Esophageal cancer is cancer arising from the esophagus—the food pipe that runs between the throat and the stomach.- Esophageal cancer
Esophagectomy or oesophagectomy is the surgical removal of all or parts of the esophagus.- Esophagectomy
This procedure is usually done for patients with esophageal cancer.- Esophagectomy
The esophagus may be affected by gastric reflux, cancer, prominent dilated blood vessels called varices that can bleed heavily, tears, constrictions, and disorders of motility.- Esophagus
Otherwise, curative surgery of early-stage lesions may entail removal of all or part of the esophagus (esophagectomy), although this is a difficult operation with a relatively high risk of mortality or post-operative difficulties.- Esophageal cancer
Esophageal cancer is often managed with radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and may also be managed by partial surgical removal of the esophagus.- Esophagus
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Esophageal achalasia, often referred to simply as achalasia, is a failure of smooth muscle fibers to relax, which can cause the lower esophageal sphincter to remain closed.
However, a small proportion occurs secondary to other conditions, such as esophageal cancer, Chagas disease (an infectious disease common in South America) or Triple-A syndrome.
End-stage achalasia, typified by a massively dilated and tortuous oesophagus, may occur in patients previously treated but where further dilatation or myotomy fails to relieve dysphagia or prevent nutritional deterioration, and oesophagectomy may be the only option.