Enlightenment (spiritual)

enlightenmentspiritual enlightenmentspiritual awakeningenlightenedliberationspiritual journeyEnlightenment (religious)God-realizationIllumination(spiritual) enlightenment
Enlightenment is the "full comprehension of a situation".wikipedia
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Enlightenment in Buddhism

enlightenmentbodhiawakening
It translates several Buddhist terms and concepts, most notably bodhi, kensho and satori.
In the western world the concept of (spiritual) enlightenment has taken on a romantic meaning.

Mysticism

mysticmysticalmystics
Perennialists and Universalists view enlightenment and mysticism as equivalent terms for religious or spiritual insight. Western and Mediterranean culture has a rich tradition of esotericism and mysticism.
Comparable Asian terms are bodhi, kensho and satori in Buddhism, commonly translated as "enlightenment", and vipassana, which all point to cognitive processes of intuition and comprehension.

Self-realization

Realizationself realizationself-realisation
In the western world the concept of spiritual enlightenment has become synonymous with self-realization and the true self and false self, being regarded as a substantial essence being covered over by social conditioning.
In the Indian understanding, self-realization is liberating knowledge of the true Self, either as the permanent undying atman, or as the absence (sunyata) of such a permanent Self.

Ramana Maharshi

Ramana MaharishiSri Ramana MaharshiBhagavan Sri Ramana Maharshi
Attaining this liberation supposedly takes a long preparation and training under the guidance of a guru, however Ramana Maharshi called his death experience akrama mukti, "sudden liberation", as opposed to the krama mukti, "gradual liberation" as in the Vedanta path of Jnana yoga.
This resulted in a state that he later described as "the state of mind of Iswara or the jnani". Six weeks later he left his uncle's home in Madurai, and journeyed to the holy mountain Arunachala, in Tiruvannamalai, where he took on the role of a sannyasin (though not formally initiated), and remained for the rest of his life.

Satori

enlightenmentaware of
It translates several Buddhist terms and concepts, most notably bodhi, kensho and satori. The term is also being used to translate several other Buddhist terms and concepts, which are used to denote insight (prajna, kensho and satori); knowledge (vidhya); the "blowing out" (Nirvana) of disturbing emotions and desires and the subsequent freedom or release (vimutti); and the attainment of Buddhahood, as exemplified by Gautama Buddha.

Andrew Cohen (spiritual teacher)

Andrew CohenLuna Tarlo
Notable neo-advaita teachers are H. W. L. Poonja, his students Gangaji Andrew Cohen, Madhukar and Eckhart Tolle.
He eventually met H. W. L. Poonja in 1986, a self-styled teacher who taught that no effort is needed to attain enlightenment "because it is merely the realisation of what one already is".

Siddha

siddhasAshiriAdept
The ultimate status of these perfect souls is called siddha.
It refers to perfected masters who have achieved a high degree of physical as well as spiritual perfection or enlightenment.

Mahavira

MahavirMahāvīraMahaveer
Mahavira, 24th thirthankara of Jainism, is said to have practised rigorous austerities for 12 years before he attained enlightenment,
He abandoned all worldly possessions at the age of about 30 and left home in pursuit of spiritual awakening, becoming an ascetic.

Hatha yoga

Haṭha yogaHathayoga
By the turn of the first millennium, Hatha yoga emerged as a prominent tradition of yoga distinct from the Patanjali's Yoga Sutras.
After trying these, he then sought another path to enlightenment.

Salvation

redemptionsavedsaviour
Roughly equivalent terms in Christianity may be illumination, kenosis, metanoia, revelation, salvation and conversion.

Illuminationism

Illuminationist philosophyIlluminationist schoolIshraqi
Roughly equivalent terms in Christianity may be illumination, kenosis, metanoia, revelation, salvation and conversion.

Nirvana (Buddhism)

NirvanaNibbanaNibbāna
The term is also being used to translate several other Buddhist terms and concepts, which are used to denote insight (prajna, kensho and satori); knowledge (vidhya); the "blowing out" (Nirvana) of disturbing emotions and desires and the subsequent freedom or release (vimutti); and the attainment of Buddhahood, as exemplified by Gautama Buddha.

Buddhi

intellect
Although its most common usage is in the context of Buddhism, the term buddhi is also used in other Indian philosophies and traditions.

Moksha

liberationmuktimoksa
The term is also being used to translate several other Buddhist terms and concepts, which are used to denote insight (prajna, kensho and satori); knowledge (vidhya); the "blowing out" (Nirvana) of disturbing emotions and desires and the subsequent freedom or release (vimutti); and the attainment of Buddhahood, as exemplified by Gautama Buddha. Related terms from Asian religions are moksha (liberation) in Hinduism, Kevala Jnana in Jainism, and ushta in Zoroastrianism.

Karma in Jainism

karmakarmasJainism
Kevala Jñāna thus means infinite knowledge of self and non-self, attained by a soul after annihilation of the all ghātiyā karmas.
Jain texts narrate how even Māhavīra, one of the most popular propagators of Jainism and the 24th (ford-maker), had to bear the brunt of his previous karma before attaining kevala jñāna (enlightenment).

Fourth Way

Institute for the Harmonious Development of ManThe Fourth WayLaw of Three
In the Fourth Way teaching, enlightenment is the highest state of Man (humanity).
Gurdjieff's followers believed he was a spiritual master, a human being who is fully awake or enlightened.

Nondualism

non-dualnondualitynondual
Advaita (literally, non-duality) is a system of thought where "Advaita" refers to the identity of the Self (Atman) and the Whole (Brahman).
Insight (prajna, kensho, satori, gnosis, theoria, illumination), especially enlightenment or the realization of the illusory nature of the autonomous "I" or self, is a key element in modern western nondual thought.

Western esotericism

esotericesotericismesotericist
Western and Mediterranean culture has a rich tradition of esotericism and mysticism.
He added that these Western esoteric currents all shared a core characteristic, "a claim to gnosis, or direct spiritual insight into cosmology or spiritual insight", and accordingly he suggested that these currents could be referred to as "Western gnostic" just as much as "Western esoteric".

Divine light

Light (theology)illuminationlight
The term light has been used in spirituality (vision, enlightenment, darshan, Tabor Light).

Anatta

anatmannon-selfanattā
Dumoulin viewed metaphysics as the expression of a transcendent truth, which according to him was expressed by Mahayana Buddhism, but not by the pragmatic analysis of the oldest Buddhism, which emphasizes anatta.

Rajneesh

OshoBhagwan Shree RajneeshOsho Rajneesh
A truly syncretistic influence is Osho and the Rajneesh movement, a hybrid of eastern and western ideas and teachings, and a mainly western group of followers.
According to Rajneesh every human being is a Buddha with the capacity for enlightenment, capable of unconditional love and of responding rather than reacting to life, although the ego usually prevents this, identifying with social conditioning and creating false needs and conflicts and an illusory sense of identity that is nothing but a barrier of dreams.

Nirvana

Kenshō

kenshoenlightenmentjiànxìng
It translates several Buddhist terms and concepts, most notably bodhi, kensho and satori. The term is also being used to translate several other Buddhist terms and concepts, which are used to denote insight (prajna, kensho and satori); knowledge (vidhya); the "blowing out" (Nirvana) of disturbing emotions and desires and the subsequent freedom or release (vimutti); and the attainment of Buddhahood, as exemplified by Gautama Buddha.

Hinduism

HinduHindusHindu culture
Related terms from Asian religions are moksha (liberation) in Hinduism, Kevala Jnana in Jainism, and ushta in Zoroastrianism.