Ernest Bevin

Bevin[Ernest] BevinBevin AvenueFlorence Anne BevinFlorence BevinThe Right Honourable '''Ernest Bevin
Ernest Bevin (9 March 1881 – 14 April 1951) was a British statesman, trade union leader, and Labour politician.wikipedia
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Attlee ministry

Labour governmentpost-war Labour governmentAttlee government
His most important role came as Foreign Secretary in the post-war Labour government, 1945–1951.
Ernest Bevin was Foreign Secretary until shortly before his death in April 1951.

Churchill war ministry

War CabinetCoalition Governmentwar-time coalition government
He co-founded and served as general secretary of the powerful Transport and General Workers' Union in the years 1922–1940, and as Minister of Labour in the war-time coalition government.
The cabinet changed in size and membership as the war progressed but there were significant additions later in 1940 when it was increased to eight after Churchill, Attlee and Greenwood were joined by Ernest Bevin as Minister of Labour and National Service; Anthony Eden as Foreign Secretary – replacing Halifax, who was sent to Washington D.C. as ambassador to the United States; Lord Beaverbrook as Minister of Aircraft Production; Sir Kingsley Wood as Chancellor of the Exchequer and Sir John Anderson as Lord President of the Council – replacing Chamberlain who died in November (Anderson later became Chancellor after Kingsley Wood's death in September 1943).

Labour Party (UK)

Labour PartyLabourBritish Labour Party
Ernest Bevin (9 March 1881 – 14 April 1951) was a British statesman, trade union leader, and Labour politician.
As the threat from Nazi Germany increased, in the late 1930s the Labour Party gradually abandoned its pacifist stance and came to support re-armament, largely due to the efforts of Ernest Bevin and Hugh Dalton who by 1937 had also persuaded the party to oppose Neville Chamberlain's policy of appeasement.

Secretary of State for Employment

Minister of LabourDepartment of EmploymentMinister of Labour and National Service
He co-founded and served as general secretary of the powerful Transport and General Workers' Union in the years 1922–1940, and as Minister of Labour in the war-time coalition government.

Alan Bullock

Bullock, AlanAlan Bullock, Baron BullockLord Bullock
His biographer, Alan Bullock, said that Bevin "stands as the last of the line of foreign secretaries in the tradition created by Castlereagh, Canning and Palmerston in the first half of the 19th century".
Bullock's other works included The Humanist Tradition in the West (1985), and The Life and Times of Ernest Bevin, a three-volume biography of British Labour Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin,.

Clement Attlee

AttleeEarl AttleeAttlee government
Lansbury resigned and was replaced as leader by his deputy Clement Attlee, who along with Lansbury and Stafford Cripps had been one of only three former Labour Ministers to be re-elected under that party label at the General Election in 1931.
In foreign policy, Attlee delegated to Ernest Bevin, but oversaw the partition of India (1947), the independence of Burma and Ceylon, and the dissolution of the British mandates of Palestine and Transjordan.

Herbert Morrison

Herbert Stanley MorrisonHerbert Morrison, Baron Morrison of LambethLord Morrison of Lambeth
After the November 1935 General Election Herbert Morrison, newly returned to Parliament, challenged Attlee for the leadership but was defeated.
Attlee, Morrison, Ernest Bevin, Stafford Cripps and (initially) Hugh Dalton formed the "Big Five" who dominated those governments.

Hugh Gaitskell

GaitskellHugh Todd Naylor GaitskellMr Gaitskell
He spoke with a strong West Country accent, so much so that on one occasion listeners at Cabinet had difficulty in deciding whether he was talking about "Hugh and Nye (Gaitskell and Bevan)" or "you and I".
Gaitskell and Wilson met with Attlee, Ernest Bevin and Cripps at Chequers on 19 August, and Bevin and Cripps agreed with some reluctance to devaluation.

Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs

Foreign SecretarySecretary of State for Foreign AffairsBritish Foreign Secretary
His most important role came as Foreign Secretary in the post-war Labour government, 1945–1951. After the 1945 general election, Attlee had it in mind to appoint Bevin as Chancellor and Hugh Dalton as Foreign Secretary, but ultimately changed his mind and swapped them round.

Bevin Boys

Bevin Boy
During the war Bevin was responsible for diverting nearly 48,000 military conscripts to work in the coal industry (these workers became known as the Bevin Boys) while using his position to secure significant improvements in wages and working conditions for working-class people.
The programme was named after Ernest Bevin, a former trade union official and then British Labour Party politician who was Minister of Labour and National Service in the wartime coalition government.

Aneurin Bevan

Nye BevanBevaniteBevan
He spoke with a strong West Country accent, so much so that on one occasion listeners at Cabinet had difficulty in deciding whether he was talking about "Hugh and Nye (Gaitskell and Bevan)" or "you and I".
He had also seen disputes with some of Attlee's closest allies, Ernest Bevin and Herbert Morrison, who were appointed Foreign Secretary and Leader of the House respectively.

Dock, Wharf, Riverside and General Labourers' Union

DockersDockers' UnionTea Operatives' and General Labourers' Association
In 1910 he became secretary of the Bristol branch of the Dock, Wharf, Riverside and General Labourers' Union, and in 1914 he became a national organiser for the union.
Ernest Bevin became a prominent official in the union from 1910, and he initiated the merger process which formed the Transport and General Workers' Union in 1922.

1926 United Kingdom general strike

General Strike1926 General StrikeGeneral Strike of 1926
He took part in the British General Strike in 1926, but without enthusiasm.
It was the only general strike in British history, as union leaders such as Ernest Bevin, who had coordinated the strike, considered it a mistake.

Demobilisation of the British Armed Forces after the Second World War

demobilisationdemobiliseddemobbed
He also drew up the demobilisation scheme that ultimately returned millions of military personnel and civilian war workers into the peacetime economy.
The wartime Minister of Labour and National Service and Britain's first post-war Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin, was the chief architect of the demobilisation plan.

Transport and General Workers' Union

Transport and General Workers UnionTGWUTransport & General Workers Union
He co-founded and served as general secretary of the powerful Transport and General Workers' Union in the years 1922–1940, and as Minister of Labour in the war-time coalition government.

Bristol Socialist Society

At the age of eleven, he went to work as a labourer, then as a lorry driver in Bristol, where he joined the Bristol Socialist Society.
Its members included Katherine St John Conway, Dan Irving, Enid Stacy, John Gregory, Ernest Bevin, Samuel George Hobson, Ramsay MacDonald and even Ben Tillett.

Trades Union Congress

TUCTrade Union CongressTrades Unions Congress
During the late Thirties, for instance, Bevin helped to instigate a successful campaign by the TUC to extend paid holidays to a wider proportion of the workforce.
Following the railway strike of 1919, Ernest Bevin and G. D. H. Cole proposed a new system.

United Nations Parliamentary Assembly

Dublin DeclarationUN Parliamentary AssemblyWorld Parliament
In 1945, Bevin advocated the creation of a United Nations Parliamentary Assembly, saying in the House of Commons that "There should be a study of a house directly elected by the people of the world to whom the nations are accountable."
In 1945, a people's world assembly was proposed by British politician Ernest Bevin, who said in the House of Commons that "There should be a study of a house directly elected by the people of the world to whom the nations are accountable."

Appeasement

appeasement of Hitlerappeaseappeaser
He was a firm opponent of fascism and of British appeasement of the fascist powers.
However, with the rising threat from Nazi Germany, and the ineffectiveness of the League of Nations, this policy eventually lost credibility, and in 1937 Ernest Bevin and Hugh Dalton persuaded the party to support rearmament and oppose appeasement.

Marshall Plan

Marshall AidEuropean Recovery ProgramThe Marshall Plan
He gained American financial support, strongly opposed Communism, and aided in the creation of NATO.
British Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin heard Marshall's radio broadcast speech and immediately contacted French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault to begin preparing a quick European response to (and acceptance of) the offer, which led to the creation of the Committee of European Economic Co-operation.

Stafford Cripps

Sir Stafford CrippsHon. Sir Stafford CrippsCripps
Lansbury resigned and was replaced as leader by his deputy Clement Attlee, who along with Lansbury and Stafford Cripps had been one of only three former Labour Ministers to be re-elected under that party label at the General Election in 1931.
In 1947, amid a growing economic and political crisis, Cripps tried to persuade Attlee to retire in favour of Ernest Bevin; however, Bevin was in favour of Attlee remaining.

Winsford, Somerset

WinsfordWinsford HillWest Howetown
Bevin was born in the village of Winsford in Somerset, England, to Diana Bevin who, since 1877, had described herself as a widow.
In 1881 the village was the birthplace of the Labour politician and Lord Privy Seal, Ernest Bevin.

Lord Privy Seal

Keeper of the Privy SealLord Keeper of the Privy SealPrivy Seal
His health failing, Bevin reluctantly allowed himself to be moved to become Lord Privy Seal in March 1951.
The office does not confer membership of the House of Lords, leading to Ernest Bevin's remark on holding this office that he was "neither a Lord, nor a Privy, nor a Seal".

Hugh Dalton

Edward Hugh John Neale DaltonDalton[Hugh] Dalton
After the 1945 general election, Attlee had it in mind to appoint Bevin as Chancellor and Hugh Dalton as Foreign Secretary, but ultimately changed his mind and swapped them round.
After the unexpected Labour victory in the 1945 general election Dalton wished to become Foreign Secretary, but the job was instead given to Ernest Bevin.

Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry

Anglo-American Commission of Inquiry on PalestineAnglo-American Committee of Inquiry on PalestineAnglo-American Committee of Enquiry
According to historian Howard Sachar, his political foe, Richard Crossman, a fellow Labour Party member of parliament and a pro-Zionist member of the post-war Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry into the Problems of European Jewry and Palestine, characterised his outlook during the dying days of the Mandate as "corresponding roughly with The Protocols of the Elders of Zion", a Tsarist fabrication written to inflame anti-Semitic prejudice.
On 13 November 1945, Attlee's foreign minister Ernest Bevin announced the formation of the Anglo-American Commission.