English language

EnglishEnglish-languageenanglophoneEnglish-speakingEng.:EngEnglish translationEnglish as a Second LanguageEnglish:
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and eventually became a global lingua franca.wikipedia
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Germanic languages

GermanicGermanic languageGerman
It is closely related to the Frisian languages, but its vocabulary has been significantly influenced by other Germanic languages, particularly Norse (a North Germanic language), and to a greater extent Latin and French. English is an Indo-European language and belongs to the West Germanic group of the Germanic languages.
The West Germanic languages include the three most widely spoken Germanic languages: English with around 360-400 million native speakers; German, with over 100 million native speakers; and Dutch, with 24 million native speakers.

Old English

Anglo-SaxonSaxonAnglo Saxon
The earliest forms of English, a set of West Germanic (Ingvaeonic) dialects brought to Great Britain by Anglo-Saxon settlers in the 5th century, are collectively called Old English. Old English originated from a Germanic tribal and linguistic continuum along the Frisian North Sea coast, whose languages gradually evolved into the Anglic languages on the British Isles, and into the Frisian languages and Low German/Low Saxon on the continent.
Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc, ), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.

Early Modern English

EnglishEarly ModernElizabethan English
Early Modern English began in the late 15th century with the introduction of the printing press to London, the printing of the King James Bible and the start of the Great Vowel Shift.
Early Modern English, Early New English (sometimes abbreviated to EModE, EMnE or EME) is the stage of the English language from the beginning of the Tudor period to the English Interregnum and Restoration, or from the transition from Middle English, in the late 15th century, to the transition to Modern English, in the mid-to-late 17th century.

British Empire

BritishEmpireBritain
Through the worldwide influence of the British Empire, Modern English spread around the world from the 17th to mid-20th centuries.
As a result, its political, legal, linguistic and cultural legacy is widespread.

Latin

Lat.Latin languagelat
It is closely related to the Frisian languages, but its vocabulary has been significantly influenced by other Germanic languages, particularly Norse (a North Germanic language), and to a greater extent Latin and French.
Latin, Greek, and French have contributed many words to the English language.

World language

global languageinternational languageworld languages
Through all types of printed and electronic media, and spurred by the emergence of the United States as a global superpower, English has become the leading language of international discourse and the lingua franca in many regions and professional contexts such as science, navigation and law.
One of the most widely spoken and fastest spreading world languages today is English, which has over 980,000,000 first- and second-language users worldwide.

Modern English

EnglishModern18th century
Through the worldwide influence of the British Empire, Modern English spread around the world from the 17th to mid-20th centuries.
Modern English (sometimes New English or NE as opposed to Middle English and Old English) is the form of the English language spoken since the Great Vowel Shift in England, which began in the late 14th century and was completed in roughly 1550.

List of territorial entities where English is an official language

English-speaking countriesEnglish-the full list
It is the most widely learned second language and is either the official language or one of the official languages in almost 60 sovereign states.
The following is a list of territories where English is an official language, that is, a language used in citizen interactions with government officials.

Old Norse

NorseOld ScandinavianON
It is closely related to the Frisian languages, but its vocabulary has been significantly influenced by other Germanic languages, particularly Norse (a North Germanic language), and to a greater extent Latin and French.
Old Norse also had an influence on English dialects and Lowland Scots, which contain many Old Norse loanwords.

Official language

official languagesofficialadministrative language
It is the most widely learned second language and is either the official language or one of the official languages in almost 60 sovereign states.
English is the most common official language, with recognized status in 51 countries.

English as a lingua franca

become the ''lingua francade facto global languageEnglish functions as a lingua franca
Through all types of printed and electronic media, and spurred by the emergence of the United States as a global superpower, English has become the leading language of international discourse and the lingua franca in many regions and professional contexts such as science, navigation and law.
English as a lingua franca (ELF) is the use of the English language as "a common means of communication for speakers of different first languages".

Languages of the European Union

EU languagesofficial languages of the European UnionLanguages of the EU
It is a co-official language of the United Nations, the European Union and many other world and regional international organisations.
The EU has 24 official languages, of which three (English, French and German) have the higher status of "procedural" languages of the European Commission (whereas the European Parliament accepts all official languages as working languages ).

List of languages by number of native speakers

numbermost spoken languages10th most spoken language in the world
English is the third most-spoken native language in the world, after Standard Chinese and Spanish.
Conversely, many commonly accepted languages, including German, Italian and even English, encompass varieties that are not mutually intelligible.

Official languages of the United Nations

six official languagesOfficial languages United Nations
It is a co-official language of the United Nations, the European Union and many other world and regional international organisations.
English (British English with Oxford spelling)

Ireland

🇮🇪IrishIRL
English is the most commonly spoken language in the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Australia, Ireland and New Zealand, and it is widely spoken in some areas of the Caribbean, Africa and South Asia.
The island's culture shares many features with that of Great Britain, including the English language, and sports such as association football, rugby, horse racing, and golf.

United Kingdom

British🇬🇧UK
English is the most commonly spoken language in the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Australia, Ireland and New Zealand, and it is widely spoken in some areas of the Caribbean, Africa and South Asia.
languages = English

New Zealand

🇳🇿NZLNZ
English is the most commonly spoken language in the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Australia, Ireland and New Zealand, and it is widely spoken in some areas of the Caribbean, Africa and South Asia.
The official languages are English, Māori, and NZ Sign Language, with English being very dominant.

French language

FrenchfrancophoneFrench-language
It is closely related to the Frisian languages, but its vocabulary has been significantly influenced by other Germanic languages, particularly Norse (a North Germanic language), and to a greater extent Latin and French.
In 2011, Bloomberg Businessweek ranked French the third most useful language for business, after English and Standard Mandarin Chinese.

Caribbean

West Indiesthe CaribbeanWest Indian
English is the most commonly spoken language in the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Australia, Ireland and New Zealand, and it is widely spoken in some areas of the Caribbean, Africa and South Asia.
From January 3, 1958, to May 31, 1962, there was also a short-lived political union called the West Indies Federation composed of ten English-speaking Caribbean territories, all of which were then British dependencies.

Indo-European languages

Indo-EuropeanIndo-European languageIndo-European language family
English is an Indo-European language and belongs to the West Germanic group of the Germanic languages.
The most widely spoken Indo-European languages by native speakers are Hindustani (Hindi-Urdu), Spanish, English, Portuguese, Bengali, Punjabi, and Russian, each with over 100 million speakers, with German, French, Marathi, Italian, and Persian also having more than 50 million.

Angles

AnglianAngleAngulus sp.
Named after the Angles, one of the Germanic tribes that migrated to the area of Great Britain that would later take their name, England, both names ultimately deriving from the Anglia peninsula in the Baltic Sea.
In any case, the Angles may have been called such because they were a fishing people or were originally descended from such, so England would mean "land of the fishermen", and English would be "the fishermen's language".

West Germanic languages

West GermanicWest Germanic languageWest
English is an Indo-European language and belongs to the West Germanic group of the Germanic languages. English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and eventually became a global lingua franca.
The three most prevalent West Germanic languages are English, German, and Dutch.

Low German

Low SaxonLow German/Low Saxonnds
Old English originated from a Germanic tribal and linguistic continuum along the Frisian North Sea coast, whose languages gradually evolved into the Anglic languages on the British Isles, and into the Frisian languages and Low German/Low Saxon on the continent.
Low German is most closely related to Frisian and English, with which it forms the Ingvaeonic group of the West Germanic languages.

Anglia (peninsula)

AngliaAngelAngelner Hügelland
Named after the Angles, one of the Germanic tribes that migrated to the area of Great Britain that would later take their name, England, both names ultimately deriving from the Anglia peninsula in the Baltic Sea.
Both England and the English language, thus, ultimately derive at least their names from Anglia.

Frisia

FrieslandFrisianFriesian
Old English originated from a Germanic tribal and linguistic continuum along the Frisian North Sea coast, whose languages gradually evolved into the Anglic languages on the British Isles, and into the Frisian languages and Low German/Low Saxon on the continent.
Frisia is the traditional homeland of the Frisians, a Germanic people that speaks Frisian languages, which together with English and Scots form the Anglo-Frisian language group.