A report on Erie Canal

Erie Canal map c. 1840
Aqueduct over the Mohawk River at Rexford, one of 32 navigable aqueducts on the Erie Canal
The Mohawk Valley, running east and west, cuts a natural pathway (water gap) between the Catskill Mountains to the south and the Adirondack Mountains to the north.
Profile of the original canal
Operations at Lockport, New York, in 1839
Stonework of lock abandoned because of route change, at Durhamville, New York
An original five-step lock structure crossing the Niagara Escarpment at Lockport, now without gates and used as a cascade for excess water
Erie Canal lock in Lockport, New York
1853 map of New York canals emboldened, center: the Erie Canal; other lines: railroads, rivers and county borders
Lithograph of the Erie Canal at Lockport, New York c. 1855. Published for Herrman J. Meyer, 164 William Street, New York City.
Aqueduct over Nine Mile Creek north of Camillus, New York, built in 1841 and abandoned c. 1918; one of 32 navigable aqueducts on the Erie Canal, it has since been restored.
Upstream view of the downstream lock at Lock 32, Pittsford, New York
Map of the "Water Level Routes" of the New York Central Railroad (purple), West Shore Railroad (red) and Erie Canal (blue)
Rochester, New York, aqueduct c. 1890
Two "low" lift bridges in Lockport, New York, July 2010
The modern Erie Canal has 34 locks, which are painted with the blue and gold colors of the New York State Canal System.
Gateway Harbor in North Tonawanda, about 1000 ft from the present-day western terminus of the Erie Canal where it connects to the Niagara River
The Old Erie Canal and its towpath at Kirkville, New York, within Old Erie Canal State Historic Park
Buffalo's Erie Canal Commercial Slip in Spring 2008
Erie Canal Lock 18, Cohoes, New York
Old Erie Canal State Historic Park, DeWitt, New York
The modern single lock at the Niagara Escarpment

Historic canal in upstate New York that runs east-west between the Hudson River and Lake Erie.

- Erie Canal

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Main Line of Public Works

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Package of legislation passed by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in 1826 to establish a means of transporting freight between Philadelphia and Pittsburgh.

Package of legislation passed by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in 1826 to establish a means of transporting freight between Philadelphia and Pittsburgh.

As a side agreement in support of their allied Indians, the British Colonial authorities closed the region west of the Appalachians and the gaps of the Allegheny to further migrations, even resorting to having military patrols forcibly removing colonists from their homesteads. The policy was very unpopular, and grew more so as time went by.
Pennsylvania Main Line Canal, Juniata Division, April 2010
The Philadelphia and Columbia Railroad (P&CRR) Depot (1854)
Railroads in Philadelphia that became a part of the PRR.
"View of the Inclined Plane, near Philadelphia" (1838).
Tioga Locomotive in 1848
Lilly
 Culvert under the railroad
A map of downtown Pittsburgh in 1828 shows the routes of the Pennsylvania Canal in and near the city and the canal connections to the city's three rivers.
Painting of the Pennsylvania Canal Aqueduct, Pittsburgh, by Russell Smith, c. 1832

But this project was underfunded, and other canals were completed first, including the Lehigh Canal in late 1820 and the Erie Canal in 1821.

View of Frenchman Island and Dunham Island from Cicero, a suburban Syracuse town

Oneida Lake

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Largest lake entirely within New York state, with a surface area of 79.8 sqmi.

Largest lake entirely within New York state, with a surface area of 79.8 sqmi.

View of Frenchman Island and Dunham Island from Cicero, a suburban Syracuse town
Map showing Oneida Lake in the upper right and the Finger Lakes in relation to Lake Ontario and upstate New York
Located on the eastern shore of Oneida Lake, Sylvan Beach, New York is a popular summer boating destination, thanks to its shallow water and sandy bottom.
Canada geese gather to migrate on Oneida Lake at Verona Beach State Park

From the earliest times until the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, the lake was part of an important waterway connecting the Atlantic seaboard of North America to the continental interior.

Salina, New York

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Town in Onondaga County, New York, United States.

Town in Onondaga County, New York, United States.

Salina's location on the Erie Canal stimulated its industrial development.

Genesee River

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Tributary of Lake Ontario flowing northward through the Twin Tiers of Pennsylvania and New York in the United States.

Tributary of Lake Ontario flowing northward through the Twin Tiers of Pennsylvania and New York in the United States.

Below Upper Falls in Letchworth State Park
Upper Falls in Rochester
A View of the Casconchiagon or Great Seneca Falls, Lake Ontario, taken 1766 by Thomas Davies
The High Falls in downtown Rochester
The Middle Falls in Letchworth State Park
Genesee River in the Town of Caneadea
Below Upper Falls in Letchworth State Park

If "not for hydropower, the flour mills, clothing mills, and tool fabricators would not have located in Rochester", and the 1825 Erie Canal allowed the mills to ship products to New York City.

New York State Canal Corporation

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The New York State Canal Corporation is a New York State public-benefit corporation responsible for the oversight, administration and maintenance of the New York State Canal System, which consists of the Erie Canal, Cayuga–Seneca Canal, Oswego Canal and Champlain Canal.

alt=Map of Pennsylvania Railroad, November 1857|PRR system map, November 1857

Pennsylvania Railroad

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American Class I railroad that was established in 1846 and was headquartered in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

American Class I railroad that was established in 1846 and was headquartered in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

alt=Map of Pennsylvania Railroad, November 1857|PRR system map, November 1857
alt=Map of Pennsylvania Railroad, 1893|PRR system map, 1893
Penn Central Company stock certificate
J. Edgar Thomson
PRR Philadelphia/NY coach ticket (c. 1955)
PRR DD1 electric locomotive used in the New York terminal area and tunnels
A GG1 electric locomotive pulls The Congressional out of the North River Tunnels, 1965
A PRR wooden freight car with steel underframe
PRR boxcar No. 19103 of PRR class X54
PRR I1sa #4483 on display at Hamburg, NY.
K4s at Aberdeen, MD, April 26, 1944.
PRR FF1 experimental locomotive
PRR GG1 #4890 at the National Railroad Museum Green Bay, WI.
PRR Baldwin DS-4-4-660 switcher locomotive
PRR EMD E8A passenger locomotive
PRR EMD SD45 freight locomotive
Position light signals
Juniata Shops, part of the PRR Altoona Works
Map of the Altoona Works, c. 1931
NJ Transit #4636
alt=Map of Pennsylvania Railroad, 1899|PRR eastern system map, 1899
alt=Stock certificate of Pennsylvania Railroad|Stock certificate of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, issued February 29, 1912
alt=Photo of PRR herald engraved in wooden bench|PRR herald on bench, Newark's Penn Station
alt=Detail photo of railing metalwork showing PRR herald on square plates|PRR Herald at 30th Street Station, Philadelphia, PA
alt=Postcard of Pennsylvania Railroad's Pennsylvania Limited passenger train|Postcard of Pennsylvania Railroad's Pennsylvania Limited passenger train
alt=Pennsylvania Railroad Exchange Place Station, Jersey City, New Jersey, 1893|PRR Exchange Place Station, Jersey City, NJ, 1893
alt=Photo of Penn Station, New York City, 1911|Penn Station, New York, NY, 1911
alt=A Pennsylvania Railroad K4s 4-6-2 Pacific-type steam locomotive|PRR K4s Pacific-type steam locomotive
alt=Pennsylvania Railroad M1a 4-8-2 steam locomotive on display at 1939 World's Fair|PRR M1a at 1939 New York World's Fair
alt=Streamlined Pennsylvania Railroad S1 6-4-4-6 steam locomotive on display at 1939 World's Fair|PRR S1 at 1939 New York World's Fair
alt=Photo of PRR DD1 electric locomotive pulling a passenger train out of Hudson River tunnels, 1910|PRR class DD1 electric locomotive approaching Penn Station, New York, NY, 1910
alt=PRR passenger train #111 with GG1 and five cars, South Amboy, New Jersey, November 1965|PRR (NY&LB) GG1 4932 Train #111 at South Amboy, NJ. November 3, 1965
alt=Photo of PRR Baldwin "Sharknose" diesel locomotive #9579, June 1950|PRR Baldwin DR-4-4-1500 “Sharknose" diesel locomotive #9579. Cincinnati, OH, June 28, 1950
alt=Postcard painting of Pennsy diesel freight train descending Horseshoe Curve|Postcard of Pennsylvania Railroad freight train at Horseshoe Curve
alt=Pennsylvania Railroad ferry "New Brunswick" sailing with passengers on the Hudson River, 1905|PRR ferry New Brunswick on the Hudson River, 1905
alt=Portrait drawing of Thomas A. Scott|Thomas A. Scott, fourth president of the Pennsylvania Railroad, 1874-1880
alt=Portrait of Alexander J Cassatt|Alexander J. Cassatt, seventh president of the Pennsylvania Railroad, 1899-1906
alt=Portrait photo of William W. Atterbury|William W. Atterbury, tenth president of the Pennsylvania Railroad, 1925-1935
Two PRR MP54 EMUs, one in former Pennsylvania Railroad livery and the other in the Penn Central livery
A Budd Metroliner in PRR livery in 1968
PRR E44 no. 4465, preserved at the Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania

With the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825 and the beginnings of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal in 1828, Philadelphia business interests became concerned that the port of Philadelphia would lose traffic.

Black Rock, Buffalo

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Independent municipality, is now a neighborhood of the northwest section of the city of Buffalo, New York.

Independent municipality, is now a neighborhood of the northwest section of the city of Buffalo, New York.

In the 1820s, Black Rock was the rival of Buffalo for the terminus of the Erie Canal, but Buffalo, with its larger harbor capacity and greater distance from the shores of Canada, a recent antagonist during the War of 1812, won the competition.

A guide (left), his sport, and his Adirondack guideboat

Adirondack Park

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Part of New York's Forest Preserve in northeastern New York, United States.

Part of New York's Forest Preserve in northeastern New York, United States.

A guide (left), his sport, and his Adirondack guideboat
DEC sign marking state-land boundary
View of Dix Mountain Wilderness Area from the summit of Giant Mountain.
View from Long Pond Mountain of the St. Regis Canoe Area (High Peaks in the background)
Tourism in Old Forge, 1973
New York Central's Lake Placid station
New York Central's Saranac Lake station
Azure Mountain Fire Observation Station
Twig work at Camp Topridge
Paul Smith's College VIC
SUNY-ESF Adirondack Ecological Center, c. 1973

In 1873 he wrote a report arguing that if the Adirondack watershed was allowed to deteriorate, it would threaten the viability of the Erie Canal, which was then vital to New York's economy.

The Old Erie Canal and its towpath at Kirkville, New York, within Old Erie Canal State Historic Park.

Old Erie Canal State Historic Park

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The Old Erie Canal and its towpath at Kirkville, New York, within Old Erie Canal State Historic Park.
Limestone Creek at the Old Erie Canal, Town of Manlius, NY
Old Erie Canal State Historic Park, at Cedar Bay Park, DeWitt, New York

The Old Erie Canal State Historic Park encompasses a 36 mi linear segment of the original Erie Canal's Long Level section.

Oswego, New York

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City in Oswego County, New York, United States.

City in Oswego County, New York, United States.

Fort Oswego 1756
Attack on Oswego, War of 1812
The walls of Fort Ontario
Oswego River flowing into Lake Ontario
Recreational fishing at Oswego, c. 1900.

Oswego was incorporated as a village on March 14, 1828, and the Oswego Canal, a branch of the Erie Canal, reached the area in 1829.