English language

EnglishEnglish-languageenanglophoneEnglish-speakingEng.:EngEnglish:English as a Second LanguageEnglish translation
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and eventually became a global lingua franca.wikipedia
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England

🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿EnglishENG
It is named after the Angles, one of the Germanic tribes that migrated to the area of Great Britain that later took their name, as England.
The English language, the Anglican Church, and English law – the basis for the common law legal systems of many other countries around the world – developed in England, and the country's parliamentary system of government has been widely adopted by other nations.

Germanic languages

GermanicGermanic languageGerman
The language is closely related to Frisian and Low Saxon, and its vocabulary has been significantly influenced by other Germanic languages, particularly Norse (a North Germanic language), and to a greater extent by Latin and French.
The most widely spoken Germanic language, English, is the world's most widely spoken language with an estimated 2 billion speakers.

Low German

Low SaxonPlattdeutschLow German language
The language is closely related to Frisian and Low Saxon, and its vocabulary has been significantly influenced by other Germanic languages, particularly Norse (a North Germanic language), and to a greater extent by Latin and French.
Low German is most closely related to Frisian and English, with which it forms the North Sea Germanic group of the West Germanic languages.

Old English

Anglo-SaxonSaxonAnglo Saxon
The earliest forms of English, a group of West Germanic (Ingvaeonic) dialects brought to Great Britain by Anglo-Saxon settlers in the 5th century, are collectively called Old English.
Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc, ), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.

Early Modern English

Elizabethan EnglishEnglishShakespearean English
Early Modern English began in the late 15th century with the introduction of the printing press to London, the printing of the King James Bible and the start of the Great Vowel Shift.
Early Modern English or Early New English (sometimes abbreviated to EModE, EMnE, or EME) is the stage of the English language from the beginning of the Tudor period to the English Interregnum and Restoration, or from the transition from Middle English, in the late 15th century, to the transition to Modern English, in the mid-to-late 17th century.

Latin

Latin languageLat.la
The language is closely related to Frisian and Low Saxon, and its vocabulary has been significantly influenced by other Germanic languages, particularly Norse (a North Germanic language), and to a greater extent by Latin and French.
Latin has contributed many words to the English language.

British Empire

BritishEmpireBritain
Modern English has been spreading around the world since the 17th century by the worldwide influence of the British Empire and the United States.
As a result, its political, legal, linguistic and cultural legacy is widespread.

World language

global languageWorld Languagesinternational language
Through all types of printed and electronic media of these countries, English has become the leading language of international discourse and the lingua franca in many regions and professional contexts such as science, navigation and law.
The most widely spoken (and likely the fastest spreading) world language today is English, with over 1.1 billion native and second-language users worldwide.

Modern English

EnglishModern18th century
Modern English has been spreading around the world since the 17th century by the worldwide influence of the British Empire and the United States.
Modern English (sometimes New English or NE (ME) as opposed to Middle English and Old English) is the form of the English language spoken since the Great Vowel Shift in England, which began in the late 14th century and was completed in roughly 1550.

List of territorial entities where English is an official language

English-speaking countriesList of countries where English is an official languageEnglish-
It is the most widely learned second language and is either the official language or one of the official languages in almost 60 sovereign states.
]]The following is a list of territories where English is an official language, that is, a language used in citizen interactions with government officials.

Old Norse

NorseOld IcelandicOld West Norse
The language is closely related to Frisian and Low Saxon, and its vocabulary has been significantly influenced by other Germanic languages, particularly Norse (a North Germanic language), and to a greater extent by Latin and French.
Old Norse also had an influence on English dialects and Lowland Scots, which contain many Old Norse loanwords.

Official language

official languagesofficialadministrative language
It is the most widely learned second language and is either the official language or one of the official languages in almost 60 sovereign states.
English is the most common official language, with recognized status in 51 countries.

Anglo-Saxons

Anglo-SaxonSaxonAnglo Saxon
The earliest forms of English, a group of West Germanic (Ingvaeonic) dialects brought to Great Britain by Anglo-Saxon settlers in the 5th century, are collectively called Old English.
Anglo-Saxon in linguistics is still used as a term for the original West Germanic component of the modern English language, which was later expanded and developed through the influence of Old Norse and Norman French, though linguists now more often refer to it as Old English.

English as a lingua franca

become the ''lingua francade facto global languageEnglish functions as a lingua franca
Through all types of printed and electronic media of these countries, English has become the leading language of international discourse and the lingua franca in many regions and professional contexts such as science, navigation and law.
English as a lingua franca (ELF) is the use of the English language as "a common means of communication for speakers of different first languages".

List of languages by number of native speakers

numbermost spoken languages20 languages with the largest numbers of native speakers
English is the largest language by number of speakers, and the third most-spoken native language in the world, after Standard Chinese and Spanish.
Conversely, many commonly accepted languages, including German, Italian and even English, encompass varieties that are not mutually intelligible.

Languages of the European Union

EU languagesofficial languages of the European UnionLanguages of the EU
It is a co-official language of the United Nations, the European Union and many other world and regional international organisations.
The EU has 24 official languages, of which three (English, French and German) have the higher status of "procedural" languages of the European Commission (whereas the European Parliament accepts all official languages as working languages ).

New Zealand

NZLNZKiwi
English is the majority native language in the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and the Republic of Ireland, and it is widely spoken in some areas of the Caribbean, Africa and South Asia.
The official languages are English, Māori, and New Zealand Sign Language, with English being very dominant.

Germanic peoples

GermanicGermanic tribesGermanic tribe
It is named after the Angles, one of the Germanic tribes that migrated to the area of Great Britain that later took their name, as England.
Modern speakers of English still use the word "Teutons" to describe Germanic peoples.

Official languages of the United Nations

six official languagesofficial language of the United Nationsco-official language of the United Nations
It is a co-official language of the United Nations, the European Union and many other world and regional international organisations.
Hindi is the fourth most-spoken first language in the world, after Mandarin, Spanish and English.

French language

FrenchfrancophoneFrench-language
The language is closely related to Frisian and Low Saxon, and its vocabulary has been significantly influenced by other Germanic languages, particularly Norse (a North Germanic language), and to a greater extent by Latin and French.
In 2011, Bloomberg Businessweek ranked French the third most useful language for business, after English and Standard Mandarin Chinese.

Caribbean

the CaribbeanWest IndiesWest Indian
English is the majority native language in the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and the Republic of Ireland, and it is widely spoken in some areas of the Caribbean, Africa and South Asia.
From January 3, 1958, to May 31, 1962, there was also a short-lived political union called the West Indies Federation composed of ten English-speaking Caribbean territories, all of which were then British dependencies.

Anglia (peninsula)

AngelnAngliaAngel
Both names derive from Anglia, a peninsula in the Baltic Sea.
England, East, Mid and West Anglia as well as the English language, thus, ultimately derive at least their names from Anglia.

German language

GermanGerman-languageGerman-speaking
...... German (High):
The languages that are most similar to German are the other members of the West Germanic language branch, including Afrikaans, Dutch, English, the Frisian languages, Low German/Low Saxon, Luxembourgish, and Yiddish.

West Germanic languages

West GermanicWest Germanic languageWest
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and eventually became a global lingua franca.
The three most prevalent West Germanic languages are English, German, and Dutch.

Angles

AnglianAngulusAnglii
It is named after the Angles, one of the Germanic tribes that migrated to the area of Great Britain that later took their name, as England.
In any case, the Angles may have been called such because they were a fishing people or were originally descended from such, so England would mean "land of the fishermen", and English would be "the fishermen's language".