Ensenada, Baja California

The historic Mexican Army Barracks, built in 1886, is today a history museum.
Hotel Riviera del Pacífico in 1930.
Purísimo Corazón de María Church was built at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries.
The Port of Ensenada, built in 1994, is one the busiest ports on the Pacific Coast of North America.
Ensenada's Pacific Coast.
Panoramic view of Ensenada.
The Cathedral of Our Lady of Guadalupe is the seat of the Catholic Diocese of Ensenada.
Riviera del Pacífico Cultural Center.
The Baja Ha-Ha boat race in the Bahía de Todos Santos.
View of Malecón de Ensenada from Port of Ensenada on the Pacific Ocean.
Bar on the Ensenada coast.
Shops on Calle Primera.
View of Ensenada at night.
The Port of Ensenada is one of the busiest deepwater ports on the West Coast of North America.
The nearby Valle de Guadalupe is a major wine tourism destination.
The campus of the Autonomous University of Baja California, Ensenada, located on the Pacific Coast of Mexico.
Garden in downtown Ensenada.
The historic Hotel Riviera del Pacífico is today a cultural center.
Baja 500 in 2008
The Port of Ensenada is a popular stop for cruise ships on the Pacific.
The historic Mexican Army barracks.
López Zamora reservoir.

City in Ensenada Municipality, Baja California, situated on the Pacific Coast of Mexico.

- Ensenada, Baja California

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Tribe of Indigenous peoples of the Americas who live at the northern border of Baja California in Mexico and the southern border of California in the United States.

Anthony Pico, former chairman of the Viejas Band of Kumeyaay
Engraving by Arthur Carl Victor Schott, Sorony & Co., 1857
Kumeyaay were displaced to construct the El Capitan Reservoir
Barona Resort Hotel
Valle de Guadalupe, B.C.
Kumeyaay items
Frame of an ‘ewaa
Kumeyaay coiled basket, woven by Celestine Lachapa, 19th century, San Diego Museum of Us
Kumeyaay willow storage basket at the Universidad Autónoma de Baja California cultural museum, Mexicali

The Ipai lived to the north, from Escondido to Lake Henshaw, while the Tipai lived to the south, in lands including the Laguna Mountains, Ensenada, and Tecate.

Ensenada Municipality

Fourth-largest municipality in Mexico with a land area of 19526.8 km2 in 2020, about the same size as Hidalgo state and larger than five Mexican states.

Administrative divisions of Ensenada Municipality.

Its municipal seat is Ensenada, a port lying near the northwest corner of the municipality.

Guadalupe Island

Island map
NASA satellite image
Great white shark off Isla Guadalupe
Great white shark off Isla Guadalupe
Giant coreopsis (Coreopsis gigantea)
Cylindropuntia prolifera
Perityle emoryi
Pinus radiata cone
Guadalupe fur seal (Arctocephalus townsendi)
The Guadalupe Island Pine, almost extinct due to grazing by goats.

Guadalupe Island or Isla Guadalupe is a volcanic island located 241 km off the west coast of Mexico's Baja California Peninsula and about 400 km southwest of the city of Ensenada in the state of Baja California, in the Pacific Ocean.

William Walker (filibuster)

American physician, lawyer, journalist and mercenary who organized several private military expeditions into Mexico and Central America with the intention of occupying the local nations and establishing slave-hold colonies, an enterprise then known as "filibustering".

Flag of the Republic of Sonora
William Walker's Nicaragua map
Flag of Nicaragua under Walker
President Walker's house in Granada, Nicaragua. On October 12, 1856, during the siege of Granada, Guatemalan officer José Víctor Zavala ran under heavy fire to capture Walker's flag and bring it back to the Central American coalition army trenches shouting "Filibuster bullets don't kill!". Zavala survived this adventure unscathed.
William Walker's grave in the Old Trujillo Cemetery, Trujillo, Colón, Honduras
The Costa Rica National Monument represents the five united Central American nations carrying weapons and William Walker fleeing.
Portrait by George Dury

Fearful of attacks by Mexico, Walker moved his headquarters twice over the next three months, first to Cabo San Lucas, and then further north to Ensenada to maintain a more secure base of operations.

Baja California

State in Mexico.

Sierra de San Pedro Mártir, with Picacho del Diablo in the center
Encelia californica growing on the Ensenada Municipality coast, typical of the California coastal sage and chaparral ecoregion
Isla Partida, part of the San Lorenzo Marine Archipelago National Park
Vineyard in the Valle de Guadalupe
Snowfall at Constitution 1857 National Park
Municipalities of Baja California in 2020
Marina del Pilar Ávila Olmeda, the governor of Baja California since 2021
Los Pioneros monument in Mexicali, dedicated to the pioneers that settled the region
Filming of Master and Commander at Baja Film Studios. Located in Rosarito, Baja Film Studios has become one of the premier production facilities with horizon tanks.

Over 75% of the population lives in Mexicali (the state's capital city), Ensenada, or Tijuana (the state's largest city).


Coastal city in Playas de Rosarito Municipality, Baja California, situated on the Pacific Coast of Mexico.

The Casa Municipal (Municipal Hall) of Playas de Rosarito Municipality.
Beach houses in Rosarito.
Baja Studios is the world's largest water stage and filming set, used in films such as Titanic.
Hotels along the Pacific Coast.
Baja Beach Fest is a major reggaetón music festival, featuring artists like Bad Bunny and J Balvin.
Rosarito is one of Baja California's most popular tourist destinations.
Restaurants on a beach.
Highway 1 and Highway 1D connect Rosarito to the rest of Baja California along the Pacific coastline.

In September 1542, Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo passed through the Rosarito area on his way from Ensenada to San Diego Bay.

Sierra de San Pedro Mártir

Mountain range located within southern Ensenada Municipality and southern Baja California state, of northwestern Mexico.

The Sierra de San Pedro Mártir, with Picacho del Diablo (center).
2.12m telescope at National Astronomical Observatory.
High elevation trees include Pinus jeffreyi, Pinus contorta ssp. murrayana, and Abies concolor subsp. lowiana.
Sierra Juarez and San Pedro Martir pine-oak forests ecoregion flora.

In 1889, there was a gold rush in the Santa Clara mountains about 100 km southeast of Ensenada.

Baja 1000

Annual Mexican off-road motorsport race held on the Baja California Peninsula.

RPM Trophy Truck at the 2015 Baja 1000 qualifying

The course has remained relatively the same over the years, about every other event being either a point-to-point race from Ensenada to La Paz, or a loop race starting and finishing in Ensenada.

Sierra de Juárez

Mountain range located in Tecate Municipality and northern Ensenada Municipality, within the northern Baja California state of northwestern Mexico.

Snow in the Sierra de Juárez.

A portion of the Sierra de Juárez is protected within Constitution 1857 National Park, approximately 72 km east of Ensenada.

Bahía de Todos Santos

Ensenada Bay

Bahía Todos Santos, or Bay of All Saints, is a sheltered bay in Ensenada, Baja California, Mexico.