a climbing robot
Graphic representation of a minute fraction of the WWW, demonstrating hyperlinks
Robotic Fish: iSplash-II
Robotic Kismet can produce a range of facial expressions.
The autonomous sailboat robot Vaimos
Radar, GPS, lidar, ... are all combined to provide proper navigation and obstacle avoidance (vehicle developed for 2007 DARPA Urban Challenge)
Radar, GPS, and lidar, are all combined to provide proper navigation and obstacle avoidance (vehicle developed for 2007 DARPA Urban Challenge)
Engineers, scientists and technicians at work on target positioner inside National Ignition Facility (NIF) target chamber
Kismet can produce a range of facial expressions.
The International Space Station is used to conduct science experiments in space
Puppet Magnus, a robot-manipulated marionette with complex control systems.
A 3 tesla clinical MRI scanner.
Experimental planar robot arm and sensor-based, open-architecture robot controller developed at Sunderland University, UK in 2000
Genetically engineered mice expressing green fluorescent protein, which glows green under blue light. The central mouse is wild-type.
RuBot II can manually resolve Rubik's cubes.
Leonardo da Vinci, seen here in a self-portrait, has been described as the epitome of the artist/engineer. He is also known for his studies on human anatomy and physiology.
TOPIO, a humanoid robot, played ping pong at Tokyo IREX 2009.
Two Jet Propulsion Laboratory engineers stand with three vehicles, providing a size comparison of three generations of Mars rovers. Front and center is the flight spare for the first Mars rover, Sojourner, which landed on Mars in 1997 as part of the Mars Pathfinder Project. On the left is a Mars Exploration Rover (MER) test vehicle that is a working sibling to Spirit and Opportunity, which landed on Mars in 2004. On the right is a test rover for the Mars Science Laboratory, which landed Curiosity on Mars in 2012. Sojourner is 65 cm long. The Mars Exploration Rovers (MER) are 1.6 m long. Curiosity on the right is 3 m long.
The SCORBOT-ER 4u educational robot
A robot technician builds small all-terrain robots. (Courtesy: MobileRobots, Inc.)

Robotics is an interdisciplinary branch of computer science and engineering.

- Robotics

Some of Archimedes' inventions as well as the Antikythera mechanism required sophisticated knowledge of differential gearing or epicyclic gearing, two key principles in machine theory that helped design the gear trains of the Industrial Revolution, and are still widely used today in diverse fields such as robotics and automotive engineering.

- Engineering
The InSight lander with solar panels deployed in a cleanroom

6 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Mechatronic system

Mechatronics

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Mechatronic system
Aerial Euler diagram from RPI's website describes the fields that make up mechatronics
Applied mechatronics

Mechatronics, also called mechatronics engineering, is a sub major of mechanical engineering and an interdisciplinary branch of engineering that focuses on the integration of mechanical, electronic and electrical engineering systems, and also includes a combination of robotics, electronics, computer science, telecommunications, systems, control, and product engineering.

Engineering cybernetics deals with the question of control engineering of mechatronic systems.

Electrical engineering

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The discoveries of Michael Faraday formed the foundation of electric motor technology.
Guglielmo Marconi, known for his pioneering work on long-distance radio transmission
A replica of the first working transistor, a point-contact transistor
Metal–oxide–semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET), the basic building block of modern electronics
The top of a power pole
Satellite dishes are a crucial component in the analysis of satellite information.
Control systems play a critical role in spaceflight.
Electronic components
Microprocessor
A Bayer filter on a CCD requires signal processing to get a red, green, and blue value at each pixel.
Flight instruments provide pilots with the tools to control aircraft analytically.
Supercomputers are used in fields as diverse as computational biology and geographic information systems.
The Bird VIP Infant ventilator
Oscilloscope
An example circuit diagram, which is useful in circuit design and troubleshooting.
Belgian electrical engineers inspecting the rotor of a 40,000 kilowatt turbine of the General Electric Company in New York City
The IEEE corporate office is on the 17th floor of 3 Park Avenue in New York City
Satellite communications is typical of what electrical engineers work on.
The Shadow robot hand system
A laser bouncing down an acrylic rod, illustrating the total internal reflection of light in a multi-mode optical fiber.
Radome at the Misawa Air Base Misawa Security Operations Center, Misawa, Japan

Electrical engineering is an engineering discipline concerned with the study, design, and application of equipment, devices, and systems which use electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism.

Control engineers also work in robotics to design autonomous systems using control algorithms which interpret sensory feedback to control actuators that move robots such as autonomous vehicles, autonomous drones and others used in a variety of industries.

Archimedes' screw was operated by hand and could efficiently raise water, as the animated red ball demonstrates.

Mechanical engineering

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Archimedes' screw was operated by hand and could efficiently raise water, as the animated red ball demonstrates.
Mohr's circle, a common tool to study stresses in a mechanical element
Training FMS with learning robot SCORBOT-ER 4u, workbench CNC Mill and CNC Lathe
A CAD model of a mechanical double seal
An oblique view of a four-cylinder inline crankshaft with pistons
Composite cloth consisting of woven carbon fiber

Mechanical engineering is an engineering branch that combines engineering physics and mathematics principles with materials science, to design, analyze, manufacture, and maintain mechanical systems.

In addition to these core principles, mechanical engineers use tools such as computer-aided design (CAD), computer-aided manufacturing (CAM), and product lifecycle management to design and analyze manufacturing plants, industrial equipment and machinery, heating and cooling systems, transport systems, aircraft, watercraft, robotics, medical devices, weapons, and others.

This computer motherboard used in a personal computer is the result of computer engineering efforts.

Computer engineering

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Branch of electrical engineering that integrates several fields of computer science and electronic engineering required to develop computer hardware and software.

Branch of electrical engineering that integrates several fields of computer science and electronic engineering required to develop computer hardware and software.

This computer motherboard used in a personal computer is the result of computer engineering efforts.
The Difference Engine, the first mechanical computer.
ENIAC, the first electronic computer.
Source code written in the C programming language.
Windows 10, an example of an operating system.
An example of a computer CPU.
An example of a humanoid robot.
Examples of devices that use embedded systems.

Computer engineers are also suited for robotics research, which relies heavily on using digital systems to control and monitor electrical systems like motors, communications, and sensors.

Other institutions may require engineering students to complete one or two years of general engineering before declaring computer engineering as their primary focus.

Velcro was inspired by the tiny hooks found on the surface of burs.

Bionics

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Velcro was inspired by the tiny hooks found on the surface of burs.
Lotus leaf surface, rendered: microscopic view

Bionics or biologically inspired engineering is the application of biological methods and systems found in nature to the study and design of engineering systems and modern technology.

In robotics, bionics and biomimetics are used to apply the way animals move to the design of robots. BionicKangaroo was based on the movements and physiology of kangaroos.

A steam turbine with the case opened. Such turbines produce most of the electricity used today. Electricity consumption and living standards are highly correlated.

Technology

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Result of accumulated knowledge and application of skills, methods, and processes used in industrial production and scientific research.

Result of accumulated knowledge and application of skills, methods, and processes used in industrial production and scientific research.

A steam turbine with the case opened. Such turbines produce most of the electricity used today. Electricity consumption and living standards are highly correlated.
Hand axes from the Acheulian period
An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools
The wheel was invented circa 4000 BCE.
Photograph of the Pont du Gard in France, one of the most famous ancient Roman aqueducts
The automobile revolutionized personal transportation.
Luddites smashing a power loom in 1812
The rear wheel of a bicycle
The flame of a gas stove.
This adult gorilla uses a branch as a walking stick to gauge the water's depth, an example of technology usage by non-human primates.
Antoine Lavoisier experimenting with combustion generated by amplified sun light

Scientific advances and the discovery of new concepts later allowed for powered flight and developments in medicine, chemistry, physics, and engineering.

Nikolas Kompridis has also written about the dangers of new technology, such as genetic engineering, nanotechnology, synthetic biology, and robotics.