Erzhu Rong

Erzhu Rong (493 – November 1, 530 ), courtesy name Tianbao, formally Prince Wu of Jin, was a general of the Chinese/Xianbei dynasty Northern Wei.wikipedia
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Emperor Xiaoming of Northern Wei

Emperor XiaomingYuan XuXiaoming
He was of Xiongnu ancestry, and after Emperor Xiaoming was killed by his mother Empress Dowager Hu in 528, Erzhu overthrew her and put Emperor Xiaozhuang on the throne, but at the same time slaughtered many imperial officials and took over most of actual power either directly or through associates.
In 528, Emperor Xiaoming tried to curb his mother's powers and kill her lover Zheng Yan by conspiring with the general Erzhu Rong.

Emperor Xiaozhuang of Northern Wei

Emperor XiaozhuangYuan ZiyouXiao Zhuang Di
He was of Xiongnu ancestry, and after Emperor Xiaoming was killed by his mother Empress Dowager Hu in 528, Erzhu overthrew her and put Emperor Xiaozhuang on the throne, but at the same time slaughtered many imperial officials and took over most of actual power either directly or through associates.
He was placed on the throne by General Erzhu Rong, who refused to recognize the young emperor, Yuan Zhao, who Empress Dowager Hu had placed on the throne after she poisoned her son Emperor Xiaoming.

Empress Dowager Hu (Northern Wei)

Empress Dowager HuConsort HuEmpress Hu
He was of Xiongnu ancestry, and after Emperor Xiaoming was killed by his mother Empress Dowager Hu in 528, Erzhu overthrew her and put Emperor Xiaozhuang on the throne, but at the same time slaughtered many imperial officials and took over most of actual power either directly or through associates.
This caused the general Erzhu Rong to attack and capture the capital Luoyang.

Erzhu Shilong

Subsequently, however, Erzhu's clan members, led by his cousin Erzhu Shilong and nephew Erzhu Zhao, defeated and killed Emperor Xiaozhuang.
He first became prominent when after his cousin Erzhu Rong overthrew Emperor Xiaoming's mother Empress Dowager Hu (after she poisoned Emperor Xiaoming) and made Emperor Xiaozhuang emperor.

Erzhu Zhao

Subsequently, however, Erzhu's clan members, led by his cousin Erzhu Shilong and nephew Erzhu Zhao, defeated and killed Emperor Xiaozhuang.
He was ethnically Xiongnu and a nephew of the paramount general Erzhu Rong.

Northern Wei

Northern Wei DynastyWeiand future dynasties
Erzhu Rong (493 – November 1, 530 ), courtesy name Tianbao, formally Prince Wu of Jin, was a general of the Chinese/Xianbei dynasty Northern Wei.
In 528, after a coup in Northern Wei, with the warlord Erzhu Rong overthrowing Empress Dowager Hu, a number of Northern Wei officials, including Yuan Yue, Yuan Yu, and Yuan Hao fled and surrendered territories they controlled to Liang.

Empress Erzhu (Yuan Ziyou's wife)

Erzhu Ying'eEmpress Erzhu Ying'eEmpress
Sometime during Emperor Xiaoming's reign, Emperor Xiaoming took Erzhu Rong's daughter Erzhu Ying'e as a concubine.
She was the wife of Emperor Xiaozhuang and a daughter of the paramount general Erzhu Rong.

Gao Huan

Emperor Shenwu
under advice from his generals Gao Huan and Heba Yue and close friend Yuan Tianmu, Erzhu considered waging a campaign to end Empress Dowager Hu's regency, and therefore prepared his army for campaign, while claiming that he was seeking to attack the rebel Ge Rong, who had claimed the title Emperor of Qi.
He then joined another rebel leader, Ge Rong, but eventually went to the Northern Wei general and Xiongnu tribal leader Erzhu Rong.

Yuan Yong

Erzhu ordered the imperial officials to his camp at Heyin (河陰, near Luoyang) under the pretense that Emperor Xiaozhuang was going to offer sacrifices to heaven and earth there, and then surrounded the imperial officials and slaughtered them, killing more than 2,000 of them, including Emperor Xiaozhuang's uncle, the prime minister Yuan Yong the Prince of Gaoyang.
This, however, drew resentment from the populace, and after Emperor Xiaoming's death in 528 and the subsequent overthrowing of Emperor Xiaoming's mother Empress Dowager Hu by the general Erzhu Rong, Erzhu had him and over 2,000 other officials slaughtered at Heyin (河陰, in modern Luoyang, Henan).

Yuan Zhao

She then declared Yuan Zhao, a two-year-old child and son of Yuan Baohui the Prince of Lintao (a distant cousin of Emperor Xiaoming), emperor.
The general Erzhu Rong, with whom Emperor Xiaoming had conspired against Empress Dowager Hu, refused to recognize Yuan Zhao as emperor, quickly descending on the capital Luoyang with his troops and declaring a son of Emperor Xiaowen's brother Yuan Xie, Yuan Ziyou, emperor (as Emperor Xiaozhuang).

Erzhu Tianguang

In spring 530, Erzhu Rong sent his nephew Erzhu Tianguang, assisted by the generals Heba Yue and Houmochen Yue, to attack Moqi Chounu.
He became a major general during the reign of Emperor Xiaozhuang, when his father's cousin Erzhu Rong was the paramount general of the state.

Yuan Hao

Around the same time, rival Liang Dynasty's Emperor Wu created Emperor Xiaozhuang's cousin Yuan Hao the Prince of Beihai, who had fled to Liang following the Heyin Massacre, the Prince of Wei and sent an army commanded by the general Chen Qingzhi to escort him, with an intent to install Yuan Hao as Northern Wei's emperor as a vassal state to Liang.
He became complacent after capturing Luoyang, however, and when the general Erzhu Rong, who supported Emperor Xiaozhuang, counterattacked later that year, Yuan Hao fled Luoyang and was killed in flight.

Xiao Baoyin

He then captured Moqi's capital Gaoping (高平, in modern Guyuan, Ningxia), capturing Moqi's general Xiao Baoyin – a former major Northern Wei general and Southern Qi prince who had, during Emperor Xiaoming's reign unsuccessfully tried to reestablish Southern Qi.
In 527, as Northern Wei was embroiled in agrarian rebellions, Xiao Baoyin rebelled and tried to reestablish Southern Qi, but was soon defeated and forced to flee to a rebel leader, Moqi Chounu, and he served under Moqi until both were captured in 530 by the paramount general Erzhu Rong's nephew Erzhu Tianguang.

Emperor Jiemin of Northern Wei

Emperor JieminYuan GongJie Min Di
When they subsequently made Yuan Gong the Prince of Guangling emperor (as Emperor Jiemin), Erzhu Rong was posthumously honored the Prince of Jin, with the posthumous name Wu (武, "martial"), and enshrined in the shrine of Emperor Xiaowen.
He became emperor after the clan members of the paramount general Erzhu Rong, after Erzhu Rong was killed by Emperor Xiaozhuang, overthrew Emperor Xiaozhuang.

Emperor Wu of Liang

Emperor WuXiao YanWu Di
Around the same time, rival Liang Dynasty's Emperor Wu created Emperor Xiaozhuang's cousin Yuan Hao the Prince of Beihai, who had fled to Liang following the Heyin Massacre, the Prince of Wei and sent an army commanded by the general Chen Qingzhi to escort him, with an intent to install Yuan Hao as Northern Wei's emperor as a vassal state to Liang.
In 528, after a coup in Northern Wei, with the warlord Erzhu Rong overthrowing Empress Dowager Hu (after she killed her own son, Emperor Xiaoming of Northern Wei, with poison), a number of Northern Wei officials, including Yuan Yue the Prince of Ru'nan, Yuan Yu the Prince of Linhuai, and Yuan Hao the Prince of Beihai, fled to Liang, and a number of other officials surrendered territories they controlled to Liang.

Courtesy name

style namestyledZi
Erzhu Rong (493 – November 1, 530 ), courtesy name Tianbao, formally Prince Wu of Jin, was a general of the Chinese/Xianbei dynasty Northern Wei.

History of China

Chineseimperial Chinaancient China
Erzhu Rong (493 – November 1, 530 ), courtesy name Tianbao, formally Prince Wu of Jin, was a general of the Chinese/Xianbei dynasty Northern Wei.

Xianbei

Xianbei languageXianbicolonised by Turkic people
Erzhu Rong (493 – November 1, 530 ), courtesy name Tianbao, formally Prince Wu of Jin, was a general of the Chinese/Xianbei dynasty Northern Wei.

Xiongnu

Xiongnu EmpireSouthern XiongnuNorthern Xiongnu
He was of Xiongnu ancestry, and after Emperor Xiaoming was killed by his mother Empress Dowager Hu in 528, Erzhu overthrew her and put Emperor Xiaozhuang on the throne, but at the same time slaughtered many imperial officials and took over most of actual power either directly or through associates.

Han dynasty

Eastern Han dynastyHanWestern Han dynasty
He was often compared by historians to the Han Dynasty general Dong Zhuo, for his ferocity in battle and for his violence and lack of tact.

Dong Zhuo

Dong MinĐổng Trác
He was often compared by historians to the Han Dynasty general Dong Zhuo, for his ferocity in battle and for his violence and lack of tact.

Emperor Daowu of Northern Wei

Tuoba GuiEmperor DaowuDaowu
Erzhu Rong's great-great-grandfather Erzhu Yujian had assisted Northern Wei's founding emperor Emperor Daowu in his campaigns, and therefore was granted the Xiurong (秀容, in modern Shuozhou, Shanxi) region as the Erzhus' hereditary domain.

Shuozhou

MayiBingzhouMayi (马邑, "Horse Town")
Erzhu Rong's great-great-grandfather Erzhu Yujian had assisted Northern Wei's founding emperor Emperor Daowu in his campaigns, and therefore was granted the Xiurong (秀容, in modern Shuozhou, Shanxi) region as the Erzhus' hereditary domain.

Shanxi

Shanxi ProvinceShansiShangxi
Erzhu Rong's great-great-grandfather Erzhu Yujian had assisted Northern Wei's founding emperor Emperor Daowu in his campaigns, and therefore was granted the Xiurong (秀容, in modern Shuozhou, Shanxi) region as the Erzhus' hereditary domain.

Emperor Xiaowen of Northern Wei

Emperor XiaowenXiao Wen DiXiaowen
Erzhu Rong himself was born in 493, during the reign of Emperor Xiaowen.