Esotericism in Germany and Austria

esotericesoteric movement in Germany and Austriaesoteric scene in Germany and Austriaesotericists of 20th-century Germanygeneral occult revival in Austria and GermanyGerman esotericismGerman occultGerman occultismGermanic mysticismGermany or Austria
This article gives an overview of esoteric movements in Germany and Austria between 1880 and 1945, presenting Theosophy, Anthroposophy and Ariosophy, among others, against the influences of earlier European esotericism.wikipedia
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Ariosophy

Germanic mysticismArmanistAriosophist
This article gives an overview of esoteric movements in Germany and Austria between 1880 and 1945, presenting Theosophy, Anthroposophy and Ariosophy, among others, against the influences of earlier European esotericism.
The ideas of Von List and Lanz von Liebenfels were part of a general occult revival in Austria and Germany of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, inspired by historical Germanic paganism and holistic philosophy as well as esoteric concepts influenced by German romanticism and Theosophy.

Lotusblüten

His periodical Lotusblüten (Lotus Blossoms, 1892–1900) was the first German publication to use the theosophical swastika on its cover.
It was the second theosophical magazine in Germany and Austria after Wilhelm Hübbe-Schleidens Die Sphinx.

Ordo Templi Orientis

O.T.O.OTOO.T.O
"The Ordo Templi Orientis (OTO) originated in the irregular masonic activities of Theodor Reuss, Franz Hartmann, and Karl Kellner between 1895 and 1906."
It originated in Germany or Austria between 1895 and 1906.

Occultism in Nazism

Nazi occultismNazi mysticismNazism and occultism
(see: Nazi occultism) Willigut was of the opinion that Marby (and also Kummer) were bringing "the holy Aryan heritage into disrepute and ridicule".
The book's main subject was the racist-occult movement of Ariosophy, a major strand of Nationalist Esotericism in Germany and Austria during the 1800s and early 1900s.

Anthroposophy

anthroposophistanthroposophicalanthroposophic
This article gives an overview of esoteric movements in Germany and Austria between 1880 and 1945, presenting Theosophy, Anthroposophy and Ariosophy, among others, against the influences of earlier European esotericism.

Peryt Shou

Significant figures in this milieu were Gustav Meyring, Franz Spunda and Peryt Shou.
However, he remains one of the most important esotericists of 20th-century Germany.

Armanen runes

Armanen FutharkhThe Secret of the RunesDas Geheimnis der Runen
Since the esoteric importance of the runes (that first had been developed by Guido von List, see Armanen runes) was central to his world-view, Goodrick-Clarke speaks in this context of "rune occultism".

The Occult Roots of Nazism

The Occult Roots of Nazism: Secret Aryan Cults and Their Influence on Nazi Ideology
The Occult Roots of Nazism: The Ariosophists of Austria and Germany, 1890-1935 is a book about Nazi occultism and Ariosophy by historian Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke, who traces some of its roots back to Esotericism in Germany and Austria between 1880 and 1945.

Hinduism in the West

Hinduism-oriented new religious movementsNeo-Hinduinfluence on western culture
The German Faith Movement led by Jakob Wilhelm Hauer during 1933-1945 propagated a move away from Christianity towards an "Aryan-Nordic religion", partly inspired by Hinduism.

Neopaganism in German-speaking Europe

Germanische Glaubens-GemeinschaftHeidnische GemeinschaftDeutschglaube
The Germanische Glaubens-Gemeinschaft, founded in 1907, is claimed by current Germanic Neopaganism groups as predecessor.

Germany

GermanGERFederal Republic of Germany
This article gives an overview of esoteric movements in Germany and Austria between 1880 and 1945, presenting Theosophy, Anthroposophy and Ariosophy, among others, against the influences of earlier European esotericism.

Austria

AUTAustrianRepublic of Austria
This article gives an overview of esoteric movements in Germany and Austria between 1880 and 1945, presenting Theosophy, Anthroposophy and Ariosophy, among others, against the influences of earlier European esotericism.

Theosophy

theosophisttheosophicalTheosophists
This article gives an overview of esoteric movements in Germany and Austria between 1880 and 1945, presenting Theosophy, Anthroposophy and Ariosophy, among others, against the influences of earlier European esotericism.

Knights Templar

TemplarsTemplarKnight Templar
The original Knights Templar, founded around 1119, had been a crusading military order, that, at some time, had established financial networks across the whole of Christendom.

Philip IV of France

Philip IVPhilip the FairPhilippe le Bel
In 1307, King Philip IV of France mounted a "slanderous campaign" to strip the Order of its economic and political influence.

Freemasonry

FreemasonFreemasonsMasonic
(Freemasonry had been officially founded in England in 1717.)

Rite of Strict Observance

Strict ObservanceOrder of Strict ObservanceRectified Scottish Rite
In 1775 Baron Gotthelf von Hund (1722–76) founded the Order of Strict Observance, claiming the possession of secret Templar documents which allegedly prove that his order represented the legal Templar succession.

Rosicrucianism

RosicrucianRosicruciansRosicrucian Manifestos
In the 17th century and 18th century, Rosicrucian ideas flourished in varying degrees.

Johannes Valentinus Andreae

Johann Valentin AndreaeJohann Valentin AndreaIohann Andreae
Rosicrucianism goes back to the beginning of the 17th century, when three works by Johann Valentin Andreae were printed at Kassel.

Kassel

CasselKassel, GermanyKassel-Wehlheiden
Rosicrucianism goes back to the beginning of the 17th century, when three works by Johann Valentin Andreae were printed at Kassel.

Chymical Wedding of Christian Rosenkreutz

The Chymical Wedding of Christian RosenkreutzChymical WeddingChymische Hochzeit Christiani Rosencreutz Anno 1459
One of these works, the Chymische Hochzeit, appears to be an alchemical tract, while the other two (for which the authorship of Valentin Andreae is not finally proven) announce the existence of the Rosicrucian Order, which desires an "universal and general reformation of the whole world".

Alchemy

alchemistalchemicalalchemists
One of these works, the Chymische Hochzeit, appears to be an alchemical tract, while the other two (for which the authorship of Valentin Andreae is not finally proven) announce the existence of the Rosicrucian Order, which desires an "universal and general reformation of the whole world".

Kabbalah

KabbalistickabbalistKabbalists
In either 1747 or 1757 a quasi-masonic Rosicrucian order of the name Gold- und Rosenkreuz was founded in Berlin, having a 9-grade hierarchy based on the cabalistic Tree of Life; This organisation included King Frederick William II of Prussia and Johann Christoph von Wöllner as members.

Tree of life (Kabbalah)

Tree of LifeKabbalistic Tree of LifeEtz Chayim
In either 1747 or 1757 a quasi-masonic Rosicrucian order of the name Gold- und Rosenkreuz was founded in Berlin, having a 9-grade hierarchy based on the cabalistic Tree of Life; This organisation included King Frederick William II of Prussia and Johann Christoph von Wöllner as members.

Frederick William II of Prussia

Frederick William IIFriedrich Wilhelm IIKing Frederick William II
In either 1747 or 1757 a quasi-masonic Rosicrucian order of the name Gold- und Rosenkreuz was founded in Berlin, having a 9-grade hierarchy based on the cabalistic Tree of Life; This organisation included King Frederick William II of Prussia and Johann Christoph von Wöllner as members.