Endoscopic image of an esophageal adenocarcinoma
A chest X-ray showing achalasia ( arrows point to the outline of the massively dilated esophagus )
Surgical removal of the esophagus.
The digestive tract, with the esophagus marked in red
Esophageal cancer (lower part) as a result of Barrettʼs esophagus
Transhiatal oesophagectomy specimen from a patient suffering from late-stage achalasia. Diverticulum at the left lower end of the oesophagus.
Diagram showing before and after an oesophago-gastrectomy
The esophagus is constricted in three places.
Esophageal cancer as shown by a filling defect during an upper GI series
An axial CT image showing marked dilatation of the esophagus in a person with achalasia.
Diagram showing before and after a partial oesophagectomy
A mass seen during an endoscopy and an ultrasound of the mass conducted during the endoscopy session.
Esophageal stent for esophageal cancer
"Bird's beak" appearance and "megaesophagus", typical in achalasia.
Diagram showing before and after a total oesophagectomy
Esophageal stent for esophageal cancer
Schematic of manometry in achalasia showing aperistaltic contractions, increased intraesophageal pressure, and failure of relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter.
An esophagectomy using the bowel (colon) to replace the esophagus
Before and after a total esophagectomy
Image of a stomach which has undergone Fundoplomy
Typical scar lines after the two main methods of surgery
Death from esophageal cancer per million persons in 2012
Endoscopic image of Barrett esophagus – a frequent precursor of esophageal adenocarcinoma
Endoscopy and radial endoscopic ultrasound images of a submucosal tumor in the central portion of the esophagus
Contrast CT scan showing an esophageal tumor (axial view)
Contrast CT scan showing an esophageal tumor (coronal view)
Esophageal cancer
Micrograph showing histopathological appearance of an esophageal adenocarcinoma (dark blue – upper-left of image) and normal squamous epithelium (upper-right of image) at H&E staining
T1, T2, and T3 stages of esophageal cancer
Stage T4 esophageal cancer
Esophageal cancer with spread to lymph nodes
Internal radiotherapy for esophageal cancer
Self-expandable metallic stents are sometimes used for palliative care

Esophageal cancer is cancer arising from the esophagus—the food pipe that runs between the throat and the stomach.

- Esophageal cancer

Esophageal achalasia, often referred to simply as achalasia, is a failure of smooth muscle fibers to relax, which can cause the lower esophageal sphincter to remain closed.

- Esophageal achalasia

Esophagectomy or oesophagectomy is the surgical removal of all or parts of the esophagus.

- Esophagectomy

This procedure is usually done for patients with esophageal cancer.

- Esophagectomy

Esophagectomy is also occasionally performed for benign disease such as esophageal atresia in children, achalasia, or caustic injury.

- Esophagectomy

The esophagus may be affected by gastric reflux, cancer, prominent dilated blood vessels called varices that can bleed heavily, tears, constrictions, and disorders of motility.

- Esophagus

However, a small proportion occurs secondary to other conditions, such as esophageal cancer, Chagas disease (an infectious disease common in South America) or Triple-A syndrome.

- Esophageal achalasia

End-stage achalasia, typified by a massively dilated and tortuous oesophagus, may occur in patients previously treated but where further dilatation or myotomy fails to relieve dysphagia or prevent nutritional deterioration, and oesophagectomy may be the only option.

- Esophageal achalasia

Achalasia (i.e. lack of the involuntary reflex in the esophagus after swallowing) appears to be a risk factor for both main types of esophageal cancer, at least in men, due to stagnation of trapped food and drink.

- Esophageal cancer

Otherwise, curative surgery of early-stage lesions may entail removal of all or part of the esophagus (esophagectomy), although this is a difficult operation with a relatively high risk of mortality or post-operative difficulties.

- Esophageal cancer

Esophageal cancer is often managed with radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and may also be managed by partial surgical removal of the esophagus.

- Esophagus

Achalasia refers to a failure of the lower esophageal sphincter to relax properly, and generally develops later in life.

- Esophagus
Endoscopic image of an esophageal adenocarcinoma

0 related topics with Alpha

Overall