Erfurt

Erfurt, GermanyKühnhausenBinderslebenBischlebenEFEgstedtErfurt TheaterErfurt, Kreisfreie StadtErfurt-Stotternheimhistory
Erfurt is the capital and largest city in the state of Thuringia, central Germany.wikipedia
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Thuringia

ThüringenFree State of ThuringiaThuringen
Erfurt is the capital and largest city in the state of Thuringia, central Germany. With the attachment of the Saxe-Weimar territory of Blankenhain, the city became part of the First French Empire in 1806 as the Principality of Erfurt, directly subordinate to Napoleon as an "imperial state domain" (domaine réservé à l'empereur), separate from the Confederation of the Rhine, which the surrounding Thuringian states had joined.
Erfurt is the state capital and largest city, while other major cities include Jena, Gera, and Weimar.

Weimar

Weimar, GermanyCounty of WeimarOberweimar
Together with a string of neighbouring cities Gotha, Weimar, Jena and others, Erfurt forms the central metropolitan corridor of Thuringia called Thüringer Städtekette (German "Thuringian city chain") with over 500,000 inhabitants.
It is located in Central Germany between Erfurt in the west and Jena in the east, approximately 80 km southwest of Leipzig, 170 km north of Nuremberg and 170 km west of Dresden.

Jena

Jena, GermanyCity of JenaFriedrich Schiller University of Jena
Together with a string of neighbouring cities Gotha, Weimar, Jena and others, Erfurt forms the central metropolitan corridor of Thuringia called Thüringer Städtekette (German "Thuringian city chain") with over 500,000 inhabitants.
Together with the nearby cities of Erfurt and Weimar, it forms the central metropolitan area of Thuringia with approximately 500,000 inhabitants, while the city itself has a population of about 110,000.

Petersberg Citadel

Church of St. Peter
Tourist attractions include the Krämerbrücke (Merchants' bridge), the Old Synagogue, the ensemble of Erfurt Cathedral and Severikirche (St Severus's Church) and Petersberg Citadel, one of the largest and best preserved town fortresses in Europe. In the Capitulation of Erfurt the city, its 12,000 Prussian and Saxon defenders under William VI, Prince of Orange-Nassau, 65 artillery pieces, and the Petersberg Citadel and Cyriaksburg Citadel Cyriaksburg were handed over to the French on 16 October 1806; At the time of the capitulation, Joachim Murat, Marshal of France, had about 16,000 troops near Erfurt.
Petersberg Citadel (German:Zitadelle Petersberg) in Erfurt, central Germany, is one of the largest

Old Synagogue (Erfurt)

Old SynagogueOld Synagogue and Mikveh in ErfurtOld Synagogue, Erfurt
Tourist attractions include the Krämerbrücke (Merchants' bridge), the Old Synagogue, the ensemble of Erfurt Cathedral and Severikirche (St Severus's Church) and Petersberg Citadel, one of the largest and best preserved town fortresses in Europe.
The Alte Synagoge (Old Synagogue) in Erfurt, Germany, is one of the best preserved medieval synagogues in Europe, its oldest parts dating back to the late 11th century.

Krämerbrücke

Merchant's Bridge
Tourist attractions include the Krämerbrücke (Merchants' bridge), the Old Synagogue, the ensemble of Erfurt Cathedral and Severikirche (St Severus's Church) and Petersberg Citadel, one of the largest and best preserved town fortresses in Europe.
The Krämerbrücke (Merchants' bridge) is a medieval arch bridge in the city of Erfurt, in Thuringia in central Germany, which is lined with half timbered shops and houses on both sides of a cobblestone street.

University of Erfurt

ErfurtErfurt UniversityGotha Research Library
The University of Erfurt was founded in 1379, making it the first university to be established within the geographic area which constitutes modern-day Germany.
The University of Erfurt (Universität Erfurt) is a public university located in Erfurt, the capital city of the German state of Thuringia.

St. Augustine's Monastery (Erfurt)

St. Augustine's MonasteryAugustinian monasteryAugustinerkloster
Martin Luther (1483–1546) was its most famous student, studying there from 1501 before entering St Augustine's Monastery in 1505.
St. Augustine's Monastery (Augustinerkloster in German) in Erfurt in central Germany, is a former church and monastery complex dating from the 13th century.

Erfurt Cathedral

CathedralCathedral of St. MaryErfurter Dom
Tourist attractions include the Krämerbrücke (Merchants' bridge), the Old Synagogue, the ensemble of Erfurt Cathedral and Severikirche (St Severus's Church) and Petersberg Citadel, one of the largest and best preserved town fortresses in Europe.
Erfurt Cathedral (Erfurter Dom, officially Hohe Domkirche St. Marien zu Erfurt, English: Cathedral Church of St Mary at Erfurt), also known as St Mary's Cathedral, is the largest and oldest church building in the Thuringian city of Erfurt, central Germany.

KiKa

KI.KAKinderkanalDer Kinderkanal
Erfurt hosts the second-largest trade fair in eastern Germany (after Leipzig) as well as the public television children's channel KiKa.
KiKA (contraction of Der KinderKAnal von ARD und ZDF [The Children's Channel of ARD and ZDF]) is a German free-to-air television channel based in Erfurt, Germany.

Gotha

Gin GermanyGotaGotha Club
Together with a string of neighbouring cities Gotha, Weimar, Jena and others, Erfurt forms the central metropolitan corridor of Thuringia called Thüringer Städtekette (German "Thuringian city chain") with over 500,000 inhabitants. Together with the other five Thuringian woad towns of Gotha, Tennstedt, Arnstadt and Langensalza it was the centre of the German woad trade, which made those cities very wealthy.
Gotha is the fifth-largest city in Thuringia, Germany, located 20 km west of Erfurt and 25 km east of Eisenach with a population of 44,000.

Meister Eckhart

EckhartMaster EckhartEckhart von Hochheim
Other noted Erfurters include the medieval philosopher and mystic Meister Eckhart (c.
Eckhart joined the Dominicans at Erfurt, probably when he was about eighteen, and it is assumed he studied at Cologne.

Arnstadt

Espendfeld/Arnstadt
Together with the other five Thuringian woad towns of Gotha, Tennstedt, Arnstadt and Langensalza it was the centre of the German woad trade, which made those cities very wealthy.
Arnstadt is a town in Ilm-Kreis, Thuringia, Germany, on the river Gera about 20 kilometres south of Erfurt, the capital of Thuringia.

Martin Luther

LutherLutheranLuther, Martin
Martin Luther (1483–1546) was its most famous student, studying there from 1501 before entering St Augustine's Monastery in 1505.
He left university, sold his books, and entered St. Augustine's Monastery in Erfurt on 17 July 1505.

Sömmerda

Leubingen
In the following decades, the council bought a city-owned territory around Erfurt which consisted at its height of nearly 100 villages and castles and even another small town (Sömmerda).
Sömmerda is a town near Erfurt in Thuringia, Germany, on the Unstrut river.

Max Weber

WeberWeberianWeber, Max
1260–1328), the Baroque composer Johann Pachelbel (1653–1706) and the sociologist Max Weber (1864–1920).
Weber was born in 1864, in Erfurt, Province of Saxony, Prussia.

Mühlhausen

MuhlhausenMühlhausen/ThüringenMühlhausen, Thuringia
Between 1306 and 1481, Erfurt was allied with the two other major Thuringian cities (Mühlhausen and Nordhausen) in the Thuringian City Alliance and the three cities joined the Hanseatic League together in 1430.
Mühlhausen is a city in the north-west of Thuringia, Germany, 5 km north of Niederdorla, the country's geographical centre, 50 km north-west of Erfurt, 65 km east of Kassel and 50 km south-east of Göttingen.

Via Regia

The King's RoadHigh Roadtrade route from Frankfurt to Leipzig
The city is situated on the Via Regia, a medieval trade and pilgrims' road network.
The Via Regia ran west–east through the centre of the Holy Roman Empire, from the Rhine at Mainz-Kastel (Elisabethenstraße) to Frankfurt am Main, trade city and site of the election of the King of the Romans, continuing along Hanau, the Kaiserpfalz at Gelnhausen, the towns of Steinau an der Straße, Neuhof, Fulda and Eisenach to Erfurt, a centre of woad production.

Nordhausen

district capitalFree Imperial City of NordhausenNordhausen, Germany
Between 1306 and 1481, Erfurt was allied with the two other major Thuringian cities (Mühlhausen and Nordhausen) in the Thuringian City Alliance and the three cities joined the Hanseatic League together in 1430.
Nordhausen is located approximately 60 km north of Erfurt, 80 km west of Halle, 85 km south of Braunschweig and 60 km east of Göttingen.

Erfurt massacre (1349)

Erfurt massacreErfurt massacre of 1349Germany
In 1349, during the wave of Black Death Jewish persecutions across Europe, the Jews of Erfurt were rounded up, with more than 100 killed and the rest driven from the city.
The Erfurt massacre refers to the massacre of the Jewish community in Erfurt, Germany, on March 21, 1349.

Johann Pachelbel

PachelbelPachelbel, JohannJohann Pachebel
1260–1328), the Baroque composer Johann Pachelbel (1653–1706) and the sociologist Max Weber (1864–1920).
In June 1678, Pachelbel was employed as organist of the Predigerkirche in Erfurt, succeeding Johann Effler (c.

Erfurt Treasure

The Erfurt Treasure with various gold and silver objects is shown in the exhibition in the synagogue today.
The pieces were found in 1998 in the wall of a house in a medieval Jewish neighborhood in Erfurt, Germany.

Principality of Erfurt

ErfurtNapoleonic occupation
With the attachment of the Saxe-Weimar territory of Blankenhain, the city became part of the First French Empire in 1806 as the Principality of Erfurt, directly subordinate to Napoleon as an "imperial state domain" (domaine réservé à l'empereur), separate from the Confederation of the Rhine, which the surrounding Thuringian states had joined.
The Principality of Erfurt (Fürstentum Erfurt; Principauté d'Erfurt) was a small state in modern Thuringia, Germany, that existed from 1807 to 1814, comprising the modern city of Erfurt and the surrounding land.

Capitulation of Erfurt

Erfurtcapitulate
In the Capitulation of Erfurt the city, its 12,000 Prussian and Saxon defenders under William VI, Prince of Orange-Nassau, 65 artillery pieces, and the Petersberg Citadel and Cyriaksburg Citadel Cyriaksburg were handed over to the French on 16 October 1806; At the time of the capitulation, Joachim Murat, Marshal of France, had about 16,000 troops near Erfurt.
In the Capitulation of Erfurt on 16 October 1806 a large body of troops from the Kingdom of Prussia under Lieutenant General the Prince of Orange surrendered to Marshal Joachim Murat of France, at the city of Erfurt (now in Germany).

Electorate of Mainz

Archbishopric of MainzMainzArchbishop of Mainz
It was part of the Electorate of Mainz during the Holy Roman Empire, and later became part of the Kingdom of Prussia in 1802.
The territory of the Electorate included several non-contiguous blocks of territory: lands near Mainz on both the left and right banks of the Rhine; territory along the Main River above Frankfurt (including the district of Aschaffenburg); the Eichsfeld region in Lower Saxony and Thuringia; and the territory around Erfurt in Thuringia.