A report on Erie Canal

Erie Canal map c. 1840
Aqueduct over the Mohawk River at Rexford, one of 32 navigable aqueducts on the Erie Canal
The Mohawk Valley, running east and west, cuts a natural pathway (water gap) between the Catskill Mountains to the south and the Adirondack Mountains to the north.
Profile of the original canal
Operations at Lockport, New York, in 1839
Stonework of lock abandoned because of route change, at Durhamville, New York
An original five-step lock structure crossing the Niagara Escarpment at Lockport, now without gates and used as a cascade for excess water
Erie Canal lock in Lockport, New York
1853 map of New York canals emboldened, center: the Erie Canal; other lines: railroads, rivers and county borders
Lithograph of the Erie Canal at Lockport, New York c. 1855. Published for Herrman J. Meyer, 164 William Street, New York City.
Aqueduct over Nine Mile Creek north of Camillus, New York, built in 1841 and abandoned c. 1918; one of 32 navigable aqueducts on the Erie Canal, it has since been restored.
Upstream view of the downstream lock at Lock 32, Pittsford, New York
Map of the "Water Level Routes" of the New York Central Railroad (purple), West Shore Railroad (red) and Erie Canal (blue)
Rochester, New York, aqueduct c. 1890
Two "low" lift bridges in Lockport, New York, July 2010
The modern Erie Canal has 34 locks, which are painted with the blue and gold colors of the New York State Canal System.
Gateway Harbor in North Tonawanda, about 1000 ft from the present-day western terminus of the Erie Canal where it connects to the Niagara River
The Old Erie Canal and its towpath at Kirkville, New York, within Old Erie Canal State Historic Park
Buffalo's Erie Canal Commercial Slip in Spring 2008
Erie Canal Lock 18, Cohoes, New York
Old Erie Canal State Historic Park, DeWitt, New York
The modern single lock at the Niagara Escarpment

Historic canal in upstate New York that runs east-west between the Hudson River and Lake Erie.

- Erie Canal

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Genesee Valley Canal

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Former canal that operated in central New York between 1840 and 1878.

Former canal that operated in central New York between 1840 and 1878.

It was to run from the Erie Canal on the south side of Rochester south-southwest along the Genesee River valley to Mount Morris, Portageville, and Belfast, and then cross-country to the Allegheny River at Olean, with a branch from Mount Morris paralleling Canaseraga Creek to Dansville.

Narrowboat crossing the World Heritage Pontcysyllte Aqueduct in Wales

Navigable aqueduct

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Navigable aqueducts (sometimes called water bridges) are bridge structures that carry navigable waterway canals over other rivers, valleys, railways or roads.

Navigable aqueducts (sometimes called water bridges) are bridge structures that carry navigable waterway canals over other rivers, valleys, railways or roads.

Narrowboat crossing the World Heritage Pontcysyllte Aqueduct in Wales
Out-of-use cast-iron Longdon-on-Tern Aqueduct
The Magdeburg Water Bridge seen from the shores of the Elbe
Passenger (packet) boat on the Monocacy Aqueduct of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal
The wall of the Conococheague Creek aqueduct collapsed when a boat hit it, shutting down navigation until repaired.
The captain jumped off the boat before the wall went out, dumping the boat into the creek below. There were no casualties in this accident.
The Seneca Aqueduct was a lift lock as well as an aqueduct.
This wooden aqueduct carried the Morris Canal over the Pompton River.

There were 32 navigable aqueducts on the Erie Canal, constructed 1817–1825 in New York State, United States.

Canvass White

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American engineer and inventor.

American engineer and inventor.

NYS Historic Marker at Old Erie Canal State Historic Park, Manlius Center, Onondaga County, New York

White's first job as an engineer was on the Erie Canal in 1816, working for chief engineer Judge Benjamin Wright.

Genesee Valley Canal Railroad

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Part of the Pennsylvania Railroad system in western New York.

Part of the Pennsylvania Railroad system in western New York.

On May 6, 1836 an act was passed in New York authorizing the construction of the Genesee Valley Canal, running from the Erie Canal in Rochester southwest along the Genesee River valley to Mount Morris, Portageville, and Belfast, and then cross-country to the Allegheny River at Olean, with a branch from Mount Morris paralleling the Canaseraga Creek to Dansville.

Samuel Wilkeson

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Merchant, politician, and judge who served as mayor of Buffalo, New York.

Merchant, politician, and judge who served as mayor of Buffalo, New York.

Wilkeson's youngest son, Samuel Wilkeson Jr.

He was a member of the Buffalo Harbor Company that brought the terminus of the Erie Canal to Buffalo, versus its rival Black Rock.

Watervliet, New York

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City in Albany County, in the U.S. state of New York.

City in Albany County, in the U.S. state of New York.

West Troy in 1866
Historic Iron Building at Watervliet Arsenal
St. Patrick Church as it appeared in 2012.

The main route of the Erie Canal from Buffalo to Albany ran through Watervliet, and because the canal bypassed the city of Troy, the city's business community decided a "short cut" was needed for convenient access to the Erie Canal without having to go through the Albany Basin.

Onondaga Lake

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Lake in Central New York, immediately northwest of and adjacent to Syracuse, New York.

Lake in Central New York, immediately northwest of and adjacent to Syracuse, New York.

Onondaga watershed
Onondaga Lake motor boat ride by moonlight about 1907
Salt Wells at Syracuse, New York c. 1900
Long Branch Park in Liverpool, New York c. 1900
Onondaga Lake Park, in the northern suburbs of Syracuse, attracts over one million visitors each year
Outlet on the shores of Onondaga Lake in Liverpool, New York about 1900
The Salt Museum in 2015
Sailboating on the lake in 1907
Solvay Process Company in Solvay, New York on Onondaga Lake about 1900
Onondaga Lake outside Syracuse, New York in the moonlight about 1900

The completion of the Erie Canal through New York state in the mid 1820s and the commercial production of salt brought an increase in settlement of the area.

Tugboat in a lock on the Erie Canal

Erie Canalway National Heritage Corridor

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National Heritage Area in New York State.

National Heritage Area in New York State.

Tugboat in a lock on the Erie Canal

It has created signage in a wide area, including placing signs many miles away from any historic site of the Erie Canal.

Joseph Ellicott

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American surveyor, city planner, land office agent, lawyer and politician of the Quaker faith.

American surveyor, city planner, land office agent, lawyer and politician of the Quaker faith.

Joseph Ellicott Obelisk, Batavia Cemetery, April 2011

The Erie Canal was finished in 1825.

Aerial view from the southern part of Seneca Lake.

Seneca Lake (New York)

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Largest of the glacial Finger Lakes of the U.S. state of New York, and the deepest glacial lake entirely within the state.

Largest of the glacial Finger Lakes of the U.S. state of New York, and the deepest glacial lake entirely within the state.

Aerial view from the southern part of Seneca Lake.
Seneca Lake from Watkins Glen
Map showing Seneca Lake and the other Finger Lakes in relation to Lake Ontario and upstate New York
Looking south on Seneca Lake in the city of Geneva, New York
Seneca Harbor wine center
Vineyards in the Seneca Lake AVA

The settlers' isolation ended in 1825 with the opening of the Erie Canal.