Traditional Valencian espadrille of llaurador dancer at La Mare de Déu de la Salut Festival celebrated in Algemesí
Typical clothing worn with espadrilles in the Andes
Lithography of a Catalan Volunteer wearing traditional espadrilles during the War of Africa, 1859

Espadrilles (Spanish: alpargatas; Catalan: espardenyes; Basque: espartinak), are casual, rope-soled, flat, but sometimes high-heeled shoes.

- Espadrille

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Fiber produced from two species of perennial grasses of north Africa and southern Europe.

Distribution area of esparto grass (Stipa tenacissima)
Weaving a strip of plaited esparto (Luis Mondejar, Albacete)
Esparto canteen (creator: Daniel García, Albacete)
Stipa tenacissima
In habitat
A bale of esparto
Woven esparto
Esparto espadrilles
Basket to pick snails
A donkey with traditional esparto panniers
Esparto lizard (work, Eliecer Garcia, Albacete)
Cofín. Jesús Ortega María,(Jumilla, Murcia)

It is used for crafts, such as cords, basketry, and espadrilles.


Item of footwear intended to protect and comfort the human foot.

Museum display of shoes
The oldest known leather shoe, about 5500 years old, found in Armenia
Esparto sandals from the 6th or 5th millennium BC found in Spain
Roman shoes: a man's, a woman's and a child's shoe from Bar Hill Roman Fort, Scotland.
Footwear of Roman soldiers (reconstruction)
Dutch pattens, . Excavated from the archeological site of Walraversijde, near Ostend, Belgium
A shoemaker in the Georgian era, from The Book of English Trades, 1821.
Woman's shoe, China, possibly Shanxi or Ningbo style, late 19th to early 20th century
By the late 19th century, the shoemaking industry had migrated to the factory and was increasingly mechanized. Pictured, the bottoming room of the B. F. Spinney & Co. factory in Lynn, Massachusetts, 1872.
Advertisement in an 1896 issue of McClure's for "The Regal".
Attila, a former shoe factory from the 1910s in Tampere, Finland
Haines Shoe House in Hallam, Pennsylvania
Sports shoes in Hong Kong
Children's shoes at school in Ladakh
Salt Crystal Shoes, art installation at the Dead Sea by Israeli artist Sigalit Landau
A pair of athletic running shoes
A pair of Converse All-Stars
A pair of steel-toed safety boots
This male dress shoe, known as a derby shoe, is distinguished by its open lacing.
High heel sandals
Women's high heel pump
World's largest pair of shoes, Riverbank Center, Philippines—5.29 metres (17.4 ft) long and 2.37 metres (7 ft 9 in) wide, equivalent to a French shoe size of 75.
Toddler-sized shoe.
PLZZ REMOVE YOUR SHOES. Sign at entrance to stupa. Nubra, India
Diagram of a typical dress shoe. Note that the area labeled as the "Lace guard" is sometimes considered part of the quarter and sometimes part of the vamp.
Cutaway view of a typical shoe.
Pointe shoes
Ballet shoes
Jazz shoes. This style is frequently worn by acro dancers
A foot thong, viewed from the bottom
Ladies' ballroom shoes
Men's ballroom shoes
Tap shoes

A common casual shoe in the Pyrenees during the Middle Ages was the espadrille.


Long, soft, shiny bast fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads.

Jute fiber
A Jute field in Bangladesh
Jute rope
Jute plants (Corchorus olitorius and Corchorus capsularis)
Jute stems being retted in water to separate the fibers
Jute fabric
Coffee sacks made of jute
Jute fiber is extracted from retted stem of jute plants.
National Emblem of Bangladesh. Above the water lily are four stars and three connected jute leaves.
State emblem of Pakistan, Jute depicted in the fourth quarter
Bangladesh Bank monogram, with three connected jute leaves at the base.

Among these are espadrilles, soft sweaters and cardigans, floor coverings, home textiles, high performance technical textiles, geotextiles, composites, and more.


Footwear refers to garments worn on the feet, which typically serves the purpose of protection against adversities of the environment such as wear from ground textures and temperature.

Sneakers are a type of footwear
A pair of long socks
Chalcolithic leather shoe; ca. 5000 BCE
An artist's impression of Ötzi's right shoe. Ötzi is a male mummy found in the Italian Alps in September 1991 in remarkably well-preserved condition.
Typical shoe component location and nomenclature.
Bowling shoes are a type of athletic shoe
A football boot based upon a common design used in 2018. Note the absence of a leather tongue, the relatively low rear upper around the heel, and the presence of a sock style fastener. This design helps to ensure maximum flexibility and range of movement. By limiting the potential impingement of the ankle joint by the boot upper, it allows the wearer's gait to be more natural.
A climbing shoe
Footwraps used by the Finnish Army until the 1990s
Toe socks.


Rope-soled shoe

Rope-soled shoes have soles (and possibly other parts) made from rope or rope fibres.

Espadrilles in a shop in Barcelona
Traditional espardrilles made from esparto
Woman wearing modern jute espadrilles showing the bright white colour
Bast shoes

However, the widely made espadrille comes in many styles and can include expensive fashion items.

Florencio Molina Campos

Argentine illustrator and a painter known by his typical traditional scenes of the Pampa.

Molina Campos in the 1930s
Molina Campos (right) with Walt Disney in 1941 when the American entrepreneur visited Argentina

In 1930, the Alpargatas company, makers of espadrilles, under the supervision of engineer Luis Pastorino, commissioned 12 illustrations (using gouache technique) from him for their 1931 calendar.

Alpargatas Argentina

Leading textile manufacturer in Argentina, as well as a major local distributor and exporter.

The Alpargatas factory in Barracas, Buenos Aires, 1920
Pampero brand of sneakers by Alpargatas, 1971 ad
Football by Topper, a brand created and launched by Alpargatas in 1975

Juan Echegaray, a Basque Argentine immigrant, and the textile engineering background of Robert Fraser, a Scottish Argentine immigrant, created a partnership in 1883 for the manufacture of espadrilles (jute-soled canvas footwear favored by laborers for their comfort, durability and low cost).


Former viscounty and French province and part of the present-day Pyrénées-Atlantiques département.

Mauléon, capital of Soule
The fort of Mauléon.
Church of Muskildi
The pastoral of Soule sinks its roots in the Middle Ages
Bela Street in Mauléon (1910)
Soule is a very mountainous territory.
The river Saison or Ühaitza.
Traditional regions of Soule.
Maskarada actors in a melée

In the late 19th century, the establishment of espadrille factories in Mauleón made up for the decay of economic life and emigration, with a number of inhabitants in Navarre and Aragón pouring in and being recruited on the workforce.

Platform shoe

Obvious thick sole, usually in the range of 3 - 10 cm. Platform shoes may also be high heels, in which case the heel is raised significantly higher than the ball of the foot.

An example of a 8 in platform clear heel
Platform sandals with wooden sole
Buffalo Boots
Acrylic high-heeled platform shoes
A maid wearing circle-type pattens: Piety in Pattens or Timbertoe on Tiptoe, England 1773
Reconstruction of a 16th-century Venetian chopine. On display at the Shoe Museum in Lausanne.
Line art drawing of a chopine
A cantabrian albarcas is a rustic wooden shoe in one piece, which has been used particularly by the peasants of Cantabria, northern Spain.
The bottom view, showing the "teeth" of Geta
Buffalo platform trainer
An example of a high wedge-heeled sandal
Seven inch platform flip flops
Platform boots
High-heeled platform shoes
High-heeled platform shoes
Leather platform boots
1894 painting of a woman wearing platform shoes
New Rock platform shoes
New Rock platform boots

While a wide variety of styles were popular during this period, including boots, espadrilles, oxfords, sneakers, and sandals of all description, with soles made of wood, cork, or synthetic materials, the most popular style of the late 1960s and early 1970s was a simple quarter-strap sandal with tan water buffalo-hide straps, on a beige suede-wrapped cork wedge-heel platform sole.

Slip-on shoe

Slip-ons are typically low, lace-less shoes.

Rote Loafer Papst Benedikt
A pair of slip-on shoes from Matalan
A pair of men's Blue branded side-gored shoes
Traditional costumes and shoes from inner Sogn district. Painting by Johan Fredrik Eckersberg, printed 1861
Manufacturing of Aurlandsko in Aurland around 1950.
Loafers used in a smart casual dress code.
A bridegroom from Bjerkeland near Bergen wearing folk costume and slip-on shoes, photo before 1870.

At the start of the twenty-first century, a revival of penny loafers, whose popularity had peaked during the mid to late 1960s and again during the early 1980s to early 1990s, occurred, with the shoe appearing in a more rugged version, closer to the original concept, as either moccasins, or espadrilles, both of these styles being very low or flat without heels.