Erich von Stroheim

Eric Von Stroheimvon StroheimEric von Burnsnoted director
Erich Oswald Hans Carl Maria von Stroheim (born Erich Oswald Stroheim; September 22, 1885 – May 12, 1957) was an Austrian-American director, actor and producer, most noted as a film star and avant garde, visionary director of the silent era.wikipedia
540 Related Articles

Greed (film)

GreedGreed'' (film)
His masterpiece adaptation of Frank Norris's McTeague entitled Greed is considered one of the finest and most important films ever made.
Greed is a 1924 American silent film, written and directed by Erich von Stroheim and based on the 1899 Frank Norris novel McTeague.

Rex Ingram (director)

Rex Ingram
It was still deemed too long, so Stroheim and director Rex Ingram edited it into a four-hour version that could be shown in two parts.
Director Erich von Stroheim once called him "the world's greatest director."

Jean Renoir

RenoirJeanJean Renoir’s
Jean Renoir writes in his memoirs: “Stroheim spoke hardly any German. Stroheim is perhaps best known as an actor for his role as Rauffenstein in Jean Renoir's La Grande Illusion (1937) and as Max von Mayerling in Billy Wilder's Sunset Boulevard (1950).
He was particularly inspired by Erich von Stroheim's work.

La Grande Illusion

Grand IllusionThe Grand IllusionLa Grande Illusion (Grand Illusion)
In Renoir's movie La Grande Illusion, Stroheim speaks German with a strong American accent. Stroheim is perhaps best known as an actor for his role as Rauffenstein in Jean Renoir's La Grande Illusion (1937) and as Max von Mayerling in Billy Wilder's Sunset Boulevard (1950).
They are shot down by a German aviator and aristocrat, Rittmeister von Rauffenstein (Erich von Stroheim), and both are taken prisoner by German ground forces.

Blind Husbands

Following the end of the war, Stroheim turned to writing and then directed his own script for Blind Husbands in 1919.
Blind Husbands is a 1919 American drama film directed by Erich von Stroheim.

The Lost Squadron

(In the 1932 film The Lost Squadron Stroheim played a parody of himself as a fanatic German film director making a World War I movie who orders extras playing dead soldiers to "Stay dead!")
The Lost Squadron is a 1932 American pre-Code drama, action, film starring Richard Dix, Mary Astor, and Robert Armstrong, with Erich von Stroheim and Joel McCrea in supporting roles, and released by RKO Radio Pictures.

Foolish Wives

His next directorial efforts were the lost film The Devil's Pass Key (1919) and Foolish Wives (1922), in which he also starred.
Foolish Wives is a 1922 American silent drama film produced and distributed by Universal Pictures under their Super-Jewel banner and written and directed by Erich von Stroheim.

The Merry Widow (1925 film)

The Merry Widow19251925 silent version
Stroheim followed with a commercial project, The Merry Widow (his most commercially successful film) and the more personal The Wedding March and the now-lost The Honeymoon.
The Merry Widow is a 1925 American silent romantic drama/black comedy film directed and written by Erich von Stroheim.

The Wedding March (1928 film)

The Wedding March1928The Wedding March'' (1928 film)
Stroheim followed with a commercial project, The Merry Widow (his most commercially successful film) and the more personal The Wedding March and the now-lost The Honeymoon.
The Wedding March is a 1928 American silent romantic drama film written and directed by and starring Erich von Stroheim.

McTeague

1899 novelnovel of the same name
His masterpiece adaptation of Frank Norris's McTeague entitled Greed is considered one of the finest and most important films ever made.
The book was the basis for the films McTeague (1916), and Erich von Stroheim's Greed (1924).

Queen Kelly

In 1929, Stroheim was dismissed as the director of the film Queen Kelly after disagreements with star Gloria Swanson and producer and financier Joseph P. Kennedy over the mounting costs of the film and Stroheim's introduction of indecent subject matter into the film's scenario.
The film was directed by Erich von Stroheim, starred Gloria Swanson, in the title role, Walter Byron as her lover, and Seena Owen.

Sunset Boulevard (film)

Sunset BoulevardSunset Blvd.Norma Desmond
Stroheim is perhaps best known as an actor for his role as Rauffenstein in Jean Renoir's La Grande Illusion (1937) and as Max von Mayerling in Billy Wilder's Sunset Boulevard (1950).
Erich von Stroheim plays Max von Mayerling, her devoted servant, and Nancy Olson, Fred Clark, Lloyd Gough, and Jack Webb play supporting roles.

Irving Thalberg

ThalbergIrving G. ThalbergIrving Thalberg Award
However studio executive Irving Thalberg fired Stroheim during filming and replaced him with director Rupert Julian.
He quickly established his tenacity as he battled with well-known director Erich von Stroheim over the length of Foolish Wives (1922).

Norman Kerry

He cast the American actor Norman Kerry as Count Franz Maximilian von Hohenegg, a part written for himself, and newcomer Mary Philbin in the lead actress role.
Kerry was cast in Merry-Go-Round by the famous Austrian director Erich von Stroheim to play von Stroheim's alter-ego 'Count Franz Maximilian Von Hohenegg', but studio executive Irving Thalberg fired von Stroheim during filming and had him replaced by director Rupert Julian.

Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer

MGMMGM Studiosmgm.com
However, in the midst of filming, Goldwyn Pictures was bought by Marcus Loew and merged into Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
They also hired top directors such as King Vidor, Clarence Brown, Erich von Stroheim, Tod Browning, and Victor Seastrom.

Hello, Sister!

Walking Down Broadway
After Queen Kelly and Walking Down Broadway, a project from which Stroheim was also dismissed, Stroheim returned to working principally as an actor, in both American and French films.
Hello, Sister! is a 1933 American pre-Code drama film directed by Alan Crosland, Erich von Stroheim, Raoul Walsh, and Alfred L. Werker.

The Heart of Humanity

In The Heart of Humanity, he tears the buttons from a nurse's uniform with his teeth, and when disturbed by a crying baby, throws it out of a window.
The film stars Dorothy Phillips, William Stowell, and Erich von Stroheim.

Mary Philbin

He cast the American actor Norman Kerry as Count Franz Maximilian von Hohenegg, a part written for himself, and newcomer Mary Philbin in the lead actress role.
Relocating to California, Erich von Stroheim signed her to a contract with Universal, deeming her a "Universal Super Jewel."

Old Heidelberg (1915 film)

Old Heidelberg1915Old Heidelberg'' (1915 film)
His first credited role came in Old Heidelberg.
Erich von Stroheim as Lutz

June Mathis

June Mathis Balboni
After rejecting Stroheim's attempts to cut it to less than three hours, MGM removed Greed from his control and gave it to head scriptwriter June Mathis, with orders to cut it down to a manageable length.
When Erich von Stroheim presented Goldwyn Pictures with his masterpiece Greed, following Frank Norris's novel McTeague very closely, it was 42 reels and 10 hours long.

ZaSu Pitts

ZaSu Pitts (born Eliza Susan Pitts; January 3, 1894 – June 7, 1963) was an American actress who starred in many silent dramas, including Erich von Stroheim's epic silent film Greed, and comedies, transitioning successfully to mostly comedy films with the advent of sound films.

Billy Wilder

WilderWilder, Billy
Stroheim is perhaps best known as an actor for his role as Rauffenstein in Jean Renoir's La Grande Illusion (1937) and as Max von Mayerling in Billy Wilder's Sunset Boulevard (1950). On arrival at Ellis Island, he claimed to be Count Erich Oswald Hans Carl Maria von Stroheim und Nordenwall, the son of Austrian nobility like the characters he played in his films, but both Billy Wilder and Stroheim's agent Paul Kohner claimed that he spoke with a decidedly lower-class Austrian accent.
Wilder was skilled at working with actors, coaxing silent era legends Gloria Swanson and Erich von Stroheim out of retirement for roles in Sunset Boulevard.

Gloria Swanson

Crown Theatre with Gloria SwansonGloriaGloria Le Bailly de La Falaise
In 1929, Stroheim was dismissed as the director of the film Queen Kelly after disagreements with star Gloria Swanson and producer and financier Joseph P. Kennedy over the mounting costs of the film and Stroheim's introduction of indecent subject matter into the film's scenario.
One of the best known of Hollywood's unfinished films, Queen Kelly (1929), was directed by Erich von Stroheim and produced by Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr., father of the future President John F. Kennedy.

The Devil's Pass Key

His next directorial efforts were the lost film The Devil's Pass Key (1919) and Foolish Wives (1922), in which he also starred.
The Devil's Pass Key (or The Devil's Passkey) was a 1920 silent drama film directed by Erich von Stroheim.

Paul Kohner

Paul's talent agency
On arrival at Ellis Island, he claimed to be Count Erich Oswald Hans Carl Maria von Stroheim und Nordenwall, the son of Austrian nobility like the characters he played in his films, but both Billy Wilder and Stroheim's agent Paul Kohner claimed that he spoke with a decidedly lower-class Austrian accent.
In 1938, Kohner founded the Paul Kohner Talent Agency and managed the careers of Marlene Dietrich, Greta Garbo, Dolores del Río, Maurice Chevalier, Billy Wilder, Liv Ullmann, Henry Fonda, David Niven, Erich von Stroheim, Ingmar Bergman, Lana Turner, and others.