Ensete ventricosum

ensetenseteAbyssinian Banana (''Ensete ventricosum'')African false bananaE. ventricosumEnset false bananafalse banana
Ensete ventricosum, commonly known as the Ethiopian banana, Abyssinian banana, false banana, enset or ensete, is an herbaceous species of flowering plant in the banana family Musaceae.wikipedia
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Banana

bananasbanana treebanana flower
Ensete ventricosum, commonly known as the Ethiopian banana, Abyssinian banana, false banana, enset or ensete, is an herbaceous species of flowering plant in the banana family Musaceae.
It can also refer to members of the genus Ensete, such as the snow banana (Ensete glaucum) and the economically important false banana (Ensete ventricosum). Both genera are in the banana family, Musaceae.

Gurage people

GurageSebat Bet GurageEast Gurage
Its importance to the diet and economy of the Gurage and Sidama peoples was first recorded by Jerónimo Lobo.
The principal crop of the Gurage is ensete (also enset, ensete edulis, äsät or "false banana plant").

Species

specificspecific namespecific epithet
Ensete ventricosum, commonly known as the Ethiopian banana, Abyssinian banana, false banana, enset or ensete, is an herbaceous species of flowering plant in the banana family Musaceae.

Flowering plant

Angiospermsflowering plantsangiosperm
Ensete ventricosum, commonly known as the Ethiopian banana, Abyssinian banana, false banana, enset or ensete, is an herbaceous species of flowering plant in the banana family Musaceae.

Musaceae

banana familybanana and plantainbananas
Ensete ventricosum, commonly known as the Ethiopian banana, Abyssinian banana, false banana, enset or ensete, is an herbaceous species of flowering plant in the banana family Musaceae.

Kew Bulletin

Bulletin of Miscellaneous InformationBulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Royal Gardens, Kew
The name Ensete ventricosum was first published in 1948 in the Kew Bulletin, 1947, p. 101.

Native plant

nativenative plantsindigenous
In it's wild form, it is native to the eastern edge of the Great African Plateau, extending northwards from South Africa through Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania to Ethiopia, and west to the Congo, being found in high rainfall forests on mountains, and along forested ravines and streams.

Geography of Africa

Africasouthern tipAfrican jungle
In it's wild form, it is native to the eastern edge of the Great African Plateau, extending northwards from South Africa through Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania to Ethiopia, and west to the Congo, being found in high rainfall forests on mountains, and along forested ravines and streams.

Monocarpic

monocarpmonocarpyreproduces once before dying
Like bananas, Ensete ventricosum is a large non-woody plant—a gigantic monocarpic evergreen perennial herb (not a tree) —up to 6 m tall.

Evergreen

evergreen treeevergreen treesevergreens
Like bananas, Ensete ventricosum is a large non-woody plant—a gigantic monocarpic evergreen perennial herb (not a tree) —up to 6 m tall.

Perennial plant

perennialperennialsherbaceous perennial
Like bananas, Ensete ventricosum is a large non-woody plant—a gigantic monocarpic evergreen perennial herb (not a tree) —up to 6 m tall.

Thyrse

thyrsoidthyrsoids
The flowers, which only occur once from the centre of the plant at the end of that plant's life, are in massive pendant thyrses covered by large pink bracts.

Bract

phyllariesspathebracts
The flowers, which only occur once from the centre of the plant at the end of that plant's life, are in massive pendant thyrses covered by large pink bracts.

Binomial nomenclature

scientific namebinomial namebinomial authority
The Latin specific epithet ventricosum means “with a swelling on the side, like a belly”.

List of root vegetables

root vegetableroot vegetablesroot crop
Enset (E. ventricosum) is Ethiopia's most important root crop, a traditional staple in the densely populated south and southwestern parts of Ethiopia.

Sidama people

SidamaSidamo
Its importance to the diet and economy of the Gurage and Sidama peoples was first recorded by Jerónimo Lobo.

Jerónimo Lobo

Its importance to the diet and economy of the Gurage and Sidama peoples was first recorded by Jerónimo Lobo.

Drought

droughtsdrought reliefdry
Enset will tolerate drought better than most cereal crops.

Seed

seedsseed coatkernel
Wild enset plants are produced from seeds, while most domesticated plants are propagated from suckers.

Basal shoot

suckerssuckersuckering
Wild enset plants are produced from seeds, while most domesticated plants are propagated from suckers.

Sorghum

broomcornJawarmilo
Enset is often intercropped with sorghum, although the practice amongst the Gedeo people is to intercrop it with coffee.

Gedeo people

Gedeo
Enset is often intercropped with sorghum, although the practice amongst the Gedeo people is to intercrop it with coffee.

Coffea

coffeecoffee plantcoffee plants
Enset is often intercropped with sorghum, although the practice amongst the Gedeo people is to intercrop it with coffee.

Famine food

poverty foodfamine cropeaten
However its value as a famine food has fallen due to a number of causes, as detailed in the April 2003 issue of the UN-OCHA Ethiopia unit's Focus on Ethiopia: