Entente Cordiale

EntenteAnglo-French EntenteAnglo-FrenchAnglo-French Agreement of 1904Entente (Cordiale)Entente powersFranceFrance as an allyFranco-British Alliancemilitary alliance with France
The Entente Cordiale (English: Cordial Agreement) was a series of agreements signed on 8 April 1904 between the United Kingdom and the French Republic which saw a significant improvement in Anglo-French relations.wikipedia
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France–United Kingdom relations

Anglo-French relationsAnglo-FrenchAnglo-French rivalry
The Entente Cordiale (English: Cordial Agreement) was a series of agreements signed on 8 April 1904 between the United Kingdom and the French Republic which saw a significant improvement in Anglo-French relations.
Friendly ties between the two began with the 1904 Entente Cordiale, and the British and French were allied against Germany in both World War I and World War II; in the latter conflict, British armies helped to liberate occupied France from the Nazis.

Théophile Delcassé

DelcasséTheophile DelcasseDelcasse
The Entente Cordiale was the culmination of the policy of Théophile Delcassé, France's foreign minister from 1898, who believed that a Franco-British understanding would give France some security against any German system of alliances in Western Europe.
He is best known for his hatred of Germany and efforts to secure alliances with Russia and Great Britain that became the Entente Cordiale.

French protectorate in Morocco

French MoroccoMoroccoFrench protectorate
The most important feature of the agreement was that it recognised that Great Britain was in full control of Egypt and likewise France in Morocco (with the proviso that France's eventual dispositions for Morocco include reasonable allowance for Spain's interests there).
In 1904 the French government was trying to establish a protectorate over Morocco, and had managed to sign two bilateral secret agreements with Britain (8 April 1904, see Entente cordiale) and Spain (7 October 1904), which guaranteed the support of the powers in question in this endeavour.

Algeciras Conference

Treaty of AlgecirasConference of Algecirasconference
Franco-British solidarity was confirmed at the Algeciras Conference (1906) and reconfirmed in the Second Moroccan Crisis (1911).
The result was a much closer relationship between France and Britain, which strengthened the Entente Cordiale since both London and Paris were increasingly suspicious and distrustful of Berlin.

French Third Republic

FranceThird RepublicFrench
The Entente Cordiale (English: Cordial Agreement) was a series of agreements signed on 8 April 1904 between the United Kingdom and the French Republic which saw a significant improvement in Anglo-French relations.
In an effort to isolate Germany, France went to great pains to woo Russia and Great Britain, first by means of the Franco-Russian Alliance of 1894, then the 1904 Entente Cordiale with Great Britain, and finally the Anglo-Russian Entente in 1907 which became the Triple Entente.

Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne

Lord LansdowneThe Marquess of LansdowneMarquess of Lansdowne
Credit for the success of the negotiation belongs chiefly to Paul Cambon, France's ambassador in London, and to the British foreign secretary Lord Lansdowne.
As British Foreign Secretary, he signed the 1902 Anglo-Japanese Alliance at his London home (the back half of which still exists as the Lansdowne Club) and negotiated the 1904 Anglo-French Entente Cordiale with the French foreign minister, Theophile Delcassé.

Splendid isolation

formed no permanent military alliances
Britain had maintained a policy of "splendid isolation" on the European continent for nearly a century, intervening in continental affairs only when it was considered necessary to protect British interests and to maintain the continental balance of power.
Then, with the 1904 Entente Cordiale with France, Europe was divided into two power blocs and Britain's isolation during the 1899–1902 Second Boer War led to a final reversal of the policy.

First Moroccan Crisis

Tangier CrisisMoroccan Crisis1905 Moroccan Crisis
A German attempt to check the French in Morocco in 1905 (the Tangier Incident, or First Moroccan Crisis), and thus upset the Entente, served only to strengthen it.
The crisis worsened German relations with both France and the United Kingdom, and helped enhance the new Anglo-French Entente.

Agadir Crisis

Second Moroccan CrisisAgadircrisis over Morocco
Franco-British solidarity was confirmed at the Algeciras Conference (1906) and reconfirmed in the Second Moroccan Crisis (1911).
As in the First Moroccan Crisis, British support of France showed the strength of the Entente Cordiale.

Scramble for Africa

Partition of AfricaEuropean colonizationEuropean colonization of Africa
The Scramble for Africa prevented the countries from coming to terms, however.
Following the 1904 Entente cordiale between France and the British Empire, Germany tried to isolate France in 1905 with the First Moroccan Crisis.

World War I

First World WarGreat WarWorld War One
The Triple Alliance collapsed when Italy remained neutral at the outbreak of World War I, while the Entente endured.
This allowed France to counteract the Triple Alliance with the Franco-Russian Alliance of 1894 and the 1904 Entente Cordiale with Britain, while in 1907 Britain and Russia signed the Anglo-Russian Convention.

Modus vivendi

modi vivendimodo vivendi
Beyond the immediate concerns of colonial expansion addressed by the agreement, the signing of the Entente Cordiale marked the end of almost a thousand years of intermittent conflict between the two states and their predecessors, and replaced the modus vivendi that had existed since the end of the Napoleonic Wars in 1815 with a more formal agreement.
The term often refers to Anglo-French relations from the 1815 end of the Napoleonic Wars to the 1904 Entente Cordiale.

Edward VII

King Edward VIIPrince of WalesEdward VII of the United Kingdom
As early as March 1881, the French statesman Léon Gambetta and the Prince of Wales, Albert Edward, met at the Château de Breteuil to discuss an alliance against Germany.
Following a visit to Pope Leo XIII in Rome, this trip helped create the atmosphere for the Anglo-French Entente Cordiale, an agreement delineating British and French colonies in North Africa, and ruling out any future war between the two countries.

Joseph Chamberlain

ChamberlainJ Chamberlain The Right Honourable '''Joseph Chamberlain
On the initiative of Colonial Secretary Joseph Chamberlain, there were three rounds of British-German talks between 1898 and 1901.
Chamberlain had contributed to making possible the Anglo-French Entente Cordiale that would occur in 1904.

Convention of Constantinople

Constantinople Convention of 18881888 ConventionConvention of Istanbul
The reservation was not removed until the Entente Cordiale between Britain and France, and the convention finally came into force in 1904.

Paul Cambon

Pierre-Paul Cambon
Credit for the success of the negotiation belongs chiefly to Paul Cambon, France's ambassador in London, and to the British foreign secretary Lord Lansdowne.
In London, Cambon quickly became an important figure, helping to negotiate the Entente Cordiale between Britain and France in 1904, and serving as the French representative at the London Conference which resolved the Balkan Wars between 1912 and 1913.

Îles de Los

Iles de LosLos IslandsLoos Islands
At the same time, Britain ceded the Los Islands (off French Guinea) to France, defined the frontier of Nigeria in France's favour, and agreed to French control of the upper Gambia valley, while France renounced its exclusive right to certain fisheries off Newfoundland.
Following a visit by Edward VII to France, and a return visit by the French President Émile Loubet, the French and British governments signed the Entente Cordiale on 7 April 1904: among many other matters, Îles de Los was handed over to France in exchange for France relinquishing fishing rights in Newfoundland.

Causes of World War I

causes of the warorigins of World War Icause of World War I
Key markers were the Franco-Russian Alliance of 1894, the 1904 Entente Cordiale with Great Britain and finally the Anglo-Russian Entente in 1907, which became the Triple Entente.

Bastille Day

National Day14 JulyFrance's national day
British troops (the band of the Royal Marines, the Household Cavalry Mounted Regiment, Grenadier Guards and King's Troop, Royal Horse Artillery) also led the Bastille Day parade in Paris for the first time, with the Red Arrows flying overhead.

Franco-British Union

Anglo-French political unionAnglo-French unionannexation
In April 1904 the United Kingdom and the Third French Republic signed a series of agreements, known as the Entente Cordiale, which marked the end of centuries of intermittent conflict between the two powers, and the start of a period of peaceful co-existence.

History of the foreign relations of the United Kingdom

foreign policyBritishHistory
Key markers were the Franco-Russian Alliance of 1894, the 1904 Entente Cordiale linking France and Great Britain, and finally the Anglo-Russian Entente in 1907 which became the Triple Entente.

Marianne

RepublicLady Libertyla marianne
From the signing of the Entente Cordiale between France and Britain in April 1904, Marianne and John Bull personalised the agreement in a number of paintings and cartoons, most famously the Punch cartoon by John Bernard Partridge.

International relations of the Great Powers (1814–1919)

International relations (1814–1919)Great Powersinternational events
In its continuing effort to isolate Germany, France went to great pains to woo Great Britain, notably in the 1904 Entente Cordiale with Great Britain, and finally the Anglo-Russian Entente in 1907, which became the Triple Entente.