Eskimo

EskimosEsquimauxInuitEskemoesEsquimaux IndiansEsquimoInupiaq EskimoQuincynookterm "EskimoThe term "Eskimo
Eskimo or Eskimos are the indigenous circumpolar peoples who have traditionally inhabited the northern circumpolar region from eastern Siberia (Russia) to Alaska (of the United States), Canada, and Greenland.wikipedia
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Inuit

InukInuit peopleEskimos
The two main peoples known as "Eskimo" are the Inuit—including the Alaskan Iñupiat peoples, the Greenlandic Inuit, and the mass-grouping Inuit peoples of Canada—and the Yupik of eastern Siberia and Alaska.
In Canada and the United States, the term "Eskimo" was commonly used to describe Inuit and Siberia's and Alaska's Yupik and Iñupiat peoples.

Yupik peoples

YupikYup'ikYupik people
The two main peoples known as "Eskimo" are the Inuit—including the Alaskan Iñupiat peoples, the Greenlandic Inuit, and the mass-grouping Inuit peoples of Canada—and the Yupik of eastern Siberia and Alaska.
They are Eskimo and are related to the Inuit and Iñupiat peoples.

Yupik languages

YupikYupik languageCentral Yup'ik
The non-Inuit sub-branch of the Eskimo branch of the Eskimo-Aleut language family consists of four distinct Yupik languages, two used in the Russian Far East and St. Lawrence Island, and two used in western Alaska, southwestern Alaska, and the western part of Southcentral Alaska.
The Aleut and Eskimo languages diverged around 2000 BC (contemporaneous with the split of Indo-Iranian); within the Eskimo classification, the Yupik languages diverged from each other and from the Inuit language around 1000 AD.

Indigenous peoples in Canada

AboriginalIndigenousAboriginal peoples in Canada
Section 25 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and section 35 of the Canadian Constitution Act of 1982, recognized the Inuit as a distinctive group of Aboriginal peoples in Canada.
They comprise the First Nations, Inuit and Métis, or by the initialism FNIM (First Nations, Inuit, Métis), Although "Indian" is a term still commonly used in legal documents, the descriptors "Indian" and "Eskimo" have somewhat fallen into disuse in Canada and some consider them to be pejorative.

Circumpolar peoples

Arctic peoplesArcticindigenous peoples of the Arctic
Eskimo or Eskimos are the indigenous circumpolar peoples who have traditionally inhabited the northern circumpolar region from eastern Siberia (Russia) to Alaska (of the United States), Canada, and Greenland.
Other Circumpolar North indigenous peoples include the Chukchi, Evenks, Inupiat, Khanty, Koryaks, Nenets, Sami, Yukaghir, and Yupik, who still refer to themselves as Eskimo which means "snowshoe netters", not "raw meat eaters" as it is sometimes mistakenly translated.

Husky

HuskiesHuskiedog
Etymologically, the word Eskimo comes from Innu-aimun (Montagnais) ayas̆kimew meaning "a person who laces a snowshoe" and is related to "husky" (a breed of dog), and does not have a pejorative meaning in origin.
The word husky originated from the word referring to aboriginal Arctic people, in general, Eskimo, "...known as 'huskies', a contraction of 'Huskimos', the pronunciation given to the word 'Eskimos' by the English sailors of trading vessels."

Indigenous peoples

indigenousindigenous peopleaboriginal
Eskimo or Eskimos are the indigenous circumpolar peoples who have traditionally inhabited the northern circumpolar region from eastern Siberia (Russia) to Alaska (of the United States), Canada, and Greenland.
The descriptors "Indian" and "Eskimo" have fallen into disuse in Canada.

Inuit Circumpolar Council

Inuit Circumpolar ConferenceInternational Circumpolar Conference
In 1977, the Inuit Circumpolar Conference (ICC) meeting in Utqiagvik, Alaska, officially adopted Inuit as a designation for all circumpolar native peoples, regardless of their local view on an appropriate term.
The Inuit Circumpolar Council (ICC) (Inuit Issittormiut Siunnersuisooqatigiiffiat), formerly Inuit Circumpolar Conference, is a multinational non-governmental organization (NGO) and Indigenous Peoples' Organization (IPO) representing the 160,000 Inuit and Yupik (often referred to as Eskimo) people living in Alaska (United States), Canada, Greenland (Kingdom of Denmark), and Chukotka (Russia).

Paleo-Eskimo

Paleo-EskimosPalaeo-EskimoPaleoeskimo
The earliest positively identified Paleo-Eskimo cultures (Early Paleo-Eskimo) date to 5,000 years ago.
The Paleo-Eskimo (also pre-Thule or pre-Inuit) were the peoples who inhabited the Arctic region from Chukotka (e.g., Chertov Ovrag) in present-day Russia across North America to Greenland prior to the arrival of the modern Inuit (Eskimo) and related cultures.

Alaska Natives

Alaska NativeNative AlaskanAlaskan Native
Under U.S. and Alaskan law (as well as the linguistic and cultural traditions of Alaska), "Alaska Native" refers to all indigenous peoples of Alaska.

Thule people

ThuleThule cultureThule Tradition
The distinct culture of the Thule people developed in northwestern Alaska and very quickly spread over the entire area occupied by Eskimo people, though it was not necessarily adopted by all of them.
Compounded by the already disruptive effects of the "Little Ice Age" (1650–1850), the Thule communities broke apart, and the people were henceforward known as the Eskimo, and later, Inuit.

Inuit languages

InuitInuit languageInuktitut
The Eskimo sub-family consists of the Inuit language and Yupik language sub-groups.
See the article on Eskimo for more information on this word.

Inuit culture

cultureInuit lifetraditional culture
They maintain a unique Inuit culture.
The term culture of the Inuit, therefore, refers primarily to these areas; however, parallels to other Eskimo groups can also be drawn.

Native Americans in the United States

Native AmericanNative AmericansAmerican Indian
Despite the ICC's 1977 decision to adopt the term Inuit, this was never accepted by the Yupik peoples, who likened it to calling all Native American Indians Navajo simply because the Navajo felt that that's what all tribes should be called.

Yup'ik

YupikYup’ikCentral Alaskan Yup'ik people
The Yupik are indigenous or aboriginal peoples who live along the coast of western Alaska, especially on the Yukon-Kuskokwim delta and along the Kuskokwim River (Central Alaskan Yup'ik); in southern Alaska (the Alutiiq); and along the eastern coast of Chukotka in the Russian Far East and St. Lawrence Island in western Alaska (the Siberian Yupik).
The Yup'ik or Yupiaq (sg & pl) and Yupiit or Yupiat (pl), also Central Alaskan Yup'ik, Central Yup'ik, Alaskan Yup'ik (own name Yup'ik sg Yupiik dual Yupiit pl ), are an Eskimo people of western and southwestern Alaska ranging from southern Norton Sound southwards along the coast of the Bering Sea on the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta (including living on Nelson and Nunivak Islands) and along the northern coast of Bristol Bay as far east as Nushagak Bay and the northern Alaska Peninsula at Naknek River and Egegik Bay.

Utqiagvik, Alaska

Barrow, AlaskaUtqiagvikBarrow
In 1977, the Inuit Circumpolar Conference (ICC) meeting in Utqiagvik, Alaska, officially adopted Inuit as a designation for all circumpolar native peoples, regardless of their local view on an appropriate term.

Siberian Yupik

Siberian Yupik peopleYupikSiberian Eskimo
The Yupik are indigenous or aboriginal peoples who live along the coast of western Alaska, especially on the Yukon-Kuskokwim delta and along the Kuskokwim River (Central Alaskan Yup'ik); in southern Alaska (the Alutiiq); and along the eastern coast of Chukotka in the Russian Far East and St. Lawrence Island in western Alaska (the Siberian Yupik).
They are also known as Siberian or Eskimo .

Blond Eskimos

Blonde EskimoBlond Eskimoblond" Inuit
Blonde Eskimos or Blond Eskimos is a term first applied to sightings and encounters of light haired Inuit (then known as Eskimo) peoples of Northern Canada from the early 20th century, particularly around the Coronation Gulf between mainland Canada and Victoria Island.

Eskimology

EskimologistInuitology
Eskimology or Inuitology is a complex of humanities sciences studying languages, history, literature, folklore, culture, and ethnology of people speaking Eskimo–Aleut languages and Eskimo (Inuit–Yupik)–Aleut peoples in chronological and comparative context.

Eskimo yo-yo

Alaska yo-yoArctic yo-yoAlaskan yo-yo
An Eskimo yo-yo or Alaska yo-yo (Yup'ik: yuuyuuk Inupiaq: igruuraak) is a traditional two-balled bolas-like fur-covered padded poi type yo-yo skill toy played and performed by the Eskimo-speaking Alaska Natives, such as Inupiat, Siberian Yupik, and Yup'ik.

Alaska Native religion

Alaskan Native religionher traditional spiritualityreligion
The term "Eskimo" has fallen out of favour in Canada and Greenland, where it is considered pejorative and "Inuit" is used instead.

Sirenik Eskimo language

SirenikSireniki Eskimo languageSireniki
The extinct language of the Sirenik people is sometimes argued to be related to these.

Disc number

disc numbers
The discs were stamped with "Eskimo Identification Canada" around the edge and the crown in the middle.

North Slope Borough, Alaska

North Slope BoroughNorth SlopeNorth Slope Borough, Alaska,USA
The Iñupiat are the Inuit of Alaska's Northwest Arctic and North Slope boroughs and the Bering Straits region, including the Seward Peninsula.

Eskimo kinship

EskimoLineal kinship
The term "Eskimo" is considered pejorative in Canada, and has been replaced there by the term "Inuit".