English languagewikipedia
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
EnglishEnglish-languageenanglophoneEnglish-speakingEng.:English translationEngEnglish as a Second LanguageEnglish:

Old English

Old EnglishAnglo-SaxonSaxon
The earliest forms of English, a set of Anglo-Frisian dialects brought to Great Britain by Anglo-Saxon settlers in the 5th century, are called Old English.
Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc, ), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.

Middle English

Middle EnglishMiddleEnglish
Middle English began in the late 11th century with the Norman conquest of England and was a period in which the language was influenced by French.
Middle English (ME) is a period when the English language, spoken after the Norman Conquest (1066) until the late 15th century, underwent distinct variations and developments following the Old English period.

Early Modern English

EnglishEarly Modernearly modern English
Early Modern English began in the late 15th century with the introduction of the printing press to London, the printing of the King James Bible and the start of the Great Vowel Shift.
Early Modern English, Early New English (sometimes abbreviated to EModE, EMnE or EME) is the stage of the English language from the beginning of the Tudor period to the English Interregnum and Restoration, or from the transition from Middle English, in the late 15th century, to the transition to Modern English, in the mid-to-late 17th century.

Germanic languages

GermanicGermanic languageGerman
It is closely related to the Frisian languages, but its vocabulary has been significantly influenced by other Germanic languages, particularly Norse (a North Germanic language), as well as by Latin and French. English is an Indo-European language and belongs to the West Germanic group of the Germanic languages.
The West Germanic languages include the three most widely spoken Germanic languages: English with around 360-400 million native speakers; German, with over 100 million native speakers; and Dutch, with 23 million native speakers.

West Germanic languages

West GermanicWest Germanic languageWest
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca. English is an Indo-European language and belongs to the West Germanic group of the Germanic languages.
The four most prevalent West Germanic languages are Afrikaans, English, German, and Dutch.

British Empire

BritishEmpireBritish Empire
Through the worldwide influence of the British Empire, modern English spread around the world from the 17th to mid-20th centuries.
As a result, its political, legal, linguistic and cultural legacy is widespread.

World language

world languageglobal languageinternational language
Through all types of printed and electronic media, and spurred by the emergence of the United States as a global superpower, English has become the leading language of international discourse and the lingua franca in many regions and professional contexts such as science, navigation and law.
One of the most widely spoken and fastest spreading world languages today is English, which has over 980,000,000 first- and second-language users worldwide.

List of territorial entities where English is an official language

English-speaking countriesthe full listEnglish-
It is the most widely learned second language and is either the official language or one of the official languages in almost 60 sovereign states.
The following is a list of territories where English is an official language, that is, a language used in citizen interactions with government officials.

English grammar

Englishgrammarthere is
Modern English grammar is the result of a gradual change from a typical Indo-European dependent marking pattern with a rich inflectional morphology and relatively free word order to a mostly analytic pattern with little inflection, a fairly fixed SVO word order and a complex syntax.
English grammar is the way in which meanings are encoded into wordings in the English language.

King James Version

King James BibleKing James VersionKJV
Early Modern English began in the late 15th century with the introduction of the printing press to London, the printing of the King James Bible and the start of the Great Vowel Shift.
It was first printed by Robert Barker, the King's Printer, and was the third translation into English approved by the English Church authorities: The first had been the Great Bible, commissioned in the reign of King Henry VIII (1535), and the second had been the Bishops' Bible, commissioned in the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (1568).

Languages of the European Union

languages of the European UnionEU languagesofficial languages of the European Union
It is a co-official language of the United Nations, the European Union and many other world and regional international organisations.
The EU has 24 official languages, of which three (English, French and German) have the higher status of "procedural" languages of the European Commission (whereas the European Parliament accepts all official languages as working languages ).

Official language

official languageofficialofficial languages
It is the most widely learned second language and is either the official language or one of the official languages in almost 60 sovereign states.
English is the most common official language, with recognized status in 51 countries.

Latin

LatinLat.Latin language
It is closely related to the Frisian languages, but its vocabulary has been significantly influenced by other Germanic languages, particularly Norse (a North Germanic language), as well as by Latin and French.
Latin, Greek, and French have contributed many words to the English language.

Official languages of the United Nations

official languages of the United Nationssix official languagesOfficial languages
It is a co-official language of the United Nations, the European Union and many other world and regional international organisations.
Hindi is the fourth most-spoken first language in the world, after Mandarin, Spanish and English.

Modern English

modern EnglishEnglishModern
Modern English relies more on auxiliary verbs and word order for the expression of complex tenses, aspect and mood, as well as passive constructions, interrogatives and some negation.
Modern English (sometimes New English or NE as opposed to Middle English and Old English) is the form of the English language spoken since the Great Vowel Shift in England, which began in the late 14th century and was completed in roughly 1550.

English as a lingua franca

become the ''lingua francaEnglish functions as a lingua francade facto global language
Through all types of printed and electronic media, and spurred by the emergence of the United States as a global superpower, English has become the leading language of international discourse and the lingua franca in many regions and professional contexts such as science, navigation and law.
English as a lingua franca (ELF) is the use of the English language as "a common means of communication for speakers of different first languages".

List of dialects of English

varieties of Englishdialects of Englishdialects
Despite noticeable variation among the accents and dialects of English used in different countries and regions – in terms of phonetics and phonology, and sometimes also vocabulary, grammar and spelling – English-speakers from around the world are able to communicate with one another with relative ease.
For the classification of varieties of English in terms of pronunciation only, see Regional accents of English.

Ireland

IrishIrelandisland of Ireland
English is the most commonly spoken language in the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Australia, Ireland and New Zealand, and it is widely spoken in some areas of the Caribbean, Africa and South Asia.
The island's culture shares many features with that of Great Britain, including the English language, and sports such as association football, rugby, horse racing, and golf.

Great Britain

BritishBritainGreat Britain
The earliest forms of English, a set of Anglo-Frisian dialects brought to Great Britain by Anglo-Saxon settlers in the 5th century, are called Old English.

Indo-European languages

Indo-EuropeanIndo-European languageIndo-European language family
English is an Indo-European language and belongs to the West Germanic group of the Germanic languages.
The most widely spoken Indo-European languages by native speakers are Spanish, Hindustani (Hindi-Urdu), English, Portuguese, Bengali, Punjabi, and Russian, each with over 100 million speakers, with German, French, Marathi, Italian, and Persian also having more than 50 million.

New Zealand

New ZealandNZNZL
English is the most commonly spoken language in the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Australia, Ireland and New Zealand, and it is widely spoken in some areas of the Caribbean, Africa and South Asia.
The official languages are English, Māori and NZ Sign Language, with English being very dominant.

List of languages by number of native speakers

most spoken languages10th most spoken language in the worldmost natively spoken language
English is the third most spoken native language in the world, after Standard Chinese and Spanish.

Old Norse

NorseOld NorseOld Scandinavian
It is closely related to the Frisian languages, but its vocabulary has been significantly influenced by other Germanic languages, particularly Norse (a North Germanic language), as well as by Latin and French.
Old Norse also had an influence on English dialects and Lowland Scots, which contain many Old Norse loanwords.

United Kingdom

BritishUKBritain
English is the most commonly spoken language in the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Australia, Ireland and New Zealand, and it is widely spoken in some areas of the Caribbean, Africa and South Asia.
As a result of the British Empire, British influence can be observed in the language, culture and legal systems of many of its former colonies including Australia, Canada, India, Ireland, New Zealand, Pakistan, South Africa and the United States.

Lingua franca

lingua francatrade languagecommon language
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
For example, English is a vernacular in the United Kingdom but is used as a lingua franca in the Philippines.